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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 993 matches for " Beth Temple "
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Loss of anti-predator behaviors in cattle and the increased predation losses by wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains  [PDF]
Cornelia Fl?rcke, Temple Grandin
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.33037
Abstract: Managing livestock near Yellowstone National Park has become an increasing challenge since conservation of wolves restricts ranchers from interfering. Even though wolves are beneficial for the ecosystem, rising predation incidences on livestock (depredations) create animosity in local farmers. Temperament selection of cattle, measured by the facial hair whorl pattern (HW)1, occurred during the last 15 years and the industry prefers calmer temperament animals. Six HWs occur in cattle (high, middle, low, abnormal, multiple and none), which are mutually exclusive and can be identified by using the eye-line as a reference point. We analyzed depredation of calves near Council, ID in 2011. A herd of 588 Black Angus × Charolais crossbreds (age range: 5 - 17 years) was observed. By analyzing the HW and age of cows in relation to depredations, we could identify a connection between these three factors (P < 0.001). The HW of a cow influenced the probability of losing the calf to predation (P < 0.001). Cows without the facial HW faced an increased percentage of losses (probability of 19.6% of losing the calf) compared to other HW (probability between 0% - 6.1%). An age effect on the probability of losing the calf was also found (P = 0.023). Cows over the age of 10 years are more likely to lose their calves. Our findings suggest that behavioral differences between cows with different HWs exist. Differences in protectiveness or vigilance towards the surroundings in cows without a facial HW may lead to an increased probability of losing their calves.
Separation Behavior for Parturition of Red Angus Beef Cows  [PDF]
Cornelia Fl?rcke, Temple Grandin
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2014.42007
Abstract: Increased predation losses in beef cattle in the Northern Rocky Mountains raise the importance of research concerning maternal behavior around the time of parturition. Separation behavior of multiparous cows at parturition was studied by measuring the distance (m) between the birth place and the main herd with a GPS device. Age of cows and forehead hair whorl pattern (HW) were analyzed as possible factors affecting separation distance. A total of 333 cows (95% Red Angus and 5% Angus × Hereford commercial crossbreds; age range: 3 - 6 yrs) were studied. Separation distance was determined by approaching the cow-calf pair with a utility vehicle that gradually decreased the distance to the pair. The geographic coordinates per pair were recorded and the separation distance was calculated as a straight line between each pair and the main herd. The HW on the forehead of each animal was used as a measure of individual differences in temperament. Age and HW were collected when the animals were held in a squeeze chute. HW was classified into one of six groups: high, middle, low, abnormal, multiple HWs and no HW. The age of a cow influenced the separation distance for parturition (P < 0.001). Four-year-old cows were on average about 150 m further away than other aged cows when calving. Eighty-eight percent of cows separated more than 100 m from the herd. The hair whorl position had no influence on the separation distance (P = 0.405). Distinct separation behavior for parturition was observed in this herd which appears to be an innate behavior that is influenced by the individual temperament of the cow.
Translation: the construction and representation of people’s lives
Bogusia Temple
Graduate Journal of Social Science , 2009,
Abstract:
Engineering and design of holding yards, loading ramps and handling facilities for land and sea transport of livestock
Temple Grandin
Veterinaria Italiana , 2008,
Abstract: Facilities designed for intensively raised animals trained to lead are not appropriate for handling extensively raised animals unaccustomed to close contact with people. The author provides information on facility design for both intensively and extensively raised livestock. Non-slip flooring in handling facilities is essential for all livestock. Cleats must be spaced on loading ramps for trucks or ships so that the hooves of the animals fit easily between them. Cleats spaced too far apart cause slipping and falling. In developing countries, building stationary ramps for vehicles of differing heights using concrete, wood or steel is recommended. Highly mechanised systems, such as hydraulic tailgate lifts, are not recommended in developing countries due to maintenance difficulties. The holding capacity for livestock shipping and receiving terminals should be designed to hold the largest number of animals handled on the busiest days. To maintain high standards of animal welfare, it is important to train employees to handle animals using methods to reduce stress and to conduct weekly audits of handling using an objective, numerical scoring system to maintain high welfare standards.
Improving religious slaughter practices in the U.S.
Temple Grandin
Anthropology of Food , 2006,
Abstract: Cet article, fondé sur trente années d’expérience dans les abattoirs, explore les aspects techniques de l’abattage des animaux de boucherie en Amérique du Nord, tout particulièrement l’abattage religieux, kasher et halal. La description minutieuse des différentes méthodes utilisées vise à éclairer les éléments posant problème et faisant atteinte au bien-être des animaux. L’auteur propose ensuite des mesures permettant d’améliorer le traitement des différentes espèces d’animaux et d’alléger les souffrances au moment de l’abattage. This paper, based on thirty years of experience in developing equipment for handling cattle, explores the technical aspects of animal slaughtering in Northern America, particularly halal and kosher slaughter practices. It gives first hand description of the different methods which are in use, always in relation to animal welfare concerns. The author then draws concrete conclusions regarding means of ensuring an improved treatment for all types of animals to be slaughtered.
A Bio-experiential Model for Learning Creative Design Practices that Supports Transformative Development in Beginning Design Students
Steven Temple
Archnet-IJAR : International Journal of Architectural Research , 2010,
Abstract:
Intermediary Bodies in Higher Education in Central and Eastern Europe
Paul Temple
Educate~ , 2006,
Abstract: This paper examines the establishment of intermediary, or "buffer", bodies in the higher education systems of the post-communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. It argues that this process was driven significantly by the major multilateral aid organisations, without detailed analysis of the way the proposed structures would operate, or of alternative ways of achieving the desired outcomes. Analogies drawn with Western models - a frequent approach by aid agencies - are unsatisfactory in different cultural settings: particularly, the transitional nature of societies in these countries (neither communist dictatorships nor Western democracies) was not sufficiently taken into account. The paper goes on to analyse the pattern of development of intermediary bodies in two countries, Hungary and Romania, with comparisons with Western Europe. It examines an attempt at explaining reasons for their rapid development in the quality assurance field, and finds that the empirical evidence does not support the argument. An alternative hypothesis is put forward, suggesting that the development of intermediary bodies can be at least partially explained by reference to the extent to which they allow central involvement in institutional decision-making: the opposite of stated intentions for them, but showing continuity from the structures of the communist regimes.
Being Bilingual: Issues for Cross-Language Research
Bogusia Temple
Journal of Research Practice , 2006,
Abstract: The current political debates in England highlight the role of language in citizenship, social exclusion, and discrimination. Similar debates can also be found around the world. Correspondingly, research addressing different language communities is burgeoning. Service providers and academics are increasingly employing bilingual community researchers or interpreters to carry out research. However, there is very little written about the effect of working with bilingual researchers. What it means to be bilingual is often essentialised and rarely problematised. Bilingual researchers are seen as unproblematically acting as bridges between communities just because they are bilingual. Their ties to communities, their use of language, and their perspectives on the research are rarely investigated. Language is tied in an unproblematic way to meaning, values, and beliefs. In this article, I use examples from my own research to question what it means to be bilingual and to do cross-language research. I argue that there is no straightforward way in which meanings can be read off from researchers’ ties to language and that being bilingual is not the same for everyone.
Paysans du Brésil
Dominique Temple
Confins , 2007,
Abstract: Eric Sabourin, Paysans du Brésil : Entre échange marchand et réciprocité Paris, Editions Quae, 241p, 30 euros, (préface de Maxime Haubert), 2007Dans la présentation du livre, Maxime Haubert dit : Cet ouvrage propose une analyse socio-anthropologique et agronomique des sociétés rurales et paysannes du Brésil et des transformations qu'elles ont connues ces dernières décennies, en particulier face aux interventions de l'Etat et à l'expansion du marché capitaliste (...). Le livre pose d'abor...
Molecular Surveillance of True Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae: An Evaluation of PCR Screening Assays
Michael J. Binks, Beth Temple, Lea-Ann Kirkham, Selma P. Wiertsema, Eileen M. Dunne, Peter C. Richmond, Robyn L. Marsh, Amanda J. Leach, Heidi C. Smith-Vaughan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034083
Abstract: Background Unambiguous identification of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is not possible by conventional microbiology. Molecular characterisation of phenotypically defined NTHi isolates suggests that up to 40% are Haemophilus haemolyticus (Hh); however, the genetic similarity of NTHi and Hh limits the power of simple molecular techniques such as PCR for species discrimination. Methodology/Principal Findings Here we assess the ability of previously published and novel PCR-based assays to identify true NTHi. Sixty phenotypic NTHi isolates, classified by a dual 16S rRNA gene PCR algorithm as NTHi (n = 22), Hh (n = 27) or equivocal (n = 11), were further characterised by sequencing of the 16S rRNA and recA genes then interrogated by PCR-based assays targeting the omp P2, omp P6, lgtC, hpd, 16S rRNA, fucK and iga genes. The sequencing data and PCR results were used to define NTHi for this study. Two hpd real time PCR assays (hpd#1 and hpd#3) and the conventional iga PCR assay were equally efficient at differentiating study-defined NTHi from Hh, each with a receiver operator characteristic curve area of 0.90 [0.83; 0.98]. The hpd#1 and hpd#3 assays were completely specific against a panel of common respiratory bacteria, unlike the iga PCR, and the hpd#3 assay was able to detect below 10 copies per reaction. Conclusions/Significance Our data suggest an evolutionary continuum between NTHi and Hh and therefore no single gene target could completely differentiate NTHi from Hh. The hpd#3 real time PCR assay proved to be the superior method for discrimination of NTHi from closely related Haemophilus species with the added potential for quantification of H. influenzae directly from specimens. We suggest the hpd#3 assay would be suitable for routine NTHi surveillance and to assess the impact of antibiotics and vaccines, on H. influenzae carriage rates, carriage density, and disease.
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