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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 550 matches for " Birgitta Lindberg "
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An internet-based intervention program for supporting families with prematurely born infants  [PDF]
Birgitta Lindberg, Kerstin ?hrling
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.22012
Abstract: The purpose of this paper was to describe the development, planning and implementing of an internet-based intervention program for providing support to families with prematurely born infants. During the families initial stay at home with their infant; families were given access to use of videoconference system from their home to have contact with staff at the neonatal unit, via direct link, throughout twenty-four hours. This program successfully ended, and video-conferencing is incorporated as a tool to support families after coming home. Probably, a variety of factors has contributed to make this program successful, as for example user friendliness and the close collaboration between researchers and staff at the neonatal unit. In conclusion, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) must be taken into consideration in developing upcoming care, thereby making possible a program to extend accessibility to health care.
Using Information and Communication Technology in Home Care for Communication between Patients, Family Members, and Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review
Birgitta Lindberg,Carina Nilsson,Daniel Zotterman,Siv S?derberg,Lisa Sk?r
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/461829
Abstract: Introduction. Information and communication technology (ICT) are becoming a natural part in healthcare both for delivering and giving accessibility to healthcare for people with chronic illness living at home. Aim. The aim was to review existing studies describing the use of ICT in home care for communication between patients, family members, and healthcare professionals. Methods. A review of studies was conducted that identified 1,276 studies. A selection process and quality appraisal were conducted, which finally resulted in 107 studies. Results. The general results offer an overview of characteristics of studies describing the use of ICT applications in home care and are summarized in areas including study approach, quality appraisal, publications data, terminology used for defining the technology, and disease diagnosis. The specific results describe how communication with ICT was performed in home care and the benefits and drawbacks with the use of ICT. Results were predominated by positive responses in the use of ICT. Conclusion. The use of ICT applications in home care is an expanding research area, with a variety of ICT tools used that could increase accessibility to home care. Using ICT can lead to people living with chronic illnesses gaining control of their illness that promotes self-care. 1. Introduction Due to an ageing population and a shortage of hospital beds, it has become a challenge to find new ways to support and care for people with chronic illness living at home. Living with chronic illness changes the lives of those affected, who are often in need of support and nursing care in their homes [1–3]. eHealth has the potential to become a means of providing good care at home [4], which is especially challenging with regard to this emerging field [5]. eHealth refers to information and communication technology (ICT) tools and services for health, whether the tools are used behind the scenes by healthcare professionals or directly by patients and their relatives [6]. ICT tools can be used to access a wide variety of technological solutions for communication, including text messaging, gathering and monitoring data, diagnosis and treatment at distances, and retrieving electronic health records [5, 7]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) [8], eHealth is used in the healthcare for transmission of digital data, including data stored and retrieved electronically to support healthcare, both at the local site and at a distance. E-Health includes the interaction between patients and health service providers or peer-to-peer
The Experience-Dependent Dynamics of Human Consciousness  [PDF]
Birgitta Dresp-Langley
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.82010
Abstract: By reviewing most of the neurobiology of consciousness, this article highlights some major reasons why a successful emulation of the dynamics of human consciousness by artificial intelligence is unlikely. The analysis provided leads to conclude that human consciousness is epigenetically determined, experience, and context-dependent at the individual level. It is subject to changes in time that are essentially unpredictable. If cracking the code to human consciousness were possible, the result would most likely have to consist of a temporal pattern code simulating long-distance signal reverberation and de-correlation of all spatial signal contents from temporal signals. In the light of the massive evidence for complex interactions between implicit (non-conscious) and explicit (conscious) contents of representation, the code would have to be capable of making implicit (non-conscious) processes explicit. It would have to be capable of a progressively less and less arbitrary selection of temporal activity patterns in a continuously developing neural network structure identical to that of the human brain, from the synaptic level to that of higher cognitive functions. The code’s activation thresholds would depend on specific temporal signal coincidence probabilities, vary considerably with time and across individual experience data, and would therefore require dynamically adaptive computations capable of emulating the properties of individual human experience. No known machine or neural network learning approach has such potential.
Functional Exercise and Physical Fitness Post Stroke: The Importance of Exercise Maintenance for Motor Control and Physical Fitness after Stroke
Birgitta Langhammer,Birgitta Lindmark
Stroke Research and Treatment , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/864835
Abstract: It is argued that all stroke patients, indifferent of disability, have the same possibility to improve with training. The aim of the study was to follow and register functional improvements in two groups with different functional capacities at baseline for a period of 36 months. Stroke patients were recruited and divided into groups related to their functional status at baseline. During the acute rehabilitation, both groups received functional task-oriented training, followed by regular self- or therapeutic driven training the first year after stroke and varied exercise patterns the following 24 months. The participants were tested on admission, and at three, six, twelve, and thirty-six months after the onset of stroke. Both groups improved functional activity up to six months which then stabilized up to twelve months to decline somewhat at thirty-six months after stroke. Change scores indicate a greater potential for rehabilitation in the MAS ≤35 in relation to group MAS >35 although the functional capacity was higher in the latter. This indicates the importance of maintaining exercise and training for all persons after stroke. 1. Introduction Stroke care has undergone major changes in the last 15–20 years in the western world. New treatments, diagnostic tools, and the implementation of stroke units with multidisciplinary rehabilitation are now the golden standard in the acute treatment of stroke and have improved the possibilities for survival and to resume life in the home [1–6]. A major part of the efficacy of the stroke unit is the focus on early mobilization and rehabilitation with task-oriented training which implies the importance of exercise to achieve optimal function. Task-oriented exercise are shown to be most effective to attain optimal motor function and independence in activities in the acute rehabilitation [7, 8]. The importance of exercise and training after stroke has also been documented [9–11]. Studies have shown that persons with stroke, given the opportunity to exercise in the year after stroke, maintain their functional status after the initial rehabilitation and improve function [9–12]. Regular exercises were sustained both with an organised and a voluntary follow-up regimen during the first 12 months after stroke. In the longitudinal randomised controlled trial, both groups received functional task-oriented training tailored according to their specific needs during the acute period of rehabilitation. At discharge from the acute hospital, patients were randomised into different groups. Patients allocated to an organised exercise
Verklig fiktion om virtuell verklighet – Litteraturundervisningens utmaning
Ylva Lindberg
L?ring og Medier , 2009,
Abstract: F ljande text utg r fr n fr gorna varf r och hur humaniora ska integrera ny teknik. I detta fall belyses mer specifikt hur svensk mnet och litteraturundervisningen kan anknyta till den teknologi som virtuella tredimensionella v rldar via internet uppvisar. I den f rsta delen av artikeln refereras till ett f rs k att anv nda den virtuella v rlden Second Life i en kurs i litteraturvetenskap. Sedan beskrivs de n ra samband som finns mellan litteratur och teknik. D refter f ljer en argumentation som vill visa p varf r just virtuella v rldar r betydelsefulla f r litteraturvetenskapen. Konklusionen r att digitala universum kan vara ett verktyg d r teknik och litteratur kan m tas p lika villkor, utan att den ena eller den andra dominerar teoretiskt. I den andra delen utforskas rent allm nt m jligheterna att f rnya svensk mnet och litteraturundervisningen genom aktuell informations- och kommunikationsteknologi, IKT, och mer specifikt genom virtuella v rldar, som i sig rymmer en stor del av n mnda tekniker. H r fokuseras framf r allt p grundskolan, men ven p h gre studier. Mot bakgrund av den senaste debatten kring litteraturkanon, grundskolans kursplaner, samt svensk mnets konception diskuteras vilken plats som finns i undervisningen f r IKT och ett studium av virtuella v rldar. Den centrala fr gan kretsar ven h r kring hur det litter ra och humanistiska perspektivet kan m ta det tekniskt naturvetenskapliga och vice versa. I tredje delen ges en mycket kortfattad forsknings versikt som syftar till att belysa hur man b de i litteraturvetenskapliga och tekniska forskningssammanhang under de senaste ren diskuterat f rh llandet mellan litteraturvetenskap och teknik, men ven mellan teknik och andra konstformer, s som bildkonsten. I den sista och fj rde delen presenteras n gra romaner som utspelar sig i den virtuella v rlden Second Life eller i en digital milj som r mycket lik denna. I denna del presenteras olika argument f r att teknik p detta s tt kan integreras i mnet genom litteraturl sning. Avsnittet g r en analys av romanerna Notre seconde vie (2008) av Alain Monnier och ANIMA: A Novel about Second Life (2007) av avataren Dalian Hansen, d r exempel tas fram som kan knyta an till svensk mnets tre konceptioner - litteraturhistoria, spr kliga f rdigheter och erfarenhetspedagogik - samt till litteracitet och s rskilt till digital litteracitet.
‘The next step’ – alumni students' views on their preparation for their first position as a physician
Ola Lindberg
Medical Education Online , 2010, DOI: 10.3402/meo.v15i0.4884
Abstract: Background: Although medical programmes are often thoroughly evaluated, these evaluations more seldom include workplace points of view. The present study focuses on how well a Swedish medical programme was judged to prepare students for work as a physician. Methods: Thirty-two competences in physicians'work were identified through interviews. A subsequent questionnaire was completed by 123 programme alumni who had worked for 1–2 years in different parts of the country. Alumni were asked to rate the importance of each competence, their self-assessed competence as well as how these competences were addressed during their medical training. Results: The subsequent analysis identified areas where their training programme, according to the alumni, failed to prepare them satisfactorily. Problem areas included competences in clinical skills, handling stressful situations and in applied rather than foundational knowledge about common symptoms and diseases. Conclusion: Despite extensive practical training, medical education still faces some problems in the transition from education to work.
I det nya m ngspr kiga Sverige
Inger Lindberg
Utbildning & Demokrati : Tidsskrift f?r Didaktik och Utbildningspolitik , 2009,
Abstract: In the new multilingual Sweden. In this article, global as well as local aspects of language dominance are considered in a discussion of the role of language for social equity, integration, democracy in today’s Sweden. In this respect, the dual role of Swedish – as a minority language globally and majority language locally – is considered, in particular for the implementation of Swedish language policy. On 1 July 2009, a new Language Act entered into force based on current language policy which includes objectives to ensure everyone’s access to the Swedish language and to safeguard the position of Swedish as the main language in Sweden. The Language Act is a result of increasing impact of English and wide-spread multilingualism in the Swedish society in the early 21st century. The need for initiatives to preserve linguistic diversity and promote multilingualism is addressed in a provision contained in the Language Act, in which the right for everyone who has a mother tongue other than Swedish is to be given the opportunity to develop and use their mother tongue is secured. The present article takes a critical look at some of the questions raised by the Language Act with special relevance for issues of education, democracyand integration in postmodern, multilingual Sweden.
Portfolio optimization when expected stock returns are determined by exposure to risk
Carl Lindberg
Mathematics , 2009, DOI: 10.3150/08-BEJ163
Abstract: It is widely recognized that when classical optimal strategies are applied with parameters estimated from data, the resulting portfolio weights are remarkably volatile and unstable over time. The predominant explanation for this is the difficulty of estimating expected returns accurately. In this paper, we modify the $n$ stock Black--Scholes model by introducing a new parametrization of the drift rates. We solve Markowitz' continuous time portfolio problem in this framework. The optimal portfolio weights correspond to keeping $1/n$ of the wealth invested in stocks in each of the $n$ Brownian motions. The strategy is applied out-of-sample to a large data set. The portfolio weights are stable over time and obtain a significantly higher Sharpe ratio than the classical $1/n$ strategy.
Framv xten av den pedagogiska utbildningen f r universitetets l rare. Ber ttelser ur ett lundaperspektiv
Birgitta Giertz
H?gre Utbildning , 2011,
Abstract: Birgitta Giertz recenserar: Framv xten av den pedagogiska utbildningen f r universitetets l rare. Ber ttelser ur ett lundaperspektiv, av Eva kesson & Eva Falk Nilsson
Gr ns verskridande eller gr nsbevarande? Mentorsprojekt och ledarskapssatsningar i universitetsv rlden
Birgitta Meurling
Utbildning & Demokrati : Tidsskrift f?r Didaktik och Utbildningspolitik , 2006,
Abstract: BOUNDARY CROSSING OR BOUNDARY MAINTENANCE? MENTORING PROJECTS ANDLEADERSHIP TRAINING IN UNIVERSITIES. In our universities, boundaries are con-stantly being drawn, for example between men and women. This articlediscusses a specific type of integrative and boundary-crossing activity, namelymentoring projects and leadership training aimed at female scholars. Suchinitiatives are needed as one of several means of promoting gender equality,but the question is whether an exclusive focus on women is fruitful.Advocates tend to say that gender-conscious programmes are fruitful, whileopponents argue that they are just another way of teaching women to beand act like men. Here I discuss such initiatives in my own faculty, in termsof Bourdieu’s concepts of field, habitus and doxa. To understand the distri-bution of power and the gender division of labour within academe, genderaspects have to be combined with aspects such as class and ethnicity. Thereare several axes of power that sometimes reinforce, sometimes oppose eachother, leading to different types of boundaries in universities.
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