Abstract:
In the present article, we study the space-time geometry felt by probe bosonic string moving in antisymmetric and dilaton background fields. This space-time geometry we shall call the stringy geometry. In particular, the presence of the antisymmetric field leads to the space-time torsion, and the presence of the dilaton field leads to the space-time nonmetricity. We generalize the geometry of surfaces embedded in space-time to the case when torsion and nonmetricity are present. We define the mean extrinsic curvature for Minkowski signature and introduce the concept of mean torsion. Its orthogonal projection defines the dual mean extrinsic curvature. In this language, one field equation is just the equality of mean extrinsic curvature and dual mean extrinsic curvature, which we call self-duality relation. In the torsion and nonmetricity free case, the world-sheet is a minimal surface, specified by the requirement that mean extrinsic curvature vanishes. Generally, it is stringy self-dual (anti self-dual) surface. In the presence of the dilaton field, which breaks conformal invariance, the conformal factor which connects intrinsic and induced metrics, is determined as a function of the dilaton field itself. We also derive the integration measure for the space-time with stringy nonmetricity.

Abstract:
We investigate classical dynamics of the bosonic string in the background metric, antisymmetric and dilaton fields. We use canonical methods to find Hamiltonian in terms of energy-momentum tensor components. The later are secondary constraints of the theory. Due to the presence of the dilaton field the Virasoro generators have nonlinear realization. We find that, in the curve space-time, opposite chirality currents do not commute. As a consequence of the two-dimensional general covariance, the energy-momentum tensor components satisfy two Virasoro algebras, even in the curve space-time. We obtain new gauge symmetry which acts on both world-sheet and space-time variables, and includes world-sheet Weyl transformation. We emphasize that background antisymmetric and dilaton fields are the origin of space-time torsion and space-time nonmetricity, respectively.

Abstract:
We show equivalence between the massive Thirring model and the sine-Gordon theory by gauge fixing a wider gauge invariant theory in two different ways. The exact derivation of the equivalence hinges on the existence of an underlying conformal symmetry. Previous derivations were all perturbative in mass (althought to all orders).

Abstract:
The gauged WZNW model has been derived as an effective action, whose Poisson bracket algebra of the constraints is isomorphic to the commutator algebra of operators in quantized fermionic theory. As a consequence, the hamiltonian as well as usual lagrangian non-abelian bosonization rules have been obtained, for the chiral currents and for the chiral densities. The expression for the anomaly has been obtained as a function of the Schwinger term, using canonical methods.

Abstract:
We find the general solution of the equations of motion for the WZNW system in curved space-time for arbitrary external gauge fields. Using the connection between the WZNW system for $SL(2,R)$ group and 2D induced gravity we obtain the general solution of the equations of motion for 2D induced gravity in curved space-time from that of the WZNW system. We independently presented the direct solution of 2D induced gravity equations of motion and obtain the same result.

Abstract:
We discuss a canonical formalism method for constructing actions describing propagation of W-strings on curved backgrounds. The method is based on the construction of a representation of the W-algebra in terms of currents made from the string coordinates and the canonically conjugate momenta. We construct such a representation for a W_3-string propagating in the background metric with one flat direction by using a simple ansatz for the W-generators where each generator is a polynomial of the canonical currents and the veilbeins. In the case of a general background we show that the simple polynomial ansatz fails, and terms containing the veilbein derivatives must be added.

Abstract:
We introduced a dynamical system given by a difference of two simple SL(2,R) WZNW actions in 2D, and defined the related gauge theory in a consistent way. It is shown that gauge symmetry can be fixed in such a way that, after integrating out some dynamical variables in the functional integral, one obtains the induced gravity action.

Abstract:
We introduce a consistent gauge extension of the SL(2,R) WZNW system, defined by a difference of two simple WZNW actions. By integrating out some dynamical variables in the functional integral, we show that the resulting effective theory coincides with the induced gravity in 2D. General solutions of both theories are found and related to each other.

Abstract:
Starting from the known representation of the Kac-Moody algebra in terms of the coordinates and momenta, we extend it to the representation of the super Kac-Moody and super Virasoro algebras. Then we use general canonical method to construct an action invariant under local gauge symmetries, where components of the super energy-momentum tensor $L_\pm$ and $G_\pm$ play the role of the diffeomorphisms and supersymmetries generators respectively. We obtain covariant extension of WZNW theory with respect to local supersymmetry as well as explicit expressions for gauge transformations.