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Plantas de la Comisión Científica al Pacífico (1862-1865). I. Canarias, Cabo Verde, Brasil y Uruguay
Morales, Ramón,Pardo de Santayana, Manuel,Blanco, Paloma
Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid , 2002,
Abstract: Plants from the MA herbarium, that were collected by the Scientific Commission to the Pacific expedition, have been studied. In the countries cited, 2899 samples, corresponding to 1070 numbers (602 taxa, 146 families), were collected. Se estudian las plantas recolectadas durante la expedición científica depositadas en el herbario MA. En los países se alados se recogieron 2899 ejemplares correspondientes a 1070 números (602 táxones, 146 familias).
FACTORES DE RIESGO DE OBESIDAD Y SOBREPESO EN EL PERSONAL DOCENTE UNIVERSITARIO. BARQUISIMETO ESTADO LARA. VENEZUELA
Bencomo, María Ninón,Dugarte Fernández Nelly,Berríos Rivas, Ana Teresa,Blanco Manuel Ramón
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: For determining the risk factors of obesity and overweight in the faculty of medicine and nursing programs of the Dean of Health Sciences, designed a field study descriptive, not experimental, we studied 55 regular active teachers, who are underwent clinical evaluation, anthropometric, biochemical, nutritional and socio-environmental, demographic data to investigate further. The most significant results were: 80% were located in aged ≤ 40 years and 20%> 40 years, the average age was 46 years with a standard deviation of 7.157, 84% were female and 16% were male, the nutritional diagnosis according to Body Mass Index (BMI) left to see a high percentage (67%) of overweight (23% obese, 44% overweight), the abdominal circumference (AC) associated with abdominal obesity and gender, percentage was higher in women than in men. As for the practice of physical activity, showed that a high percentage of teachers 81.8% said no physical activity. The teachers spend the wee hours of television and computer time. Fast food consumption and food consumption outside the home was present in more than 40% of teachers. These results allow us to conclude that the scourge of obesity and overweight increased daily gain prominence and interest to the health professional, for his social influence and bias in adult life. It is recommended to propose educational strategies through workshops and recreational activities aimed at reducing the high frequency of overweight staff evident in the Dean of Health Sciences at UC
Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal): a comparative study
Manuel Pardo-de-Santayana, Javier Tardío, Emilio Blanco, Ana Carvalho, Juan Lastra, Elia San Miguel, Ramón Morales
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-3-27
Abstract: Data on the use of 97 species were collected through informed consent semi-structured interviews with local informants. A semi-quantitative approach was used to document the relative importance of each species and to indicate differences in selection criteria for consuming wild food species in the regions studied.The most significant species include many wild berries and nuts (e.g. Castanea sativa, Rubus ulmifolius, Fragaria vesca) and the most popular species in each food-category (e.g. fruits or herbs used to prepare liqueurs such as Prunus spinosa, vegetables such as Rumex acetosa, condiments such as Origanum vulgare, or plants used to prepare herbal teas such as Chamaemelum nobile). The most important species in the study area as a whole are consumed at five or all six of the survey sites.Social, economic and cultural factors, such as poor communications, fads and direct contact with nature in everyday life should be taken into account in determining why some wild foods and traditional vegetables have been consumed, but others not. They may be even more important than biological factors such as richness and abundance of wild edible flora. Although most are no longer consumed, demand is growing for those regarded as local specialties that reflect regional identity.There has been renewed or increasing interest in consuming wild food plants [e.g. [1-7]]. Despite agricultural societies' primary reliance on crop plants, the tradition of eating wild plants has not completely disappeared, their nutritional role and health benefits being reported in many surveys worldwide [e.g. [8-18]].In Europe, they were important as dietary supplements, providing trace elements, vitamins and minerals. Nowadays, however, consumption is determined less by calory input and more by the pleasure of gathering wild resources, recreating traditional practices and enjoying characteristic flavours [19-28].Most studies of wild edible plants focus on function within one culture or ethnic group,
Pancreatoduodenectomía cefálica en los tumores periampulares: experiencia en nuestro centro y revisión del tema
Savío López,Andrés Manuel; Copo Jorge,José Antonio; Martínez Blanco,Carlos Alberto; Soliva Domínguez,Ramón;
Revista Cubana de Cirug?-a , 2001,
Abstract: pancreatic cancer is the fifth cause of death from cancer. pancreaticoduodenectomy is considered as the only possibility of cure for this disease at present. a prospective study conducted among 18 patients with the diagnosis of periampullar tumor that were operated on from october, 1996, to january, 2000, is presented. it was found that the affection is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus and that the most diagnosed histic types were pancreatic adenocarcinoma and ampuloma. the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was the most useful complementary study and reached a sensitivity of 94 % in the diagnosis. it was observed a direct relationship between the perioperatively transfused blood volume and mortality. total morbidity was 50 %. mortality has decreased in comparison with pevious years. long-term survival is still low.
Aislamiento del virus linfotrópico de células T humano tipo I de un paciente con paraparesia espástica tropical: primer reporte en Cuba
Navea Leyva,Leonor; Dubed Echevarría,Marta; álvarez Seguí,Giselle; Blanco de Armas,Madeline; Díaz Herrera,Felipe; Beguerías Santos,Ramón; Díaz Torres,Héctor Manuel;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2008,
Abstract: background: tropical spastic paraparesis or htlv-i-associated myelopathy (tsp/ham) is a chronic neurological disease etiologically linked to human t-cell lymphotropic virus type i (htlv-i). objective: to serologically confirm infection by and isolation of htlv-i from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells from a patient who presented with a clinical picture similar to that of tropical spastic paraparesis. methods: peripheral blood mononuclear cells were co-cultured for 35 days. viral detection by membrane- specific immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction of genes tax, pol and gag were performed. results: the presence of antibody to human t cell lymphotropic virus type i in serum was confirmed. indirect immunofluorescence in the sequential monitoring made it possible to observe an increase of the number of positive cells whereas proviral dna was detected in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells. conclusions: these results support the evidence of viral isolation and confirmed, for first time in cuba, the association between htlv-i and tsp.
Pancreatoduodenectomía cefálica en los tumores periampulares: experiencia en nuestro centro y revisión del tema
Andrés Manuel Savío López,José Antonio Copo Jorge,Carlos Alberto Martínez Blanco,Ramón Soliva Domínguez
Revista Cubana de Cirugía , 2001,
Abstract: El cáncer de páncreas constituye la quinta causa de muerte por cáncer. En la actualidad se considera que la única posibilidad de curación para la enfermedad es la pancreatoduodenectomía. En el trabajo se expone un estudio prospectivo realizado con 18 pacientes operados, desde octubre de 1996 hasta enero del 2000, con el diagnóstico de tumor periampular. En la serie se halló que la afección se asocia frecuentemente con la diabetes mellitus y que los tipos hísticos más diagnosticados fueron el adenocarcinoma de páncreas y el ampuloma. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica fue el estudio complementario más útil, y alcanzó una sensibilidad del 94 % en el diagnóstico. Se encontró una relación directa entre el volumen de sangre trasfundido perioperatoriamente y la mortalidad. La morbilidad global fue de 50 %. La mortalidad ha disminuido en relación con a os anteriores. La supervivencia a largo plazo sigue siendo baja. Pancreatic cancer is the fifth cause of death from cancer. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is considered as the only possibility of cure for this disease at present. A prospective study conducted among 18 patients with the diagnosis of periampullar tumor that were operated on from October, 1996, to January, 2000, is presented. It was found that the affection is frequently associated with diabetes mellitus and that the most diagnosed histic types were pancreatic adenocarcinoma and ampuloma. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was the most useful complementary study and reached a sensitivity of 94 % in the diagnosis. It was observed a direct relationship between the perioperatively transfused blood volume and mortality. Total morbidity was 50 %. Mortality has decreased in comparison with pevious years. Long-term survival is still low.
Relaparotomía de urgencia por peritonitis secundaria
Rafael Rodríguez Ramírez,Manuel de Jesús Pe?a Ara?ó,Abel Blanco Milá,Pedro Luis González Rondón
Revista Cubana de Cirugía , 1999,
Abstract: Se realizaron 94 relaparotomías de urgencia en 68 pacientes con peritonitis secundaria, efectuadas durante el trienio de 1993 a 1996 y para cuya ejecución fueron decisivos los criterios clínico, humoral e imagenológico. La peritonitis difusa resultó ser el hallazgo quirúrgico más frecuente y desencadenante de disfunción múltiple de órganos y sistemas. Se exponen las modalidades del tratamiento quirúrgico, con la reapertura abdominal urgente como denominador común, y se relacionan con el estado al egreso, que destacó una elevada letalidad específica cuando se utilizó el método abierto y una alta mortalidad en general 94 urgent relaparotomies were performed among 68 patients with secondary peritonitis from 1993 to 1996. The clinical, humoral and imaging criteria were decesive to carry out this procedure. Diffuse peritonitis proved to be the most frequent surgical finding causing multiple dysfunction of organs and systems. The modalities of surgical treatment are exposed, with the urgent abdominal reopening as denominator, and they are related to the discharge status. An elevated specific lethality was observed when the open method was used. There was also a high mortality in general
Relaparotomía de urgencia por peritonitis secundaria
Rodríguez Ramírez,Rafael; Pe?a Ara?ó,Manuel de Jesús; Blanco Milá,Abel; González Rondón,Pedro Luis; Puertas álvarez,Juan Francisco; Goderich Lalán,José Manuel;
Revista Cubana de Cirug?-a , 1999,
Abstract: 94 urgent relaparotomies were performed among 68 patients with secondary peritonitis from 1993 to 1996. the clinical, humoral and imaging criteria were decesive to carry out this procedure. diffuse peritonitis proved to be the most frequent surgical finding causing multiple dysfunction of organs and systems. the modalities of surgical treatment are exposed, with the urgent abdominal reopening as denominator, and they are related to the discharge status. an elevated specific lethality was observed when the open method was used. there was also a high mortality in general
Rapid Assessment of Tourism Impacts through Community Participation—A Pilot Study in Cuba for Projecting New Strategies of Management  [PDF]
Manuel Ramón Gonzále Herrera, Mabel Font Aranda
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2013.13005
Abstract: The report of the Rapid Assessment of tourism impacts through community participation is presented, based on a pilot study in Cuba to project new strategies of management. The purpose of this study is to develop a methodology to identify how tourism affects social organization in communities, in order to consider different policy implications and management options, at the same time, to conduct comparative studies to monitor vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of social and health-promoting policies. This project brings together researchers and community representatives from Cárdenas and Caibarién, two coastal communities in Cuba, to examine how the expansion of tourism in these communities directly and/or indirectly affects them. In relation to the general objective a conceptual framework is elaborated to explain pathways that link the impacts of tourism and the policies that influence them across their lifespan. A consensus is developed on indicators and research/measurement protocols based on a comprehensive review of existing evidence on these issues. A preliminary agreement is also promoted according to the policy implications and policy options of insights that can be gained regarding the impacts of tourism on local communities among policy-makers, researchers and community leaders.
- Técnicas para la resolución del anestro verdadero en bovinos de aptitud cárnica (Techniques for resolving the anoestrus in beef cattle)
Blanco, Dairom,Blanco, Gustavo Sixto,ivanramirez,Ramírez, Iván
REDVET , 2008,
Abstract: ResumenEl anestro verdadero en bovino de aptitud cárnica es uno de los problemas que con más frecuencia se les presentan a los ganaderos de todas las latitudes. Este fenómeno por si solo es el causante de cuantiosas pérdidas en la producción bovina, a pesar de los valiosos recursos y la cantidad de acciones que se implementan para solucionar este problema. A partir de esta problemática se realiza una detallada revisión, donde se describen no solo las principales causas productoras del anestro bovino sino que también se se alan las soluciones más utilizadas en Cuba y en otros países. Además de esto se destaca también los tratamientos medicamentos que mejores resultados han mostrado en la práctica. SummaryThe true anoestrus in beef cattle is one of the problems more frequently presented to farmers from all over the world. This by itself is responsible for heavy losses in the production of cattle, despite the valuable resources and the number of actions that are being implemented to solve this problem. Since this problem is a detailed review, which describes not only the main causes of anoestrous of cattle, but also identifies the solutions most commonly used in Cuba and other countries. Besides this also highlights drug treatments that have shown better results in practice.
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