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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 82 matches for " Bitou Cisse "
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Urine Collection in the Emergency Department: What Really Happens in There?
Bradley W. Frazee,Kenneth Frausto,Bitou Cisse,Douglas E. A. White
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: In women with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI), a non-contaminated voidedspecimen is considered important for valid urinalysis and culture results. We assess whethermidstream parted-labia catch (MSPC) instructions were provided by nurses, understood, andperformed correctly, according to the patient.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of English- and Spanish-speaking female patientssubmitting voided urine samples for urinalysis for suspected UTI. The survey was conducted in apublic teaching hospital emergency department (ED) from June to December 2010, beginning 2months after development and dissemination of a nursing MSPC instructions protocol. Researchassistants administered the survey within 2 hours of urine collection. Nurses were unaware of thestudy purpose.Results: Of 129 patients approached, 74 (57%) consented and were included in the analysis.Median age was 35; 44% were Latino. Regarding instructions from nurses, patients reported thefollowing: 45 (61%; 95% CI 50-72%) received any instructions; of whom 37 (82%; 95% CI 71-93%)understood them completely. Sixteen (36%; 95% CI 22-51%) were instructed to collect midstream;and 7 (16%; 95% CI 6-29%) to part the labia. Regardless of receiving or understanding instructions,33 (45%; 95% CI 33-57%) reported actually collecting midstream, and 11 (15%, 95% CI 8-25%)parting the labia.Conclusion: In this ED, instructions for MSPC urine collection frequently were not given, despite anursing protocol, and patients rarely performed the essential steps. An evidence-based approachto urine testing in the ED that considers urine collection technique, is needed.
Role of Industrialization on Economic Growth: The Experience of Senegal (1960-2017)  [PDF]
Cisse Ndiaya, Kangjuan Lv
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.810137
Abstract: The aim of this study is to contribute to the investigation of the impact of industrialization on economic growth by analyzing the Senegalese manufacturing firms. The paper utilized the secondary data drawn from the World Bank (WDI 2015) and the National Agency of Statistic and Demography in Senegal (ANSD) and covered the period between 1960 and 2017. It will employ the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) techniques in estimating the relationship between industrial output, inflation rate, FDI, Foreign Exchange Rate and economic growth, after which ADF unit root test was conducted using Breusch-Godfrey serial correlation LM test and Breusch-Pagan-Godfrey heteroskedasticity test. The econometric analysis has shown that the increase of industrial output will increase economic growth in Senegal. Therefore, there is significant relationship between industrial development and Senegalese economy growth. However, the result revealed that industrialization will go a long way in stimulating economic growth. Based on these results, we have recommended some policy measures in order to boost industrial output by improving the overall productivity of all the sectors and ensure sustainable development.
Optimization of the Bitumen Content of a Basaltic Semi-Granular Bituminous Concrete  [PDF]
Souleymane Mbengue, Djibril Sow, Ibrahima Khalil Cisse
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2018.84032
Abstract: Various studies have been conducted in the past by researchers who have proposed diverse solutions to control the premature degradation noted on flexible pavements. It turns out that the binder content remains a parameter so far not mastered and its optimization remains an imperative to produce a quality mix capable of meeting the technical and economic requirements sought in a formulation study. This article mainly aimed to optimize the hydrocarbon binder content of a 0/14 granular class semi-granular bituminous concrete using the Marshall and Duriez method. In the first part of the study, the different constituents were characterized according to the standards in force. The second allowed to describe the methodology used to determine the mixture and calculated the theoretical binder content. A theoretical mixture, entering the reference zone was defined at first. Following the characterization of the mixture in the laboratory, the granulometry curve of the mixture was inserted into the reference zone. This mixture was then preserved for the rest of the study. Then, it was theoretically determined bitumen contents ranging from 5.13% to 5.75% for wealth modules ranging from 3.3% to 3.7%. Thus, the Marshall method was used to characterize the performance of the mixture as a function of the binder content. The results obtained led to the selection of two grades of binders 5.13% and 5.28% for the study of water resistance using the Duriez method. On the basis of the results obtained on the Duriez test, the mixture with a binder content of 5.28% satisfies a good part of the criteria selected. This content corresponds to a wealth module of 3.4%.
Implication of Chinese FDI in the Enjoyment of Right to Economic Development in C?te d’Ivoire  [PDF]
Cisse Amed Daouda, Zakaria Dit Zan Sangare, Kone Dounamba
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.103022
Abstract: Foreign investment is of great importance in the development of a country. Their participation in the economic, social, cultural and political development of a nation is undeniable. It is with this in mind that developing countries have opened their economies to foreign investment. C?te d’Ivoire, a country located in West Africa and a pillar of this zone, did not remain on the sidelines of this action. Initially, France was the economic partner of C?te d’Ivoire, then the United States and Morocco. Since a certain period, the country maintains economic relations with a new partner which is China. Chinese investments in C?te d’Ivoire are becoming more numerous, because the state offers adequate protection measures and a very favorable investment climate. Given the development objectives of the host countries, the foreign investments made in them should be in line with the realization of the right to development. A right by definition implies the right to economic, social, political and cultural development. These are provisions that are increasingly included in BIT. The purpose of this paper is to present the legal framework of the right to economic development in C?te d’Ivoire, then to determine the implication of Chinese investments in the realization of the right to economic development in C?te d’Ivoire. We used a mixed research method that is quantitative and qualitative, because we used the existing literature on the theme we approached, information collected at the embassy of China in C?te d’Ivoire, and also testimonials from some workers. We have arrived at the result to which, the legal framework of the right to economic development in C?te d’Ivoire is to improve on the one hand and the other hand, the Chinese investments in C?te d’Ivoire, even if they suffer from certain irregularities, contribute to the realization of the right to economic development of the country.
Traditional Mead “Bessoudioury” from Senegal: Process and Characterization  [PDF]
Oumar Ibn Khatab Cisse, Bou Ndiaye, Papa Guedel Faye, Nicolas Cyrille Ayessou, Mathieu Gueye, Mady Cisse, Codou Mar Diop
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2018.912103
Abstract: Mead is a beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation of honey, with an ethanol content of 8% to 18% by volume. In Africa, mead manufacturing methods rely on heating honey and adding extracts of fruits, herbs or spices. “Bessoudioury” mead is then prepared according to the traditional process of the Bassari and Bedick peoples of Kedougou (Senegal). This work on “Bessoudioury” aims to describe and characterize the manufacturing processes. It was also to evaluate the chemical and microbiological characteristics. The study focused on three Kedougou production sites. The manufacturing process of “Bessoudioury” includes a honey heating, a formulation step by adding wine of either Borassus aethiopicum Mart. or Elaeis guineensis. This step is followed by a fermentation’s one during two days. Wine is considered as the essential sources of yeasts for the production of alcohol. “Bessoudioury” has an ethanol content of 8% (v/v). Moulds and Streptococcus were not detected in this mead. According to its polyphenols content, this mead has a nutritional interest, but the process deserves to be reviewed to preserve nutrients.
Evaluation of Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Activity of Aqueous Extracts of Three Carica papaya Varieties Cultivated in Senegal  [PDF]
A?ssatou Alioune Gaye, Oumar Ibn Khatab Cisse, Bou Ndiaye, Nicolas Cyrille Ayessou, Mady Cisse, Codou Mar Diop
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2019.103021
Abstract: The aqueous extracts of different parts (old leaves (OL), young leaves (YL), peels (PE) and delipidated seed residues (DS)) of three varieties of papaya are studied. Extraction conditions are optimized: an extraction time of 20 minutes, a temperature of 70°C and a plant material/water mixture of 1% give the best yield of polyphenol. The amount of polyphenols, flavonoids, saponins and proanthocyanins of each aqueous extract was investigated. Antioxidant activities are measured using two different methods (DPPH and ABTS). The delipidated seeds (DS) of V1 have the highest total phenolic content (TPC = 72.56 ± 3.16 mg GAE/g) while they have the lowest total flavonoid content (TFC = 0.22 ± 0.01). With regard to saponins, the PE of V3 is much richer in saponins (194.03 ± 15.78 mg AeE/g) than all the other extracts studied. The OL of V2 and PE of V1 contain the most proanthocyanidins with very similar values of 2.51 ± 0.03 mg CE/g and 2.53 ± 0.34 mg CE/g respectively. The study of the antioxidant activities of the extracts showed a correlation between the amount of polyphenols and IC50. DPPH OL and YL V2, which are rich in polyphenols, have the lowest IC50 of 0.072 mg/ml and 0.080 mg/ml respectively, whereas for ABTS we have PE of V1 that is very rich in polyphenols which has the smallest IC50 value of 0.218 mg/ml.
Nitrate: Health Effect in Drinking Water and Management for Water Quality
Ibrahim A. Cisse,Xumei Mao
Environmental Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Nitrate is a common nitrogenous compound due to natural processes of the nitrogen cycle; anthropogenic sources have greatly increased the nitrate concentration, particularly in groundwater. The largest anthropogenic sources are septic tanks, application of nitrogen-rich fertilizers to turf grass and agricultural processes. Levels of nitrates in groundwater in some instances are the safe levels proposed by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and thus, pose a threat to human health. Particularly in rural, private wells, incidence of methemoglobinemia appears to be the result of high nitrate levels. Methemoglobinemia, or blue baby syndrome, robs the blood cells of their ability to carry oxygen. Many methods are used to clean-up nitrate from consumption water. Technical regulation and issues required for management were developed in this study.
Anthropogenic Impacts on Niger River Basin Environment in High Guinea
Ibrahima Sory Cisse,Jiwen Ge
Environmental Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Generally speaking, there has been a consensus on the primary drivers of anthropogenically induced environmental degradation. However, little progress has been made in determining the magnitude of these impacts, particularly in developing countries. The aim of this study therefore, is to ascertain, the degree of anthropogenically induced environmental impacts on the Niger river in high Guinea. The results show that only three variables; population, anarchistic exploitation and urbanization were statistically significant and that the regression model accounts for 60% of the variation in the environmental impacts. Moreover, the degradation of water quality is a significant problem for the Niger river in high Guinea. The growth of large cities along the river’s banks has not been accompanied by development of wastewater collection and treatment plants, be it for domestic or industrial wastewater. We established, a water sampling protocol for the soil and climate conditions found in high Guinea that would allow us to analyze concentrations (parts billion-1) of trace elements and TSS in the waters of the Niger river. The enrichment factor calculated for these trace elements compared with international standards allows a preliminary estimate of contamination from anthropogenic sources. The primary causes of degradation are to be sought in a strong entropic pressure on the anarchistic exploitation of the renewable and non-renewable natural resources, which have been worsened by the past 25 years of dryness. Mining, fishing, animal husbandry and other aspects of agriculture, appear among the main causes of environmental degradation.
Toward Understanding Costs and Benefits of Virtual Teams in Virtual Worlds
Adji Cisse,David A. Wyrick
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2010,
Process Diagnosis and Aging Effects on a Traditional Millet-Based Drink: Boumkaye  [PDF]
Oumar Ibn Khatab Cisse, Nicolas Cyrille Ayessou, Papa Guedel Faye, Mady Cisse, Aida Coly Camara, Aba Bodian, Cheikh Ndiaye, Mama Sakho, Codou Mar Diop
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2018.95036
Abstract: Boumkaye is a traditional fermented millet-based drink (Pennisetum glaucum L.) produced in Casamance (region in Senegal). Unknown and circumcised beverage, it has therapeutic properties due to aqueous creeper extracts from Abrus pulchellus plant and naturally present during the process. The objective of this work was to investigate the fabrication process of a millet-based beverage as an alternative source of nutrients. The diagnosis of beverage production by monitoring its physical and chemical parameters during two months of storage at room temperature was studied. The established manufacturing process, composed by a production of aqueous extracts after maceration of the Abrus pulchellus vines, a preparation of millet slurry, and a fermentation step to obtain the Boumkaye, has several features. The study of aging process showed probable lactic and alcoholic fermentations. Further, the finished Boumkaye was characterized by a high acidity (pH of 3), an alcohol content of 5 g/100g and contains an appreciable amount of polyphenols (54.46 mg/100g).
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