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Alternative Dispute Resolution on Margin Trading Close out at Stock Exchange in India: A Case Study Approach  [PDF]
B. Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.85053
Abstract: The paper examines compliances of the margin trading rules and regulations of the Stock Exchange by trading members while serving their clients in the securities market in India. The paper applies case study approach to study the trading practices of trading members on Indian Stock Exchange systems and identifies the nature of securities market’s misuses and abuses. The paper identifies how trading members are violating and avoiding the regulatory compliances. The paper provides inputs for the development of appropriate regulatory framework for prevention of violations of rules and regulations in Indian securities market, prevention of capital market abuses and enables the investor protection. The limitation in a case study approach, the research findings and results may lack generalizability. The results may be generalized in the emerging markets. Hence, researchers are encouraged to study results further in other developed countries. The results provide critical perspectives on regulatory challenges and encourage the regulatory authorities to issue relevant guidelines to stock brokers to prevent from non-compliances of margin trading rules.
Arbitration on Margin Positions Liquidation at Stock Exchange in India  [PDF]
B. Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.810110
Abstract: The paper investigates compliances of margin trading rules and regulations of the Stock Exchange by stock brokers in India. Trading practices, misuses and abuses of securities market by trading members have been discussed in detail in this paper. It highlights how some trading members violate the margin trading rules and misinterpret the regulatory compliances. The award provides inputs for the development of appropriate regulatory framework for the securities market. A discussion on capital market abuses would promote customer education and their curtailment by the competent authority. The limitation of the findings may lack generalizability. However, the results may be generalized in the emerging markets environment. Hence, researchers are advised to understand the facts of the case, analyze it in terms of stock exchange regulations, appreciate the appropriateness of the award, and apply the same in their future research activities in some other similar contexts in India and abroad.
ADR on Unauthorized Liquidation of Futures Positions at the Stock Exchange in India: An Empirical Study  [PDF]
B. Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.811156
Abstract: The paper investigates margin rules, and regulations of Futures segment of Stock Exchanges in India and practices followed by stock brokers of the Stock Exchanges. Trading practices, misuses and abuses of securities market by trading members have been identified and analyzed. It finds how trading members violate of trading rules, misinterpret regulatory compliances and indulge unauthorized trading. The findings and conclusions provide inputs for the development of appropriate regulatory framework for the futures segment of securities market. However, the results may be generalized only in the emerging markets environment. Hence, researchers are suggested to study margin guidelines of futures market, appreciate the dynamics of futures market and apply the same in their future research in India and abroad.
Arbitration on Unauthorized Trades by the Trading Member of the Stock Exchange: An Empirical Study  [PDF]
Dr. B. Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.76105
Abstract: This case is an appeal matter with the Stock Exchange on the award passed by the sole arbitrator with regard to a dispute between a client and trading member of the Stock Exchange. Mumbai Capitals Ltd. contended that the award passed by the arbitrator did not take into account of the evidences, supported documents and rules of stock exchange appropriately while determining the case matter and passing the award. Appellant challenged the Award on grounds that the award was beyond the scope of submissions to the arbitration, pre-mediated conclusion, non-application of mind, ignorance of established judicial principles, and misreading of the provisions of stock exchange. The Appellate Tribunal had to determine whether there had been any lapses on the part of the arbitrator in applying the trading rules and procedures of the exchange while analyzing the matter, determining the case and passing the award. Based on that, the Appellant Arbitral Tribunal had to decide whether to set aside the award passed by sole arbitrator, modify the award or uphold it.
Dispute Resolution on Unauthorized Trading in Indian Securities Market: A Case Study Approach  [PDF]
Bezawada Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.76123
Abstract: The paper examines the regulatory compliances of the trading rules and regulations of the Stock Exchanges by trading members while serving its clients in the securities market in India. The paper opted for a case study approach to study the unauthorised trading practices of trading members on Indian Stock Exchange system and identified the nature and complexity of securities market’s misuses and abuses. The paper identifies how trading members are violating and avoiding the compliances of trading regulations of the Stock Exchange. The paper provides empirical evidences and insights how the trading members were indulging in unauthorised trades and recovering the losses on account of unauthorised trades from the respective clients. The paper finds that these practices are not only violation of trading rules of the Stock Exchange but also unfair and unethical trading practices. The limitation in a case study approach, the research findings and results may lack generalizability. Hence, researchers are encouraged to study results in other countries. This paper provides inputs for the development of appropriate regulatory framework for prevention of unauthorised trading in Indian securities market, curtails capital market abuses and enables the investor protection. The findings and results provide critical perspectives on regulatory challenges and encourage the regulatory authorities to issue relevant guidelines to stock brokers to prevent executing unauthorised trades for clients. These guidelines will certainly prevent the menace of unauthorised trades and curtail capital market abuses and enhance investor protection.
Arbitration on Unauthorized Trading by the Trading Member of Indian Stock Exchange: An Empirical Study  [PDF]
Bezawada Brahmaiah
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.814182
Abstract: The paper investigates the unauthorized trading indulged in client’s accounts by the trading members of the stock exchanges. Trading systems, misuses and abuses of the securities market by trading members have been identified and analyzed. It finds how some trading members violate trading rules, misinterpret regulatory compliances and indulge unauthorized trading. The findings and conclusions provide inputs for the development of appropriate regulatory framework for the securities market. However, the results may be generalized in the emerging markets environment. Hence, researchers are advised to study trading practices, stock market operations, appreciate the dynamics of stock market and apply the same in their future research in India and abroad.
MODELING AND SIMULATION OF A NOVEL SERIES/PARALLEL VOLTAGE SOURCES MULTILEVEL INVERTER
N.SANTHOSH SINGH.B,,DR.B.BRAHMAIAH
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, a new topology of cascaded multilevel inverter with a high number of steps associated with a low number of switches is presented. A multilevel voltage is obtained by cascading two H-bridges and an inverter. Voltage sources are connected in series/parallel by the switching devices. The size, complexity and power consumption in the gate driving circuits is also reduced. Reduction of rating of the switches is another advantage. The total harmonic distortion (THD) is reduced with more number of steps in output voltage without using pulse width modulation techniques. The proposed setup configures theoretical approach along with simulations carried on MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. Simulation results are shown and compared with theoretical results.
Formulation and Dissolution Study of Valsartan Immediate Release Tablets
B. Brahmaiah*, K. Sasikanth, Sreekanth Nama , P.Suresh, Patan Adam Khan
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research , 2013,
Abstract: In the present study, design of oral immediate release tablets of Valsartan by direct compression techniquewas carried out. The main aim and objective of the work is to formulate immediate release tablets usingdifferent direct compression vehicles (DCV’S) in different ratios. The main motive is to compare thedissolution profile of these formulations and conclude the best formulation which release drug at a fasterrate. To determine the best fit dissolution profile for the dosage forms. Valsartan tablets were formulated byusing microcrystalline cellulose (diluents), potato starch, acacia (binder) and magnesium stearate(lubricant). The granules were compressed into tablets and were subjected to dissolution studies. Thedissolution profile of the formulation F2 was found to have better dissolution rate compared to others. TheIn-vitro dissolution studies of all the formulations were conducted and the results were obtained, it wasconcluded that formulation F2 was the best with fast release of drug compared to others.
Dividend Policy and Firm Valuation—A Study of Indian Electrical Equipment Manufacturing Industry  [PDF]
Brahmaiah Bezawada, Ravi Kumar Tati
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.75083
Abstract: Dividend policy relevance has been researched extensively, but little consensus has been built from the findings. There are many factors that affect a given firm’s dividend policy which can be found in the literature such as risk faced by the firm, cash flow situation of the firm, agency costs etc. According to Bhattacharya (1979) dividend decision of a firm can be seen as a source of signal which shows that profitable firms with good project investment opportunities will pay higher dividends to present themselves distinct from other firms which are having projects with lesser profits. This paper attempts to analyze whether the dividend policy of a firm affects the market value of a firm and the shareholders’ wealth. We have set our objective to find out the impact of dividend policy on the shareholders’ wealth in the Indian electrical equipment manufacturing industry. For this, we have adopted a sample of dividend paying electrical machinery manufacturing companies listed in Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). There were totally 439 companies in the industry of electrical machinery manufacturing. Out of them 194 companies were listed in the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and there were 72 companies paying dividends frequently. Therefore the data of these 72 companies were taken into consideration. Our study revealed the empirical evidence with some of the dividend irrelevance theories such as M&M. The results indicate that there is a negative non-linear association between market value of a share and the dividend yields.
Gender Based Emotion Recognition System for Telugu Rural Dialects Using Hidden Markov Models
Prasad Reddy P. V. G. D,A. Prasad,Y. Srinivas,P. Brahmaiah
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: Automatic emotion recognition in speech is a research area with a wide range of applications in human interactions. The basic mathematical tool used for emotion recognition is Pattern recognition which involves three operations, namely, pre-processing, feature extraction and classification. This paper introduces a procedure for emotion recognition using Hidden Markov Models (HMM), which is used to divide five emotional states: anger, surprise, happiness, sadness and neutral state. The approach is based on standard speech recognition technology using hidden continuous markov model by selection of low level features and the design of the recognition system. Emotional Speech Database from Telugu Rural Dialects of Andhra Pradesh (TRDAP) was designed using several speaker's voices comprising the emotional states. The accuracy of recognizing five different emotions for both genders of classification is 80% for anger-emotion which is achieved by using the best combination of 39-dimensioanl feature vector for every frame (13 MFCCs, 13 Delta Coefficients and 13 Acceleration Coefficients) and a classifier using HMM. This outcome very much matches with that acquired with the same database with subjective evaluation by human judges. Both gender-dependent and gender-independent experiments are conducted on TRDAP emotional speech database.
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