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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 80924 matches for " Baoping Liu "
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A-priori bounds for KdV equation below $H^{-3/4}$
Baoping Liu
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We consider the Korteweg-de Vries Equation (KdV) on the real line, and prove that the smooth solutions satisfy a-priori local in time $H^s$ bound in terms of the $H^s$ size of the initial data for $s\geq -4/5$.
Global wellposedness of the equivariant Chern-Simons-Schr?dinger equation
Baoping Liu,Paul Smith
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this article we consider the initial value problem for the m-equivariant Chern-Simons-Schr\"odinger model in two spatial dimensions with real-valued coupling parameter g. This is a covariant NLS type problem that is L^2-critical. We prove that at the critical regularity, for any integer-valued equivariance index m, the initial value problem in the defocusing case (g < 1) is globally wellposed and the solution scatters. The problem is focusing when g >= 1, and in this case we prove that for nonnegative integer-valued equivariance indices m there exist constants c = c_{m, g} such that, at the critical regularity, the initial value problem is globally wellposed and the solution scatters when the L^2 initial data phi_0 is m-equivariant and has L^2-norm less than the square root of c_{m, g}. We also show that c_{m, g}^{1/2} is equal to the minimum L^2 norm of a nontrivial m-equivariant standing wave solution. In the self-dual g = 1 case, we have the exact numerical values c_{m, 1} = 8*pi*(m + 1).
Status of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Chinese Children: A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Qiang Qin, Baoping Xu, Xiuyun Liu, Kunling Shen
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.411076
Abstract: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) becomes one of the most important health problems in China recently. Date for MPP inChinais scarce. Although macrolides and/or cortical steroids had been reported to be effective treatment for MPP, the long-term outcome remained uncertain. A study on status of MPP in China was conducted via a systematic review of published studies which have the Chinese data and collected from published PubMed and core journals of China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI). The analysis was based on epidemiology, clinical characteristics, treatment, drug resistance and prognosis. Twenty five articles concerned about MPP in Chinese children and adolescent were enrolled, including 11 studies on epidemiology/etiology, 11 studies on clinical characteristics, 7 studies on drug resistance, 5 studies on treatment from mainland China respectively. The overall incidence of MPP ranged from 7.1% to 54.4%. Fever and cough were most frequently identified in manifestations. Drug resistance to macrolides ranged from 18.9% to 90%. The outcome of treatment in patients who received combined treatment of macrolides, cephalosporin antibiotics and/or cortical steroid seems to be better than those who received macrolides only. Macrolide combined with cephalosporin or cortical steroid both may decrease the severity of MPP in the past decade. There was not enough evidence to suggest that cortical steroid can decrease the mortality of MPP in children. And a multi-center, randomized double blind research on the effect of cortical steroid was encouraged.
Local wellposedness of Chern-Simons-Schr?dinger
Baoping Liu,Paul Smith,Daniel Tataru
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this article we consider the initial value problem for the Chern-Simons-Schrodinger model in two space dimensions. This is a covariant NLS type problem which is L^2 critical. For this equation we introduce a so-called heat gauge, and prove that, with respect to this gauge, the problem is locally well-posed for initial data which is small in H^s, s > 0.
Long time dynamics of defocusing energy critical 3 + 1 dimensional wave equation with potential in the radial case
Hao Jia,Baoping Liu,Guixiang Xu
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: Using channel of energy inequalities developed by T.Duyckaerts, C.Kenig and F.Merle, we prove that, modulo a free radiation, any finite energy radial solution to the defocusing energy critical wave equation with radial potential in 3 + 1 dimensions converges to the set of steady states as time goes to infinity. For generic potentials we prove there are only finitely many steady states, and in this case modulo some free radiation the solution converges to one steady state as time goes to infinity.
Phylogeny and classification of the Catantopidae at the tribal level (Orthoptera, Acridoidea)
Baoping Li,Zhiwei Liu,Zhe-Min Zheng
ZooKeys , 2011, DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.148.2081
Abstract: The grasshopper family Catantopidae is a well-known group, whose members include some of the most notorious agricultural pests. The existing classifications of the family are mostly utilitarian rather than being based on phylogenetic analysis and therefore unable to provide the stability desired for such an economically important group. In the present study, we present the first comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the family based on morphology. By extensively sampling from the Chinese fauna, we included in the present analysis multiple representatives of each of the previously recognized tribes in the family. In total, we examined 94 genera represented by 240 species and evaluated 116 characters, including 84 for external morphology and 32 for male genitalia. The final matrix consists of 86 ingroup taxa and 88 characters. Our phylogenetic analyses resulted in a high resolution of the basal relationships of the family while showed considerable uncertainty about the relationships among some crown taxa. We further evaluated the usefulness of morphological characters in phylogeny reconstruction of the catantopids by examining character fit to the shortest trees found, and contrary to previous suggestions, our results suggest that genitalia characters are not as informative as external morphology in inferring higher-level relationship. We further suggest that earlier classification systems of grasshoppers in general and Catantopidae in particular most probably consist of many groups that are not natural due the heavy reliance on genitalia features and need to be revised in the light of future phylogenetic studies. Finally, we outlined a tentative classification scheme based on the results of our phylogenetic analysis.
Differentiation in MALDI-TOF MS and FTIR spectra between two closely related species Acidovorax oryzae and Acidovorax citrulli
Wang Yanli,Zhou Qing,Li Bin,Liu Baoping
BMC Microbiology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-182
Abstract: Background Two important plant pathogenic bacteria Acidovorax oryzae and Acidovorax citrulli are closely related and often not easy to be differentiated from each other, which often resulted in a false identification between them based on traditional methods such as carbon source utilization profile, fatty acid methyl esters, and ELISA detection tests. MALDI-TOF MS and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra have recently been successfully applied in bacterial identification and classification, which provide an alternate method for differentiating the two species. Results Characterization and comparison of the 10 A. oryzae strains and 10 A. citrulli strains were performed based on traditional bacteriological methods, MALDI-TOF MS, and FTIR spectroscopy. Our results showed that the identity of the two closely related plant pathogenic bacteria A. oryzae and A. citrulli was able to be confirmed by both pathogenicity tests and species-specific PCR, but the two species were difficult to be differentiated based on Biolog and FAME profile as well as 16 S rRNA sequence analysis. However, there were significant differences in MALDI-TOF MS and FTIR spectra between the two species of Acidovorax. MALDI-TOF MS revealed that 22 and 18 peaks were specific to A. oryzae and A. citrulli, respectively, while FTIR spectra of the two species of Acidovorax have the specific peaks at 1738, 1311, 1128, 1078, 989 cm-1 and at 1337, 968, 933, 916, 786 cm-1, respectively. Conclusions This study indicated that MALDI-TOF MS and FTIR spectra may give a new strategy for rapid bacterial identification and differentiation of the two closely related species of Acidovorax.
Prognostic Value of MET Gene Copy Number and Protein Expression in Patients with Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of Published Literatures
Baoping Guo, Hong Cen, Xiaohong Tan, Wenjian Liu, Qing Ke
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099399
Abstract: Background The prognostic value of the copy number (GCN) and protein expression of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) gene for survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. This study aims to comprehensively and quantitatively asses the suitability of MET GCN and protein expression to predict patients' survival. Methods PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched for articles comparing overall survival in patients with high MET GCN or protein expression with those with low level. Pooled hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random and the fixed-effects models. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were also performed. Results Eighteen eligible studies enrolling 5,516 patients were identified. Pooled analyses revealed that high MET GCN or protein expression was associated with poor overall survival (OS) (GCN: HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.35–2.68, p<0.001; protein expression: HR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.08–2.15, p = 0.017). In Asian populations (GCN: HR = 2.22, 95% CI 1.46–3.38, p<0.001; protein expression: HR = 1.89, 95% CI 1.34–2.68, p<0.001), but not in the non-Asian subset. For adenocarcinoma, high MET GCN or protein expression indicated decreased OS (GCN: HR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.05–2.10, p = 0.025; protein expression: HR = 1.69, 95% CI 1.31–2.19, p<0.001). Results were similar for multivariate analysis (GCN: HR = 1.61, 95% CI 1.15–2.25, p = 0.005; protein expression: HR = 2.18, 95% CI 1.60–2.97, p<0.001). The results of the sensitivity analysis were not materially altered and did not draw different conclusions. Conclusions Increased MET GCN or protein expression was significantly associated with poorer survival in patients with surgically resected NSCLC; this information could potentially further stratify patients in clinical treatment.
Experimental reintroduction revealed novel reproductive variation in Crested Ibis Nipponia nippon
Dongping Liu,Chao Wang,Baoping Qing,Jun Lu
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.817v1
Abstract: The Crested Ibis Nipponia Nippon formerly occurred throughout East Asia, but since 1981 its unique population has been confined to a narrow area in Central China. During 2004-2005, 23 Crested Ibises were experimentally reintroduced to an isolated basin in Qinling Mountains, where they and their offspring exhibited variation in reproduction never observed in wild population. Crested Ibis has been considered to be a monogamous species, and breeding pair is solitary and territorial in breeding season. However, 3.4% of breeding females exhibited polyandry and 43.1% of nests were observed in colony in the reintroduced population during 2006-2014. The mating system flexibility is likely related to male-biased sex ratio in the small isolated reintroduced population, due to greater dispersal capacity by female. The colonial nesting is attributed to the availability of large nest trees and abundant food supply. First nest failure in reintroduced population occurred much earlier than that in wild, which resulted in significantly higher probability of renesting. The phenotypic plasticity in Crested Ibis may play important role in the restoration of this critical endangered species under a changing environment, and future reintroductions provide opportunity to further understand the degree and cost of adaptive phenotypic plasticity in Crested Ibis.
Channels of energy for the linear radial wave equation
Carlos Kenig,Andrew Lawrie,Baoping Liu,Wilhelm Schlag
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: Exterior channel of energy estimates for the radial wave equation were first considered in three dimensions by Duyckaerts, the first author, and Merle, and recently for the 5-dimensional case by the first, second, and fourth authors. In this paper we find the general form of the channel of energy estimate in all odd dimensions for the radial free wave equation. This will be used in a companion paper to establish soliton resolution for equivariant wave maps in 3 dimensions exterior to the ball B(0,1), and in all equivariance classes.
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