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Search Results: 1 - 9 of 9 matches for " Berber "
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A etnologia (quase) esquecida de Bourdieu, ou o que fazer com heresias
Woortmann, Klaas;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092004000300009
Abstract: this article focus on the critical contribution of bourdieu to the studies of kinship, particularly the so-called matrimonial switches and celibacy. his interpretations on the endogamic berber marriage and the celibacy in the french peasantry allowed him to formulate the criticism on the juridical formality and the "genealogical" perception of kinship. in such studies, bourdieu puts aside the notion of rule to consider kinship a practice. at the same time, still based on the concept of habitus, the author understands the matrimonial switches as a game, more than a structure, and that granted him permission to move from the idea of society to that one of countryside. bourdieu also criticizes a na?ve perception of the "native point of view," pointing towards the distinction between the public and private discourse.
A socio-historical perspective on the Amazigh (Berber) cultural movement in North Africa
A. El Aissati
Afrika Focus , 2005,
Abstract: North Africa has known various colonizations which in contact with indigenous ones have given the area a special character. One continuing presence since antiquity is that of the Berbers, or the Imazighen, the indigenous population of the area. In this article an attempt is made to shed light on the status of the language and culture of the Imazighen, and in particular on the recent calls for official recognition of the Amazigh language in the constitutions of the two countries with the highest presence of Imazighen, namely Morocco and Algeria. Although some recent developments, like the teaching of the Amazigh language in primary schools, give reason enough to be optimistic about the future of the indigenous language and culture, a closer look at the ideological background of pan Arab-nationalists casts doubts on any serious government intentions to guarantee the maintenance and development of the Amazigh language and culture. This ideology will be brought to light by contrasting the constitutional rights that some Muslim and/or African countries grant to their citizens who speak different languages than the official one(s).
De la parole aux vidéos: oralité, écriture et oralité médiatique dans la production culturelle amazigh (berbère)
D. Merolla
Afrika Focus , 2005,
Abstract: This article presents new directions in Tamazight/Berber artistic productions.The development of theatre, films and videos in Tamazight are set in the framework of the historical and literary background in the Maghreb and in the lands of Amazigh Diaspora.It also includes the interview with the video-maker and director Agouram Salout.
Communautés rurales et pouvoirs urbains au Maghreb central (vii-xive siècle) Rural communities and urban powers in the central Maghreb (VII-XIVth century)
Allaoua Amara
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6435
Abstract: Le Maghreb central était considéré par l’historiographie arabe du Haut Moyen Age comme le territoire des communautés rurales berbères et lié souvent aux révoltes contre le pouvoir arabe de Kairouan. Mais à partir du xe siècle, il fut intégré à l’espace politico-économique fatimīde, ce qui permettait progressivement à la culture dominante de se répandre en milieu rural grace à l’intervention de l’autorité politico-juridique urbaine, aux itinéraires de commerce et à la fondation de mosquées dans les localités rurales. Les rentes fiscales permettaient aux pouvoirs urbains de contr ler un territoire souvent confié aux chefs locaux. The central Maghreb was considered by the Arab historiography of the medieval Age as the territory of the rural Berber communities and often bound to the revolts against the Arab rulers of Kairouan. But starting from xe century, it was integrated into politico-economic space Fatimide, which gradually made it possible for the dominant culture to be spread in rural areas. That was possible only by the intervention of the urban politico-legal authority, with the routes of trade and the foundation of mosques in the rural localities. The tax revenues reinforced the urban authority to control a territory often entrusted to the local chiefs.
Les mosquées ibadites du Maghreb Ibadite Mosques of the Maghreb
Virginie Prevost
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6253
Abstract: Les mosquées ibadites du Mzab, de Djerba et du djebel Naf sa partagent plusieurs caractéristiques communes, la plus importante étant la multiplication des mihrabs et des lieux de prière extérieurs à la salle. Les mosquées mozabites se distinguent plus particulièrement par leur haut minaret de type saharien et par leur respect absolu de deux particularités ibadites, l’absence de minbar et le refus de toute forme de décoration. Quant au djebel Naf sa et à Djerba, ils présentent des mosquées assez semblables, très modestes et parfois souterraines, dont le minaret, s’il existe, adopte des styles très diversifiés. Certaines salles de prière portent le traditionnel décor géométrique berbère. Les mosquées djerbiennes, dont l’architecture est intrinsèquement liée à l’insularité, sont spécialement intéressantes par leur intégration au système défensif de l’ le, par la diversité des décors ajoutés tardivement et surtout par la fréquence du minaret-escalier qui a été conservé au travers des siècles. The Ibadite mosques of Mzab, Jebel Naf sa and Djerba share a number of characteristics, the most important being the multiplicity of mihrabs and prayer niches outside of the sanctuary. In Mzab, the mosques are especially recognizable for their high, Saharan style minarets and absolute respect for two Ibadite peculiarities: the absence of minbar and the rejection of decorative finishes. In Jebel Naf sa and Djerba, the mosques, which are sometimes underground, look alike and are very modest. Minarets, if they exist at all, present a diversity of styles. Quite a few sanctuaries display traditional Berber geometrical motifs. Djerban mosques, the architecture of which is closely related to the community’s insularity, are especially interesting for having been incorporated into the island’s defensive works, as well as for the variety of late decorative elements and the frequent staircase minaret which has been preserved through the ages.
Geochemistry and Geotectonic Setting of Neoproterozoic Granitoids from Artoli Area, Berber Province, Northern Sudan
N.H. Lissan,A.K. Bakheit
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The research aimed at deciphering the genetic relationship of the Artoli area, Berber Province, Northern Sudan with the domains of Saharan Metacraton and Arabian Nubian Shield and tries to define the boundary between them. In order to determine the tectonic environment, the petrographic characteristics and the original protoliths of granitoid rocks occurring within the area, several discrimination and variation diagrams were constructed using their whole-rock geochemical analysis and integrated with field observations and petrographic investigations. The results revealed that the rocks constitute voluminous, intermediate to acidic granitoidal batholith of granodiorite, quartz-diorite and diorite with lesser amount of granite that emplaced in a crystalline Proterozoic basement complex, comprising of low-grade schistosed metavolcanic rocks and minor high-grade metasediments. The Artoli granitoids are identified as medium-to high-K, calc-alkaline, metaluminous and I-type granitoid suite emplaced as volcanic arc granites above a Noeproterozoic subduction zone during the syn- to late-collision stages of crust evolution. The magmas of these granitoids were derived from the mantle with involvement of minor crust components. The overall geological and geochemical characteristics of the Artoli granitoids are comparable to the plutonic rocks of the Arabian-Nubian shield in Arabia, Egypt and NE Sudan. Thus, the area considered as a part of the westernmost Nubian Shield with its boundary with Saharan Metacraton lying further west.
Déchiffrages. Quelques réflexions sur l’écriture libyco-berbère Deciphering: A few thoughts about the Libyco-Berber script
Dominique Casajus
Afriques : Débats, Méthodes et Terrains d'Histoire , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/afriques.688
Abstract: Les Touaregs utilisent des alphabets dont les caractères sont appelés tafineq, mot où l’on trouve une racine FNQ que certains auteurs ont rapprochée, à tort ou à raison, du terme dont les Grecs désignaient les Phéniciens. Ces alphabets dérivent d’alphabets beaucoup plus anciens, qu’on a pris l’habitude de qualifier de libyques ou libyco-berbères . On trouve des inscriptions libyques dans tout le Maghreb, depuis la Libye jusqu’au Maroc et même jusqu’aux les Canaries, parfois associées à des inscriptions puniques ou latines. La découverte à Dougga (Tunisie) de deux bilingues puniques-libyques dont la rédaction remonte au iie siècle avant J.-C. a permis le déchiffrement partiel de l’une des variantes de l’alphabet libyque. Des inscriptions marocaines sont probablement plus anciennes, mais les datations proposées sont sujettes à caution. En même temps qu’il rend compte de deux ouvrages récents, consacrés pour l’un à des inscriptions rupestres contemporaines et pour l’autre à l’évolution des écritures libyco-berbères de l’Antiquité jusqu’à nos jours, le présent article discute quelques-unes de ces hypothèses de datation, et évoque les circonstances de la première découverte des inscriptions de Dougga. The Tuareg use alphabets with characters called tafineq (plural: tifinagh). Some writers have, rightly or wrongly, related this word’s root (FNQ) to the word used by the Greeks to refer to the Phoenicians. These alphabets derived from much older ones, which are usually said to be “Libyan” or “Libyco-Berber”. Libyco-Berber inscriptions are found throughout a region stretching from Libya to Morocco and even the Canary Islands — sometimes along with Punic or Latin engravings. Owing to the discovery in Dougga (Tunisia) of two bilingual Libyco-Punic inscriptions dating from the 2nd century BC, one of the variants of the Libyco-Berber alphabet has been partly deciphered. Moroccan inscriptions are probably older, but the dates proposed for them are to be used with caution. Two recent studies, the one devoted to contemporary rock inscriptions and the other to the evolution of Libyco-Berber scripts from Ancient Times up till the present, are reviewed; and a few hypotheses related to the dating of engravings are discussed as well as the circumstances of the initial discovery made in Dougga.
Arts rupestres, écritures et protoécritures en Afrique : l’exemple du libyque Rock art, scripts and protoscripts in Africa: the Libyco-Berber example
Jean-Lo?c Le Quellec
Afriques : Débats, Méthodes et Terrains d'Histoire , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/afriques.716
Abstract: Certaines images rupestres sahariennes pré- ou protohistoriques ont été interprétées comme une protoécriture rupestre susceptible d’avoir évolué vers les écritures libyco-berbères en intégrant un ancien stock de signes régionaux (tatouages, marques de tribus, etc.). L’examen du dossier conduit au rejet de cette hypothèse. Some pre- or protohistoric rock pictures in the Sahara have been interpreted as a protoscript that might have evolved into the Libyco-Berber script by integrating a stock of regional signs (tattoos, tribal marks, etc.). This article rejects this hypothesis.
De la tribu à la ville : un essai d’approche “régressive” de l’histoire du peuplement de la région de Tébessa From Tribe to City : A tentative of a regressive history of Settlement in Tebessa’s Region.
Pierre Guichard,Yassir Benhima
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6375
Abstract: Cette étude propose une lecture à rebours de l’histoire de la région de Tébessa, dans l’actuelle Algérie. Marquée à l’époque précoloniale par un peuplement rural principalement semi-nomade, la région a connu le renforcement de structures tribales encadrées par un réseau confrérique important. L’impression d’une société fortement désurbanisée tranche avec la situation que conna t la région durant l’antiquité et le Haut Moyen age. Une intense mise en valeur de l’espace agraire à l’époque antique a permis l’installation de grands domaines et de plusieurs centres urbains ou militaires, dont certains se maintiennent après la conquête arabe. Le cas de la ville de Majjana, accueillant une population hétérogène, témoigne des évolutions économiques et sociales de la région. Des changements majeurs interviennent à la suite des migrations arabes du XIe siècle : déclin du réseau urbain et émergence de nouvelles forces tribales restées longtemps en dehors de l’emprise du pouvoir central. Un long processus d’arabisation et de tribalisation aboutit à la situation observée à l’époque moderne. This study proposes a survey of the long term history of the region of Tebessa, in Modern Algeria. In pre-colonial era, the region was mostly occupied by nomadic or semi-nomadic populations, organized in strong tribes structured by an important red of Sufi orders. This picture of a deurbanized society is different from the situation during the Antiquity and the High Middle ages. Intense soil exploitation allowed the formation of large domains and of several military or urban centers, which some of them continue to be occupied after the Arab conquest. The case of the town of Majjana studied in the article, attest economical and social evolutions in the region. Important transformations occurred after Arabs’ migrations of the 11th century: decline of the urban red and emergence of new tribal forces, which were still for a longtime out of central government control. This long arabization and tribalization process led to the situation observed in Modern era.
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