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MEHMET K F ERSOY’UN SIM ADLI R NDE K SUNUMU / MEHMET KIF’S PRESENTATION OF THE CHARACTERS IN SIM
Betül MUTLU
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Mehmet kif Ersoy, sanat l nda ger ek ili i ncelemesine ra men pek ok ger ek i sanat n n aksine ki ili iyle sanat l aras na s n r koymaz. Ger ek i sanat ger eklik etkisi yaratmak i in eserinde kendini gizler. kif ise tam tersine kendi sesini, anlatt ger ekli in bir par as olarak kimi zaman do rudan kimi zaman da kurgulad ki ilerle okuruna duyurur. Bunu yaparken de dramatik monologdan geni l üde yararlan r. Onun en olgun eseri olan kabul edilen s m, airin bu yakla m n rnekler niteliktedir. kif’in Milli Mücadele y llar ndaki etkili al malar s ras nda tefrika yoluyla Seb lü’r-Re ad dergisinde yay mlad ve 1924’te bas m n tamamlad s m, i eri inin yan s ra ok y nlü teknik yap s yla da nemli bir eserdir. Makalede kif’in s m adl eserindeki ki ilerini sunma bi imi “Dramatik Monolog”, “Otobiyografik Malzeme” ve “Portre izimi” ba l klar alt nda incelenmi tir.Mehmet kif Ersoy doesn’t drow boundaries between his personality and his art. In contrast to other realist artist even if he gives enough importance to the realism. The real artist conceal his personality in order to create the impact of reality. However, kif prefers to tell what he wants to say as a part of his reality directly or through the characters he creates. While dough this, he usually use the method of dramatic monologue. His master piece, s m is an example of this attitude. s m, which serial published. In the of national struggle and printed in 1924, is an important master piece in terms of both. Its content and its structure. In this article. Mehmet kif’s way of presentation of the characters in s m is analyzed under the headlines “ Dramatic Monologue”, “Autobiographic Gradients” and “Portrait Description”
Drug Extravasation in Pediatric Oncology: Single Center Experience
Betül Sevinir
Güncel Pediatri , 2008,
Abstract: Aim: The frequency of cytotoxic chemotherapy extravasation is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine extravasation frequency and to verify the risk factors in our center.Materials and Methods: Hospital records of pediatric oncology patients at Uluda University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Oncology between 2004-2007 were reviewed retrospectively. Number of the cases with chemotherapy extravasation, diagnosis, demographic and clinical features were recorded. Results: The incidence of cytotoxic drug extravasation in pediatric oncology cases was 0.4%. Forty-one percent of extravasations were observed in patients under 3 years The median extravasation time was 9th week of the chemotherapy. Most of the extravasation injuries were seen in outpatient clinic (77%) and mainly in cases who were having therapy weekly (59%). The most frequent site of extravasation was dorsal hand (82%). Causative drugs were vinca alkaloids, doxorubicin and dactinomycin.Conclusion: The incidence of chemotherapy induced extravasations were similar with literature. Young age and weekly chemotherapy were major risk factors in pediatric oncology cases. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2008; 6: 1-4)
READING TURKISH MODERNIZATION THROUGH WOMEN NOVELS -From the Reform to the Republic- TüRK MODERNLE MES N KADIN ROMANLARI üZER NDEN OKUMAK -Tanzimat’tan Cumhuriyet’e-
Betül CO?KUN
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The Western Culture, which entered every phase of the Ottoman life after the Reform, also brought the question of the place of women in a society. Woman is seen as one of the most significant phases of modernization by the Reform Intellectuals. The idea that a new and modern society can only be formed by new and modern mothers had been a common thesis of the literary works until the proclamation of the Republic. In this stage, the female novelists, whose number was increasing, in their works dealt with the issues of modernizing women in detail. The modernization of women, and thus the stages that a society has while having process of westernization is traced through the women characters in women novels. In this work, we will analyze women modernization through characters and contexts in the novels written by female writers during the process reaching from the Reforms to the Republic. Tanzimat’tan sonra Osmanl hayat n n her safhas na giren Bat kültürü, toplum i erisinde kad n n yerinin sorgulanmas n da beraberinde getirir. Kad n, Tanzimat ayd n taraf ndan modernle menin en nemli a amalar ndan biri olarak g rülür. Yeni ve modern toplumun ancak yeni ve modern anneler taraf ndan kurulabilece i fikri, Cumhuriyet’in ilan na kadar edebi eserlerin ortak tezlerinden biri haline gelir. Bu safhada say s artan kad n romanc lar, modernle en kad n n meselelerini teferruatl bir ekilde ele al rlar. Kad n n modernle mesi, dolay s yla toplumun Bat l la rken ge irdi i safhalar, kad n romanlar ndaki kad n kahramanlar üzerinden takip edilebilir. Biz bu al mam zda Tanzimat’tan Cumhuriyet’e uzanan süre te kad n yazarlar taraf ndan kaleme al nan romanlarda, kad n modernle mesinin hangi karakterler üzerinden ve hangi meseleler ba lam nda ele al nd n inceleyece iz.
CHRONOTOPIC READING OF THE NOVELS OF HALIDE NUSRET ZORLUTUNA HAL DE NUSRET ZORLUTUNA’NIN ROMANLARINI KRONOTOP K OKUMA
Betül CO?KUN
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The term Chronotope, which we may interpret as time -space, was put forward by Michael Bakhtin. Chronotope, which in the novel expresses the idea that every time seizes space, offers an important opportunity to understand Turkish novel. Being among the authors lived in the period between the collapse of the Ottoman and the emergence of the Republic, Halide Nusret Zorlutuna’s novels include the period they witnessed. Hence, the space or location in her novels implies psychological, cosmic, and biographic time. A chronotopic study of her novels would not only facilitate comprehension of complex pattern of events in her novels, but also provide a chance to read historical traces, the biography of the author, psychological and cosmic time through space or location. Zaman - uzam eklinde evirebilece imiz kronotop kavram , Michael Bakhtin taraf ndan ortaya at lm t r. Romanda her zaman n mekana temellük etti i dü üncesini ifade eden kronotop, Türk roman n anlamak a s ndan nemli bir imkan sunar. Osmanl ’n n y k l Cumhuriyet’in do u sürecinde ya am kad n yazarlardan Halide Nusret Zorlutuna’n n romanlar tan kl k etti i tarihi süreci i erir. Bu sebeple onun romanlar nda mekan o u zaman tarihi, zaman zaman psikolojik, kozmik, biyografik zaman beraberinde getirir. Onun romanlar üzerinden yap lacak bir kronotopik inceleme, hem romanlardaki karma k olay rgüsü ve karakterleri anlamay kolayla t racak hem de mekan üzerinden d nemin tarihi izlerini, yazar n biyografisini, psikolojik ve kozmik zaman okumay sa layacakt r.
A WOMEN AUTHOR OF THE AGE OF WARS: SAL ME SERVET SEYF SAVA LAR A INDA YET M B R KADIN YAZAR: SAL ME SERVET SEYF
Betül CO?KUN
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Salime Servet is an author, who wrote books during the period of Constitutional Monarchy and National Struggle for Independence. Having published two books, poetry and a novel, her place among the women author is notable. She among the rare women authors to contribute to war literature. She mainly wrote didactic prose and poems. Her works attract our attentions for they inspire readers about national conscience. Salime Servet, who wrote mainly during the years of the Balkan Wars, played active role in Müdafaa-i Milliye Cemiyeti (National Resistance Community). Furthermore, she contributed to the literature with her journal of Seyyale. This study will publicize the unforgotten author of literature history and emphasize on the elements that make her significant Salime Servet, Me rutiyet ve Mill Mücadele d nemlerinde eser vermi bir yazard r. Biri iir, di eri roman olmak üzere iki eser yay mlayan Salime Servet’in kad n yazarlar i erisindeki yeri dikkate de erdir. Sava edebiyat na katk da bulunan nadir kad n yazarlardand r. Daha ziyade didaktik yaz ve iirler kaleme al r. Eserlerinde topluma mill uur a lama kayg s dikkati eker. Genellikle eserlerini Balkan harbi y llar nda yazan Salime Servet, Müdafaa-i Milliye Cemiyeti’nde de aktif rol al r. Ayr ca karm oldu u Seyyaledergisiyle de edebiyata katk da bulunur. Bu al mada, edebiyat tarihinin unutulmu bu ismi tan t lacak ve onu nemli k lan hususlar üzerinde durulacakt r.
Elliptic Divisibility Sequences, Squares and Cubes
Betül Gezer
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: Elliptic divisibility sequences (EDSs) are generalizations of a class of integer divisibility sequences called Lucas sequences. There has been much interest in cases where the terms of Lucas sequences are squares or cubes. In this work, using the Tate normal form having one parameter of elliptic curves with torsion points, the general terms and periods of all elliptic divisibility sequences with a zero term are given in terms of this parameter by means of Mazur's theorem, and it is shown that which term of h_{n} of an EDS can be a square or a cube by using the general terms of these sequences.
Türkiye'de Tütün Mamulleri ve Alkollü Ickilerde Ozel Tüketim Vergisinin Basarisi
Betül HAYRULLAHOGLU
Journal of Life Economics , 2015, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15637/jlecon.72
Abstract: It has been long known that taxes are the most efficient type of public revenue. And excise duty has an important place in taxes. But, besides fiscal purposes, excise duty has some extra fiscal purposes suc as reducing the consumption of alcohol and tobacco products especially. In this study, the success of excise duty on reducing the consumption of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages was examined.
The Diagnostic Characteristics of Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients
Betül Sevinir,Metin Demirkaya
Güncel Pediatri , 2009,
Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study is to evaluate admissonal clinical and laboratory characteristics of pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients who are treated in our department. Materials and Method: Data of pediatric NHL patients were reviewed retrospectively. Age, sex, history of disease, histopathological classification, localization of mass, stage, and a number of laboratory tests were recorded. Results: One hundred eighteen NHL patients were included. The mean age of the patients was 8.2±3.9 (median 8.6) years. While the patients under 5 years constituted 31.3% of all, the ratio of patients under 3 years was 12.7%. Male to female ratio was 4.3. The evaluation according to the stages of the disease showed that 4.2% of patients were stage II, 78% were stage III and 17.8% were stage IV. Thirty nine percent of patients presented with abdominal mass and 24.6% were with mediastinal mass. Primary peripheral lymph node originated disease was seen in 14.4%; nasopharynx, Waldeyer ring and tonsils were involved in 11.9% and paranasal sinuses and facial bones in 5.1%. The rest was localized in paravertebral region and central nervous system (5.1%). The symptomatic period before admission was ranged between 2 days and 52 weeks (mean 6.3±7.8 weeks). The most common symptom was swelling due to underlying lymphadenopathies or mass (57%). Forty percent of patients presented with abdominal distension, 33% with dyspnea, and 29% with cough. Systemic symptoms like fever, weight loss and malaise were found in 43% of patients. High lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were found in 60% of patients.Conclusion: Incidence, clinical and histopathological features of childhood NHL show regional differences. Our results revealed that 95.8% of patients had advanced stage disease, the patients under five years mostly presented with abdominal mass and the older children with mediastinal and nodal involvement. The history lasted less than two months in 85% of patients. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2009; 7: 111-6)
Periosteum: Resorption or Formation Area?
Betül U?ur Altun
Turkish Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism , 2008,
Abstract: Periosteum is a membrane that lines the outer surface of all bones, except at the joints of long bones. Endosteum lines the inner surface of all bones. Periosteal formation is observed in every stage of life, especially in childhood and early adulthood. Formation continues mechanically as a response to load. Periosteal resorption is observed especially in the flat bones in the growing period. In adulthood, resorption is a part of remodeling. The periosteal surface contains fewer osteoclasts than does the endosteal surface, and remodeling on the periosteal surface is much slower. For this reason, adult periosteum is defined as a formation area. Turk Jem 2008; 12: 28-31
Neurodevelopmental and psychiatric assessments at corrected age of 1-3 years in very preterm infants
I??k,ülfet,Betül
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2011,
Abstract: Aim: To assess the neurodevelopmental and psychiatric outcomes of very preterm vs preterm infants at 1-3 years of corrected age.Material and Method: Between years 2005-2008, premature infants followed-up in the NICU designated as Group 1 (<32 wks;n=36) were evaluated in comparison to Group 2 (33-37wks; n=56) with the approval of Ethics Committee (TUTFEK 2008/083) in terms of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric development by using Denver developmental screening test, the brief infant toddler social emotional assessment-childcare provider version. Mothers’ psychiatric symptoms were assessed by the brief symptom inventory. Socioeconomic status was determined by using SES scale. t-test or Mann-Whitney U tests , chi-square and Spearman tests were used for statistical analysis.Results: In Group 1, paternal education level and psychodevelopmental score was lower than group 2, abnormal outcome in Denver developmental test was more frequent. Psychiatric problem score was higher in boys, whereas psychodevelopmental score was higher in girls. Psychosocial developmental score was lower in those infants with intraventricular hemorrhage and this score showed positive correlation with Denver developmental test results. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of brief symptom inventory.Conclusions: Although very preterm infants more frequently showed abnormal neuropsychological development, they were not significantly different with regard to psychiatric problems. Girls were more advantegous than boys in terms of psychodevelopment. We conclude that these findings should be validated by larger and further studies. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46: 280-5)
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