oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 137 matches for " Bolatito Lanre-Abass "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /137
Display every page Item
Autonomy and interdependence: quandaries in research ethics  [PDF]
Bolatito Lanre-Abass
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.44026
Abstract: The autonomy of research participants is crucial in research ethics without which it will be difficult to carry out research. Central to the concept of autonomy is the debate on whether the cultural norms of individuals (particularly women) should be given priority in settings where these norms require that researchers should go through male heads such as husbands and traditional leaders. This paper examines issues relating to the autonomy of women in research ethics. It highlights the far-reaching implications of autonomy for women participating in research using Islam as a religion and Africa as case studies. The paper takes a look at what obtains in Ghana and Nigeria as African countries with diverse religious sects highlighting at the same time the extent to which women are autonomous in some Islamic parts of India and Pakistan. The paper stresses that in spite of certain factors limiting the autonomy of women in Africa and Islam, there is need for a more robust account of autonomy. It takes a relational approach to autonomy concluding at the same time that the best way to do bioethics is to be culture-sensitive.
Poverty and maternal mortality in Nigeria: towards a more viable ethics of modern medical practice
Bolatito A Lanre-Abass
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-7-11
Abstract: Since high levels of poverty limit access to quality health care and consequently human development, this paper suggests ways of reducing maternal mortality in Nigeria. It emphasizes the importance of care ethics, an ethical orientation that seeks to rectify the deficiencies of medical practice in Nigeria, notably the problem of poor reproductive health services.Care ethics as an ethical orientation, attends to the important aspects of our shared lives. It portrays the moral agent (in this context the physician) as a self who is embedded in webs of relations with others (pregnant women). Also central to this ethical orientation is responsiveness in an interconnected network of needs, care and prevention of harm.This review concludes by stressing that many human relationships involve persons who are vulnerable, including pregnant women, dependent, ill and or frail, noting that the desirable moral response is that prescribed by care ethics, which thus has implications for the practice of medicine in Nigeria.Poverty exists when people lack the means to satisfy their basic needs. These may be defined narrowly as "those needs necessary for survival"[1] or broadly as "those needs reflecting the prevailing standard of living in the community"[2]. Reproductive ill health is both a cause and consequence of poverty [3]. Sexual and reproductive health problems account for approximately 20 percent of the ill-health of women globally, and 14 percent of men due to lack of appropriate sexual and reproductive health services [4]. It is against this background that this review examines poverty as a major cause of maternal deaths in Nigeria. It offers an insight into the practice of medicine in Nigeria which is different from that of modern medicine because it falls short of the principle of showing care. The consequence of this is the uncaring attitude of many health care providers in the context of maternal care. It suggests ways of reducing maternal deaths in Nigeria, emphasizing
Racism and Its Presuppositions: Towards a Pragmatic Ethics of Social Change
B. Lanre-Abass
Human Affairs , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10023-010-0037-5
Abstract: Racism has been described as a litmus test or a barium meal which reveals other disorders and injustices within the body politic. It presupposes the legitimacy of racial classifications and the metaphysical reality of races and therefore provides a vital area of scrutiny for philosophical traditions. This paper examines racism and its anti-social effects both on the individual and the society at large. It argues that racism is generally driven by fear and hatred hence all forms of racism are dangerous, socially harmful and morally wrong in practice. The paper recommends ways of overcoming the evil of racism by emphasizing social intelligence and self-realization as moral ideals drawing on John Dewey's pragmatism in ethics. It concludes by stressing Dewey's moral pragmatism as a potent instrument of social change.
Modernism and Secularization: Towards a Reconciliation of Religious Freedom and National Security in the Realization of Peace in Nigeria
Lanre Abass Bolatito
Canadian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.3968/3281
Abstract: This paper examines religious violence in some Northern parts of Nigeria and its effects on national security. It argues that Modern religiously motivated violence has affected the balance between individual religious liberty and national security in this country. The paper attributes this to modernism and its feature of secularization particularly as it displaces some religious values such as love, peace, concern for others, the fear of God and so on. The paper underscores the need for peace in Nigeria and for government to address the conflicting duties of allowing people to exercise their religious freedom and maintaining national security. It draws on W.D Ross’s prima facie and actual duties to argue that when duties conflict, there is need to arrive at a substantive duty after a fully considered deliberation. Unfortunately, one cannot be allowed without it having a negative effect on the other. In order to avoid a situation whereby attempts at resolving conflicting duties on the part of government degenerates into a more intense violent conflict, there is need to reconcile religious freedom and national security. The paper concludes by stressing that since religious freedom and national security are crucial elements in the functioning of the society, there is need for Nigerian government to reconcile both without one necessarily affecting the other in a negative sense; this will give room for peaceful co-existence in this country. Key words: Violence; Peace; Security; Secularization; Modernism; Religion
Regulation of glucose and protein syntheses by Micrococcus luteus during the fermentation of a Nigerian rice, Oryza sativa variety “Igbimo”  [PDF]
Bolatito Esther Boboye, Ibiyemi Olufisayo Daramola
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2011.24035
Abstract: Micrococcus luteus synthesises glucose and protein during the fermentation of a Nigerian rice. To regulate the formation of these substances, mutation was carried out with an alkylating agent: ethylmethyl sulphonate (EMS). Screening the mutants generated for the levels of the traits expressed, four major groups were obtained. These are poor, moderate, good and super producers of either glucose or protein. They produced the properties at 0 - 1.00, 1.01 to 1.99 (moderate) and 2.0 to 2.99 (good) and 3.0 and above (super) mg.mL–1 of each substance. The classes were made up of 37, 40, 20 and 3 mutants for glucose production and 13, 35, 40 and 12 mutants for protein synthesis. The wild strain bacterium made 0.86 mg.mL–1 glucose and 1.2 mg.mL–1 protein describing the M. luteus as poor glucose maker and moderate protein producer. It was also noticed that the mutation caused some variants (25%) to form more glucose than protein; the remaining 75% of the population are made up of two sets viz: mutants having better ability to synthesise protein at higher concentrations than glucose and those that formed about the same amounts of the substances. It thus follows that the glucose and protein productions in M. luteus are genetically based and can be regulated by genetic manipulation.
Genetic control of protein and glucose-anabolic-enzyme syntheses by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the fermentation of a Nigerian rice, Oryza sativa variety “Igbimo”  [PDF]
Bolatito Esther Boboye, Helen Adetoun Lawal
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2011.25052
Abstract: This work aimed at the control of the production of protein and glucose-anabolic-enzyme (GAE) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae during the fermentation of a Nigerian rice, Oryza sativa variety “Igbimo”. The yeast was mutated with ethylmethyl sulphonate. The variants and the parental yeast were separately inoculated into cooked rice and allowed to ferment at 27℃ for 7 days after which protein content and glucose-anabolic-enzyme synthesis were determined using Dinitrosalicylic acid and Biuret reagents techniques. Mutants with varying capacities to form protein and GAE were obtained. Glucose-Anabolic-Enzyme (GAE) activity ranged from 0.25 to 12.06 Units forming five groups (classes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) with the average activity of 0.52, 1.52, 2.28, 4.04 and 10.63 Units respectively compared with that (0.38 Unit) of the parent strain. All the mutants synthesized protein although many of them produced it at lower level while others at higher level than the wild-type. The highest (5.92 mg/mL) and lowest (0.10 mg/mL) levels protein producers are mutants 44 and 14 respectively. Mutants No. 4, 7, 22 and 78 formed total protein similar in concentrations (1.46, 1.46, 1.45 and 1.45 mg/mL) to that of the wild yeast (1.46 mg/mL). These three sets of protein concentration have ratios 4.1 (highest), 0.07 (lowest) and 1.0 (normal) to that of the parental yeast.
Stability of Production Planning Problem with Fuzzy Parameters  [PDF]
Samir Abdou Abass
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2012.23028
Abstract: The traditional production planning model based upon the famous linear programming formulation has been well known in the literature. The consideration of uncertainty in manufacturing systems supposes a great advance. Models for production planning which do not recognize the uncertainty can be expected to generate inferior planning decisions as compared to models that explicitly account the uncertainty. This paper deals with production planning problem with fuzzy parameters in both of the objective function and constraints. We have a planning problem to maximize revenues net of the production inventory and lost sales cost. The existing results concerning the qualitative and quantitative analysis of basic notions in parametric production planning problem with fuzzy parameters. These notions are the set of feasible parameters, the solvability set and the stability set of the first kind.
Numerical Solution of Klein/Sine-Gordon Equations by Spectral Method Coupled with Chebyshev Wavelets  [PDF]
Javid Iqbal, Rustam Abass
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/am.2016.717167
Abstract: The basic aim of this paper is to introduce and describe an efficient numerical scheme based on spectral approach coupled with Chebyshev wavelets for the approximate solutions of Klein-Gordon and Sine-Gordon equations. The main characteristic is that, it converts the given problem into a system of algebraic equations that can be solved easily with any of the usual methods. To show the accuracy and the efficiency of the method, several benchmark problems are implemented and the comparisons are given with other methods existing in the recent literature. The results of numerical tests confirm that the proposed method is superior to other existing ones and is highly accurate
Social Engineering Threat and Defense: A Literature Survey  [PDF]
Islam Abdalla Mohamed Abass
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2018.94018
Abstract: This article surveys the literature on social engineering. There are lots of security application and hardware in market; still there are several methods that can be used to breach the information security defenses of an organization or individual. Social engineering attacks are interested in gaining information that may be used to carry out actions such as identity theft, stealing password or gaining information for another type of attack. The threat lies with the combinations of social engineering with another type of attacks like Phishing and Watering hole attack which make it hard to defense against. This research aims to investigate the impact of modern Social Engineering on the organization or individual. It describes the categories of Social Engineering, and how the attacker takes advantage of human behavior. At the same time, I also discuss the direct and indirect attack of social engineering and the defense mechanism against this attack.
Microstructure and Strength of Diffusion Bonded 2014 AA Alloys Using Copper Interlayer  [PDF]
Abass Ali Saleh
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2019.95028
Abstract: The major awkwardness when joining AA2014 lies in the presence of creation of oxide films and brittle intermetallic in the bond region. However, diffusion bonding can be used to join these alloys without much difficulty. This paper reveals the characterization of diffusion connection of aluminum alloy AA 2014 with and without applying copper powder. Joining was achieved in vacuum up to (1 × 10-5 mbar) by means of vacuum system. Aluminum alloy AA2014 samples were done as cylinder form and interlayer thickness was equal 100 μm, under joining conditions of (325°C - 475°C) and 4 MPa and period of (1 hour). The ultimate strength was found equal to 188.36 MPa. Bonding joint was examined using light microscope, (SEM) with (EDS) for determining microstructure and depth of diffusion and microhardness was also used at connection zone. XRD outcomes display that the main intermetallic compound phase formula was Al2C. The maximum depth of diffusion obtained was 19.1 μm.
Page 1 /137
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.