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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 146414 matches for " B. Gl?ser "
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The Dynamics of Terminology: A Descriptive Theory of Term Formation and Terminological Growth.
R Gl ser
Lexikos , 2004,
Abstract: Kyo Kageura. The Dynamics of Terminology: A Descriptive Theory of Term Formation and Terminological Growth. 2002, viii + 323 pp. ISBN 90 272 2328 9 (Eur.) / 1 58811 314 0 (US). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Price: €92/US$92 (Hb.).
Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive Approach.
R Gl ser
Lexikos , 2004,
Abstract: Rita Temmerman. Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive Approach. 2000, xv + 258 pp. ISBN 90 272 2326 2 (Eur.), 1 55619 772 1 (US) (Hb.). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Price: €75, US$75.
Should LSP Dictionaries also Include Professional Jargon and Slang?*
R Gl ser
Lexikos , 2000,
Abstract: The paper discusses the question whether an LSP dictionary should take the sociolinguistic stratification of the entire speech community in a particular domain of activity into consideration, and as a consequence, also encompass vocabulary on the lower stylistic levels, such as professional jargon and occupational slang in addition to technical terminology and nomenclature. The author's contention is that by including such vocabulary, an LSP dictionary will be more comprehensive and closer to the communicative reality. Moreover, it will meet the more specific requirements of translators and interpreters. To substantiate this claim, the author examined two monolingual English dictionaries and five bilingual English-German (German-English) dictionaries published between 1973 and 2000, which have successfully incorporated professional jargon and slang. The subject areas covered range from law, economics, accountancy and business administration to geology, geophysics, geotectonics, and to automotive engineering. Some lexicographers have used style markers or usage labels (such as informal, colloquial, slang, vulgar, umgangssprachlich, f rmlich, gehoben, finance, motoring, press) for vocabulary bearing stylistic or expressive connotations. As a rule, these style markers have only been given to key words of the source language so that they may be inferred for the target language equivalent. Ideally, as one dictionary author has proved, style markers should also be attached to target language equivalents. However, an LSP lexicographer must be aware of the fact that informal and slang words may be short-lived and be substituted by other colloquial and colourful words from oral communication — and that slang words may gradually lose their connotations and become stylistically neutral words and even terms.
Rita Temmerman. Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive Approach
Rosemarie Glser
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/14--709
Abstract: This book appeared as Volume 3 in the Series Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice edited by Helmi Sonneveld and Sue-Ellen Wright. The author, Rita Temmerman, presently working at the Erasmus Hogeschool, Brussels and specialising in problems of terminology in various domains of the life sciences, presents a polemical, stimulating and innovative monograph which continues and deepens her previous research work. Her doctoral dissertation (Louvain 1998) focused on Terminology Beyond Standardisation: Language and Categorisation in the Life Sciences. The aim of the book under review, Towards New Ways of Terminology Description: The Sociocognitive Approach, is to elaborate a new theory, method and application of terminology research which seeks to overcome the obvious limitations of traditional terminology as chiefly represented by the Vienna School (Eugen W?ster, Helmut Felber, Infoterm and associated institutions).
Should LSP Dictionaries. also Include Professional Jargon and Slang?
Rosemarie Glser
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/10--888
Abstract: : The paper discusses the question whether an LSP dictionary should take the sociolinguistic stratification of the entire speech community in a particular domain of activity into consideration, and as a consequence, also encompass vocabulary on the lower stylistic levels, such as professional jargon and occupational slang in addition to technical terminology and nomenclature. The author's contention is that by including such vocabulary, an LSP dictionary will be more comprehensive and closer to the communicative reality. Moreover. it will meet the more specific requirements of translators and interpreters. To substantiate this claim, the author examined two monolingual English dictionaries and five bilingual English-German (German-English) dictionaries published between 1973 and 2000, which have successfully incorporated professional jargon and slang. The subject areas covered range from law, economics, accountancy and business administration to geology, geophysics, geotectonics, and to automotive engineering. Some lexicographers have used style markers or usage labels (such as informal, colloquial, slang, vulgar, umgangssprach/ ich, fdrmlich, gelwben, finance, motoring, press) for vocabulary bearing stylistic or expressive connotations. As a rule, these style markers have only been given to key words of the source language so that they may be inferred for the target language equivalent. Ideally, as one dictionary author has proved, style markers should also be attached to target language equivalents. However, an LSP lexicographer must be aware of the fact that informal and slang words may be short-lived and be substituted by other colloquial and colourful words from oral communication - and that slang words may gradually lose their connotations and become stylistically neutral words and even terms. Keywords: LSP DICTIONARY, TECHNICAL TERM, ITEM OF NOMENCLATURE, TRIVIAL (POPULAR) NAME, PROFESSIONAL JARGON, OCCUPATIONAL SLANG, TRADE NAME, CONNOTATION, STYLISTIC LEVEL/LEVEL OF STYLE, STYLE MARKER, USAGE LABEL, MONOLINGUAL/BILINGUAL DICTIONARY, SOCIOLINGUISTIC STRATIFICATION OF THE SPEECH COMMUNITY Zusammenfassung: Sollen Fachworterbiicher auch Berufsjargon und Slangeinbeziehen? Der Artike1 erortert das Problem, ob ein Fachworterbuch auch die soziolinguistischeSchichtung der gesamten Kommunikationsgemeinschaft eines Fachgebietes beriicksichtigen und folgJich neben der Terminologie und Nomenklatur auch den Wortschatz der unteren Stilebenen,wie Berofsjargon und -slang, einbeziehen sollte. Die Autorin geht von der These aus, daBdurch die Einbeziehung dieses Wo
Kyo Kageura. The Dynamics of Terminology: A Descriptive Theory of Term Formation and Terminological Growth.
Rosemarie Glser
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/14--705
Abstract: This monograph was issued as Volume 5 in the series Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice, edited by Marie-Claude L'Homme and Ulrich Heid and assisted by Juan C. Sager as Consulting Editor. The Japanese author, Kyo Kageura, does research work at the National Institute of Informatics in Tokyo. His theoretical background and methodological experience in term formation patterns and processes were influenced by intensive cooperation with European terminologists since the 1990s, notably the British linguists Juan C. Sager (Manchester, UMIST) and Yorick Wilks (Sheffield), and R. Harald Baayan in the Netherlands.
Forschen mit und ohne Kodieren: Zwei Analysemethoden für die ersten Auswertungsschritte in der erkl renden qualitativen Forschung Life With and Without Coding: Two Methods for Early-Stage Data Analysis in Qualitative Research Aiming at Causal Explanations
Jochen Glser,Grit Laudel
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2013,
Abstract: Qualitative Forschung, die "mechanismische" Erkl rungen konstruieren will, muss die bereits existierende Theorie mit in den Daten gefundenen Mustern integrieren, was eine besondere Herausforderung für qualitative Datenanalyse darstellt. In diesem Artikel diskutieren wir die Nutzung zweier Methoden – Kodieren und qualitative Inhaltsanalyse – als erste Schritte im Prozess der Datenanalyse. Beide Methoden produzieren durch Kategorien strukturierte Datenbasen, die für die Suche nach Mustern in den Daten und deren Integration in systematische, theoretisch eingebettete Erkl rungen genutzt werden kann. Wenn es als separate Methode au erhalb des Grounded-Theory-Ansatzes genutzt wird, führt Kodieren auf einen indizierten Text, d.h. der Text selbst und die seinen Index bildenden Kodes werden in den folgenden Schritten weiter verarbeitet. Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse extrahiert die relevanten Informationen (separiert sie vom Text) und verarbeitet sie getrennt weiter. Die qualitative Inhaltsanalyse scheint dem Kodieren überlegen, wenn Forschungsfragen aus der Theorie abgeleitet werden und ihre Beantwortung auf Informationen über die relative Position von Aussagen in Texten verzichten kann, was bei der Suche nach "mechanismischen" Erkl rungen h ufig der Fall ist. Kodieren scheint überlegen, wenn Forschungsfragen st rker explorativer Natur sind oder die Position von Informationen im Text für die Beantwortung der Forschungsfragen relevant ist. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs130254 Qualitative research aimed at "mechanismic" explanations poses specific challenges to qualitative data analysis because it must integrate existing theory with patterns identified in the data. We explore the utilization of two methods—coding and qualitative content analysis—for the first steps in the data analysis process, namely "cleaning" and organizing qualitative data. Both methods produce an information base that is structured by categories and can be used in the subsequent search for patterns in the data and integration of these patterns into a systematic, theoretically embedded explanation. Used as a stand-alone method outside the grounded theory approach, coding leads to an indexed text, i.e. both the original text and the index (the system of codes describing the content of text segments) are subjected to further analysis. Qualitative content analysis extracts the relevant information, i.e. separates it from the original text, and processes only this information. We suggest that qualitative content analysis has advantages compared to coding whenever the research questi
Re-Analyse als Vergleich von Konstruktionsleistungen Re-analysis as a Comparison of Constructions El re-analysis como una comparación de construcciones
Jochen Glser,Grit Laudel
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2000,
Abstract: Sekund ranalysen sind vor allem deshalb von methodologischem Interesse, weil sie es erlauben, die Konstruktionsleistungen zu vergleichen, die in die Auswertung qualitativer Daten eingehen und in eine theoretische Interpretation des empirischen Materials münden. Re-Analysen spitzen diesen Vergleich noch einmal zu, weil sie sich auf dieselbe Datenbasis beziehen und eine der Prim runtersuchung entstammende Frage behandeln. Die diesem Beitrag zugrunde liegende Re-Analyse nutzte Transkripte von Leitfadeninterviews, die im SFB 186 in Bremen archiviert sind. Ein Ergebnis der Prim rstudie wurde auf eine Hypothese zugespitzt, die mit einer qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse geprüft wurde. Der Vergleich von Prim rstudie und Re-Analyse deckt einige kritische Entscheidungen auf, die die Datenauswertung in unterschiedliche Richtungen steuern und zu gegens tzlichen Ergebnissen führen k nnen. Solche Entscheidungen bleiben gew hnlich implizit und werden nur thematisiert, wenn Widersprüche zwischen Ergebnissen erkl rt werden müssen. Ein zweites Ergebnis betrifft typische Gefahren von Prim rstudien und Sekund ranalysen. Erstere scheinen einem "Gestaltschlie ungszwang" zu unterliegen: Im Bestreben, den Daten einen Sinn zu geben, werden Datenlücken durch Plausibilit tsbetrachtungen geschlossen und Gegenevidenz vernachl ssigt. Sekund rstudien haben vor allem das Problem, dass sie durch die vorg ngige Erhebung thematisch und methodisch beschr nkt werden. Ein Ergebnis betrifft die mit der Archivierung und Anonymisierung verbundenen Informationsverluste. Sie haben die Re-Analyse anscheinend wenig beeintr chtigt. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0003257 An interesting methodological aspect of secondary analysis is that it enables comparisons between constructions that constitute qualitative data analysis. This comparison is even more focused if a reanalysis is conducted, that means an analysis that reexamines both the primary study's data and the primary study's research question. In this article, a reanalysis is described that used interviews from the archive at the Special Collaborative Centre 186 (Sfb 186). One of the primary study's results was formulated as a hypothesis and subsequently "tested" by conducting a qualitative content analysis of the interviews. A comparison of primary study and reanalysis reveals critical decisions which may lead the data analyses to different results. These decisions are usually made implicitly and will show up only if contradictions between results are explained. As a second result of the comparison, typical threats to primary and secondary analyses are dis
Peripheral endothelial dysfunction is associated with gas exchange inefficiency in smokers
Sven Glser, Anne Obst, Christian F Opitz, Marcus D?rr, Stephan B Felix, Klaus Empen, Henry V?lzke, Ralf Ewert, Christoph Sch?per, Beate Koch
Respiratory Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1465-9921-12-53
Abstract: The study population was comprised of 1416 volunteers 25 to 85 years old. Oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold (VO2@AT), peak exercise (peakVO2) and ventilatory efficiency (VE vs. VCO2 slope and VE/VCO2@AT) were assessed on a breath-by-breath basis during incremental symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise. FMD and NMD measurements at rest were performed using standardised ultrasound techniques.Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed a significant association between FMD and ventilatory efficiency in current smokers but not in ex-smokers or non-smokers. There was no association between FMD and VO2@AT or peak VO2. In current smokers, for each one millimetre decrement in FMD, VE/VCO2@AT improved by -3.6 (95% CI -6.8, -0.4) in the overall population [VE vs. VCO2 slope -3.9 (-7.1, -0.6)]. These results remained robust after adjusting for all major influencing factors. Neither exercise capacity nor ventilatory efficiency was significantly associated with NMD.In current smokers, FMD is significantly associated with ventilatory efficiency. This result may be interpreted as a potential clinical link between smoking and early pulmonary vasculopathy due to smoking.Endothelial dysfunction represents an early, subclinical stage of vascular dysfunction that precedes the development of atherosclerosis [1] and predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality [2]. Its potential association with the functional capacity of the cardiovascular, pulmonary and muscular systems assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has been shown in small groups of young [3,4] and old, healthy individuals [5,6]. Usually, endothelial function is assessed by measuring flow-mediated dilation (FMD) using ultrasound. Occasionally, FMD is described in comparison to nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD) as a surrogate of endothelial-independent vasoregulation. These measurements can be conducted in various vascular regions [7,8]; however, for feasibility reasons, this vascular response
Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis – The Predictive Value of Exercise Capacity and Gas Exchange Efficiency
Sven Glser, Anne Obst, Beate Koch, Beate Henkel, Anita Grieger, Stephan B. Felix, Michael Halank, Leonhard Bruch, Tom Bollmann, Christian Warnke, Christoph Sch?per, Ralf Ewert
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065643
Abstract: Exercise capacity and survival of patients with IPF is potentially impaired by pulmonary hypertension. This study aims to investigate diagnostic and prognostic properties of gas exchange during exercise and lung function in IPF patients with or without pulmonary hypertension. In a multicentre setting, patients with IPF underwent right heart catheterization, cardiopulmonary exercise and lung function testing during their initial evaluation. Mortality follow up was evaluated. Seventy-three of 135 patients [82 males; median age of 64 (56; 72 years)] with IPF had pulmonary hypertension as assessed by right heart catheterization [median mean pulmonary arterial pressure 34 (27; 43) mmHg]. The presence of pulmonary hypertension was best predicted by gas exchange efficiency for carbon dioxide (cut off ≥152% predicted; area under the curve 0.94) and peak oxygen uptake (≤56% predicted; 0.83), followed by diffusing capacity. Resting lung volumes did not predict pulmonary hypertension. Survival was best predicted by the presence of pulmonary hypertension, followed by peak oxygen uptake [HR 0.96 (0.93; 0.98)]. Pulmonary hypertension in IPF patients is best predicted by gas exchange efficiency during exercise and peak oxygen uptake. In addition to invasively measured pulmonary arterial pressure, oxygen uptake at peak exercise predicts survival in this patient population.
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