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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 53 matches for " Boing "
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Mortalidade infantil por causas evitáveis no Brasil: um estudo ecológico no período 2000-2002
Boing, Antonio Fernando;Boing, Alexandra Crispim;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000200024
Abstract: this study aims to test the associations between infant mortality from preventable causes in brazil and socioeconomic factors, including those pertaining to health services and investments. this was an ecological study using 296 brazilian counties (municipalities) with more than 80,000 inhabitants each as the analytical units. kruskall-wallis and anova tests were performed to compare independent variables according to infant mortality quartile, and pearson and spearman's correlation coefficients were computed to test the associations. as the infant mortality quartile from preventable causes increases, there is a gradual decrease in the municipal human development index, per capita gross domestic product, households with bathrooms and indoor plumbing, total health expenditures per inhabitant, and physicians per 1,000 inhabitants, and an increase in the gini coefficient. improved socioeconomic conditions and public health investments are strongly associated with reduction of infant mortality from preventable causes. this knowledge should permeate actions aimed at minimizing the number and unequal distribution of such deaths.
Antonio Fernando Boing, Fernando Kel e Alexandra Crispim Boing
SaBios : Revista de Saúde e Biologia , 2006,
Abstract: This research aimed to realize the spacial distribution of the infant mortality rates and of the proportion of low weight newborns in the southern area of Brazil and to test the association of those indicators with socioeconomic factors and health services. It is an ecological study put together from data collected from the 1,159 municipalities comprising the southern area of Brazil in the year 2000. The independent variables were the Municipal Human Development Rate, the illiteracy rate, the Gini coefficient, the proportion of poor people and people in homes with indoor plumbing and bathrooms, the annual average of medical visits for basic medical specialties, the monthly average of home visits per family and the number of medical clinics per 10,000 inhabitants. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA and Kruskall-Wallis tests were performed and the Spearman coefficient of correlation was calculated. A significant statistical association was established between infant mortality and all the socioeconomic indicators. As for the proportion of low birth weight, it was associated with the proportion of people in homes with indoor plumbing and bathrooms, the annual average of medical visits for basic medical specialties, the Gini coefficient, poverty levels and monthly average of home visits per family. The spacial distribution of the diseases investigated allowed the identification of areas with the worst indicators investigated and which need greater government investment and attention. The public policies in infant health care should consider the need to improve the socioeconomic conditions and accessible health services in order to reduce the inequalities in health and the magnitude of the disease.
O trabalho docente nas páginas de Educa??o & Sociedade em seus (quase) 100 números
Lüdke, Menga;Boing, Luiz Alberto;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302007000300025
Abstract: this text focuses on the articles related to teacher's work in the (almost) 110 issues of educa??o & sociedade, one of the most important and representative journals in the area of education. it highlights the aspects that received major attention in the papers, more particularly those that are based on research carried out by their authors. within this framework, it discusses the sorest points of the great issue, when one considers the brazilian reality to the light of recent literature, that is essentially represented by authors closer to the research interests of the writers of this text.
Caminhos da profiss?o e da profissionalidade docentes
Lüdke, Menga;Boing, Luiz Alberto;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302004000400005
Abstract: this paper discusses the precarious situation of teachers' work nowadays against the background of the concept of profession. the theoretical contributions of authors focusing on teacher education and professional activity are discussed, particularly with regard to such issues such as the professionalisation of teaching, teachers' professional identity and socialization, competences, professionality, professionalism, professional development and teacher knowledge. it tries to relate these issues to the current situation of the teaching profession in brazil, taking into account the introduction of tic's, and the importance of partnership and teacher autonomy.
Tendência temporal e distribui??o espacial da mortalidade por cancer de pulm?o no Brasil entre 1979 e 2004: magnitude, padr?es regionais e diferen?as entre sexos
Boing, Antonio Fernando;Rossi, Tiana Fávero;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132007000500009
Abstract: objectives: to describe the temporal trend in and spatial distribution of mortality from tracheal, bronchial, and lung cancer in brazil from 1979 to 2004. methods: mortality data by gender and geographic region were obtained from the mortality database created by the ministry of health in 1975. demographic data were collected from the national censuses, from population counts, and from population estimates made in non-census years. mortality rates were standardized according to the direct method, and the trends were analyzed by gender and geographic region using the prais-winsten method for generalized linear regression. results: lung cancer mortality accounted for approximately 12% of the overall neoplasia-related mortality during the period. there was a trend toward an increase for both genders and in all regions, except for the male population in the southeast region, whose rates remained steady between 1979 and 2004. the highest rates were observed in the south and southeast regions. however, the northeast region was the one that presented the greatest increase, followed by the central-west and north regions. in all regions, the increase in mortality rates was higher in women. conclusions: the increase in lung cancer mortality in brazil between 1979 and 2004 requires public measures that can minimize exposition to risk factors, mainly tobacco, and allow greater access to health care facilities for diagnosis and treatment.
Condi??es socioecon?micas e cancer de cabe?a e pesco?o: uma revis?o sistemática de literatura
Boing,Antonio Fernando; Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200025
Abstract: this study sought to describe the main characteristics of epidemiological studies that investigated the association between socioeconomic conditions and head and neck cancer. research was carried out on the medline (international science literature), lilacs (latin american and caribbean health sciences literature) and scielo (scientific electronic library online) databases, as well as the references cited in the articles obtained through the primary search of the aforementioned databases. the publication period considered included 38 years (1970-2007) and the analysis was restricted to articles in spanish, english or portuguese. twenty-five studies were selected, 15 that outlined case-control, four ecological and six that combined information from official databases, such as censuses and cancer or death records. most cases reported an association between lower socioeconomic conditions and head and neck cancer. the most used indexes were occupation and education. few studies investigated medication, aiming to point out which proximal factors operate in the investigated association. additional studies, with uniform criteria to effect the adjustments in the regression models and sufficient samples, are required to inquire this dimension.
Antimicrobial Activity of Melinjo Seed and Peel Extract (Gnetum gnemon) Against Selected Pathogenic Bacteria
Microbiology Indonesia , 2011, DOI: 10.5454/mi.5.3.2
Abstract: Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) is an Indonesian native plant which has not been widely accepted due to its limited utilization. Mainly, melinjo is consumed as an ingredient to make a vegetable dish or as raw material of ‘emping’. The purpose of this research was to study the antimicrobial activity of the melinjo seed extract and melinjo peel extract. In this study, extraction from melinjo seed and peel was conducted by maceration using three kinds of solvent: ethanol, ethyl acetate and hexane for 24 h at room temperature. The results showed that none of the melinjo extracts (concentration from 5% - 25% w/v) could inhibit the growth of Aspergillus flavus IPBCC 88.030; whereas for Bacillus cereus ATCC 10876, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25953, and Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC 13048 there was efficient inhibition by 5% (w/v) of melinjo seed-ethanol extract. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of melinjo extract was ranged from 0.26 μg mL-1 to 1.46 μg mL-1, whilst the minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) value was ranged from 1.02 μg mL-1 to 6.04 μg mL-1. The inhibitory capacity of extract had a similar level as compared to 10 ppm penicillin G on B. cereus ATCC 10876 as well as on S. aureus ATCC 25953. Furthermore, as compared to 10 ppm streptomycin, the inhibitory capacity of the extract was equal for the all tested bacteria. Cell wall deformation was observed using SEM, and confirmed by the presence of ions (Ca2+ and K+) outside of the cells, detected by means of AAS.
A carga das neoplasias no Brasil: mortalidade e morbidade hospitalar entre 2002-2004
Boing, Antonio Fernando;Vargas, Silvia Angélica López;Boing, Alexandra Crispim;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302007000400016
Abstract: objective: to describe mortality and the hospital morbidity by neoplasias in brazil and regions according to gender. methods: data of deaths were obtained from the mortality information system and of hospital morbidity from the hospital information system. deaths were categorized according to primary tumor sites, selected in accordance with the tenth revision of the international classification of diseases. the population data were drawn from the inter census estimates of the ibge (brazilian institute of geography and statistics). the period of analysis was the triennial 2002-2004, with the most recent mortality data in brazil. the average of this period was calculated to ensure greater stability of the rates. results: between 2002 and 2004, 405,415 deaths from neoplasias occurred in brazil. the highest rates of mortality were identified in the south and south-east regions. for men, cancer of the trachea, bronchi and lungs were the malignant neoplasias with the highest mortality rate while for women breast cancer was highest. breast cancer and cancer of the uterine cervix are those requiring the largest number of in-hospital admissions. in internments, leukemia presented the highest average cost and total cost. conclusion: the burden of neoplasms is extremely high in brazil and public policies focused on the population must be given priority for an effective control of mortality and morbidity.
Cobertura e fatores associados à realiza??o do exame de detec??o do cancer de colo de útero em área urbana no Sul do Brasil: estudo de base populacional
Gasperin, Simone Iara;Boing, Antonio Fernando;Kupek, Emil;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000700007
Abstract: this study focused on coverage of screening for cervical cancer and associated factors in women 20 to 59 years of age in florianópolis, santa catarina state, brazil, in 2009. this was a cross-sectional study using cluster random sampling. two outcomes were examined: a history of at least one papanicolaou test and delaying the test (never performed or performed more than three years previously). among 952 women, 93% (95%ci: 91.5-94.7) had ever had a pap smear, whereas 14% (95%ci: 11.8-16.2) had delayed the test. according to poisson regression, both outcomes were associated with marital status, schooling, presence of chronic disease, and consulting a physician for other reasons. age, income, and hospitalization in the previous year were only associated with ever having a pap smear. although test coverage was high, much of the screening was opportunistic. in addition, various social, economic, and demographic disparities influenced the odds of being screened.
A pesquisa do professor da educa??o básica em quest?o
Lüdke, Menga;Cruz, Giseli Barreto da;Boing, Luiz Alberto;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-24782009000300005
Abstract: the text discusses teacher research with writers who perceive the possibility of this kind of research taking place. among these writers we highlight: stenhouse, elliott, huberman, geraldi, fiorentini, cochran-smith, lytle, anderson, herr, andré, lüdke, cruz, zeichner, diniz-pereira, nofke, tardif e zourhlal. as research tools, two papers presented by teachers at the xii encontro nacional de didática e prática de ensino (endipe, 2004) and two other papers presented at the ii seminário internacional de pesquisa em educa??o matemática (sipem, 2003) were selected. the four texts were sent to twelve judges chosen at different instances among well-reputed professionals in their respective areas of expertise, with considerable research experience and impressive academic production. the selected judges had also shown interest and understanding of teacher training, including teacher research. based on the written views of these evaluators some theoreticalmethodological as well as practical results are presented that might contribute to enrich the debate on the limits and possibilities of teacher research.
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