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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 272684 matches for " B. H. Durgesh "
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Anterior Crossbite Correction in Early Mixed Dentition Period Using Catlan's Appliance: A Case Report
Prashanth Prakash,B. H. Durgesh
ISRN Dentistry , 2011, DOI: 10.5402/2011/298931
Abstract:
Malocclusion Pattern (Angle's) in Mauritian Orthodontic Patients
B. H. Durgesh,Prashanth Prakash,Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah,Basavaraj Subashchandra Phulari
ISRN Dentistry , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/210306
Abstract:
Malocclusion Pattern (Angle's) in Mauritian Orthodontic Patients
B. H. Durgesh,Prashanth Prakash,Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah,Basavaraj Subashchandra Phulari,Abdul Aziz A. Al Kheraif
ISRN Dentistry , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/210306
Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the pattern of malocclusion in different ethnic group of Mauritian population visiting the Orthodontic Department at Mauras College of Dentistry and Hospital, Republic of Mauritius. The study population comprised of 624 patients who visited the orthodontic department during 2010. The clinical examination was conducted by a well-calibrated orthodontist. The data were recorded in the case sheets and was analyzed for presence of angles class I, class II, and class III malocclusion in both male and female patients of Asian, African, Caucasian, and Chinese ethnicity aged 5–55 years. Malocclusion was found to be high in females compared to males. 414 patients (150 male?+?264 female) presented with class I, 182 patients (52 male?+?130 female) presented with class II, and 28 patients (12 male + 16 female) presented with class III. Asian ethnic group were more affected and patient seeking orthodontic treatment was high in 11–15 years age group. 1. Introduction Mauritius is a sparkling crystal in the turquoise waters of the Indian ocean. The island has maintained one of the developing world's most successful democracies and has enjoyed years of constitutional order and also the most developed of the Mascarene Islands; the contrast of colors, cultures, and tastes makes the island very charming. Mauras College of Dentistry and Hospital is the only fully functional college in the island providing good service in dental health care sector. There is hardly any study on pattern of malocclusion done on the Mauritian patients seeking orthodontic treatment. So this study aims at understanding the level of malocclusion present and evaluates the treatment need in different age group, sex, and ethnicity of Mauritian orthodontic patients. The epidemiological data on the prevalence of malocclusion is an important determinant in planning appropriate levels of orthodontic treatment [1]. A large number of epidemiological studies have been carried out to determine the prevalence of malocclusion in different racial and ethnic groups and the reported incidences varied in different populations [2–6]. The Angle’s classification method has been widely used as a qualitative epidemiological tool for malocclusion assessment [7]. 2. Materials and Methods The orthodontic records of 624 patients who attended the Department of Orthodontics at Mauras College of Dentistry were taken as the study population. Patients with a history of previous orthodontic treatment or with systemic disease, craniofacial deformities, or syndrome and patients with incomplete
Insulinoma Presenting with Long-Standing Depression, Primary Hypogonadism, and Sertoli Cell Only Syndrome
Usman H. Malabu,Durgesh Gowda,Yong Mong Tan
Case Reports in Endocrinology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/926385
Abstract: The aim was to report an unusual case of insulinoma presenting with long-standing depression and primary testicular failure. We describe a 34-year-old male with clinical, laboratory, and radiologic data consistent with islet cell tumor and seminiferous tubule failure primary hypogonadism. The literature is reviewed relative to the component of this syndrome, and a possible association is discussed. The subject was investigated for a long-standing history of depression requiring medical attention because of mental confusion and slurred speech and was found to have an insulinoma. He was diagnosed with primary gonadal failure and physical examination showed no evidence of dysmorphic features. Chromosomal analysis revealed normal 46 XY and testicular biopsy showed Sertoli cell only syndrome (SCOS). Biochemistry revealed endogenous hyperinsulinism and histology confirmed an islet cell tumor. He remained euglycemic postoperatively and on followup. From this report, we emphasize drawing clinicians' attention to the possibility of an association between insulinoma and primary testicular failure and suggest consideration of this diagnosis in patients with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism who may present with infertility. 1. Introduction Primary infertility and insulinoma have not been elucidated previously. Here, we report a patient with a history of long-standing symptoms of depression and hypogonadism and neuroglycopenic symptoms of recurrent episodic hypoglycemia. At presentation he complained of slurred speech, double vision, and feeling of blackout. Further assessment also revealed reduced libido and erectile dysfunction. Laboratory evaluation showed elevated serum FSH, azoospermia, and fasting hyperinsulinism confirmed to be an islet cell tumor. Hypoglycemic symptoms resolved following partial pancreatectomy. 2. Case Report A 34-year-old male was referred for further assessment of insulinoma in 2011. Prior to that he had several years of depression including suicidal thoughts and had been seeing a clinical psychologist. His symptoms were that of episodic slurred speech, double vision, and blackout. The symptoms were worsened by exertion as evidenced by several home blood glucose readings of ≤2?mmol/L. He was never sexually active and did not smoke, drink alcohol, or use any recreational drugs or hypoglycemic medications. There was no family history of diabetes or hypoglycemia. Clinical examination revealed body weight to be 65?kg, height 174.6?cm, and body mass index 21.4?kg/m2. No evidence of disproportionate body segments was found. He had normal body and
Inhibiting Sperm Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex and Its E3 Subunit, Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Affects Fertilization in Syrian Hamsters
Archana B. Siva, Subbarayalu Panneerdoss, Purnima Sailasree, Durgesh K. Singh, Duvurri B. Kameshwari, Sisinthy Shivaji
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097916
Abstract: Background/Aims The importance of sperm capacitation for mammalian fertilization has been confirmed in the present study via sperm metabolism. Involvement of the metabolic enzymes pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) and its E3 subunit, dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLD) in hamster in vitro fertilization (IVF) via in vitro sperm capacitation is being proposed through regulation of sperm intracellular lactate, pH and calcium. Methodology and Principal Findings Capacitated hamster spermatozoa were allowed to fertilize hamster oocytes in vitro which were then assessed for fertilization, microscopically. PDHc/DLD was inhibited by the use of the specific DLD-inhibitor, MICA (5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid). Oocytes fertilized with MICA-treated (MT) [and thus PDHc/DLD-inhibited] spermatozoa showed defective fertilization where 2nd polar body release and pronuclei formation were not observed. Defective fertilization was attributable to capacitation failure owing to high lactate and low intracellular pH and calcium in MT-spermatozoa during capacitation. Moreover, this defect could be overcome by alkalinizing spermatozoa, before fertilization. Increasing intracellular calcium in spermatozoa pre-IVF and in defectively-fertilized oocytes, post-fertilization rescued the arrest seen, suggesting the role of intracellular calcium from either of the gametes in fertilization. Parallel experiments carried out with control spermatozoa capacitated in medium with low extracellular pH or high lactate substantiated the necessity of optimal sperm intracellular lactate levels, intracellular pH and calcium during sperm capacitation, for proper fertilization. Conclusions This study confirms the importance of pyruvate/lactate metabolism in capacitating spermatozoa for successful fertilization, besides revealing for the first time the importance of sperm PDHc/ DLD in fertilization, via the modulation of sperm intracellular lactate, pH and calcium during capacitation. In addition, the observations made in the IVF studies in hamsters suggest that capacitation failures could be a plausible cause of unsuccessful fertilization encountered during human assisted reproductive technologies, like IVF and ICSI. Our studies indicate a role of sperm capacitation in the post-penetration events during fertilization.
Mobile Agent Based Expert System for Distributed Network Management
Neeraj Nehra,Naveen Kumar Gondhi,Durgesh Pant,R.B. Patel
Information Technology Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Network Management is a service that employs a variety of tools, applications and devices to assist human network managers in monitoring and maintaining networks. The existing Network Management solutions provide inadequate coverage of functional areas of heterogeneous network leading to degrading level of performance and reliability. However, these key issues should be properly tackled for efficient Network Management. This research proposes an Expert System for creation of an Intelligent Network Management Solution for Distributed Networks using Mobile Agents. In this study, we explore how to take advantage of the Expert System Technology and Mobile Agents to build High Performance Network Management Solution.
Detection and Prevention of New and Unknown Malware using Honeypots
Shishir Kumar,Durgesh Pant
International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering , 2009,
Abstract: Security has become ubiquitous in every domain today as newly emerging malware pose an ever-increasing perilous threat to systems. Consequently, honeypots are fast emerging as an indispensible forensic tool for the analysis of malicious network traffic. Honeypots can be considered to be traps for hackers and intruders and are generally deployed complimentary to Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) in a network. They help system administrators perform a rigorous analysis of external and internal attacks on their networks. They are also used by security firms and research labs to capture the latest variants of malware. However, honeypots would serve a slightly different purpose in our proposed system. We intend to use honeypots for generating and broadcasting instant cures for new and unknown malware in a network. The cures which will be in the form of on-the-fly anti-malware signatures would spread in a fashion that is similar to the way malware spreads across networks. The most striking advantage of implementing this technology is that an effective initial control can be exercised on malware. Proposed system would be capable of providing cures for new fatal viruses which have not yet been discovered by prime security firms of the world.
Prevalence and antibacterial susceptibility pattern of Urinary Tract Infection Causing Human Pathogenic Bacteria
Durgesh Dharmpal Wasnik
Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Toxigenic strains of Escherichia coli are common enteric The present studywas conducted to detect common pathogens of urinary tract infection (UTI)and their susceptibility pattern to the commonly used antimicrobial agents inlocal scenario. Urinary tract infection is one of the common clinical conditionsin the patients presenting to the clinics and hospitals. Despite the widespreadavailability of antibiotics, it remains the most common bacterial infection inthe human being. Detection of common pathogens and their antimicrobialsusceptibility pattern is mandatory for effective treatment. In the presentstudy, 40 urine samples were collected from adult patients were analyzed forMultidrug Resistant (MDR) strain isolation and identified. The MDR strainswere identified by the Kirby Bauer method following the definition of theNational Committee of Clinical Laboratory Standards. Out of total 40 samples,32 (80%) samples grew potential pathogens causing UTI. Escherichia coli werethe predominant 10 (31.25%) isolates causing UTI, followed byStaphylococcus aureus -8 (25%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa- 5 (15.62%),Proteus mirabilis -5 (15.62%), Klebsiella pneumoniae -2 (6.25%) and Serratiamarcescens – 2 (6.25%). The mean sensitivity of the antibiotics wasTetracyclin (76.66%), Penicillin (70.83%), Ciprofloxacin (60%). S. aureusshowed 75% resistance to Methicillin, Oxacillin and Vancomycin.Uropathogens are sensitive to Norfloxacin, Co-trimoxazole and Ofloxacin.High prevalence of drug-resistant urinary tract pathogens, particularly toTetracylin, Penicillin and Ampicillin among local patients suggests cautioususe of antibiotic therapy for the treatment. Finally, we suggest that empiricalantibiotic selection should be based on knowledge of the local prevalence ofbacterial organisms and antibiotic sensitivities rather than on universalguidelines.
Music Preferences, Music Engagement and Healing
Durgesh K. Upadhyay
International Journal of Social Science and Humanity , 2013, DOI: 10.7763/ijssh.2013.v3.246
Abstract: Present paper aimed to explore and understand the nature of engagement of college students with music, their music preferences and their experiences of ‘healing through music’. A questionnaire, consisted of nine questions including trio of closed, open-ended and open-ended questions with partial pre-coding, was administered on two compare groups, music listeners (n1=44) and music learners (n2=45) of college students (N=89) from two universities. These two comparable groups were found having effect in terms of differences in students’ nature of music engagement, their music preferences, and their subjective healing experiences. Findings of this study provide insight about the musical taste, the relationships between affective state and music listening, and the manifold and multilevel healing experiences with music of both music listeners and learners. These findings may be useful in designing the music intervention plans to alleviate the human sufferings and in turn to promote psychological health and well-being in so called normal population.
Evidenced Based Education in Dentistry: Can it be Implemented in India?
Durgesh N Bailoor
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology , 2011,
Abstract: The current method of dental and medical training is dependent on Professors, Obsolete Text books and opinion of the seniors who are often dogmatic and unresponsive to new ideas. Such a method is insufficient to carry on life long clinical practice in a very competent manner.The younger doctors are computer savvy, inquisitive and want to know more. In this climate the old system of education stifles them and kills their creativity. We in India are known for hard work, logical reasoning and cultural strengths. We have to incorporate this evidence based education into our mainstream medical, dental and nursing education if we are going to maintain and provide the personnel for the whole global village. The critical feature of EBES (Education Based Education system) is that the dentists, when faced with any problem in the clinical context of a patient, should be able to: perform a literature search; identify the evidence available pertaining to the clinical condition; critically evaluate it and determine the “Best Evidence” to diagnose / treat / manage the patient. The crux of the matter in this cycle is the ability of the dentist to search and retrieve the literature in the shortest possible time in an efficient manner and apply it in practice.
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