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Diaspora Design versus Homeland Realities: Case Study of Armenian Diaspora
Bahar Baser,Dr. Ashok Swain
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2009,
Abstract: Recently the concept of “diaspora” has become a popular subject and two polarized views dominate the study on diaspora behavior: the categorization of the diaspora as good or bad, conflict or peace promoter, spoiler or peace-maker. The majority of the research on diaspora politics places emphasis on its conflict-promoting character. Researchers argue that a diaspora may even act against its homeland’s interests. This paper aims to further explore this behavior of diaspora groups and try to locate the reasons behind this phenomenon. The focus is the Armenian diaspora and its policies, particularly targeting the foreign policy of the host country. Some of the critical issues are the conflict in Nagorno Karabakh and Turkey-Armenia relations, which includes the issues of “genocide” recognition, normalization of diplomatic relations and opening of the borders. With the help of theoretical frameworks, the Armenian diaspora’s positions will be analyzed in this paper.
Multi-Host Expression System for Recombinant Production of Challenging Proteins
Steffen Meyer, Carmen Lorenz, Bahar Baser, Mona W?rdehoff, Volker J?ger, Joop van den Heuvel
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0068674
Abstract: Recombinant production of complex eukaryotic proteins for structural analyses typically requires a profound screening process to identify suitable constructs for the expression of ample amounts of properly folded protein. Furthermore, the evaluation of an optimal expression host has a major impact on protein yield and quality as well as on actual cost of the production process. Here we present a novel fast expression system for multiple hosts based on a single donor vector termed pFlp-Bac-to-Mam. The range of applications of pFlp-Bac-to-Mam comprises highly efficient transient transfection of HEK293-6E in serum-free suspension culture and subsequent large-scale production of challenging proteins expressing in mg per Liter level using either the baculoviral expression vector system or stable CHO production cell lines generated by Flp-mediated cassette exchange. The success of the multi-host expression vector to identify the optimal expression strategy for efficient production of high quality protein is demonstrated in a comparative expression study of three model proteins representing different protein classes: intracellular expression using a fluorescent protein, secretion of a single-chain-Fv-hIgG1Fc fusion construct and production of a large amount of highly homogeneous protein sample of the extracellular domain of a Toll-like receptor. The evaluation of the production efficiency shows that the pFlp-Bac-to-Mam system allows a fast and individual optimization of the expression strategy for each protein class.
SAND: An Additive for Stabilzation of Swelling Clay Soils  [PDF]
Bahia Louafi, Ramdane Bahar
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.34072
Abstract: An experimental program carried out in this study seeks to understand the physical mechanisms of stabilization of an expansive soil by adding an inert material (sand) at various forms; mixing and intercalation layers of sand. The first aim of the study is to analyze the effect of stabilization on the variation of soil consistency. The results show a marked improvement in soil consistency. Then a study of the effect of the additives on the variation of the swelling in order to solve the lifting structures caused by this phenomenon is carried out. It can be seen that the addition of sand is capable of reducing the swelling action. We complete the study using an ultrasonic device, measuring the propagation velocities of ultrasonic pulse through the tested clay samples. This shows a change occurring in the porosity of the clay when sand is added to it. As a result some interesting conclusions concerning the expansive soil-material amendment are drawn.
The Relation between Freeway Average Speed and Speed Noise  [PDF]
Bahar Zarin, Siamak Ardekani
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2015.52009

Many factors affect the vehicular fuel consumption rate. The most significant traffic-related ones are speed, number of stops, speed noise, and acceleration noise (acceleration standard deviation). Fuel consumption models for both urban and highway traffic are used to evaluate the effect of these factors. Previous literature shows the speed and the acceleration of vehicles as well as the aerodynamic effects are the most commonly used variables in the highway fuel consumption mo dels. However, most existing models are based on the average or cruising speed and the effect of speed variation is by-and-large ignored. Incorporating the speed noise as a variable in the prediction models seems impractical because measuring it is cumbersome. However, knowing the relation between speed and speed noise may allow including the effect of speed noise in the model indirectly. To that end, this study examines the relation between speed and speed noise. The resulting mathematical relation is used to incorporate the speed noise effects in the fuel consumption model.

Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music
Fatma Adile Baser
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.
Congenital Horner′s syndrome and the usefulness of the apraclonidine test in its diagnosis
Mirzai Hasan,Baser Esin
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2006,
Abstract: We present a seven-month-old baby with miosis of the left pupil, left hypochromia, mild ipsilateral ptosis, left hemifacial anhidrosis and asymmetrical facial flushing. A diagnosis of Horner′s syndrome (HS) was presumed and was confirmed by instillation of apraclonidine eye drops. Miosis was reversed upon apraclonidine instillation. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head, neck and thorax and ultrasonography of the neck and abdomen did not reveal any pathological conditions. Although delivery-related brachial plexus injury is known as the most common cause of congenital HS, it should be investigated and should include neuroimaging of the sympathetic pathway, to exclude a serious underlying disease. As in our case, a specific etiology may not always be elicited. Pharmacological testing with apraclonidine may be a practical alternative to cocaine in the diagnosis of HS.
Callus Induction from Mature Embryo of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Hakan Turhan,Ismet Baser
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: Five media supplemented with different concentrations of NAA and 2,4-D growth regulators and two different mature embryo sources were tested in order to obtain the best wheat callus formation. One of these mature embryo sources is whole seed with moved embryo and the other was embryo set free from seeds. The highest callus formation rate was observed in embryo set free cultured on MS supplemented with 4 mg l-1 2,4-D and 1 mg l-1 NAA. There was no callus formation on basal medium MS. In overall, percentage of embryogenic callus formation in free embryo procedure was higher than in endosperm supported embryo procedure. In embryogenic wheat callus formation, 2,4-D seemed an effective growth regulator as all 2,4-D supplemented media showed higher callus formation than alone NAA. On the other hand, NAA (1 mg l-1) in the 2,4-D supplemented MS medium enhanced wheat callus induction.
Severity index for rheumatoid arthritis and its association with health care costs and biologic therapy use in Turkey
Onur Baser, Erdem Baser, Akif Altinbas and Abdulkadir Burkan
Health Economics Review , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/2191-1991-3-5
Abstract: RA severity varies throughout Turkey and is a significant determinant of health care costs and biologic therapy use. Therefore, future comparative effectiveness studies should include the severity measure in their analysis.
Health Care Costs Associated with Ankylosing Spondylitis in Turkey: An Analysis from Nationwide Real-World Data
Onur Baser,Abdulkadir Burkan,Erdem Baser,Rasim Koselerli
International Journal of Rheumatology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/139608
Growth Characteristics of the Chub Mackerel (Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782) in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea, Turkiye)
Bahar Bayhan
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Age and growth of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus, were studied in the Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea). A total of 520 specimens were collected during the period November 1997 to October 1998 from purse-seine boats operating in the Izmir Bay. Fork lengths ranged between 12.5 and 27.2 cm. Overall female: Male ratio was 1:1.13. Age distribution of the samples ranged from I to IV years (otolith readings). Chub mackerel grew positive allometrically (b = 3.40 0.05 at 95% confidence level). Growth parameters of the population were: L = 27.15 cm, K = 0.20 year 1, t0 = -0.48 years for females; L8 = 29.64 cm, K = 0.23 year 1, t0 = -0.39 years for males and L8 = 29.87 cm, K = 0.20 year 1, t0 = -0.36 years for both sexes. Growth index ( `) was calculated as 2.29, 2.31 and 2.25, respectively for females, males and sexes combined.
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