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Narrazioni e genere
Beatrice Gusmano,Barbara Poggio
m@gm@ , 2012,
Abstract: Gli studi di genere rappresentano un terreno particolarmente fecondo per l’approccio narrativo nelle sue diverse articolazioni. L’interesse nei confronti delle narrazioni è in realtà già un elemento centrale e distintivo della letteratura femminista e dei women’s studies, prima ancora che degli studi di genere, e all’interno di questi filoni di studio sono in effetti emersi alcuni rilevanti spunti per il dibattito sulla conoscenza narrativa. L’attenzione per le narrazioni da parte di questo filone di studi nasce probabilmente dalla critica che la letteratura femminista sviluppa nei confronti del sapere razionale e di modelli epistemologici fondati sul paradigma dell’oggettività, che tendono a cancellare la dimensione esperienzale. Le metodologie femministe si sono infatti ben presto caratterizzate per l’attenzione rivolta alla problematizzazione dei processi di conoscenza e di conduzione della ricerca scientifica, di cui viene messa in evidenza la dimensione di costruzione sociale e quindi anche il carattere inevitabilmente gendered. La pretesa di separare l’oggetto e il soggetto della ricerca è stata interpretata alla luce di quello stesso ordine dicotomico, che distingue tra pubblico e privato e tra maschile e femminile, e secondo il quale le esperienze personali non sono scientifiche, in quanto associate all’ambito del privato e quindi, storicamente, anche del femminile. Su tale fondamento si sarebbe di fatto sostenuta l’egemonia della maschilità nel dominio della scienza. Il ricorso alle narrazioni è stato in tal senso inteso come un’opportunità per riconciliare queste diverse dimensioni, stimolando il dinamismo della produzione di conoscenza e generando nuove visioni alternative, capaci di superare vecchi preconcetti e dicotomie.
The U.S. health care system’s uneasy relationship with primary care
Michael K. Gusmano
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2427/5691
Abstract: Background: The main purpose of this essay is to review the role of primary care in the U.S. health care system and assess the probability that health reform will lead to greater emphasis on primary care. Methods: The author conducted a literature review to present an historical analysis of policies designed to increase the availability and use of primary care in the U.S. Results: Despite widespread agreement that the use of primary care should be expanded, U.S. policies have encouraged the growth of a system that relies predominantly on specialty care. The 2010 health reform law includes several provisions designed to increase the availability and use of primary care, but the new Congress has threatened to delay the law’s implementation. Conclusions: As concepts, primary care and prevention enjoy nearly universal support in the U.S., but the reality does not match the rhetoric.
Impact of Psychosocial Factors on the Adolescents’ Behaviour  [PDF]
Beatrice Olawumi Ajidahun
Creative Education (CE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2011.24057
Abstract: The study examined poverty, divorce and peer-pressure as correlates of behavioural problems among adolescents in Adekunle Ajasin University. A total number of 100 students were randomly selected from various Departments in the Faculty of Education. The research instrument titled: Adolescent Psychological Questionnaire (APQ) consisting of 18 items was administered to the adolescents in the Faculty. Four research hypotheses were formulated. The data were analysed using frequency count and Chi-Square statistics. Results showed that all the hypotheses tested were significant. This implies that poverty, divorce and peer-pressure were correlates of behavioural problems among adolescents in the Faculty of Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba- Akoko, Nigeria.
Effect of Maternal Employment on Infant Feeding Practices in Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Beatrice Olubukola Ogunba
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.67063
Abstract: The study investigated the effect of maternal employment on breastfeeding and child care practices of mothers in Southwestern Nigeria. Information was collected on maternal socio economic characteristics, care and feeding practices of 450 mothers selected by multi stage random sampling procedure from both urban and rural communities. Results revealed that 46.9% mothers spent more than 8 hours at work, 62.7% worked outside their homes and 73.1% spent about 17 - 24 hours with their children per day. Children received prelacteal feeds such as water (61.1%), concoction (34%), glucose (32%) and infant formula (54.7%). Mean number of breastfeeding per day was 9.7 ± 3.9; only 24% were exclusively breastfed, 37.3% introduced complementary foods at 6 months and 68.6% terminated breastfeeding between 13 - 18 months. Mothers that were engaged in work outside their home in offices and factories practiced exclusive breastfeeding. Mothers below 30 years of age used prelacteal feeds, did not practice exclusive breastfeeding (58.3%), terminated breastfeeding earlier and combined the use of feeding bottles, plates and cups for feeding (50.3%) when compared with mothers between 40 - 50 years. Mothers in the rural areas used water as prelacteal feeds (85.3%) mothers in urban communities used infant formula (65.4%). A significant association was found between maternal places of employment. It is strongly associated with the timing of introduction of complementary foods (p < 0.02) and the number of snack consumed/day (p < 0.03). Conclusively, maternal place of work positively influences the adoption of appropriate infant feeding practice. Working mothers should receive more support in the work place for them to practice appropriate feeding practices.
Demographic Characteristics as Determinants of the Use of Health Care Services: A Case of Nsukka, Southeast Nigeria  [PDF]
Beatrice D. Adeoye
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.312003
Abstract: Studies have associated demographic characteristics as strong determinants of utilization of health care services; however, not much has been done to explore the dynamics of these variables in Nigeria. This empirical study explores the link between demographic factors and the use of health care services. 543 respondents were selected using multi-stage sampling technique. The findings showed that a majority (56.9%) of the respondents were female while (50.3%) were married. Testing the demographic characteristics regarding where people will prefer to go for treatment with multiple regression, it is only sex as a demographic variable that indicates positive association, with 0.08 level of significance. Variables such as age and education did not indicate any strong correlation with health care services utilization in the study area. This result corroborates the reality in many parts of African society where it is the father that dictates the cause of action. That means gender plays an important role in the utilization of health care delivery.
Comparative analysis and relationships of six important crop species chloroplast genomes using whole genome web-based informatics tools
Beatrice Kilel
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2004,
Abstract: Using informatics tools to compare important species is now feasible as structural genomics continue in importance and establishment of structure-function relationships become a common way of comparative analysis. Currently, many of the technical issues involved in sequencing complete genomes have been solved. The smallness in size of chloroplast genomes facilitates being used for the discovery of disease resistance genes, introgression of important traits in transgenic plants, quantitative trait analysis and phylogenetic studies. Knowledge from this can be extrapolated to important crops like sorghum, millet, taro, and cassava that have not been fully sequenced. This study compared six important crop species using GeneOrder3.0 and CoreGenes2.0 web-based informatics tools using complete chloroplast genomes. Results obtained depict cases of major genome rearrangements, translocation, duplication, inversion and deletion of genes. Members of the poaceae family indicate a close relationship in the nature of conserved sequences while Oryza sativa and Chlorella vulgaris, which are not members of poaceae indicate no synteny. Gene content indicates that there are common sets of putative orthologs across the different species. Zea mays, O. sativa, Nicotiana tabacum, Spinacea oleracea, Triticum aestivum had 71 rows of putative orthologs (355 total) with one hypothetical protein (GI:11465969) in N. tabacum, which is homologous to cemA and ORF230 protein in O. sativa and Z. mays, respectively. There was a clear indication from these sets of putative orthologs that maturase-encoding genes were found only in the terrestrial plants and not in the unicellular organisms. Key Words: Chloroplast genomes; comparative analysis; informatics tools; whole genome; synteny. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 3 (4), 2004: 210-214
红外 , 2001,
Abstract: 按照欧洲空间局的合同为ENVISAT 1极轨地球飞行任务研制的中分辨率成像光谱仪(MERIS),属于新一代海洋水色敏感仪.它可以用来提高人们对我们行星上的一些重要过程的认识.目前由AEROSPATIALE领导的一个国际工作队正在开展该仪器的研制工作.MERIS是一台推帚式仪器,它是利用位于390 nm和1040 nm之间的15个可编程波段以1150 km的刈幅测量地球辐射的.其如此宽的空间范围是由5台成扇形展开的视场均为14°的摄像机达到的.本文介绍了MERIS FM仪器的性能验证计划、所涉及到的一些测试设备以及实际测得的性能.
When Death Became a Creature: Saint Francis & Sister Death
Beatrice Marovich
Glossator : Practice and Theory of the Commentary , 2013,
Mario Domenichelli, Lo scriba e l’oblio. Letteratura e storia: teoria e critica delle rappresentazioni nell’epoca borghese
Beatrice Seligardi
Between , 2011,
Abstract: Per comprendere l’intento argomentativo del nuovo saggio di Domenichelli, può essere utile partire dalle sue Conclusioni (che a ben vedere, avrebbero potuto occuparne anche la posizione incipitaria e introduttiva). All’interno di esse, infatti, non si svolge semplicemente una riepilogazione dei capitoli precedenti, piuttosto si tessono i fili della complessa trama reticolare nella quale i leitmotiven teorici, via via disseminati, si ritrovano finalmente congiunti nei loro rapporti di interdipendenza reciproca. Fra queste key words spiccano memoria, oblio, testo, immaginario, rappresentazione, scriba. E da questi indizi si desume infatti lo scopo dell’intera architettura dell’opera, che si configura come una ricognizione teorica sul rapporto etico fra memoria e letteratura, o meglio, fra memoria e critica letteraria e sulla funzione che l’intellettuale può ancora svolgere in un contesto sociale come quello italiano che pare, ma solo pare, poter sopravvivere facendo a meno della sua figura. Perché la domanda fondamentale cui l’intero saggio risponde potrebbe così sintetizzarsi: che senso ha la critica letteraria all’interno dell’epoca tardo-capitalistica? Può avere ancora un ruolo lo scriba, l’esegeta, l’uomo o donna di lettere?
Per un'analisi della transmedialità intra- ed extra-letteraria: Swann di Carol Shields A case of internal and external transmediality: Swann by Carol Shields
Beatrice Seligardi
Between , 2012,
Abstract: Il presente articolo mira a indagare il problema dell’adattamento partendo da un case study, il romanzo Swann della scrittrice canadese di lingua inglese Carol Shields, pubblicato nel 1987. Sono due gli aspetti di transmedialità che intersecano il romanzo in maniera differente. Da un lato, si cercherà di definire la presenza di una mise en abyme transmediale nell’ultimo capitolo del romanzo; dall’altro ci si soffermerà su un raffronto comparativo fra l’intero romanzo e la sua trasposizione cinematografica, Swann, per la regia di Anna Benson Gyles, uscito nel 1996. The purpose of this article is to explore the mechanisms of adaptation through the analysis of a specific case offered by Swann (1987), a novel written by the Canadian writer Carol Shields. An internal and external transmediality will be investigated by focusing on two aspects: on the one hand, it will be shown the presence, in the last chapter of the novel, of a transmedial mise en abyme; on the other hand, a comparison will be given between the novel and the film adaptation, Swann (1996), directed by Anna Benson Gyles.
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