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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 246687 matches for " Br????mmer "
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Divinity and Maximal Greatness
Br????mmer, V.
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2005,
Nothing Greater, Nothing Better: Theological Essays on the Love of God
Br????mmer, V.
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2002,
Religieuse geloof en Descartes se program
V. Brümmer
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2006, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v71i1.229
Abstract: Religious faith and Descartes’ programme In this article it is argued that an important source contributing to the secularisation of Western thought can be traced to the effects of the so-called “Enlightenment project” that originated in the philosophical programme of René Descartes. Although this project bore important fruits for Western thinking, it had a disastrous effect on the way the meaning and rationality of religious belief had been understood in Western society. On the one hand this project entailed a referential theory of meaning that tended to reduce all meaning to its epistemic dimensions. This theory could hardly account for the much broader role of religion in human life and thought. On the other hand this project entailed a foundationalist view on rationality that could not account for the rationality of religious belief. In this article it is attempted to indicate that the post-modern revolution in Western philosophy has produced new ideas on meaning and rationality which are able to account for the meaning and rationality of religion in a more satisfactory way.
Spirituality and the hermeneutics of faith
Vincent Brümmer
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.891
Abstract: The first part of this essay argues that religious experience should not be viewed as an extraordinary kind of extra-sensory perception (visions, ecstasies etc) but as ‘hermeneutical’ in the sense that it entails an interpretation of our ordinary experience (including ordinary senseperception) or sometimes of particularly impressive experiences of the world and of our lives in the light of faith. The heritage of faith in a religious tradition provides believers with a framework of understanding in terms of which they can look on things with the eyes of faith. Various key features of this kind of interpretation are explained. The second part of the essay shows how various forms of spirituality are ways in which believers are trained in looking on life and the world with the eyes of faith and explains what this entails for the life of faith. How to cite this article: Brümmer, V., 2010, ‘Spirituality and the hermeneutics of faith’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #891, 5 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.891
Escaping from the ghetto
Vincent Brümmer
Verbum et Ecclesia , 2012,
Abstract: ‘Revealed theology’ claims that religious belief derives from divine revelation and can only be justified in the light of such revelation. This entails a retreat into an intellectual ghetto: Only believers can participate in this kind of theology because only believers have access to divine revelation. The usual alternative to revealed theology is ‘natural theology’, which tries to prove the truth of (Christian) faith in the light of the universally accessible criteria of reason and experience. It is argued that natural theology fails to provide such proof and therefore cannot liberate theology from the intellectual ghetto of revealed theology. This paper argues for a ‘philosophical theology’ which analyses the meaning of (Christian) doctrine rather than proving its truth. Since the methods and criteria of this analysis are universally acceptable and not reserved for believers, this form of theology liberates believers from the intellectual ghetto of revealed theology.
Amicitia Dei
Br????mmer, V.
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2003,
Abstract: The love of God is usually interpreted as analogous to the loving relationship between human beings. However, since God is not like other people, his love cannot be identical with the love between human beings. We need therefore to explore the limits of the analogy between human and divine love. In this paper I first of all discuss five key features of love between human persons. Then I discuss three crucial difference between God and human persons and show what these imply for the difference between divine and human love.
On Three Ways to Justify Religious Beliefs
Br????mmer, V.
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2001,
Abstract: This paper compares the ways in which revealed theology, natural theology and philosophical theology justify religious belief. Revealed theology does so with an appeal to revelation and natural theology with an appeal to reason and perception. It is argued that both are inadequate. Philosophical theology analyses the meaning rather than proving the truth of religious belief. In doing so it does show how truth claims are entailed by a religious tradition and how the whole heritage of a tradition should be coherent, credible, and intelligible as well as relevant and adequate to the demands of life.
VB calibration to improve the interface between phone recognizer and i-vector extractor
Niko Brümmer
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The EM training algorithm of the classical i-vector extractor is often incorrectly described as a maximum-likelihood method. The i-vector model is however intractable: the likelihood itself and the hidden-variable posteriors needed for the EM algorithm cannot be computed in closed form. We show here that the classical i-vector extractor recipe is actually a mean-field variational Bayes (VB) recipe. This theoretical VB interpretation turns out to be of further use, because it also offers an interpretation of the newer phonetic i-vector extractor recipe, thereby unifying the two flavours of extractor. More importantly, the VB interpretation is also practically useful: it suggests ways of modifying existing i-vector extractors to make them more accurate. In particular, in existing methods, the approximate VB posterior for the GMM states is fixed, while only the parameters of the generative model are adapted. Here we explore the possibility of also mildly adjusting (calibrating) those posteriors, so that they better fit the generative model.
The EM algorithm and the Laplace Approximation
Niko Brümmer
Statistics , 2014,
Abstract: The Laplace approximation calls for the computation of second derivatives at the likelihood maximum. When the maximum is found by the EM-algorithm, there is a convenient way to compute these derivatives. The likelihood gradient can be obtained from the EM-auxiliary, while the Hessian can be obtained from this gradient with the Pearlmutter trick.
Tutorial for Bayesian forensic likelihood ratio
Niko Brümmer
Statistics , 2013,
Abstract: In the Bayesian paradigm for presenting forensic evidence to court, it is recommended that the weight of the evidence be summarized as a likelihood ratio (LR) between two opposing hypotheses of how the evidence could have been produced. Such LRs are necessarily based on probabilistic models, the parameters of which may be uncertain. It has been suggested by some authors that the value of the LR, being a function of the model parameters should therefore also be considered uncertain and that this uncertainty should be communicated to the court. In this tutorial, we consider a simple example of a 'fully Bayesian' solution, where model uncertainty is integrated out to produce a value for the LR which is not uncertain. We show that this solution agrees with common sense. In particular, the LR magnitude is a function of the amount of data that is available to estimate the model parameters.
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