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OALib Journal期刊

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THE IMPORTANCE OF GROUP THERAPY USED IN THE TREATMENT OF STUTTERING
Darinka SHOSTER,Nada DOBROTA DAVIDOVIК?,Silvana FILIPOVA,Biljana LOZANOVSKA
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Stuttering is not a problem of individuals, but it’s a problem in the verbal communication with others. Individual and group treatment is equally important to use while working with people who stutter.Purpose: Group treatment is used to allow the patient adequate adjustment in all problematic situations (situations increasing stuttering) in the environment and to gradually inhibit negative emotions.Material and methods: Objective speech tool is used in this testing (evaluation of speech status under Fiedler, PA Standop, R.Stotern-Schwarzenberg, Munchen, 1978) to determine the degree and type of speech disorder. The anxiety feeling is also evaluated, where the subjective assessment of patients' anxiety is expressed in units SUD (subjective units of disturbance or distress - subjective assessment of suffering).Results and Conclusion: The results showed that group stationary treatment has a huge significance in reducing the anxiety of patients who stutter.
CASE REPORT OF STUTTERING IN AN INITIAL PHASE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD
Silvana FILIPOVA,Ana POPOSKA,Biljana LOZANOVSKA,Laura GJURCHINOVSKA
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2007,
Abstract: Stuttering is a type of supra-segmental structure speech disorder. Supra-segmental structure of speech is consisted of quantitative features as: flu-ency, rhythm, duration, intensity, voice power, word accentuation and melodic expression. Stut-tering is manifested as disordered fluency. Physio-lo-gical fluency is characterized by five time-di-men--sions.First dimension is sequence. Sounds have specific sequence in words. Sounds order determines word meaning. Some sounds in reverse word- order have different meaning.Second dimension is duration. Every speech mani-festation or even a word has its own duration. Du-ration deficiency may cause problems in under-standing speech, and only because of the differen-tial sign accentuation and duration own.Third dimension is speed. Speed measures the pro-nunciation of phonetic elements and words. Too slow or too fast pronunciation influences under-standing speech (such is the case of tachyphemia).Fourth dimension is rhythm. It presents the way of speaking process. If the speech is too fast, tensed, interrupted, not equable then it is difficult for lis-tening to and even tiresome.Fifth dimension is fluency, which is realized by flowing sounds and words into sentences.
Language, gender, and sexual orientation: Gender-specific features of discursive styles of homosexual users of an internet forum
Stankovi? Biljana
Sociologija , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/soc1301115s
Abstract: This study seeks to determine whether and in which way homosexual people rely on gender-specific style characteristics when communicating in the internet environment. It is assumed that the basis of differences in language practices is not some identity category (either gender or sexual), that uses these practices only as a means of expression. Instead, language is seen as a resource that allows us to respond to a variety of communication situations. The methodological framework for collecting and analyzing the samples of verbal interaction is content analysis (relative frequencies of linguistic parameters are first calculated and then compared by using statistical techniques), and the results are then supplemented with a qualitative analysis of communication flow which further examines the mediating effect of conversational context in the selection of gender-related discursive features. The findings suggest that homosexual men and women differ when it comes to the expression of gender-specific discursive style. In conclusion, I argue in favor of the interpretation of these differences with respect to the specificity of the communication context and existence of certain norms that model the interaction among the participants in the discussion.
SHARING HISTORY IN A POST-CONFLICT SOCIETY – THE CASE OF MACEDONIA
Biljana Popovska
Bezbednosni Dijalozi , 2012,
Abstract: This paper is about sharing history in a post-conflict society, as viewed from the perspective of the teaching of history. Through analyses of the referenced articles and reports, it discusses history teaching as one of the tools of transitional justice. It goes on to review the successful case of sharing history through the Franco-German textbook project, but only from the aspect of the media coverage and comment. Finally, the paper examines the Macedonian case related to the topic, drawing on the findings of other scholars, the response of Macedonian media to thejoint history textbook project of the Center for Democracy and Reconciliation of Southeast Europe, as well as materials from interviews conducted by the author of this paper.
IMPACT OF THE GLOBALIZATION ON THE MACEDONIAN ENVIRONMENT AND SECURITY
Biljana Stevanovska
Bezbednosni Dijalozi , 2012,
Abstract: Problems with human security are met with protests against the current globalization. Some sudden accidents are not related to globalization (i.e. plane crash), but many trends are global movement (wars, a surge of unemployment, economic crisis).Consequently the protection of nature comes to globalization by engaging all local, national and intergovernmental institutions. World population is threatened by the continued atmosphere temperature increase, which in many nations is the foundation for a series of disasters such as drought, flood, desert storm, landslides, elevated sea levels, fires and pandemics. Impacts on health from climate change can be direct and indirect, through changes in agriculture, mutations in the food. Any emissions exceeding the threshold put the planet at risk of irreversible melting of a significant layer of ice of Greenland, thereby releasing large amounts of methane into the atmosphere (greenhouse gas). Local projections of climate change indicate that different climatic regions in Macedonia will react differently to a large scale in various aspects of life, especially health, agriculture, or water supply. The main blame for environmental degradation would not be sent to globalizationitself as such, but towards the address of neo-liberalism as a special kind of globalization.
Integrated corporate performance measurement systems
Gaji? Biljana
Economic Annals , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/eka0461151g
Abstract: Corporate performance measurement is a key prerequisite for successful management, a process of guiding the enterprise from the existing to the particular, desired performance. Traditional performance measurement systems, based on the use of financial indicators, do not satisfy the needs of modern enterprises. They provide the measurement of the past results, but they do not provide enough quality information for improvement of performance in the future. Nowadays, a great number of different performance measurement systems have been developed. They have a more complex approach to performance analysis, using both financial and non financial indicators grouped in a certain number of performance perspectives. The disadvantages of this modern performance measurement systems can be diminished through their integration, which leads to creating new, integrated performance measurement systems.
New morbidity of the young
Stankovi? Biljana
Stanovni?tvo , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0201053s
Abstract: In the present phase of epidemiological transition, the most frequent causes of youth morbidity are disorders in reproductive health, mental disorders and injuries which are not life threatening. This, so-called new youth morbidity, is most often caused by their risky behavior, which in the field of sexuality often leads to unplanned pregnancies and abortions, as well as sexually transmitted infections. Misuse of tobacco, alcohol and narcotics, which is most commonly started in adolescence, has an unfavorable short-term and long-term influence on the psycho-physical health of the young. All research, in the world and in our country, indicate gradual yet constant growth of sexual activity of the youth and the age decrease of its starting point, especially when girls are in question. Due to insufficient maturity and inadequate knowledge and consciousness on the necessity of protecting reproductive health, sexual behavior of young people can often be characterized as insufficiently responsible and not supplemented with the usage of adequate protective measures. The result is frequently abortion, which terminates 90% of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies in this age. This creates health and psychosocial risks, as well as giving birth in adolescence which is contrary to the modern health concepts that giving birth should not be performed too early, while the young are still developing. A significant increase in the frequency of sexually transmitted diseases is also present, to which the youth are especially susceptible due to the specific development period in which they are in. A serious medical and sociopathological problem of contemporary society represents the greater and greater misuse of psychoactive substances among the young people, with a tendency of decreasing the average age they are consumed for the first time, as well as the use of drugs and alcohol. With the increase of the anti-smoking campaign and restrictive measures in highly developed countries smoking among young people is decreasing, while it is increasing in Eastern Europe and developing countries. As the health disorders of young people mentioned above, are conditioned, above all, by their risky behavior and insufficient relation towards health, the degree to which they are widespread can be influenced by prevention. Educational and health institutes represent the carriers of preventive activity, which understands health education and aid to young people in overcoming life's skills, along with the necessity to direct support to the family as well, which maintains a significant place in
Psycho-social picture of sexually active adolescent girls: Results of research survey
Stankovi? Biljana
Stanovni?tvo , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0404067s
Abstract: In a demographic sense, adolescents are a population group which is yet to take part in birth giving. Therefore, their sexual behavior and especially sexual activity at early ages which is not only unfavorable from the aspect of the individual, meaning risk for psycho-physical health, but from the aspect of society as well, as regards population fertility, deserves special attention. This paper shows the results of in-depth research carried out in Belgrade from September 2001 to October 2002 with an aim to establish which factors determine a young person, of sixteen years old or younger, to become sexually active. It was carried out on a sample of 111 adolescent girls between 14 and 20 years old which turned to the Republic Family Planning Center Youth Counseling Clinic of the Institute for Mother and Child Health Care of Serbia. The research showed that sexual experience, realized at an early age was an integral part of development and maturing for the largest number of surveyed girls. In the largest number of cases it was a positive experience, induced by love and experienced with a partner, mainly of the same age, with which they were in a longer, stable relationship. Nevertheless, it could be concluded from the results obtained by the research that the surveyed girls could have more easily and efficiently solved their problems and dilemmas regarding sexuality had they had the possibility to obtain a better insight into their personal feelings and feelings of others at the right time, as well as developed social experience and experience in mastering control of their impulses. With a certain number of surveyed girls that would have meant a delay in their sexual activities to a later age. This also refers to the prevention of other risky behavior such as use of alcohol and drugs, which also have an influence on changing sexual behavior, making it more risky. It is important to stress that the surveyed adolescent girls themselves recognized the necessity for support in this delicate field of life as well. The psycho-social profile of surveyed sexually active adolescent girls indicates that they do not belong under any circumstances to some marginal group. Therefore it can be concluded on the basis of the results obtained on this selected sample that an even greater necessity exists in the young population, and a possibility as well for better preparation and greater insight into questions from the sphere of sexuality. With a certain number of young girls this could lead to a certain delay in the commencement of sexual activities. Nonetheless, with a ba
Pleistocene malacofauna of the Po arevac Danube area (NE Serbia)
Mitrovi? Biljana
Geolo?ki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/gabp0701081m
Abstract: The results of recent analyses of loess samples from the localities: irikovac, Klenovnik, Novi Kostolac, Zatonje and Kisiljevo, confirm the idea that malacological associations identify biotope characteristics. Using palaeontological analyses, 25 species of gastropods were identified. Statistical analyses, tables and histograms based on ecological indices separate malacolgical associations: forest and species living mainly in woods, but also in mesophilous places and both damp and dry biotopes, steppe, open biotopes, mesophilous and hygrophilous species. Based on the current literature on the Po arevac Danube Area, the species Vertigo pygmaea in irikovac and Columella columella in Klenovnik were recorded for the first time. Based on the following species: Succinella oblonga, Cochlicopa lubrica, Granaria frumentum, Vallonia costata, Vitrea crystallina, Pupilla muscorum, etc. it could be concluded that loessoid eolian sediments have their origin in the arid climate during the Pleistocene.
Failed catharsis after the Second World War
Bijeli? Biljana
Temida , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/tem0204059b
Abstract: The Second World War is not relevant only in historical and political context. Its unsolved character is usually mentioned as one of the causes of the 1990 war. The after war policy of identity is especially relevant for today’s difficulties in consideration of collective responsibility and achieving reconciliation between communities which were in conflict. Croatian example of war crimes against Serbs in the Second World War is especially illustrative. However, that is only one of many Yugoslavs’ examples, where ethnic violence in after war period was overshadowed by general suffering from foreign occupants and local traitors in the Second World War. Instead of reassessment of existing ethnic and national identities, the process of reconciliation between Croatian and Serbian community after the Second World War was exhilarated with radical changes of collective identities.
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