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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401963 matches for " B. J. Ramshaw "
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Quantum oscillation signatures of nodal spin-orbit coupling in underdoped bilayer high Tc cuprates
N. Harrison,B. J. Ramshaw,A. Shekhter
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The highest superconducting transition temperatures in the cuprates are achieved in bilayer and trilayer systems, highlighting the importance of intralayer interactions for high Tc. It has been argued that interlayer hybridization vanishes along the nodal directions by way of a specific pattern of orbital overlap. Recent quantum oscillation measurements in bilayer cuprates have provided evidence for a residual bilayer-splitting at the nodes that is sufficiently small to enable magnetic breakdown tunneling at the nodes. Here we show that several key features of the experimental data can be understood in terms weak spin-orbit interactions naturally present in bilayer systems, whose primary effect is to cause the magnetic breakdown to be accompanied by a spin flip. These features can now be understood include the equidistant set of three quantum oscillation frequencies, the asymmetry of the quantum oscillation amplitudes in c-axis transport compared to ab-plane transport, and the anomalous magnetic field angle dependence of the amplitude of side frequencies suggestive of small effective g-factors. We suggest that spin-orbit interactions in bilayer systems can further affect the structure of the nodal quasiparticle spectrum in the superconducting phase.
Quantum oscillations in a bilayer with broken mirror symmetry: a minimal model for YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6 + δ}$
Akash V. Maharaj,Yi Zhang,B. J. Ramshaw,S. A. Kivelson
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Using an exact numerical solution and semiclassical analysis, we investigate quantum oscillations (QOs) in a model of a bilayer system with an anisotropic (elliptical) electron pocket in each plane. Key features of QO experiments in the high temperature superconducting cuprate YBCO can be reproduced by such a model, in particular the pattern of oscillation frequencies (which reflect "magnetic breakdown" between the two pockets) and the polar and azimuthal angular dependence of the oscillation amplitudes. However, the requisite magnetic breakdown is possible only under the assumption that the horizontal mirror plane symmetry is spontaneously broken and that the bilayer tunneling, $t_\perp$, is substantially renormalized from its `bare' value. Under the assumption that $t_\perp= \tilde{Z}t_\perp^{(0)}$, where $\tilde{Z}$ is a measure of the quasiparticle weight, this suggests that $\tilde{Z} \lesssim 1/20$. Detailed comparisons with new YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6.58}$ QO data, taken over a very broad range of magnetic field, confirm specific predictions made by the breakdown scenario.
Angle-dependence of quantum oscillations in YBa2Cu3O6.59 shows free spin behaviour of quasiparticles
B. J. Ramshaw,Baptiste Vignolle,James Day,Ruixing Liang,W. N. Hardy,Cyril Proust,D. A. Bonn
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1038/nphys1873
Abstract: Measurements of quantum oscillations in the cuprate superconductors afford a new opportunity to assess the extent to which the electronic properties of these materials yield to a description rooted in Fermi liquid theory. However, such an analysis is hampered by the small number of oscillatory periods observed. Here we employ a genetic algorithm to globally model the field, angular, and temperature dependence of the quantum oscillations observed in the resistivity of YBa2Cu3O6.59. This approach successfully fits an entire data set to a Fermi surface comprised of two small, quasi-2-dimensional cylinders. A key feature of the data is the first identification of the effect of Zeeman splitting, which separates spin-up and spin-down contributions, indicating that the quasiparticles in the cuprates behave as nearly free spins, constraining the source of the Fermi surface reconstruction to something other than a conventional spin density wave with moments parallel to the CuO2 planes.
Tunable excitonic insulator in quantum limit graphite
Z. Zhu,R. D. McDonald,A. Shekhter,B. J. Ramshaw,K. A. Modic,F. F. Balakirev,N. Harrison
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Half a century ago, Mott noted that tuning the carrier density of a semimetal towards zero produces an insulating state in which electrons and holes form bound pairs. It was later argued that such pairing persists even if a semiconducting gap opens in the underlying band structure, giving rise to what has become known as the strong coupling limit of an `excitonic insulator.' While these `weak' and `strong' coupling extremes were subsequently proposed to be manifestations of the same excitonic state of electronic matter, the predicted continuity of such a phase across a band gap opening has not been realized experimentally in any material. Here we show the quantum limit of graphite, by way of temperature and angle-resolved magnetoresistance measurements, to host such an excitonic insulator phase that evolves continuously between the weak and strong coupling limits. We find that the maximum transition temperature T_EI of the excitonic phase is coincident with a band gap opening in the underlying electronic structure at B_0= 46 +/- 1 T, which is evidenced above T_EI by a thermally broadened inflection point in the magnetoresistance. The overall asymmetry of the observed phase boundary around B_0 closely matches theoretical predictions of a magnetic field-tuned excitonic insulator phase in which the opening of a band gap marks a crossover from predominantly momentum-space pairing to real-space pairing.
Avoided Valence Transition in a Plutonium Superconductor
B. J. Ramshaw,A. Shekhter,R. D. McDonald,J. B. Betts,J. N. Mitchell,P. H. Tobash,C. H. Mielke,E. D. Bauer,A. Migliori
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1421174112
Abstract: Some of the most remarkable phenomena---and greatest theoretical challenges---in condensed matter physics arise when $d$ or $f$ electrons are neither fully localized around their host nuclei, nor fully itinerant. This localized/itinerant "duality" underlies the correlated electronic states of the high-$T_c$ cuprate superconductors and the heavy-fermion intermetallics, and is nowhere more apparent than in the $5f$ valence electrons of plutonium. Here we report the full set of symmetry-resolved elastic moduli of $PuCoGa_5$---the highest $T_c$ superconductor of the heavy fermions ($T_c$=18.5 K)---and find that the bulk modulus softens anomalously over a wide range in temperature above $T_c$. Because the bulk modulus is known to couple strongly to the valence state, we propose that plutonium valence fluctuations drive this elastic softening. This elastic softening is observed to disappear when the superconducting gap opens at $T_c$, suggesting that plutonium valence fluctuations have a strong footprint on the Fermi surface, and that $PuCoGa_5$ avoids a valence-transition by entering the superconducting state. These measurements provide direct evidence of a valence instability in a plutonium compound, and suggest that the unusually high-$T_c$ in this system is driven by valence fluctuations.
Fragile charge order in the non-superconducting ground state of the underdoped high temperature superconductors
B. S. Tan,N. Harrison,Z. Zhu,F. F. Balakirev,B. J. Ramshaw,A. Srivastava,S. A. Sabok,B. Dabrowski,G. G. Lonzarich,Suchitra E. Sebastian
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1504164112
Abstract: The normal state in the hole underdoped copper oxide superconductors has proven to be a source of mystery for decades. The measurement of a small Fermi surface by quantum oscillations on suppression of superconductivity by high applied magnetic fields, together with complementary spectroscopic measurements in the hole underdoped copper oxide superconductors, point to a nodal electron pocket from charge order in YBa2Cu3O6+x. Here we report quantum oscillation measurements in the closely related stoichiometric material YBa2Cu4O8, which reveal similar Fermi surface properties to YBa2Cu3O6+x, despite an absence of charge order signatures in the same spectroscopic techniques such as x-ray diffraction that revealed signatures of charge order in YBa2Cu3O6+x. Fermi surface reconstruction in YBa2Cu4O8 is suggested to occur from magnetic field enhancement of charge order that is rendered fragile in zero magnetic fields because of its potential unconventional symmetry, and/or its occurrence as a subsidiary to more robust underlying electronic correlations.
Coherent c-axis transport in the underdoped cuprate superconductor YBCO
B. Vignolle,B. J. Ramshaw,James Day,David LeBoeuf,Stephane Lepault,Ruixing Liang,W. N. Hardy,D. A. Bonn,Louis Taillefer,Cyril Proust
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.224524
Abstract: The electrical resistivity rho_c of the underdoped cuprate superconductor YBCO was measured perpendicular to the CuO_2 planes on ultra-high quality single crystals in magnetic fields large enough to suppress superconductivity. The incoherent insulating-like behavior of rho_c at high temperature, characteristic of all underdoped cuprates, is found to cross over to a coherent regime of metallic behavior at low temperature. This crossover coincides with the emergence of the small electron pocket detected in the Fermi surface of YBCO via quantum oscillations, the Hall and Seebeck coefficients and with the detection of a unidirectional modulation of the charge density as seen by high-field NMR measurements. The low coherence temperature is quantitatively consistent with the small hopping integral t_perp inferred from the splitting of the quantum oscillation frequencies. We conclude that the Fermi-surface reconstruction in YBCO at dopings from p = 0.08 to at least p = 0.15, attributed to stripe order, produces a metallic state with 3D coherence deep in the underdoped regime.
Bounding the pseudogap with a line of phase transitions in YBCO cuprate superconductors
Arkady Shekhter,B. J. Ramshaw,Ruixing Liang,W. N. Hardy,D. A. Bonn,Fedor F. Balakirev,Ross D. McDonald,Jon B. Betts,Scott C. Riggs,Albert Migliori
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1038/nature12165
Abstract: Close to optimal doping, the copper oxide superconductors show 'strange metal' behavior, suggestive of strong fluctuations associated with a quantum critical point. Such a critical point requires a line of classical phase transitions terminating at zero temperature near optimal doping inside the superconducting 'dome'. The underdoped region of the temperature-doping phase diagram from which superconductivity emerges is referred to as the 'pseudogap' because evidence exists for partial gapping of the conduction electrons, but so far there is no compelling thermodynamic evidence as to whether the pseudogap is a distinct phase or a continuous evolution of physical properties on cooling. Here we report that the pseudogap in YBCO cuprate superconductors is a distinct phase, bounded by a line of phase transitions. The doping dependence of this line is such that it terminates at zero temperature inside the superconducting dome. From this we conclude that quantum criticality drives the strange metallic behavior and therefore superconductivity in the cuprates.
Disorder induced power-law response of a superconducting vortex on a plane
N. Shapira,Y. Lamhot,O. Shpielberg,Y. Kafri,B. J. Ramshaw,D. A. Bonn,Ruixing Liang,W. N. Hardy,O. M. Auslaender
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.100501
Abstract: We report drive-response experiments on individual superconducting vortices on a plane, a realization for a 1+1-dimensional directed polymer in random media. For this we use magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices trapped on a twin boundary in YBCO near optimal doping. We find that when we drag a vortex with the magnetic tip it moves in a series of jumps. As theory suggests the jump-size distribution does not depend on the applied force and is consistent with power-law behavior. The measured power is much larger than widely accepted theoretical calculations.
Vortex Lattice Melting and Hc2 in underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy
B. J. Ramshaw,James Day,Baptiste Vignolle,David LeBoeuf,P. Dosanjh,Cyril Proust,Louis Taillefer,Ruixing Liang,W. N. Hardy,D. A. Bonn
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.174501
Abstract: Vortices in a type-II superconductor form a lattice structure that melts when the thermal displacement of the vortices is an appreciable fraction of the distance between vortices. In an anisotropic high-Tc superconductor, such as YBa2Cu3Oy, the magnetic field value where this melting occurs can be much lower than the mean-field critical field Hc2. We examine this melting transition in YBa2Cu3Oy with oxygen content y from 6.45 to 6.92, and fit the data to a theory of vortex-lattice melting. The quality of the fits indicates that the transition to a resistive state is indeed the vortex lattice melting transition, with the shape of the melting curves being consistent with the known change in penetration depth anisotropy from underdoped to optimally doped YBa2Cu3Oy. From the fits we extract Hc2(T = 0) as a function of hole doping. The unusual doping dependence of Hc2(T =0) points to some form of electronic order competing with superconductivity around 0.12 hole doping.
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