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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 50922 matches for " BingBo Wei "
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Thermodynamic properties and microstructural characteristics of binary Ag-Sn alloys
Wei Zhai,BingBo Wei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-013-5695-4
Abstract: The liquidus and solidus temperatures and enthalpy of fusion for Ag-Sn alloys are systematically measured within the whole composition range by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The measured enthalpy of fusion is related to Sn content by polynomial functions, which exhibit one maximum value at 52 wt%Sn and two minimum values around 21 wt%Sn and 96.5 wt%Sn, respectively. The liquidus slope, the solidification temperature interval, the solute partition coefficient and the entropy of fusion are calculated on the basis of the measured results. The undercoolability of those liquid Ag-Sn alloys solidifying with primary (Ag) solid solution phase is stronger than the other alloys with the preferential nucleation of ζ and intermetallic compounds. Morphological observations reveal that peritectic reactions can rarely be completed, and the peritectic microstructures are always composed of both primary and peritectic phases.
Rapid growth of FeAl intermetallic compound under high undercooling conditions
Yongjun Lü,Bingbo Wei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2004, DOI: 10.1360/03ww0095
Abstract: Fe-58at%Al alloy is undercooled up to 222 K (0.15TL) with the drop tube technique. It is found that there exists a critical undercooling about 185 K, beyond which a “dendrite-equiaxed” growth morphology transition occurs in FeAl intermetallic compound. This transition is characterized by sharp decrease of its grain size. Once the undercooling exceeds 215 K, the peritectic transformation is suppressed completely and a fibrous structure is formed, which results from the cooperative growth of FeAl and FeAl2 compounds.
Understanding atomic-scale phase separation of liquid Fe-Cu alloy
HaiPeng Wang,BingBo Wei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4739-x
Abstract: Using liquid Fe60Cu40 alloy as a model, the structure of liquid Fe-Cu alloy systems is investigated in the temperature range 1200–2200 K, covering a large metastable undercooled regime, to understand the phase separation of liquid Fe-Cu alloys on the atomic scale. The total pair distribution functions (PDFs) indicate that liquid Fe60Cu40 alloy is ordered in the short range and disordered in the long range. If the atom types are ignored, the total atom number densities and PDFs demonstrate that the atoms are distributed homogenously in the liquid alloy. However, the segregation of Fe and Cu atoms is very obvious with decreasing temperature. The partial PDFs and coordination numbers show that the Cu and Fe atoms are not apt to get together on the atomic scale at low temperatures; this will lead to large fluctuations and phase separation in liquid Fe-Cu alloy.
Rapid solidification of undercooled Al-Cu-Si eutectic alloys
Ying Ruan,BingBo Wei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-008-0540-x
Abstract: Under the conventional solidification condition, a liquid aluminium alloy can be hardly undercooled because of oxidation. In this work, rapid solidification of an undercooled liquid Al80.4Cu13.6Si6 ternary eutectic alloy was realized by the glass fluxing method combined with recycled superheating. The relationship between superheating and undercooling was investigated at a certain cooling rate of the alloy melt. The maximum undercooling is 147 K (0.18T E). The undercooled ternary eutectic is composed of α(Al) solid solution, (Si) semiconductor and θ(CuAl2) intermetallic compound. In the (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic, (Si) faceted phase grows independently, while (Al) and θ non-faceted phases grow cooperatively in the lamellar mode. When undercooling is small, only (Al) solid solution forms as the leading phase. Once undercooling exceeds 73 K, (Si) phase nucleates firstly and grows as the primary phase. The alloy microstructure consists of primary (Al) dendrite, (Al+θ) pseudobinary eutectic and (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic at small undercooling, while at large undercooling primary (Si) block, (Al+θ) pseudobinary eutectic and (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic coexist. As undercooling increases, the volume fraction of primary (Al) dendrite decreases and that of primary (Si) block increases.
Surface tension and specific heat of liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 alloy
Wang Haipeng,Wei Bingbo
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2005, DOI: 10.1360/982004-475
Abstract: The surface tension and specific heat of stable and metastable liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 eutectic alloy were measured by electromagnetic levitation oscillating drop method and drop calorimetry. The surface tension depends on temperature linearly within the experimental undercooling regime of 0–182 K (0.12 TE). Its value is 1.693 N-m 1 at the eutectic temperature of 1488 K, and the temperature coefficient is-4.23×10 4 N-m 1.K 1. For the specific heat measurement, the maximum undercooling is up to 253 K (0.17 TE). The specific heat is determined as a polynomial function of temperature in the experimental temperature regime. On the basis of the measured data of surface tension and specific heat, the temperature-dependent density, excess volume and sound speed of liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 alloy are predicted theoretically.
Core-shell microstructure formed in the ternary Fe-Co-Cu peritectic alloy droplet
FuPing Dai,BingBo Wei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-009-0103-9
Abstract: The metastable liquid phase separation occurs in the ternary Cu50Fe37.5Co12.5 peritectic alloy droplets during free fall. The separated alloy melt rapidly solidifies and evolves core-shell microstructure composed of L1(Cu) and L2(Fe,Co) phases. Based on the determination of the phase transition temperature, the core-shell microstructure evolution, the interfacial energy, the temperature gradient and the Marangoni migration are analyzed. The interfacial energy of the separated liquid phase increases with the decrease of the temperature. The temperature gradient changes from large to small along the radius direction from inside to outside in the alloy droplet. The Marangoni force (F M) acting on the micro-droplet of L2(Fe,Co) phase increases with the increase of the size of the L2(Fe,Co) phase, and decreases with the increase of undercooling. Driven by F M, the micro-droplet of L2(Fe,Co) phase migrates from outside to inside in the alloy droplet, collides and coagulates each other during migration, and then forms different types of core-shell microstructures.
Surface tension and specific heat of liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 alloy
Surface tension and specificheat of liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 alloy

Wang Haipeng,Wei Bingbo,
WANG
,Haipeng,&,WEI,Bingbo

科学通报(英文版) , 2005,
Abstract: The surface tension and specific heat of stable and metastable liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 eutectic alloy were measured by electromagnetic levitation oscillating drop method and drop calorimetry. The surface tension depends on temperature linearly within the experimental undercooling regime of 0–182 K (0.12 TE). Its value is 1.693 N-m 1 at the eutectic temperature of 1488 K, and the temperature coefficient is-4.23×10 4 N-m 1.K 1. For the specific heat measurement, the maximum undercooling is up to 253 K (0.17 TE). The specific heat is determined as a polynomial function of temperature in the experimental temperature regime. On the basis of the measured data of surface tension and specific heat, the temperature-dependent density, excess volume and sound speed of liquid Ni70.2Si29.8 alloy are predicted theoretically.
Microstructure Evolution of Cu-Pb Monotectic Alloys Processed in Drop Tube
Chongde CAO,Bingbo WEI,

材料科学技术学报 , 2002,
Abstract: Rapid solidification of Cu-Pb monotectic alloys has been accomplished during free fall in a 3 m drop tube. Both macrosegregated and uniformly dispersed structures are observed in Cu-40 wt pct Pb alloy droplets, whereas droplets of composition Cu-64 wt pct Pb exhibit only macrosegregation morphologies. The microstructures are strongly dependent on droplet size. The higher undercooling tends to facilitate liquid phase separation and results in more extensive macrosegregation in smaller droplets. There exists a pronounced tendency for the Pb-rich liquid to occupy the surface of the droplets of both compositions, resulting from the quite lower surface tension of the Pb-rich phase and causing a Pb-rich layer at the surface of the solidified droplet. The nucleation of monotectic cells in the Cu-40 wt pct Pb droplets with dispersed structures preferentially occurs at the droplet surface. A single nucleation event takes place more frequently as droplet size is reduced.
Rapid solidification of undercooled Al-Cu-Si eutectic alloys

Ying Ruan,BingBo Wei,

科学通报(英文版) , 2009,
Abstract: Under the conventional solidification condition, a liquid aluminium alloy can be hardly undercooled because of oxidation. In this work, rapid solidification of an undercooled liquid Al80.4Cu13.6Si6 ternary eutectic alloy was realized by the glass fluxing method combined with recycled superheating. The relationship between superheating and undercooling was investigated at a certain cooling rate of the alloy melt. The maximum undercooling is 147 K (0.18T E). The undercooled ternary eutectic is composed of α(Al) solid solution, (Si) semiconductor and θ(CuAl2) intermetallic compound. In the (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic, (Si) faceted phase grows independently, while (Al) and θ non-faceted phases grow cooperatively in the lamellar mode. When undercooling is small, only (Al) solid solution forms as the leading phase. Once undercooling exceeds 73 K, (Si) phase nucleates firstly and grows as the primary phase. The alloy microstructure consists of primary (Al) dendrite, (Al+θ) pseudobinary eutectic and (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic at small undercooling, while at large undercooling primary (Si) block, (Al+θ) pseudobinary eutectic and (Al+Si+θ) ternary eutectic coexist. As undercooling increases, the volume fraction of primary (Al) dendrite decreases and that of primary (Si) block increases. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 50121101, 50395105) and the Doctorate Foundation of Northwestern Polytechnical University (Grant No. CX200419)
Core-shell microstructure formed in the ternary Fe-Co-Cu peritectic alloy droplet

FuPing Dai,BingBo Wei,

科学通报(英文版) , 2009,
Abstract: The metastable liquid phase separation occurs in the ternary Cu50Fe37.5Co12.5 peritectic alloy droplets during free fall. The separated alloy melt rapidly solidifies and evolves core-shell microstructure composed of L1(Cu) and L2(Fe,Co) phases. Based on the determination of the phase transition temperature, the core-shell microstructure evolution, the interfacial energy, the temperature gradient and the Marangoni migration are analyzed. The interfacial energy of the separated liquid phase increases with the decrease of the temperature. The temperature gradient changes from large to small along the radius direction from inside to outside in the alloy droplet. The Marangoni force (F M) acting on the micro-droplet of L2(Fe,Co) phase increases with the increase of the size of the L2(Fe,Co) phase, and decreases with the increase of undercooling. Driven by F M, the micro-droplet of L2(Fe,Co) phase migrates from outside to inside in the alloy droplet, collides and coagulates each other during migration, and then forms different types of core-shell microstructures. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 50121101, 50395105) and NPU Youth Scientific and Technological Innovation Foundation (Grant No. W016223)
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