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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 139 matches for " Botton "
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Les dispositifs de gestion d’un contexte à l’autre : métissage, ruptures, innovations ? Management Arrangements from One Context to Another : Crossbreeding, Ruptures and Innovations ? French Water and Electricity Service Groups in the Shantytowns of Buenos Aires
Sarah Botton
Recherches Sociologiques et Anthropologiques , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/rsa.144
Abstract: Cet article interroge les pratiques gestionnaires de deux entreprises de services urbains, filiales des groupes fran ais Suez et EDF qui sont intervenues dans les années 1990 et 2000 dans la distribution privatisée de l’eau et de l’électricité à Buenos Aires. Le questionnement repose sur les dispositifs de gestion que ces organisations ont alors mis en place à destination des habitants de quartiers défavorisés, nouveaux acteurs d’une relation de service marchandisée , dont la particularité est qu’ils sont peu solvables, souvent installés de manière informelle, voire clandestine, au c ur d’un véritable problème politique . Nous interrogeons ainsi, grace aux grilles de lecture proposées par la sociologie de la gestion notamment, les outils mis en place par ces entreprises, les dynamiques de recomposition, d’innovation ou de métissage de dispositifs de gestion importés des expériences européennes (formation) ou de projets de développement (modalité participative d’intervention). Nous questionnons également l’émergence d’une nouvelle profession d’ ingénieur social dans un contexte particulier de très forte polarisation sociale, ainsi que les analyses connexes relatives aux modes de légitimation et d’ancrage de cette nouvelle profession. This article looks at the management practices of two urban service enterprises, subsidiaries of the French groups Suez and EDF, who intervened in the 1990’s and after 2000 in the privatized distribution of water and electricity in Buenos Aires. The questioning involves the management arrangements that these organizations set up for the inhabitants of the downtrodden quarters, new actors in a “merchandized” service relationship, whose particularity is that they are practically insolvent, often housed informally, or in a clandestine manner, at the heart of a truly “political problem”. Thanks to question charts, notably proposed by the sociology of management, we thus ask about the tools set up by these enterprises, i.e., the dynamics of recombining, innovating or crossbreeding management arrangements “imported” from European experiences (training) and about development projects (participative types of intervention). We also investigate the emergence of a new profession of “social engineer” in a particular context of very high social polarization, as well the related analyses involving modes of legitimization and anchorage of this new profession.
Lits fluidisés pour l'industrie chimique. Extrapolation et amélioration des catalyseurs. Première partie : Etudes et modèles. Enseignements issus des pilotes Fluidized Beds in Chemical Industry. Scale Up and Catalysts Improvement. First Part: Studies, Models, Learning from Pilot Plants
Botton R.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1999052
Abstract: Les unités de production en lits fluidisés catalytiques sont apparues vers 1942 dans l'industrie pétrolière et vers 1960 dans l'industrie chimique. On se limitera ici au problème de l'extrapolation des lits fluidisés catalytiques pour l'industrie chimique, qui exigent de très hautes performances (> 99 % de conversion). Leur mise au point a, dans le passé, nécessité l'exploitation sur des sites industriels de co teux pilotes de 0,5 m de diamètre et de plus de 10 m de hauteur. Nous montrerons que ces pilotes peuvent être évités et que le passage direct du laboratoire à l'échelle industrielle est réalisable. Cette possibilité offre en plus une méthode simple pour améliorer les catalyseurs des unités industrielles. Elle ouvre aussi cette technique, très appréciée en production, aux produits de petits tonnages. La présentation de cet article sera faite en trois parties : - La première, présentée ci-après, expose les problèmes majeurs posés par l'extrapolation, puis résume les études effectuées. Les travaux d'extrapolation relatifs à deux procédés effectués avec des pilotes sont ensuite présentés, à titre d'exemples. De ces travaux sont déduites les performances que l'on peut espérer obtenir avec un réacteur catalytique à lit fluidisé, ainsi que les règles de tendances à suivre pour y parvenir. - La deuxième partie, intitulée Stratégie n'utilisant que des expériences de laboratoire , propose une stratégie expérimentale permettant d'obtenir en laboratoire les informations nécessaires pour passer directement à l'échelle industrielle avec des expériences suggérées en partie par les résultats exposés dans le premier article. Les relations expérimentales établies lors de ces études montrent que les propriétés d'un lit fluidisé ne dépendent (mis à part quelquefois le diamètre du réacteur) que d'un paramètre appelé vitesse minimum de fluidisation de comportement . - La troisième partie est intitulée études théoriques, réalités expérimentales, suggestions . Les bulles des lits fluidisés ont fait l'objet de très nombreux travaux, dont les résultats sont très souvent explicités sous la forme de modèles mécanistiques à un paramètre qui est le diamètre des bulles. Pour confronter ces modèles à l'expérience, une relation est établie entre le diamètre des bulles et la vitesse minimum de fluidisation de comportement. Des suggestions sont alors faites pour améliorer les modèles, et l'on propose des conclusions générales sur les lits fluidisés. The firsts catalytic fluidized beds appear near 1942 in petroleum industry and near 1960 in chemical industry. We only consider very h
As iniciativas e experiências em agroecologia como estratégia de desenvolvimento local em um assentamento de reforma agrária
Botton Barcellos,Sérgio;
Mundo agrario , 2011,
Abstract: this paper searches to understand which disputes and conflicts are around the consolidation of agroecology as one of the alternatives and initiatives of local development in a land reform settlement. thus, this paper, which consists of one of the results presented in the author's dissertation, aims to identify the disputes and conflicts that occur among local initiatives related to agroecology. santa rosa settlement is located in one of the densest areas in relation to rural settlements in rio grande do sul (rs) state. the research sources used to collect data and references to this paper were obtained in: researched bibliography in the writing of the author's dissertation; academic articles; and perceptions from the author's experiences in some land reform settlements. in this research it was considered that initiatives and actions in agroecology in the studied settlement can be strategic to make the social relations potential to the occurrence of experiences in local development different from those that occur alongside agribusiness
Assentamentos rurais e gera??o de renda: posi??o social restringida, recursos socioculturais e mercados
Piccin, Marcos Botton;
Economia e Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182012000100005
Abstract: this paper analyses farmers' social status in rural settlements concerning the structure of economic power in brazilian society and the perspectives of income generation in the context of oligopolized markets. it is argued that, as owners of small productive assets, they are integrated into a social space that tends to establish a simple reproduction of family members working conditions. this context presents some options for implementation of alternatives to income generation that are restricted to the characteristics of the areas where settlements are located and the socio-cultural properties incorporated by the farmers through their social trajectory. the situations discussed in this paper aim to identify not only power relationships, but also their materialization in symbolic systems stemming from historical and structural inequality in brazilian society. the incorporation of objective and subjective structures by the settlers, expressed in the settlements, constitutes parameters to access and build markets in a different way.
Bernardo Santareno e as possíveis reverbera??es das palavras de Ivan Karamázovi
Botton, Fernanda Verdasca;
Bakhtiniana: Revista de Estudos do Discurso , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-45732011000200004
Abstract: in the play o inferno, written by bernardo santareno, the serial killer orfeu wilson, at the gra ve of his victims, recites phrases by ivan karamazov, known through the text of dostoevsky and the essay o homem revoltado, written by camus. this article aims at analyzing the constitutive elements of the relationship between orfeu's and ivan's utterances.
A imagem do homem: cruzamentos discursivos entre a composi o da imagem fotografica e da masculinidade no final do século XIX
Fernando Bagiotto Botton
OPSIS : Revista do Departamento de História e Ciências Sociais , 2011,
Abstract: This article intends, on a first moment, to study theoretical nuances toward analysis of the studio photograph on history. On a second moment we pretend to apply this knowledge on a gender and masculinity analysis from a studio photography of the ends of XIX century in Curitiba city. / O presente artigo busca num primeiro momento estudar as nuances teóricas acerca da análise das fotografias de estúdio na história. Num segundo momento pretendemos aplicar esse conhecimento através da análise de gênero e masculinidade a partir de uma fotografia de estúdio do final do século XIX na cidade de Curitiba.
Initiatives and experiences in agroecology as a strategy for local development in a land reform settlement As iniciativas e experiências em agroecologia como estratégia de desenvolvimento local em um assentamento de reforma agrária
Sérgio Botton Barcellos
Mundo agrario , 2011,
Abstract: This paper searches to understand which disputes and conflicts are around the consolidation of agroecology as one of the alternatives and initiatives of local development in a land reform settlement. Thus, this paper, which consists of one of the results presented in the author s dissertation, aims to identify the disputes and conflicts that occur among local initiatives related to agroecology. Santa Rosa settlement is located in one of the densest areas in relation to rural settlements in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) State. The research sources used to collect data and references to this paper were obtained in: researched bibliography in the writing of the author's dissertation; academic articles; and perceptions from the author's experiences in some land reform settlements. In this research it was considered that initiatives and actions in agroecology in the studied settlement can be strategic to make the social relations potential to the occurrence of experiences in local development different from those that occur alongside agribusiness. Por meio desse trabalho será buscado compreender quais s o as disputas e os conflitos acerca da consolida o da agroecologia como uma das alternativas e iniciativas de desenvolvimento local em um assentamento de reforma agrária. Dessa forma, o objetivo desse trabalho, que é um dos resultados apresentados como trabalho de disserta o do autor, é identificar as disputas e os conflitos que ocorrem em meio a iniciativas locais relacionadas à agroecologia. O assentamento Santa Rosa está localizado em uma das regi es de maior densidade de assentamentos e assentados no Rio Grande do Sul (RS). As fontes de pesquisa utilizadas para coletar os dados e as referências nesse trabalho foram obtidas em: bibliografias temáticas pesquisadas; artigos acadêmicos; e percep es de vivências do autor em alguns assentamentos de reforma agrária. Por meio da pesquisa considerou-se que as iniciativas e a es em agroecologia no assentamento estudado podem ser estratégicas e possibilitar a potencializa o das rela es sociais para a ocorrência de experiências em desenvolvimento local distintas das que ocorrem junto ao agronegócio.
Desagrega o da organiza o social e produtiva do assentamento Carlos Marighela-RS: um estudo de caso
Sérgio Botton Barcellos
Revista IDeAS : Interfaces em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade , 2009,
Abstract: Este trabalho visa analisar as principais características da implementa o e desagrega o do sistema coletivo de organiza o social e produtiva no Assentamento Carlos Marighela, localizado em Santa Maria no Rio Grande do Sul. O assentamento estudado foi formado entre os anos 1998/2002 no estado, junto ao programa para cria o de assentamentos, denominado “Novo Modelo”. A partir disso, s o analisados os elementos que influenciaram na organiza o coletiva dos assentados e as possíveis causas dos conflitos que levaram ao processo de desagrega o do sistema coletivo de organiza o social e produtiva neste caso. Desse modo, este estudo analisa e problematiza os processos sociais e locais como trajetória social, condi es de organiza o e infraestrutura, bem como as demais sociabilidades relativas ao assentamento, sendo esses fatores essenciais na elucida o das quest es de pesquisa.
Gramsci e as culturas subordinadas
Marcos Botton Piccin
Revista IDeAS : Interfaces em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade , 2010,
Abstract: The present paper is a discussion how Antonio Gramsci dispute the subordinate cultures. The way people interpret, appoint, classify the world and how such concepts gain hegemonic status, as well as the realities can be transformed, was a substrate of departure for their reflection. This could make us understand culture as an ideal set of resources that are socio-historically formed on a material basis and the incorporation of power relations between individuals. Hence, it could be noticed his insistence on the need for undertaking a "will" in social transformation. In this context it should be understood their studies on the subordinate cultures.
Richard Sennett. O Declínio do Homem Público: as tiranias da intimidade
Fernando Bagiotto Botton
Antíteses , 2010,
Abstract:
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