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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32657 matches for " Berleant Daniel "
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Direct pivotal predictive inference
George Kahrimanis,Daniel Berleant
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: Without assuming any pdf for some measured parameter, we derive a predictive pdf for the outcome of a second measurement, given the outcome of the first measurement and two common assumptions about the noise. These are that (1) it is additive, and (2) it is of some known pdf. The argument is based on a Bayesian analysis of the noise when no pdf is provided for the value of the parameter. In this way we avoid assuming an ad-hoc prior. We clarify how this method of direct predictive inference is distinct from fiducial prediction. We specify the distinct flaw in the fiducial argument, and outline the importance of this development in the foundations of probability and statistics. Keywords: nonparametric predictive inference, direct pivotal argument, pivotal argument, fiducial argument, fiducial prediction, Bayesian inference, reference prior, reference class.
Usability survey of biomedical question answering systems
Bauer Michael A,Berleant Daniel
Human Genomics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1479-7364-6-17
Abstract: We live in an age of access to more information than ever before. This can be a double-edged sword. Increased access to information allows for more informed and empowered researchers, while information overload becomes an increasingly serious risk. Thus, there is a need for intelligent information retrieval systems that can summarize relevant and reliable textual sources to satisfy a user's query. Question answering is a specialized type of information retrieval with the aim of returning precise short answers to queries posed as natural language questions. We present a review and comparison of three biomedical question answering systems: askHERMES (http://www.askhermes.org/), EAGLi (http://eagl.unige.ch/EAGLi/), and HONQA (http://services.hon.ch/cgi-bin/QA10/qa.pl).
ISDB: Interaction Sentence Database
Michael A Bauer, Robert E Belford, Jing Ding, Daniel Berleant
BMC Research Notes , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-3-122
Abstract: The Interaction Sentence Database (ISDB) allows users to retrieve sets of sentences fitting specified characteristics. To support this, a database of sentences from abstracts in MEDLINE was created. The sentences in the database all contain at least two biomolecule terms and one interaction-indicating term. A web interface to the database allows the user to query for sentences containing an interaction-indicating term, a single biomolecule name, or two biomolecule names, as well as for a list of biomolecules co-occurring with a given biomolecule in at least one sentence.The system supports researchers needing conveniently available sets of sample sentences for corpus-based research on sentence properties. It also illustrates a model architecture for a sentence-based retrieval system which would be useful to people seeking information and knowledge on-line. ISDB can be freely accessed over the Web at http://bioinformatics.ualr.edu/cgi-bin/services/ISDB/isdb.cgi webcite, and the processed database will be provided upon request.Traditionally, information obtained for biological research is stored as text in journals. When a paper is submitted to a journal it is often left to curators to pull information from the text into specialized resources for researchers [1]. Such specialized resources include interaction, biomolecule complex and pathway databases. As an alternative to reading a stack of papers, a simple query of a specialized database can then potentially return the information of interest. The development of better automated literature mining tools is essential if we are to take full advantage of the daunting amount of available information.Information extraction is the process of pulling facts from text [2]. Accurate software tools for information extraction are needed to automate the process of pulling these facts from text to populate specialized databases. The fragmentation of scientific expertise and the resulting highly specialized fields leads to disconne
The white minority and the emancipation process in Montserrat, 1807-32
Riva Berleant-Schiller
New West Indian Guide , 1996,
Abstract: Author focuses on the governing élites and argues that salient features of their behaviour and attitudes were responses to the emancipation process. They objected to the abolition of slavery and the divergence of the society they lived in from the ideals they envisioned. Concludes that the élite's harsh responses to change exacerbated rather than strengthened their fragile political and economic status.
Subsistence cultivation in the Caribbean
Riva Berleant-Schiller,Lydia M. Pulsipher
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids , 1986,
Poetry Teaching and Multimodality: Theory into Practice  [PDF]
Daniel Xerri
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34077
Abstract: This article discusses the theoretical concepts underpinning a multimodal approach to poetry teaching and considers a number of ways in which this can be adopted in practice. It discusses what is entailed by the concept of multimodality and examines the claims made about the benefits of employing a multimodal approach. It reviews the literature on multimodality and examines how teachers may blend a variety of techniques and resources in order not just to engage their students with poetry but also to activate language learning. In particular, this article examines how by tapping students’ visual and digital literacy skills they are enabled to create video poems, podcasts, hypertexts and wikis, all of which represent new ways of using language and experiencing poetry. Through constant reference to the research carried out so far, this article seeks to show how by means of a multimodal approach poetry can act as a springboard for the development of students’ language proficiency and creative engagement.
Mathematical Derivation of Angular Momenta in Quantum Physics  [PDF]
Daniel Grucker
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.47125

For a two-dimensional complex vector space, the spin matrices can be calculated directly from the angular momentum commutator definition. The 3 Pauli matrices are retrieved and 23 other triplet solutions are found. In the three-dimensional space, we show that no matrix fulfills the spin equations and preserves the norm of the vectors. By using a Clifford geometric algebra it is possible in the four-dimensional spacetime (STA) to retrieve the 24 different spins 1/2. In this framework, spins 1/2 are rotations characterized by multivectors composed of 3 vectors and 3 bivectors. Spins 1 can be defined as rotations characterized by 4 vectors, 6 bivectors and 4 trivectors which result in unit multivectors which preserve the norm. Let us note that this simple derivation retrieves the main spin properties of particle physics.

Contribution of Vertical Farms to Increase the Overall Energy Efficiency of Urban Agglomerations  [PDF]
Podmirseg Daniel
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24013
Abstract: The 21st century keeps huge challenges for the system “city”. Shortage of resources and world population growth forces architects to think in spaces with increasingly more structural linkages. No era has shaped the system of a city like the oil age did. Its grown structures are dependent from cheap and easy to produce petroleum. The postmodern city, facing the end of cheap and abundant oil, is now dependent from this finite resource. To minimize the dependency from hydrocarbon energy it is necessary to increase urban density, to switch to renewable energy production and to create new spaces for multifunctional purposes. An essential problem of urban agglomeration, though, is the fact that distances between food production and consumption have increased drastically in the last fifty years. Cheap oil made it possible to implement a global food transportation
network and it also supported intensive monocultural food production. Today’s food no more gets bought from local markets, but from labels. Its value is dependent from the brand-image, represented from the tertiary sector. The end of cheap fossil fuels carries a huge potential for architects and urban planners—we can move away from representing abstract, non-spatial processes and identities but creating spaces for dynamic local interactions. A promising typus for this might be the Vertical Farm.
The Computational Theory of Intelligence: Information Entropy  [PDF]
Daniel Kovach
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2014.34020
Abstract: This paper presents an information theoretic approach to the concept of intelligence in the computational sense. We introduce a probabilistic framework from which computation alintelligence is shown to be an entropy minimizing process at the local level. Using this new scheme, we develop a simple data driven clustering example and discuss its applications.
The Computational Theory of Intelligence: Applications to Genetic Programming and Turing Machines  [PDF]
Daniel Kovach
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2015.41002

In this paper, we continue the efforts of the Computational Theory of Intelligence (CTI) by extending concepts to include computational processes in terms of Genetic Algorithms (GA’s) and Turing Machines (TM’s). Active, Passive, and Hybrid Computational Intelligence processes are also introduced and discussed. We consider the ramifications of the assumptions of CTI with regard to the qualities of reproduction and virility. Applications to Biology, Computer Science and Cyber Security are also discussed.

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