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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 80866 matches for " Bilan Liu "
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Effect of Educational Plan on Adherence Rate among Children with Persistent Asthma
Bilan Nemat
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: This study was conducted to survey the effect of education and regular follow up on adherence rate of children with mild to moderate persistent asthma. In a semi-experimental study (before and after), two groups of children with mild to moderate persistent asthma, referred to outpatient clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were compared. First group included 200 asthmatic children who were treated at least for duration of one year by conventional method. The second group included 300 patients at the same age and severity of disease that were treated at least one year by a comprehensive plan of education and regular follow up visits as well. Data were analyzed by Chi-square and p<0.05 was considered as significant difference. Findings indicate that in first group 100 (50%) and second group 295 (84/3%) had adherence rate more than 50% (p = 0.00). Considering adherence rate of ≥50% there was significant difference between two groups with mild persistent asthma (p = 0.00). Present findings indicate that education and scheduled follow up can result in higher degree of adherence.
Adsorption and reduction of palladium (Pd2+) by Bacillus licheniformis R08
Zhongyu Lin,Chaohui Zhou,Jianming Wu,Hu Cheng,Bilan Liu,Zimian Ni,Jianzhang Zhou,Jinkun Fu
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2002, DOI: 10.1360/02tb9279
Abstract: Preliminary study on the mechanism of Pd2+ biosorption by resting cells of Bacillus licheniformis R08 biomass has been carried out by means of chemical kinetics and AAS, TEM, XRD and FTIR methods. The results showed that at 30°C and pH 3.5, when dry R08 biomass powder (800 mg/L) was mixed with Pd2+ (100 mg/L) for 45 min, the rate constant k of biosorption of Pd2+ attained a maximum of 5.97 × 10 2 min 1 and the half life period of the reaction reached 12 min. The part of Pd2+ adsorbed by R08 biomass was reduced to elemental, cell-bound Pd at the same condition. The cell wall of R08 biomass was the primary location for accumulating Pd2+, and aldoses, i. e. hydrolysate of a part of polysaccharides on the peptidoglycan layer in the acidic medium, serving as the electron donor, in situ reduced the Pd2+ to Pd0.
Elevated MiR-222-3p Promotes Proliferation and Invasion of Endometrial Carcinoma via Targeting ERα
Binya Liu, Qi Che, Haifeng Qiu, Wei Bao, Xiaoyue Chen, Wen Lu, Bilan Li, Xiaoping Wan
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087563
Abstract: MicroRNAs play key roles in tumor proliferation and invasion. Here we show distinct expression of miR-222-3p between ERα-positive and ERα-negative endometrial carcinoma (EC) cell lines and primary tumors, and investigation of its relationship with ERα and other clinical parameters. In vitro, the function of miR-222-3p was examined in RL95-2 and AN3CA cell lines. MiR-222-3p expression was negatively correlated with ERα. Over-expressed miR-222-3p in RL95-2 cells promoted cell proliferation, enhanced invasiveness and induced a G1 to S phase shift in cell cycle. Furthermore, the miR-222-3p inhibitor decreased the activity of AN3CA cells to proliferate and invade. In vivo, down-regulated miR-222-3p of AN3CA cells inhibited EC tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model. Additionally, miR-222-3p increased raloxifene resistance through suppressing ERα expression in EC cells. In conclusion, miR-222-3p plays a significant role in the regulation of ERα expression and could be potential targets for restoring ERα expression and responding to antiestrogen therapy in a subset of ECs.
Risk Factors of Asthma in 2-8 Years Old Children Referred to Out-Patient Clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Nemat Bilan,Shamsi Ghaffari
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small airways that results from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. As mentioned in many reports from different parts of the world, the prevalence of asthma is increasing during recent years, therefore we planned this study to investigate its predisposing factors, clarifying its epidemiology in our ethnic and geographical territory. In a case-control study on 360 children in the age range from 2-8 years, we compared the presence of asthma risk factors between 2 groups including 120 asthmatic cases and 240 non-asthmatic controls. Some risk factors were significantly more prevalent in asthmatics than controls, these include: positive family history of asthma (p = 0.003, OR = 7.5), non-breastfed (p = 0.001, OR = 5.4), low birth weight (p<0.001, OR = 3.54), passive smoking (p = 0.001, OR = 2.36) and rhinitis (p = 0.005, OR = 2.05). The most important risk factors for development of asthma were found to be positive history of asthma in first degree family, being non-breastfed and low birth weight in order of decreasing significance.
Association of Asthma and Epilepsy
Nemat Bilan,Shamsi Ghaffari
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Acute exacerbation of asthma can induce respiratory alkalosis, which not only decreases serum level of ionized calcium but also results in cerebral vasoconstriction. Several studies have cleared that respiratory alkalosis and decreased CO2-pressure in blood (hypocapnia) can increase neuronal excitability and its epileptogenic activity. This situation may also increase CNS dopamine level and risk of convulsion, therefore we planned this study to assess the association of asthma and epilepsy. In a cross-sectional and analytical study, 800 asthmatic children, who were referred to Specialists` Clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) from January 2004-2008 underwent surveillance for epilepsy; then resultant data analyzed by Z-test for a ratio. About 26/800 children found to be affected simultaneously by asthma and epilepsy, including 15 males and 11 females whose age average was 6 2.1 years (95% CI = 3.5-6.7). The prevalence of epilepsy in asthmatic patients was higher than general population and this difference was statistically meaningful (p<0.05). According to prevalence of epilepsy, which is about 1% in general population and 3.25% in our asthmatic patients and because of possible hypocapnia and resultant respiratory alkalosis during asthma exacerbations, the probability of recurrent convulsive attacks in those, who have simultaneous asthma and epilepsy will be much higher and needs special care and treatment.
THE LEGAL INDEBTEDNESS CAPACITY OF ROMANIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS - THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL EVIDENCES
Bilan Irina,Oprea Florin
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The factual, not only formal capacity of local governments to appeal to borrowed resources is, considering the current conditions, a prerequisite for ensuring economic and social development of local communities. In this paper we intend to position the main theoretical and empirical evidences on local governments indebtedness capacity, mainly focusing on its sizing according to Romanian regulatory framework. With respect to previous research, the issue approached is one of great interest as it has not been, in the Romanian literature on local public finances, subject to a separate analysis of proportions. The undertaken analysis comprises a quantitative dimension, based on processed data from the consolidated general budget of Romanian local governments for 2007-2009, in permanent conjunction with monitoring and analysis of the involved qualitative aspects. To ensure the relevance of the research results, the analysis undertaken refers to the legal framework in function throughout the considered period of time, without involving the legislative changes operated in mid-2010. The main conclusions drawn from our analysis indicate that, considering the current Romanian socio-economic environment, under the impact of specific factors of different nature, the legal indebtedness capacity is far from being well valued, thus bringing its benefits to local communities development. This conclusion is valid from a global perspective as well as for different types of local communities. This appears to be inconsistent with the permanently claimed need to fund important local public investments, mainly in infrastructure, indicating, despite the high legal indebtedness capacity, the lack of factual access to borrowed resources. We suggest, therefore, to introduce the concept of effective indebtedness capacity, the result of a particularized correlation for different local governments between legal indebtedness capacity and the manifestation of several factors with specific action and we intend to contribute, by future research, to its measurement.
Association of Asthma and Epilepsy
Nemat Bilan,Shamsi Ghaffari
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Acute exacerbation of asthma can induce respiratory alkalosis, which not only decreases serum level of ionized calcium but also results in cerebral vasoconstriction. Several studies have cleared that respiratory alkalosis and decreased CO2-pressure in blood (hypocapnia) can increase neuronal excitability and its epileptogenic activity. This situation may also increase CNS dopamine level and risk of convulsion, therefore we planned this study to assess the association of asthma and epilepsy. In a cross-sectional and analytical study, 800 asthmatic children, who were referred to Specialists` Clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) from January 2004-2008 underwent surveillance for epilepsy; then resultant data analyzed by Z-test for a ratio. About 26/800 children found to be affected simultaneously by asthma and epilepsy, including 15 males and 11 females whose age average was 6±2.1 years (95% CI = 3.5-6.7). The prevalence of epilepsy in asthmatic patients was higher than general population and this difference was statistically meaningful (p<0.05). According to prevalence of epilepsy, which is about 1% in general population and 3.25% in our asthmatic patients and because of possible hypocapnia and resultant respiratory alkalosis during asthma exacerbations, the probability of recurrent convulsive attacks in those, who have simultaneous asthma and epilepsy will be much higher and needs special care and treatment.
Risk Factors of Asthma in 2-8 Years Old Children Referred to Out-Patient Clinic of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Nemat Bilan,Shamsi Ghaffari
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small airways that results from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. As mentioned in many reports from different parts of the world, the prevalence of asthma is increasing during recent years, therefore we planned this study to investigate its predisposing factors, clarifying its epidemiology in our ethnic and geographical territory. In a case-control study on 360 children in the age range from 2-8 years, we compared the presence of asthma risk factors between 2 groups including 120 asthmatic cases and 240 non-asthmatic controls. Some risk factors were significantly more prevalent in asthmatics than controls, these include: positive family history of asthma (p = 0.003, OR = 7.5), non-breastfed (p = 0.001, OR = 5.4), low birth weight (p<0.001, OR = 3.54), passive smoking (p = 0.001, OR = 2.36) and rhinitis (p = 0.005, OR = 2.05). The most important risk factors for development of asthma were found to be positive history of asthma in first degree family, being non-breastfed and low birth weight in order of decreasing significance.
THE MONETARY POLICY AND THE FINANCIAL STABILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION
Angela ROMAN,Irina BILAN
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2009,
Abstract: It is unanimously acknowledged at an international level that, for the long term, the stability of prices is the fundamental objective of the monetary policy of central banks. The international financial crises that have occurred in the context of financial globalization have determined central banks from various countries to give special attention to the promotion of financial stability. This attitude is due to the fact that a stable and solid financial system provides the prerequisites for the implementation of an efficient monetary policy, which contributes to the achievement of the fundamental objective, that of ensuring the stability of the prices. This paper aims at emphasizing the relationship between the stability of the prices and financial stability in the context of financial globalization, and the extent to which central banks can, via the monetary policy they promote, can contribute to the achievement of these objectives.
INFLATIONARY EFFECTS OF BUDGET DEFICIT FINANCING IN CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIES
ANGELA BOARIU,IRINA BILAN
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2007,
Abstract: This paper tries to analyse the relations existing between the different ways of financing budget deficit and inflation, underlining the terms of these relations and the involved social and economic effects. An important source of inflation is considered to be the financing of budget deficits by direct appeal to the central bank’s resources, nowadays forbidden by law in most countries for its negative impact. Nevertheless, inflation can also appear as a consequence of debt financing of the budget deficit, considered acceptable in the contemporary society, when it indirectly involves the increase in the amount of money available to the economy above what’s absolutely necessary.
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