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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 75 matches for " BAYU FEBRAM PRASETYO "
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Anti Lithiasis Activity of Avocado (Persea americana Mill) Leaves Extract in White Male Rats
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2012,
Abstract: In Indonesia, avocado leaves have been used as traditional medicines for diureticum to cure urolithiasis. This research was to determine anti lithiasis activity of avocado leaves (Persea americana Mill) extract on white male rats nefrolithiasis model induced by ethylene glycol. Ethanol extraction method was used to get extract of avogadro leaves. Twenty adult male white rats were divided into 4 different induction treatments i.e. aquadest, ethylene glycol 0.75% and ammonium chloride 2%, and extract of avocado leaves with different levels of 100 and 300 mg/kg bw respectively. Their body weight was measured daily to determine their growth ratio. And at the end of the trial, the kidney was analyzed its calcium level and inhibitory activity to formation of calcium oxalate crystals. The results showed that the amount of calcium level in the kidney of rats treated with extract of avogadro leaves was significantly decreased than that of rats treated with ethylene glycol 0.75% and ammonium chloride 2% (P < 0.05). The extract avocado leaves as a herbal remedy can be recommended as a phytotherapeutic agent especially for preventive action for urolithiasis diseases.
Teguh Prasetyo
Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen , 2013,
Abstract: This study aims to test theagency theory in Indonesian capital market wasproxiedbythe theagency conflicts controlling mechanism which are dividends, debtand institution alownership.The data is pooled data with the observation period from the year 2004-2010. The method of analysis used in this study is multiple regression analysis, and Two-Stages Least Square (2SLS). The results showthe dividend has a positive effect on performance an debt has negative effect. More over, institution alownership has a positive effect on performance. Meanwhile, Simultaneously relationship between the three models are not significant. However, the relationship between dividends and debt significant. It means that dividends can replace debt andvice versato control the agency conflict.
Fruit of plant diversity at home-garden of Jabon Mekar village, subdistrict of Parung, Bogor regency
Biodiversitas , 2007,
Abstract: Jabon Mekar village is well-known as the central of fruit supplayer at subdistrict of Parung. Many kinds of fruit were planted and developed in this area. Durian ‘lai-mas’ or durian jabon’s cultivar is the superior product of fruit. However it was estimated as a buffer zone of Jakarta and subject of the urban development. Due to the increasing number of the urbant development in Jakarta, it is concerned that this will have an effect to the function of home-garden.The aim of the research is to study the potential riches and fruit plant diversity at home-garden of community in the village of Jabon Mekar. The methods used for vegetation analysis were the quadratic method. The result of the research found 57 species of fruit plants from 41 genus, 23 families and 30 local cultivars. From all fruit of plants, there are 7 species as the main compositer of the community at home-garden i.e. Musa sp., Durio zibethinus, Nephelium lappaceum, Cocos nucifera, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Sandoricum koetjape, Carica papaya. It was found also that the diversity of plant species at home-garden was at the high level. While all fruit of plant species found a tendency SDR value under 50%, means that none of the plant species dominant toward other fruit of plants species.
Screening for ocular abnormalities and subnormal vision in school children of Butajira Town, southern Ethiopia
Yoseph Worku, Samson Bayu
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development , 2002,
Abstract: Background: As in most African countries there is no national preschool or school eye screening service in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study was to conduct school eye screening in Butajira town to identify the causes of ocular morbidity and subnormal vision in school children and suggest possible intervention strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1846 students from Mekicho (1397) and Dobo-tuto (449) junior and elementary schools of Butajira Town selected by systematic random sampling of the sections of each grade was performed from Sep.13 to Nov.11, 1999. Visual acuity and detailed ophthalmologic examinations were done. Results: One or more ocular abnormalities were found in 62.6% of the students. Trachoma was the leading cause (54%) of ocular morbidity, followed by refractive error (11.8%), strabismus (4.4%), non-trachomatous acute conjunctivitis (2.3%), corneal opacity (1.3%), Xerophthalmia (1.1%)and Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (0.7%). Refractive error was the leading cause of low vision. Conclusion: Trachoma is a public health problem in the community, hence mass mobilization and the WHO comprehensive SAFE strategy has to be implemented. Concerned government bodies as well as NGOs should take the initiative of providing those children with refractive error with low cost eyeglasses. Health education and yearly school eye screening by local health personnel will prevent common causes of blindness and visual impairment. [Ethiop.J.Health Dev. 2002;16(2):165-171]
Deconvolution of VLBI Images Based on Compressive Sensing
Andriyan Bayu Suksmono
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Direct inversion of incomplete visibility samples in VLBI (Very Large Baseline Interferometry) radio telescopes produces images with convolutive artifacts. Since proper analysis and interpretations of astronomical radio sources require a non-distorted image, and because filling all of sampling points in the uv-plane is an impossible task, image deconvolution has been one of central issues in the VLBI imaging. Up to now, the most widely used deconvolution algorithms are based on least-squares-optimization and maximum entropy method. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm that is based on an emerging paradigm called compressive sensing (CS). Under the sparsity condition, CS capable to exactly reconstructs a signal or an image, using only a few number of random samples. We show that CS is well-suited with the VLBI imaging problem and demonstrate that the proposed method is capable to reconstruct a simulated image of radio galaxy from its incomplete visibility samples taken from elliptical trajectories in the uv-plane. The effectiveness of the proposed method is also demonstrated with an actual VLBI measured data of 3C459 asymmetric radio-galaxy observed by the VLA (Very Large Array).
Compressive Sampling with Known Spectral Energy Density
Andriyan Bayu Suksmono
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: A method to improve l1 performance of the CS (Compressive Sampling) for A-scan SFCW-GPR (Stepped Frequency Continuous Wave-Ground Penetrating Radar) signals with known spectral energy density is proposed. Instead of random sampling, the proposed method selects the location of samples to follow the distribution of the spectral energy. Samples collected from three different measurement methods; the uniform sampling, random sampling, and energy equipartition sampling, are used to reconstruct a given monocycle signal whose spectral energy density is known. Objective performance evaluation in term of PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) indicates empirically that the CS reconstruction of random sampling outperform the uniform sampling, while the energy equipartition sampling outperforms both of them. These results suggest that similar performance improvement can be achieved for the compressive SFCW (Stepped Frequency Continuous Wave) radar, allowing even higher acquisition speed.
Stability Analysis and Controller Design for a Linear System with Duhem Hysteresis Nonlinearity
Ruiyue Ouyang,Bayu Jayawardhana
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the stability of a feedback interconnection between a linear system and a Duhem hysteresis operator, where the linear system and the Duhem hysteresis operator satisfy either the counter-clockwise (CCW) or clockwise (CW) input-output dynamics. More precisely, we present sufficient conditions for the stability of the interconnected system that depend on the CW or CCW properties of the linear system and the Duhem operator. Based on these results we introduce a control design methodology for stabilizing a linear plant with a hysteretic actuator or sensor without requiring precise information on the hysteresis operator.
Reconstruction of Fractional Brownian Motion Signals From Its Sparse Samples Based on Compressive Sampling
Andriyan Bayu Suksmono
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: This paper proposes a new fBm (fractional Brownian motion) interpolation/reconstruction method from partially known samples based on CS (Compressive Sampling). Since 1/f property implies power law decay of the fBm spectrum, the fBm signals should be sparse in frequency domain. This property motivates the adoption of CS in the development of the reconstruction method. Hurst parameter H that occurs in the power law determines the sparsity level, therefore the CS reconstruction quality of an fBm signal for a given number of known subsamples will depend on H. However, the proposed method does not require the information of H to reconstruct the fBm signal from its partial samples. The method employs DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) as the sparsity basis and a random matrix derived from known samples positions as the projection basis. Simulated fBm signals with various values of H are used to show the relationship between the Hurst parameter and the reconstruction quality. Additionally, US-DJIA (Dow Jones Industrial Average) stock index monthly values time-series are also used to show the applicability of the proposed method to reconstruct a real-world data.
A Simple Solution To The Uncertain Delay Problem in USRP Based SDR-Radar Systems
Andriyan Bayu Suksmono
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: We propose a simple solution to the uncertain delay problem in USRP (Universal Software Radio Peripheral)-based SDR (Software-Defined Radio)-radar systems. Instead of time-synchronization as employed in (pseudo-) passive radar configurations, which require at least two synchronized receivers, we use direct reception signal in a single receiver system as a reference to the exact location of the target echoes. After finding the reference position, reordering of the echoes is conducted by circular shift so that the reference moved to the origin. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method by simulating the problem on Matlab and implementing a 128 length random code radar on a USRP. The random code is constructed from zero padded Barker sequence product. Experiments on measuring multiple echoes of the targets at precise range bins confirm the applicability of the proposed method.
Pemanfaatan Tithonia Diversifolia pada Tanah Sawah yang Dipupuk P Secara Starter terhadap Produksi serta Serapan Hara N, P, dan K Tanaman Padi
Gusnidar,Teguh Budi Prasetyo
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: The research of Tithonia diversifolia utilization in the paddy soil that was fertilized P-starter on yield and N, P, K uptake on rice crop, has been conducted from August to December 2005. The objective of this research was to determine an interaction between P-starter levels, and tithonia levels on production and N, P, K element uptake of rice crop. The research was pot experiment in the green house in factorial design 4 x 4. First factor was 4 levels of tithonia with reduce dosage fertilizer applied (T0 = 0 t ha-1 of tithonia + 200 kg ha-1 of urea + 75 kg ha-1 of KCl ; T1= 2,5 t ha-1 of tithonia+ 150 kg ha-1 of urea , without KCl; T2 = 5,0 ton ha-1 of tithonia+ 100 kg ha-1 of urea , without KCl; dan T3 = 7,5 t ha-1 of tithonia + 50 kg ha-1 of urea, without KCl). The second factor was 4 levels of P-starter (0, 2, 4, and 6 kg P ha-1). The result showed that combination of T3 treatment and 2-4 kg P-starter ha-1 increased the grain yield 20,51-21,08 g pot-1 (18,65-19,21 %). Effect of T3 treatment was not significantly differences with T2 treatment on the grain yield. The best interaction was T3 treatment on N and K uptake (0,84 g pot-1 for N, dan 0,82 g pot-1 for K).
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