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ética e pesquisa
Schnaider, Taylor Brando;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502008000100017
Abstract: purpose: this research explains ethics aspects of experiments in animals and human beings. contents: it is considered to be a very important issue because it focuses on the mental, spiritual, social and physical well being of humans, without forgetting the animal rights. the majority of the international health research codes mentions that human research must be based on previous laboratory animal testing or on scientific evidences. the author is reviewing the ethics concepts in humans and animal testing. he refers to the international policies for medical research on human beings, helsinki declaration, 8.080 and 8.142 of the 1990 federal law, 9.974 of the 1995 federal law and also to the 196/96 health department resolution. then, a historical retrospective is drawn about the first attempt to establish regulation on animal testing, which happened in the mid of the 19th century, in london. he also emphasizes that some of the criteria used at that time remains up to the present. the first ethics commission in animal testing was established in sweeden in 1979 and in the united states in 1984. in brazil, the ethics animal testing committees were established in the early 90s. since may 1979, there is the 6.638 federal law which establishes regulations for the practice of animal use in research or teaching. this law is still waiting to be enforced. in addition to it, there are some drafts being analyzed by the congress to regulate the use of animal for the purpose of teaching and researching. finally the policies adopted by the brazilian college of animal experiments are presented by the author. conclusions: the professors, post-graduates, residents and medical students , as well as other students from health related courses enrolled in human and animal testing researches must be aware of ethics principles aiming to protect researchers, research subjects and the animals selected for scientific work.
Os jogos de escalas na sociologia da educa??o
Brando, Zaia;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302008000200015
Abstract: as argued by revel in his "games of scales" (jeux d'échelles), the complexity of social phenomena indicates that a social reality is not always the same, depending on the analysis level. this article emphasizes that the aggregated data used in the construction of socio-economic indicators and scales of social stratification using surveys, central for the analysis of educational phenomena, offer an illusion of objectivity, since equivalent positions on these scales result in very different social experiences in real life, and require fieldwork strategies of research. the text presents the example of a research experience in the field of sociology of education from the perspective of the "game of scales".
Operando com conceitos: com e para além de Bourdieu
Brando, Zaia;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022010000100003
Abstract: the main objective of this article is highlighting the importance of operating with concepts, accepting the challenges posed by the empirical reality. for that, the study was based on empirical material that resulted from researches conducted by the research group in the sociology of education - soced/puc-rio. on several occasions, bourdieu questioned the purely theoretical interpretation of his concepts. "to put the theoretical things in play" was the author's recommendation many a time. in the present text we try to exemplify the results of the experience of operating with his concepts, focusing on two main aspects: the conditions for the transformation of the habitus, and the empirical outline of the cultural capital of the school elites studied in prestige institutions in rio de janeiro. in studying the latter aspect, bourdieu's proposal of working "with and against the authors" came to the forefront. as much as we value his work in the sociology of education, the empirical description of cultural capital in his vast production issues from the french reality of the decades during which he developed his studies. to operate with the concept of cultural capital in a way adequate to the empirical challenges that we faced, we made use of authors that discussed the transformations of the cultural field beyond the perspective of the boundaries between high culture and popular culture as analyzed by bourdieu.
On the interference of clinical outcome on rabies transmission an perpetuation
Brando, PE;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992009000200003
Abstract: rabies is a viral zoonotic infectious disease that affects mammals and is caused by genotypes/species of the lyssavirus genus (rhabdoviridae, mononegavirales), with the genotype 1 (classic rabies virus - rabv) being the most prevalent. despite continuous efforts, rabies is still an incurable disease that causes thousands of deaths amongst humans worldwide. due to a wide range of hosts and the different evolutionary paths of rabv in each host, several host-specific variants have arisen in an ongoing process. the result of rabv replication in nervous tissues may lead to two opposite clinical outcomes, i.e., paralytic/dumb form and encephalitic/furious one. the paralytic form creates dead-end hosts mainly amongst herbivores, while the furious form of the disease allows for augmented transmission when manifested in gregarious carnivores, as their natural aggressive behavior is accentuated by the disease itself. the aim of this article is to propose a theoretical model intended to explore how the rabies virus intrinsically modulates the immune system of different host classes, the pathological changes that the virus causes in these animals and how these elements favor its own perpetuation in nature, thus providing a basis for better prediction of the patterns this disease may present.
Travessias do grande sert?o
Brando, Carlos Rodrigues;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142006000300004
Abstract: manuelz?o, a real person from the hinterlands of minas gerais who was later rendered a literary character by jo?o guimar?es rosa and, later still, became kind of an emblematic figure of rosa's backcountry "general mines", is here brought to life through his own words, in interviews made at his home and the environs of his world, the village of andrequicé, and through the notes of his field diary. other characters from the same region speak complementarily of their past and present life in the area.
Competências no trabalho: uma análise da produ??o científica brasileira
Brando, Hugo Pena;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2007000200007
Abstract: this paper aimed to review the brazilian scientific studies on competencies at work that were published between 1996 and 2004 in important brazilian journals from the areas of psychology and business administration. empirical studies on the subject were identified and systematically analyzed, characterizing these inquiries, the theoretical approaches adopted by the authors, their intentions and methodological options used, the instruments of data collection and the procedures of analysis, among other aspects. problems and limitations of the inquiries were discussed, aiming to disclose gaps and relevant questions for study, as well as presenting recommendations on research strategies. it has been evidenced the predominance of studies that attempted to identify relevant competencies to some occupational positions, as well as those that examined the contribution of learning processes for the development of competencies. considering the lack of empirical inquiries on this subject, an agenda for future research is suggested in the end.
Queer, mas n?o muito: género, sexualidade e identidade nas narrativas de vida de mulheres
Brando,Ana Maria;
Ex aequo , 2009,
Abstract: based on an empirical research supported on the life-stories of women involved in homo-erotic relationships, this article discusses some proposals of queer theory, exploring the relevance of the concept of performativity and the theses of the fluidity of identity to research on identities. especially, one examines the extent to which the interviewees share a vision of the relations between gender, desire, and identity as being fluid, incoherent, and unstable; how the vision they defend is linked to the sexual identity they claim; and how that identity is constructed through practices of body shaping and self-presentation. results suggest the need to expand the analysis of the points of tension between gender and sexuality.
Entre mulheres: Género e representa??es das rela??es íntimas
Brando,Ana Maria;
Ex aequo , 2012,
Abstract: in late modernity, intimate relationships have been shaped by an egalitarian ideal, which is reinforced, in the case of homo-erotic relationships, by gender homogamy and the need to construct new conjugality models. female homo-erotic relationships, particularly, have been equated as a refusal of women’s conformity to male power and potentially subversive of the gender order. in this article, one discusses how certain representations of the female homo-erotic relationship convey a reproduction of the binary thought that perceives gender as its core and most valued element, questioning its ability to subvert the dominant order.
Pascal Quignard: escrever é ouvir a palavra perdida
Brando, Ruth Silviano;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2005000200005
Abstract: this is an approach of the work of pascal quignard, taking into account the notion of failure of the language; the missing word; and somewhat pointing towards the silence, the mutism that halts the speech, and what lies before the language but, however, is the cause of the writing.
Disposi??es técnicas e diretrizes para projeto de habita??es sociais evolutivas
Brando, Douglas Queiroz;
Ambiente Construído , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-86212011000200006
Abstract: the practice of designing housing projects considering only the needs of the construction phase and the first occupation of the dwellings often leads to difficulties and additional costs in adapting the house in order to fulfill changing user requirements. this article highlights the importance of including flexibility in terms of space, building materials and components in the design of social housing projects. the aim of the study is to propose a set of technical recommendations, based on the literature and on problems identified in practice, in order to allow easy and harmonious changes in dwellings in the course of its life cycle. the focus of this study is the typology of detached houses for single families. this study was based on the observation of a sample of houses from the state of mato grosso, between 2003 and 2006, and was divided into two phases. in the first phase, the changes and extensions made by the users were classified and analyzed in order to identify typical changes and the most common problems found in the extension of those houses. in the second phase, the study proposed some technical recommendations, which were connected to a set of flexibility strategies and principles that promote adaptability in house building. the study also aimed to reflect on existing design and production practices in social housing projects in brazil, emphasizing the importance of the concept of adaptable housing, and suggest greater openness to new designs that allow a stronger appropriation of the dwelling by the users.
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