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Search Results: 1 - 5 of 5 matches for " Bocage "
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Les mutations d'un paysage bocager: essai de cartographie dynamique
Philippe MORANT,Fran?oise LE HENAFF,Jean-Pierre MARCHAND
Mappemonde , 1995,
Abstract: L’analyse et la gestion des paysages contemporains nécessitent une prise en compte de leurs dynamiques récentes. Le bocage, dont le r le écologique est si souvent affirmé, sert ici de support à une cartographie diachronique montrant les stabilités et les transformations du réseau de haies et des espaces boisés. Cette approche du paysage est appliquée à la commune de Pleine- Fougères, au nord de l’Ille-et-Vilaine.
La gestión ecológico-cultural en el paisaje de monta a
Recoder, P. Montserrat
Pirineos : Revista de Ecología de Monta?a , 1992,
Abstract: The author, after a brief revision of his ideas on the plant communities dynamism —connected with behavioural gregarism and cultural evolution in the N Spain mountains—, explain two furthest types of gestion: 1) The external or distant one, producing a banalization or ruderalization of landscapes, and 2) The internally active type in every system, always improving adaptation of communities to the environment (geophysical, biotic and also social) of their own valley or country. On cultural aspects —mainly in some mountains—, models will be necessary to understanding the different "homeostatic mechanisms" in every cultural action, the automatic ones. Ecological research must be made together with pasturage activities, artisanats, and mainly an integrated tourism embodied in the country. Biological and cultural diversifications would be also maintained in the more human and alive mountains. We also need to combine our regional activities with the more general project SBI (Sustainable Biosphere Initiative) of the Ecological Society of America. [es] El autor resume la evolución de sus ideas a partir del conocimiento botánico de las fitocenosis situadas en un ambiente de monta a diversificado, —con las culturas tradicionales tan especializadas y en continua evolución hasta nuestros días—, para esquematizarlos dos tipos extremos de gestión: 1) La ejercida de lejos, "a distancia" y 2) la "internalizada" o autogestionaria, como propia de cada sistema, la que permite su progreso de acuerdo con la sindinamia comunitaria y facilita tos procesos adaptativos, tanto al ambiente geofísico como al biótico y el social de cada valle y organización política superior, hasta la Comunidad Europea. Les interesa crear "Modelos" a partir del resto de las culturas que persisten o prosperan en ambientes concretos; es útil conocer sus mecanismos reguladores "homeostáticos", precisamente los que lograron mantener su "cohesión cultural" y aún la propagan automáticamente. Conviene mantener la investigación ecológica tradicional, pero completándola con la ense anza y experimentos realizados en valles de monta a que no quieren morir culturalmente. Podemos "humanizar paisajes", revitalizados en esos ambientes que sólo pueden progresar a partir de sus recursos ganaderos y artesanos, con ayuda del turismo desmasificado, integrado al sistema, al paisaje. Será muy útil plantear acciones concretas en nuestras monta as Peninsulares y conectar con el proyecto SBl ("Sustainable Biosphere Iniciative") de la Ecological Society of America, para investigar a fondo nuestros recursos naturales, biótico
The Bocage Landscape in the ‘Bourbonnais’ (Allier Department, France): between Heritage and Modern Dynamics
MATHIEU GUITTON
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2006,
Abstract: The Allier department has an incredible range of landscapes among which the bocage is the most representative. The bocage is an enclosed field with scattered households. Some areas are also totally free of hedge. We did not want to compare the openfield and the bocage but we tried to prove that there was a different type of bocage. So we studied two opposed sectors situated in the East and in the West of this department. The use of aerial shootings and their processing in a G.I.S. (Geographical Information System) allowed us to map the differences between the two areas in the last 50 years. This objective description obtained from actual and past data helped us analyse the change factors in the whole bocage of the Allier department.
Les batiments ruraux dans leur environnement en pays de bocage et en pays d’openfield
Pierre Brunet
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.2545
Abstract: En pays de bocage comme en pays d’openfield, l’étude de l’inscription des batiments dans le paysage, de leur répartition sur le parcellaire, est essentielle à une bonne compréhension de l’architecture rurale. Plus que toute autre, l’évolution du dernier demi-siècle a entra né la disparition ou la transformation de nombreuses constructions et aménagements, modifiant en profondeur la relation de l’architecture avec l’environnement. Both in bocage country and in open-field country, the study of the ways buildings are set in the landscape and the ways they are disposed on the plot of property is essential for the correct understanding of rural architecture. More than in earlier periods, the last fifty years have seen the disappearance or the transformation of many buildings and structures, profoundly changing the relation between architecture and the environment.
Forme des territoires communaux et structure du bati dans les cantons de Vaud et de Neuchatel
Daniel Glauser
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.2608
Abstract: En Suisse romande, la topographie marquée du paysage allant de la cha ne jurassienne à celle des Alpes, ainsi que l'histoire du peuplement, ont contribué à générer une grande variété de formes de colonisation. Dans les cantons de Vaud et de Neuchatel notamment, on observe aussi bien du paysage de bocage que des territoires marqués par l'assolement triennal collectif avec des exploitations agricoles en champs ouverts (openfield). Les villages sont organisés selon une grande variété de schémas, avec des structures linéaires horizontales, montantes ou en épi, des formes rayonnantes sur un point ou sur un anneau. La dispersion de l'habitat rural obéit également à différents modèles : petits hameaux, par unité d'exploitation avec une répartition alvéolaire ou en bandes des domaines. In French-speaking Switzerland, the characteristic topography of the landscape, between the mountain ranges of the Jura and the Alps, along with the history of how these landscapes were peopled, have given rise to a wide variety of forms of settlement. In the cantons of Vaud and Neufchatel in particular, there are landscapes of mixed pasture and woodland (bocage) as well as territories characterised by the collective three-field system with open-field farms. The villages too are structured according to a broad variety of patterns: horizontal linear structures, structures going up the slope with branches going off at angles, structures with radial patterns leading off from a central point or from a ring. Dispersed rural dwellings also follow different models: small hamlets with individual farms or with organisations in honeycomb patterns or bands of property.
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