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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198057 matches for " Baharivand N "
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Pars plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling for macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion
Baharivand N, Hariri A, Javadzadeh A, Heidari E, Sadegi K
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S23164
Abstract: rs plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling for macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion Original Research (3118) Total Article Views Authors: Baharivand N, Hariri A, Javadzadeh A, Heidari E, Sadegi K Published Date August 2011 Volume 2011:5 Pages 1089 - 1093 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S23164 Nader Baharivand, Amirhossein Hariri, Alireza Javadzadeh, Ebadollah Heidari, Karim Sadegi Nikookari Eye Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran Purpose: To evaluate the effects of vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling for treatment of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Methods: Nine cases of visual loss due to macular edema caused by central retinal vein occlusion or branch retinal vein occlusion underwent pars plana vitrectomy with removal of the preretinal hyaloid, peeling of the internal limiting membrane stained with indocyanine green dye, air–fluid exchange, and postoperative prone positioning. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness by optical coherence tomography were measured pre- and postoperatively then compared to assess the outcome of surgery. Results: In all cases intraretinal blood and retinal thickening diminished within 2 months of surgery. Visual acuity improved in all of the central retinal vein occlusion cases and 3/6 branch retinal vein occlusion cases. The decrease in macular thickness was statistically significant (mean postoperative macular thickness 361 ± 61.1 versus mean preoperative macular thickness 563.9 ± 90.0, P = 0.001, t-test). The improvement in BCVA was not statistically significant (mean preoperative BCVA in LogMAR 1.23 ± 0.29 versus mean postoperative BCVA in LogMAR 1.06 ± 0.49, P = 0.09, t-test). Conclusion: In eyes with macular edema secondary to RVO, pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling can resolve macular edema, but the improvement in BCVA was not statistically significant in this study.
Relationship between vitreous and serum vascular endothelial growth factor levels, control of diabetes and microalbuminuria in proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Baharivand N, Zarghami N, Panahi F, Dokht Ghafari M Y, Mahdavi Fard A, Mohajeri A
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S27423
Abstract: tionship between vitreous and serum vascular endothelial growth factor levels, control of diabetes and microalbuminuria in proliferative diabetic retinopathy Original Research (3430) Total Article Views Authors: Baharivand N, Zarghami N, Panahi F, Dokht Ghafari M Y, Mahdavi Fard A, Mohajeri A Published Date January 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 185 - 191 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S27423 Received: 17 October 2011 Accepted: 18 November 2011 Published: 26 January 2012 Nader Baharivand1, Nosratollah Zarghami2, Farid Panahi3, Yazdan Dokht Ghafari M3, Ali Mahdavi Fard1, Abbas Mohajeri2 1Department of Ophthalmology, Nikookari Eye Hospital, 2Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Radiopharmacy, Drug Applied Research Center, 3Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran Background: Diabetic retinopathy is a serious microvascular disorder of the retina. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, induced by high glucose levels and hypoxia, is a main feature in retinopathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitreous and serum VEGF levels and control of diabetes and microalbuminuria in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Methods: Sixty-five patients were enrolled in this case-control study, comprising 30 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (cases) and 35 patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (controls). The vitreous VEGF level was compared with the serum VEGF level in both groups. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), microalbuminuria, serum creatinine, and stage of nephropathy and retinopathy were also measured in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and the relationship between these parameters and serum and vitreous VEGF levels was investigated. Results: Mean vitreous and serum VEGF levels were significantly higher in cases compared with controls (P = 0.001, P = 0.011, respectively). There was also a significant correlation between vitreous and serum VEGF levels (P = 0.012, r = 0.453). VEGF levels in patients with well controlled blood glucose (P = 0.039), on drug treatment (P = 0.045) and at an early stage of nephropathy (P = 0.042) were significantly lower. There was a significant correlation between VEGF and albumin to creatinine ratio (P = 0.017, r = 0.432). Conclusion: Serum and vitreous VEGF levels was significantly lower in patients on oral therapy, in those with well controlled glycemia, and in those with early-stage retinopathy. Administration of anti-VEGF had a good effect in reducing the progression of proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Implementation of a Higher Quality dc Power Converter  [PDF]
N. N. Barsoum
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.22012
Abstract: Many single and three-phase converters are well developed, and covered up in most of electric markets. It is used in many applications in power systems and machine drives. However, an exact definite output signal from the dc side still not recognized. The waveforms of output voltage and current demonstrate an imperfect dc signal and constitute losses, harmonic distortion, low power factor, and observed some ripples. An approximately perfect rectifier bridge is the aim of this research. Perhaps it gives the ability to identify the parameters of the converter to obtain, as much as possible, a perfect dc signal with less ripple, high power factor and high efficiency. Design is implemented by simulation on Power Simulator PSIM, and practically, a series regulator LM723 is applied to provide regulating output voltage. Comparisons of both simulation and hardware results are made to observe differences and similarities.
Estimation of Sensitivity of the DS/AHP Method While Solving Foresight Problems with Incomplete Data  [PDF]
N. Pankratova, N. Nedashkovskaya
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2013.41011

The paper provides mathematical analysis of sensitivity of different combination rules in the DS/AHP method when an alternative is added to the set of decision alternatives while solving foresight problems. Different cases of rank reversals are defined and two sets of conditions for these cases using the method DS/AHP are considered. Rank reversals are illustrated when the DS/AHP method is used to solve practical problem of critical technologies of energy conservation and power efficiency evaluation in Ukraine. It is shown that the DS/AHP method is not sensitive to exclusion (or addition) of an irrelevant decision alternative from (or to) the set of decision alternatives.

Computation of the Genetic Code: Full Version  [PDF]
N. N. Kozlov
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2017.510008
Abstract: One of the problems in the development of mathematical theory of the genetic code (summary is presented in [1], the detailed—to [2]) is the problem of the calculation of the genetic code. Similar problem in the world is unknown and could be delivered only in the 21st century. One approach to solving this problem is devoted to this work. For the first time a detailed description of the method of calculation of the genetic code was provided, the idea of which was first published earlier [3]), and the choice of one of the most important sets for the calculation was based on an article [4]. Such a set of amino acid corresponds to a complete set of representation of the plurality of overlapping triple gene belonging to the same DNA strand. A separate issue was the initial point, triggering an iterative search process all codes submitted by the initial data. Mathematical analysis has shown that the said set contains some ambiguities, which have been founded because of our proposed compressed representation of the set. As a result, the developed method of calculation was reduced to two main stages of research, where at the first stage only single-valued domains were used in the calculations. The proposed approach made it possible to significantly reduce the amount of computation at each step in this complex discrete structure.
The Study of the Secrets of the Genetic Code  [PDF]
N. N Kozlov
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2018.67007
Abstract: The disclosure of many secrets of the genetic code was facilitated by the fact that it was carried out on the basis of mathematical analysis of experimental data: the diversity of genes, their structures and genetic codes. New properties of the genetic code are presented and its most important integral characteristics are established. Two groups of such characteristics were distinguished. The first group refers to the integral characteristics for the areas of DNA, where genes are broken down in pairs and all 5 cases of overlap, allowed by the structure of DNA, were investigated. The second group of characteristics refers to the most extended areas of DNA in which there is no genetic overlap. The interrelation of the established integral characteristics in these groups is shown. As a result, a number of previously unknown effects were discovered. It was possible to establish two functions in which all the over-understood codons in mitochondrial genetic codes (human and other organizations) participate, as well as a significant difference in the integral characteristics of such codes compared to the standard code. Other properties of the structure of the genetic code following from the obtained results are also established. The obtained results allowed us to set and solve one of the new breakthrough problems—the calculation of the genetic code. The full version of the solution to this problem was published in this journal in August 2017.
Guidelines for Optimization of the Absorber Layer Energy Gap for High Efficiency Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells  [PDF]
N. Severino, N. Bednar, N. Adamovic
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2018.64015
Abstract: This work investigates in-depth the effects of variation of the compositional ratio of the absorber layer in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin-film solar cells. Electrical simulations were carried out in order to propose the most suitable gallium double-grading profile for the high efficiency devices. To keep the model as close as possible to the real behavior of the thin film solar cell a trap model was implemented to describe the bulk defects in the absorber layer. The performance of a solar cell with a standard CIGS layer thickness (2 μm) exhibits a strong dependence on the front grading height (decreasing band gap toward the middle of the CIGS layer). An absolute gain in the efficiency (higher than 1%) is observed by a front grading height of 0.22. Moreover, simulation results show that the position of the plateau (the region characterized by the minimum band gap) should be accurately positioned at a compositional ratio of 20% Ga and 80% In, which corresponds to the region where a lower bulk defect density is expected. The developed model demonstrates that the length of the plateau is not playing a relevant role, causing just a slight change in the solar cell performances. Devices with different absorber layer thicknesses were simulated. The highest efficiency is obtained for a CIGS thin film with thicknesses between 0.8 and 1.1 μm.
Change of the Microorganisms Quantity in Irrigative Gleyey-Yellow under Vegetable Soils  [PDF]
N. ?. Orudzheva
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.312213
Abstract: The results of the long-term investigations in dynamics for study of the conditions of taxonomic groups of microorganisms of irrigated gleyey-yellow soils of the subtropical zone under vegetable crops in rotation with the continuous growing of these cultures have been presented. The results of the researches study demonstrated an important vibration of the microorganisms quantity under growing cultures happens. The most quantity of microorganisms, consuming organic nitrogen is observed in irrigative gleyey-yellow soils of the humid subtropical zone. Intensity of mineralization of organic matters was lower in irrigative gleyey-yellow soils. A quantity of microorganisms was lower, but a coefficient of mineralization was higher under continuous cultures as compared the analogous soils under crop rotation. These data show that a type of the soil influence on the rhizosphere microflora insignificantly, while plant shows a significant effect on its quantity and compositions.
Wavelet-Based Density Estimation in Presence of Additive Noise under Various Dependence Structures  [PDF]
N. Hosseinioun
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2016.61002
Abstract: We study the following model: \"\". The aim is to estimate the distribution of X when only \"\"?are observed. In the classical model, the distribution of \"\"?is assumed to be known, and this is often considered as an important drawback of this simple model. Indeed, in most practical applications, the distribution of the errors cannot be perfectly known. In this paper, the author will construct wavelet estimators and analyze their asymptotic mean integrated squared error for additive noise models under certain dependent conditions, the strong mixing case, the β-mixing case and the ρ-mixing case. Under mild conditions on the family of wavelets, the estimator is shown to be \"\"-consistent and fast rates of convergence have been established.
Naltrexone and Scopolamine Rapidly Reduce Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): A Double Blinded Randomized Controlled Pilot Study  [PDF]
N. Taub
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2019.81001
Abstract: Background: Scopolamine and naltrexone are FDA approved medications that have been utilized off label for the indication of major depressive disorder (MDD). We examined the efficacy of the 2 medications in combination for major depression. Methods: 14 adults (7 female and 7 males) with current major depressive disorder were randomized by coin flip to 0.15 mg BID of scopolamine and 1 mg BID naltrexone or placebo for a total of 4 weeks. Modified MDRS questionnaires were utilized to monitor progress in depression symptomatology. The placebo patients were crossed over to the active medications subsequent to the 4 week trial period. Results: 2 subjects dropped out of the trial as a result of side effects. A total of 12 subjects completed the trial. The average reduction in Modified MDRS scores over the 4 weeks for the active medications was 12.5. The average reduction noted in control patients was 3.5. This difference was statistically significant with P = 0.03, less than 0.05 for a greater than 95% confidence interval utilizing Student’s T test analysis. Of the 4 patients that crossed over to the active medications three additional patients noted a partial or complete response to the medications with an average reduction and Modified MDRS scores of 8. No washout periods were utilized before the trial or for the crossover period. Conclusion: The combination of scopolamine and naltrexone demonstrated significant benefit for MDD.
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