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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 228620 matches for " Barros José Augusto Cabral de "
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Debate sobre o artigo de Suely Rozenfeld
Barros José Augusto Cabral de
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1998,
Anúncios de medicamentos em revistas médicas: ajudando a promover a boa prescri??o?
Barros,José Augusto Cabral de; Joany,Sabrina;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232002000400020
Abstract: supply and demand of drugs are influenced by different ways. manufacturers' promotional strategies are outstanding a particular role being ascribed to advertising (ads) in medical journals. considering that studies on this issue are not available in brazil a research was performed aimed at evaluating ads using as parameters who criteria for drug information that should be included in any informative material. all advertisements published in jornal de pediatria, revista brasileira de medicina and jornal brasileiro de medicina issues from august/2000 up to february/2001 were evaluated verifying the presence of generic name, mechanism of action, pharmacologic effects, indications, contraindications, dosing information, adverse effects, drugs interactions, overdose, types of formulation marketed, manufacturer and/or importer. in the total of 1.774 pages, 539 were occupied by 649 ads. no one of referred criteria was found in all ads and only 20% include contraindications, adverse effects and drugs interactions. the most advertised drugs were antibiotics, antihipertensives and combination products. instead of subsidize prescription and adequate drug utilization ads are clearly biased obeying to marketing goals since meaningful data are missing.
Anúncios de medicamentos em revistas médicas: ajudando a promover a boa prescri o?
Barros José Augusto Cabral de,Joany Sabrina
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002,
Abstract: Ante a inexistência de estudos no Brasil, este trabalho se prop s a fazer uma avalia o dos anúncios com base nos critérios sugeridos pela OMS e que deveriam incluir-se em qualquer material de divulga o. Foram avaliados todos os anúncios contidos nas edi es de agosto/2000 a fevereiro/2001 do Jornal de Pediatria, Revista Brasileira de Medicina e Jornal Brasileiro de Medicina, averiguando a presen a nos mesmos de: nome genérico, mecanismos de a o, efeito farmacológico, indica o, contra-indica o, posologia, rea es adversas, intera es, superdosagem, apresenta o e fabricante/importador. Em um total de 1.774 páginas, 539 (30,4%) se destinavam a anúncios, compreendendo 649 ao todo. Nenhum dos critérios propostos pela OMS esteve presente em todas as propagandas, e apenas em cerca de 20% delas há referência a rea es adversas, contra-indica es e intera es. Os produtos mais anunciados foram antibióticos, hipotensores e os à base da associa o de vários fármacos. Omitindo dados importantes, em especial contra-indica es, rea es adversas e intera es, os anúncios s o tendenciosos, atendendo a propósitos mercadológicos, n o sendo um meio que subsidie a prescri o e a utiliza o correta e segura dos produtos anunciados.
Automedica??o em idosos na cidade de Salgueiro-PE
, Mirivaldo Barros e;Barros, José Augusto Cabral de;Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2007000100009
Abstract: objectives: to identify the determinants associated with the practice of self-medication in the 60-year-old or older population in the city of salgueiro/pernambuco/brazil. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban zone in the city of salgueiro - pe; questionnaires were handed out between may/01/2004 and june/06/2004 in a sample population of 355 persons aged 60 years or more. data were processed and analyzed using epiinfo 6.04 software after a double entry and validated. results: the sample was comprised of 44.9% (159/355) 60-70-year olds, 69.8% (247/355) of which were female, 53.1% (188/355) illiterate, 40.7% (145/355) without having finished high school, and 77.7% (276/355) retired. in the group that used medicines without medical prescription, the drugs used most often were analgesics (30%) and antipyretics (29%). of the reasons presented to justify the use of self-prescribed medicines, pain was the most frequent one (38.3%), followed by fever (24.4%), diarrhea (8.0%), hypertension (8.0%) and cough (5.2%). there was association between the lack of exercise and self-medication (x2 =14.44 p=0.001). conclusions: there is a high prevalence of self-medication in this group; analgesics and antipyretics are the drugs used most often; pain is the symptom that most leads to self-medication; and sedentary individuals use more self-medication than those who exercise.
A automedica??o e os acadêmicos da área de saúde
Aquino,Daniela Silva de; Barros,José Augusto Cabral de; Silva,Maria Dolores Paes da;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000500027
Abstract: as self-medication is a worldwide problem of public health, this article had as objective to evaluate the behavior of the future health professionals with regard to the drug utilization, particularly, to the self-medication practice. 223 academic students from a public university in recife city were interviewed, selected by proportional share in each course. a questionnaire on the drug utilization was applied, 15 days before the interview. from the 223 students, 65.5% reported drug use in the last 15 days. 42.3% used drugs through the physician's prescription and 57.7% through the self-medication. the most used drugs were the analgesics (24.0%) and vitamins (18.9%) and the main reason was pain (30.5%). the drug utilization among academic students in recife city is high but it is inside the parameter according to others analysis. however we have expected a low and more rationalized utilization.
Levantamento de dados sobre o conhecimento e informa??o acerca dos medicamentos genéricos em uma popula??o de pacientes do servi?o de saúde ambulatorial do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil
Rocha, Chiara Erminia da;Barros, José Augusto Cabral de;Silva, Maria Dolores Paes;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000500016
Abstract: brazilian federal act 9,787/99, regulating generic medicines, includes rules for drug registration and provides for the population's access to safe, effective, high-quality, and low-cost medication. four years after the introduction of generic drugs on the brazilian market, we proposed to measure knowledge and information on generic drugs among the clientele at a public outpatient clinic in recife, pernambuco state, applying a questionnaire in 2000. 76.1% of the interviewees were women, 95.7% had heard of generic drugs, and 68.1% could define generic medication. government action to publicize the properties of such medicines and their advantages for consumers has thus reached the vast majority of the population.
Uso de medicamentos armazenados em domicílio em uma popula??o atendida pelo Programa Saúde da Família
Lima,Geandra Batista; Nunes,Lívio César Cunha; Barros,José Augusto Cabral de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000900026
Abstract: to approach the epidemiological use of medicines is necessary to recognize that such practice is not strictly limited to pharmacotherapy. the appropriate storage and the preservation of medicines are fundamental factors for effectiveness. this study was aimed at verifying the storage form/use of medicines in a community assisted by the family health program in the district of cristino castro (pi, brazil), as well as the level of the people's knowledge regarding drugs storage at home. the data were obtained visiting 52 families, starting with observations and applying a questionnaire. it was observed a low income and education levels, a fact that contributes in the effective therapeutic orientation. high percentage of the stored medicines is acquired without prescription. it is worth of mention the presence of a big amount of antimicrobial, reinforcing the danger of the self medication. 62% of those who take care of drugs have no information about their rational use, and 66% are not conscious of the toxicity. 54.10% of the medicines were at children's and domestic animals reach and 15.92% didn't possess label or any identification. some families maintain in stock, basic medications, another accumulate a "therapeutic arsenal".
Nuevas tendencias de la medicalización
Barros,José Augusto Cabral;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232008000700007
Abstract: beginning with a critical analysis of the role drugs play in the behavior of consumers and health professionals, this text aims at evaluating the influence of both traditional and new promotional strategies of the pharmaceutical industry designed to create values and believes that exceed what in fact can be expected from drug consumption. some examples were chosen to illustrate the intensification of the medicalization process. special emphasis was given to the irrational use of amphetamines to diminish the appetite and to control weight or to treat children supposedly suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd) as well as to drugs used in cases of depression and supposed andropause.
Influência da propaganda na utiliza??o de medicamentos em um grupo de idosos atendidos em uma unidade básica de saúde em Aracaju (SE, Brasil)
Lyra Jr,Divaldo Pereira de; Neves,Aline Souza; Cerqueira,Karine Santos; Marcellini,Paulo Sergio; Marques,Tatiane Cristina; Barros,José Augusto Cabral de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000900024
Abstract: the growth of the brazilian elderly people has led to a trend to an increase in the medication use. the inadequate use of drugs can be induced by some factors, like advertisement, with the risk of damaging the user's health. the objective of the study was to evaluate the advertisement influence in medication use in a group of elderly patients in a primary health care unit in aracaju, sergipe, brazil. 230 elderly aging over 60 years with both genders had been interviewed from april to june of 2007. the majority of the interviewees (73%) has at least a chronic health condition and 73.9% consumed regularly at least one medication. 17.8% of the sample informed to use medication motivated by publicity influence; 2.2% had considered that the medication never cause damages and 6.5% believed that always it makes well. in this study, correlations have been made and demonstrated that those who presented a higher level of consumption influenced by advertising also think that drugs used are always beneficial and vice versa (p= 0.04). the data showed that part of elderly suffered influence of advertisement to medication use, and are not conscious of risks involved.
Urban Sprawl and the Challenges for Urban Planning  [PDF]
Maurício Polidoro, José Augusto de Lollo, Mirian Vizintim Fernandes Barros
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.39117
Abstract: Dispersed urbanization, urban planning and management instruments such as zoning, and urban expansion zones, have become increasingly consistent in leading cities toward an uncertain and chaotic future. The urban perimeters of municipalities have been used increasingly in favor agents of the reproduction of unequal urban space, aggravating the process of socio-spatial segregation, the formation of urban gaps and real estate speculation. Inherent to this process, infrastructure, one of the most important components of urban land and one of the most costly for local governments, has become increasingly dispersed and obsolete in the midst of the disordered occupation of the city’s land. Based on the above, this paper aims to analyze the phenomenon of urban sprawl in the city of Londrina by means of geotechnologies and to identify the impacts that the form of land occupation the city has employed may cause on the current and future scenario of the municipality in general. To this end, thematic maps were drawn up from multiple sources, which, allied to a review of the literature, indicate that the municipality of Londrina exhibits intense characteristics of the phenomenon of urban sprawl, leading to consequences for territorial ordering and the egalitarian spatial distribution of essential services to the population.
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