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TRANSITIONS IN IRISH MISCELLANIES BETWEEN 1923 AND 1940: THE IRISH STATESMAN AND THE BELL
Malcolm Ballin
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2002, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.2.2.48771
Abstract: Between 1923 and 1940 a variety of political and cultural events took place in Ireland, including the formation of the Free State, the establishment of the 1937 constitution by Eamon de Valera, and the adoption of a policy of neutrality in the Second World War. The effects of these changes are traced in the processes of production of two related periodicals, The Irish Statesman (1923-30) and The Be11 (1940-54). The differences and similarities between the editors of these journals, George Russell (E) and Sean O'Faolain, are discussed in the context of the intellectual history of the period, as are the processes of influence and reaction between them. The historical evolution of the miscellany as a specific periodical genre is considered, together with its influence upon the form and content of these publications. It is argued that particular audiences were created for these periodicals in post revolutionary Ireland and that they were both able, in different ways, to exert a benign influence on the development of the new nation.
Palatine Tonsils Asymmetry: 10 Years Experience of the Otorhinolaryngology Service of the Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Paraná
Ballin, Annelyse Cristine,Koerner, Heloisa Nardi,Ballin, Carlos Henrique,Pereira, Rodrigo
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: A few patients with asymmetric palatine tonsils have lymphoma; but most lymphomas in palatine tonsils evolve with tonsillar asymmetry. Objective: To report the profile of patients and histopathological changes in patients submitted to adenotonsillectomy/tonsillectomy with disproportional palatine tonsils. Method: Retrospective study based on data analysis from the Pathologic Anatomy Service Database and in the review of reports of patients submitted to adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with palatine tonsils asymmetry during the period from October 1999 through October 2009 at the Clinical Hospital (HC) of the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR). Results: 50 patients took part, aged between 3 to 53 years old, mean age of 14.05 years. The anatomopathological exam confirmed 48 patients (96%) with lymphoid hyperplasia and 2 cases of lymphoma (4%). These included men aged from 40 to 53 yeas with complaint of unilateral increase of the tonsil, one of whom had other symptoms (asthenia and weight loss). Upon physical examination: tonsils disproportion without involvement of other organs or lymph nodes. Conclusion: Our study is according to the literature as regards the fact the lymphomas are more common in men, the patient is the first one to notice the increase in volume and the asymmetry is larger than 2 degrees between palatine tonsils in cases of lymphoma. Although it is rare, even in the presence of differences, there are chances for the asymmetry to evolve to a malignant profile. The need for anatomopathological evaluation of a part must be considered along with other clinical data that suggests a malignant profile.
Assimetria de Tonsilas Palatinas: Experiência de 10 Anos do Servi o de Otorrinolaringologia do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná
Ballin, Annelyse Cristine,Koerner, Heloisa Nardi,Ballin, Carlos Henrique,Pereira, Rodrigo
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011,
Abstract: Introdu o: Poucos pacientes com amígdalas palatinas assimétricas apresentam linfoma, entretanto a maioria dos linfomas em amígdalas palatinas cursam com assimetria amigdaliana. Objetivo: Relatar o perfil dos pacientes e das altera es histopatológicas em pacientes submetidos a adenoamigdalectomia/amigdalectomia com amígdalas palatinas desproporcionais. Método: Estudo retrospectivo, baseado na análise de dados do Banco de Dados do Servi o de Anatomia Patológica e na revis o dos prontuários de pacientes submetidos a adenoamigdalectomias e amigdalectomias com assimetria de amígdalas palatinas durante o período de outubro de 1999 a outubro de 2009 no Hospital de Clínicas (HC) da Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR). Resultados: Foram incluídos 50 pacientes, com idade entre 3 a 53 anos, idade média de 14,05 anos. O exame anatomopatológico evidenciou 48 pacientes (96%) com hiperplasia linfoide e 2 casos de linfoma (4%). Estes eram homens de 40 e 53 anos com queixa de aumento unilateral da amígdala, um deles apresentava outros sintomas (astenia e emagrecimento). Ao exame físico: despropor o amigdaliana, sem envolvimento de outros órg os ou linfonodos. Conclus es: Nosso estudo concorda com a literatura quanto aos linfomas serem mais comuns em homens, o paciente ser o primeiro a notificar o aumento de volume e a assimetria ser maior que 2 graus entre as amígdalas palatinas em casos de linfoma. Embora raro, mesmo na presen a de disparidades, há chances da assimetria cursar com um quadro maligno. A necessidade de avalia o anatomopatológica de uma pe a deve ser considerada juntamente a outros dados clínicos que sugiram um quadro maligno em vigência.
Three dimensional confinement of vapor in nanostructures for sub-Doppler optical resolution
Philippe Ballin,Elias Moufarej,Isabelle Maurin,Athanasios Laliotis,Daniel Bloch
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4809668
Abstract: We confine a Cs thermal vapor in the interstitial regions of a glass opal. We perform linear reflection spectroscopy on a cell whose window is covered with a thin film (10 or 20 layers) of ~ 1000 nm (or 400 nm) diameter glass spheres, we observe sub-Doppler structures in the optical spectrum for a large range of oblique incidences. This original feature associated with the inner (3-dimension) confinement of the vapor in the interstitial regions of the opal, evokes a Dicke narrowing. We finally consider possible micron-size references for optical frequency clocks based on weak, hard to saturate, molecular lines.
Sub-Doppler optical resolution by confining a vapour in a nanostructure
Philippe Ballin,Elias Moufarej,Isabelle Maurin,Athanasios Laliotis,Daniel Bloch
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1117/12.2014735
Abstract: We show that a thermal vapor confined in a nanostructure is of spectroscopic interest. We perform reflection spectroscopy on a Cs vapour cell whose window is covered with a thin opal film (typically, 10 or 20 layers of ~ 1{\mu}m diameter spheres). Sub-Doppler structures appear in the optical spectrum in a purely linear regime of optical excitation and the signal is shown to originate from the interstitial regions of the opal. These narrow spectral structures, observable for a large range of oblique incidence angles (~ 30-50°), are an original feature associated to the 3-D vapor confinement. It remembers a Dicke narrowing, i.e. a Doppler broadening suppression when the atomic motion is sub-wavelength confined. This narrowing, commonly observed in the r.f. domain when a buffer gas ensures a collision confinement effect, had remained elusive in the optical frequency. Also, we describe preliminary experiments performed in a pump-probe technique, intended to elucidate the spatial origin of the narrow contribution. We finally discuss how our results allow envisioning micron-size references for optical frequency clocks, and high resolution spectroscopy of weak and hard-to-saturate molecular lines.
Tratamento de queloide retroauricular: revis?o dos casos tratados no servi?o de otorrinolaringologia do HC/UFPR
Carvalho, Bettina;Ballin, Annelyse Cristine;Becker, Renata Vecentin;Ribeiro, Talita Beithum;Cavichiolo, Juliana Benthien;Ballin, Carlos Roberto;Mocellin, Marcos;
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012, DOI: 10.7162/S1809-97772012000200007
Abstract: introduction: keloids are benign tumors arising from abnormal healing of the skin, and there are several procedures available for their treatment. objective: the objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing treatment of keloids after ear, nose, and throat (ent) surgeries at our service center. method: we conducted thorough, retrospective and prospective analysis of records of patients undergoing treatment of retroauricular keloids at our center. results: nine patients were evaluated, and 6 underwent resection and adjuvant beta-therapy, 2 underwent resection with local application of corticosteroids, and only 1 underwent resection without adjuvant therapy. there was no recurrence of keloids in patients that were treated with beta-therapy in the early postoperative period. one patient had relapsed despite corticosteroid administration and late beta-therapy. discussion: several techniques have been used for the treatment of retroauricular keloids, and beta-therapy is thought to yield the best results, followed by the use of intralesional corticosteroids. conclusion: treatment of retroauricular keloids remains a challenge. while new techniques are being developed, resection followed by early beta-therapy is still the best treatment option.
Avalia??o sistematizada da dificuldade de exposi??o das pregas vocais na microcirurgia da laringe
Ballin, Annelyse Cristine;Macedo Filho, Evaldo Dacheux de;Sela, Gustavo B;Catani, Guilherme S;Ido Filho, Jorge Massaaki;Ballin, Carlos Henrique;Mocellin, Marcos;
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-48722010000300005
Abstract: introduction: several studies addressing preoperative factors that predict difficulty of endotracheal intubation graduated by anesthesiologists, for the scale of the cormack-lehane. these parameters were evaluated for the difficulty of location of the laryngoscope in microsurgery of the larynx. there is not a standard scale of difficulty targeted to surgeons of the larynx. objective: create a standard scale of difficulty leasing the laryngoscope during microsurgery of the larynx, with a focus on exposure of the vocal folds (vocal cords) to evaluate which clinical parameters predict difficulty of exposure of their vocal folds and verify the improvement of laryngeal exposure with the hanger of the laryngoscope. method: a prospective randomized study, 57 patients undergoing laryngeal microsurgery. the preoperative parameters were evaluated: three epidemiological data, two of history and 13 physical examination. intraoperatively: the anesthesiologist evaluated the cormack-lehane score and the surgeon evaluated according to the proposed scale, before and after placement of the hanger. results and conclusion: several parameters showed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value for high inadequate exposure of the larynx. but only distance hiomentual <6.05 cm (p = 0.003) and 2 classes of cormack-lehane (p = 0.04) with statistical significance and high sensitivity of 100% and 81% respectively. the use of the hanger of laryngoscope laryngeal exposure improved significantly (p = 0.04). the proposed scale standardizes the visualization and grades the difficulty of exposure of their vocal folds, facilitating comparisons between studies and communication between otolaryngologists.
Assimetria de tonsilas palatinas: experiência de 10 anos do servi?o de otorrinolaringologia do hospital de clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná
Ballin, Annelyse Cristine;Koerner, Heloisa Nardi;Ballin, Carlos Henrique;Pereira, Rodrigo;Alcantara, Lauro Jo?o Lobo;Taques, Guilherme Ribas;Mocellin, Marcos;
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-48722011000100010
Abstract: introduction: a few patients with asymmetric palatine tonsils have lymphoma; but most lymphomas in palatine tonsils evolve with tonsillar asymmetry. objective: to report the profile of patients and histopathological changes in patients submitted to adenotonsillectomy/tonsillectomy with disproportional palatine tonsils. method: retrospective study based on data analysis from the pathologic anatomy service database and in the review of reports of patients submitted to adenotonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with palatine tonsils asymmetry during the period from october 1999 through october 2009 at the clinical hospital (hc) of the federal university of paraná (ufpr). results: 50 patients took part, aged between 3 to 53 years old, mean age of 14.05 years. the anatomopathological exam confirmed 48 patients (96%) with lymphoid hyperplasia and 2 cases of lymphoma (4%). these included men aged from 40 to 53 yeas with complaint of unilateral increase of the tonsil, one of whom had other symptoms (asthenia and weight loss). upon physical examination: tonsils disproportion without involvement of other organs or lymph nodes. conclusion: our study is according to the literature as regards the fact the lymphomas are more common in men, the patient is the first one to notice the increase in volume and the asymmetry is larger than 2 degrees between palatine tonsils in cases of lymphoma. although it is rare, even in the presence of differences, there are chances for the asymmetry to evolve to a malignant profile. the need for anatomopathological evaluation of a part must be considered along with other clinical data that suggests a malignant profile.
Ascorbic acid determination using a carbon paste electrode modified with iron(III) ions adsorbed on humic acid
Silva, L. S.;Oliveira, T. N.;Ballin, M. A.;Peixoto, C. R. M.;
Eclética Química , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-46702006000400005
Abstract: an amperometric sensor was constructed, by using humic acids to immobilize fe3+ ions on a carbon paste electrode (cpe-ha-fe), and used for ascorbic acid (h2a) determination. the cyclic voltammogram of the electrode showed electrochemical response due to the fe3+/fe2+ couple at e1/2=+0.78 v vs sce, using 0.5 mol l-1 kcl and 0.2 mol l-1 acetate/0.020 mol l-1 phosphate buffer, at ph = 5.4, as supporting electrolyte. when h2a is added to the electrolyte solution it is observed an oxidation process. the oxidation current, obtained by chronoamperommetry at +0.87 v vs sce, is proportional to the concentration, represented by the equation i(μa) = 7.6286 [h2a] (mmol l-1) + 1.9583, r = 0.9996, for concentrations between 0.0 and 1.4 mmol l-1. the electrode showed high stability and was used for h2a determination in a natural orange juice.
Treatment of retroauricular keloids: Revision of cases treated at the ENT service of HC/UFPR
Carvalho, Bettina,Ballin, Annelyse Cristine,Becker, Renata Vecentin,Ribeiro, Talita Beithum
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Keloids are benign tumors arising from abnormal healing of the skin, and there are several procedures available for their treatment. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing treatment of keloids after ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeries at our service center. Method: We conducted thorough, retrospective and prospective analysis of records of patients undergoing treatment of retroauricular keloids at our center. Results: Nine patients were evaluated, and 6 underwent resection and adjuvant beta-therapy, 2 underwent resection with local application of corticosteroids, and only 1 underwent resection without adjuvant therapy. There was no recurrence of keloids in patients that were treated with beta-therapy in the early postoperative period. One patient had relapsed despite corticosteroid administration and late beta-therapy. Discussion: Several techniques have been used for the treatment of retroauricular keloids, and beta-therapy is thought to yield the best results, followed by the use of intralesional corticosteroids. Conclusion: Treatment of retroauricular keloids remains a challenge. While new techniques are being developed, resection followed by early beta-therapy is still the best treatment option.
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