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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1186 matches for " Basset-Salom "
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Análisis de la actividad investigadora en arquitectura y urbanismo según los resultados de la CNEAI
Guardiola-Víllora, Arianna,Basset-Salom, Luisa
Revista Espa?ola de Documentación Científica , 2012,
Abstract: Research sexennials, which originated for salary complements, have become an essential quality indicator for Spanish academics. In order to understand the current state of research recognised by the Ministry of Education in areas related to the study of architecture and urbanism, this article analysed the results of the latest CNEAI evaluation of those areas within fi eld 6.3 considered to be research topics of professors of architecture: Architecture, Civil Engineering, Construction and Urbanism. The conclusion is that new strategies are needed in order to attain greater visibility and recognition than that offi cially recognized, for the research produced by architects. Los sexenios de investigación, creados inicialmente como complemento retributivo, se han convertido en un indicador de calidad imprescindible para el personal docente e investigador de las universidades espa olas. Con objeto de conocer la situación actual de la investigación reconocida por el Ministerio de Educación en las áreas relacionadas con el estudio de la Arquitectura y el Urbanismo, en este trabajo se analizan los resultados de la última evaluación de la CNEAI, en aquellas áreas de conocimiento del campo 6.3 Arquitectura, Ingeniería Civil, Construcción y Urbanismo , que se han considerado áreas de investigación de los arquitectos profesores numerarios de universidad. De este trabajo se deduce la necesidad de desarrollar nuevas estrategias que contribuyan a dar mayor visibilidad y reconocimiento a la labor investigadora realizada por los arquitectos, que dista mucho de la oficialmente reconocida.
LAS CIRCUNSCRIPCIONES ESPECIALES: UNAS INSTITUCIONES OBSOLETAS?
Yann Basset
Análisis Político , 2011,
Abstract: El artículo parte de una doble constatación empírica: en primer lugar, las circunscripciones especiales vuelven el proceso electoral colombiano en general cada vez más difícil de entender para los electores y complicado de manejar para las autoridades. En segundo lugar, los resultados que arrojaran ya no favorecen tanto a los movimientos sociales indígena y afrocolombiano como se supone que lo hacen, en particular desde la reforma política de 2003. Se analizan las razones de esta situación, y se propone un debate al respecto. El autor considera que si se adaptan correctamente los mecanismos de discriminación positiva, los movimientos indígenas y afrocolombiano ganarían en competir en circunscripción nacional en el marco de un partido único para cada uno, en el cual las diferencias internas se resolverían a través del voto preferente. De esta manera, si abandonan las circunscripciones especiales, estas minorías podrían aprovechar los mecanismos de la reforma política en vez de sufrir sus efectos como pasa actualmente. Esto no solo mejoraría sus representaciones políticas, sino que además, les permitiría consolidarse como movimientos de cara a la opinión pública. The article is based on a double empirical finding: firstly, special constituencies make the colombian electoral process in general increasingly difficult to understand for voters and hard to manage for the authorities. Secondly, the results they get do not help indigenous and afrocolombian social movements as they are supposed to do, especially since the political reform of 2003. The paper discusses the reasons for this situation and proposes a debate on it. The author considers that if the mechanisms of positive discrimination are correctly adapted, the indigenous and afrocolombian movements would gain competing in national constituency within the framework of a single party for each one, in which internal differences would be resolved by preferential vote. In this way, if they leave the special constituencies, these minorities could benefit political reform rather than suffer its effects, which is what happens now. This would not only improve their political representations, but also allows them to consolidate as movements towards public opinion.
Evoluciones recientes de los sistemas partidarios en América del Sur
Yann Basset
Revista Opera , 2003,
Abstract:
Aproximación a las nociones de populismo y gobernabilidad en los discursos contemporáneos sobre América Latina
Yann Basset
Revista Opera , 2006,
Abstract: Las nociones de populismo y de gobernabilidad se han utilizado de manera creciente en los trabajos de ciencias políticas sobre América Latina. La imprecisión de sus significados aumentó paralelamente. En este artículo, argumentamos que tal dificultad se vincula por sus empleos en tres tipos ideales de registros de discurso: el discurso académico, el discurso burocrático y el discurso político. Consideramos que estos tres usos de populismo y gobernabilidad, con sus lógicas respectivas, pueden generar muchos malentendidos. Proponemos, por lo tanto, algunas reflexiones que pretenden clarificar estas nociones desde la lógica del discurso académico, pero tomando en cuenta los usos que se hacen en los dos otros registros de discursos
Diagnostic Study of a Severe Thunderstorm over Jeddah  [PDF]
A. K. ALKhalaf, H. Abdel Basset
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2013.31017
Abstract:

Several aspects of the interaction between midlatitude and subtropical systems are investigated using a case study and a potential vorticity (PV) framework. Our case study occurred on 25 November 2009; Jeddah and other regions in Western Saudi Arabia were hit by heavy rainstorms. The analysis of absolute, relative, and potential vorticity implies the significance of the lower level dynamics in the initiation of this case of cyclogenesis. The impact of the severe convective weather process caused more than 90 millimeters of rain to fall in Jeddah in just four hours. The analysis indicates that the heavy rainfall was due to the existence of an upper level cold trough in the Eastern Mediterranean and a warm blocking high situated over southeasternSaudi Arabiaand theArabian Sea. In addition, an evident low level shear line set up in the northwest of Jeddah, and the southeast movement of the shear line caused dynamic lifting and unstable energy release over Jeddah. The water vapor transport occurred primarily below 700 hPa, and a low level jet transported the water vapor from the Red Sea to centralSaudi Arabia. Furthermore, the blocking high in southernSaudi Arabiawas favorable for maintaining water vapor passage for a long time. The topography of Jeddah also played a role in the enhancement of convection.

Effect of Interleukin-1Beta (IL-1β) on the Cortical Neurons Survival and Neurites Outgrowth  [PDF]
Ebtesam M. Abd-El-Basset
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2016.71004
Abstract: Insults to the brain are known to cause a myriad of downstream effects, including the release of cytokines by astrocytes and resultant reactive gliosis. The author has examined effect of cytokine IL-1β on the survival of cortical neurons using mouse astrocyte-neuron co-culture. Five groups were used. These were neurons alone (Group 1), neurons with added IL-1β (Group 2), neurons co-cultured with astrocytes (Group 3), neurons co-cultured with astrocytes that was pre-treated with IL-1β before co-culture (Group 4) and neurons co-cultured with astrocytes and IL-1β added (post-treated) (Group 5). In Group 1 only a few neurons grew and survived only for 5-6 days. In Group 2, it was observed that more neurons survived up to 11 days. Moreover, in Group 3, more neurons grew and survived up to 16-18 days. They had large cell bodies and many long neurites that formed anastomosing networks. In Group 4, few neurons survived up to 13 days, whereas in Group 5, the growth of neurons were affected but to a much lesser extent than Group 4 and survived up to 15 days. In addition, it was found that IL-1β stimulated the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) by astrocytes. This study indicates that IL-1β affects the survival of cortical neurons and modulates the astrocytic support to neuronal survival and neurites outgrowth by acting directly on the astrocytes.
An application of a simple computer program for neutron activation analysis
N Abdel Basset,
N.
,Abdel,Basset

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2001,
Abstract: A simple computer program is designed for estimation of elemental concentration values in complex samples by neutron activation analysis technique. The program is applied for an Egyptian cement sample which irradiated at the Egyptian Research Reactor 1(ET RR 1). The data obtained is compared with the reported values. The time consumed for such calculations has a remarkable reduction in comparison with the routine work.
An annotated list of insect herbivores foraging on the seedlings of five forest trees in Guyana
Basset, Yves;Charles, Elroy;
Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0301-80592000000300006
Abstract: an annotated list of the free-living insect herbivores collected on the seedlings of five rainforest tree species of economic importance near mabura hill, guyana, is presented. the host plants were chlorocardium rodiei (scomb.) (lauraceae), mora gonggrijpii (kleinh.) sandw. (caesalpiniaceae), eperua rubiginosa miq. (caesalpiniaceae), pentaclethra macroloba (willd.) kuntze (leguminosae,) and catostemma fragrans benth. (bombacaceae). during the monitoring of approximately 10,000 seedlings at monthly intervals during two years, 27,735 insect individuals were collected representing 604 species. leaf-chewing insects were further tested in captivity, to remove transient and non-feeding species. the most common higher taxa included psyllidae, cicadellinae, derbidae, membracidae and achilidae for sap-sucking insects and galerucinae, eumolpinae, alticinae, cryptocephalinae, gelechiidae and entiminae for leaf-chewing insects. most of the common species collected (n > 22 individuals) were generalists. at the onset of the second collecting year, half of the parent trees ("stations", n = 125) were felled to mimic selective logging. preliminary tests comparing the abundance of the most common species during the successive collecting years and at the non-felled vs. felled stations are also presented. these tests suggest that moderate levels of disturbance increased the abundance of a few species only and these patterns were not necessarily similar for congeneric species. the present survey represents one of the few studies of insect herbivores on seedlings in tropical rain forests.
Formes, acteurs et enjeux de la participation dans la genèse du Parc national des Cévennes (1950-1970)
Karine-Larissa Basset
Revue de Géographie Alpine , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/rga.1090
Abstract: Les paradigmes successifs de la sociologie fran aise ont construit une représentation de l’évolution de la participation environnementale qui tend à opposer la période écocitoyenne actuelle à celle des Trente Glorieuses, marquée à la fois par une adhésion massive à l’élan modernisateur et par une gestion étatique autoritaire des contestations. La récente réforme de la législation fran aise sur les Parcs nationaux para t exemplaire de cette évolution. Nous proposons cependant de réexaminer la période 1950-1970, qui fut fondatrice des Parcs nationaux, à la lumière de l’expérience historique, longue et complexe, de l’invention du Parc national des Cévennes. L’expérience cévenole, caractérisée par une implication forte des acteurs locaux, permet en effet de nuancer une périodisation et une perception parfois trop rigides de l’évolution des modes de participation. Par ailleurs, les modalités singulières de cette dynamique participative - en particulier l’importance des individus et des relations interpersonnelles - incitent à davantage intégrer dans l’analyse des questions de gouvernance certaines catégories subjectives, ainsi que la capacité interprétative des acteurs. The successive paradigms of French sociology have constructed a representation of the evolution of environmental participation that tends to contrast the so-called current eco-citizen phase, with a 1950-1970 phase which supposedly witnessed both a massive public adhesion to modernisation trends, and an authoritarian management by the State of diverging views. The recent reform of the French legislation on National parks is highly representative of this evolution. However, we here propose to revisit the 1950-1970 period, when most National parks were created, by focussing on the long and complex history of the “invention” of the Cévennes National Park. It actually appears that the Cévennes experience was characterised by a heavy involvement of local stakeholders, which may help moderate our sometimes too rigid perception of the evolution of participation levels. Moreover, the specificities of this participatory dynamics - and especially the importance of key individuals and interpersonal relations - should encourage us to better integrate in our analysis of governance matters some subjective aspects, as well as the interpretative capacity of the stakeholders.
Forms, stakeholders and challenges of participation in the creation of the Cevennes National Park (1950-1970)
Karine-Larissa Basset
Revue de Géographie Alpine , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/rga.1145
Abstract: The successive paradigms of French sociology have constructed a representation of the evolution of environmental participation that tends to contrast the so-called current eco-citizen phase, with a 1950-1970 phase which supposedly witnessed both a massive public adhesion to modernisation trends, and an authoritarian management by the State of diverging views. The recent reform of the French legislation on National parks is highly representative of this evolution. However, we here propose to revisit the 1950-1970 period, when most National parks were created, by focussing on the long and complex history of the “invention” of the Cévennes National Park. It actually appears that the Cévennes experience was characterised by a heavy involvement of local stakeholders, which may help moderate our sometimes too rigid perception of the evolution of participation levels. Moreover, the specificities of this participatory dynamics - and especially the importance of key individuals and interpersonal relations - should encourage us to better integrate in our analysis of governance matters some subjective aspects, as well as the interpretative capacity of the stakeholders. Les paradigmes successifs de la sociologie fran aise ont construit une représentation de l’évolution de la participation environnementale qui tend à opposer la période écocitoyenne actuelle à celle des Trente Glorieuses, marquée à la fois par une adhésion massive à l’élan modernisateur et par une gestion étatique autoritaire des contestations. La récente réforme de la législation fran aise sur les Parcs nationaux para t exemplaire de cette évolution. Nous proposons cependant de réexaminer la période 1950-1970, qui fut fondatrice des Parcs nationaux, à la lumière de l’expérience historique, longue et complexe, de l’invention du Parc national des Cévennes. L’expérience cévenole, caractérisée par une implication forte des acteurs locaux, permet en effet de nuancer une périodisation et une perception parfois trop rigides de l’évolution des modes de participation. Par ailleurs, les modalités singulières de cette dynamique participative - en particulier l’importance des individus et des relations interpersonnelles - incitent à davantage intégrer dans l’analyse des questions de gouvernance certaines catégories subjectives, ainsi que la capacité interprétative des acteurs.
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