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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144372 matches for " B Abdesslam "
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Social determinants of reproductive health in Morocco
B Abdesslam
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2011,
Abstract: Moroccan population has known a growing demographic trend. However, beyond the global tendency, reproductive health remains characterised by inequalities and disparities between urban and rural, rich and poor, developed and deprived regions.In this study, we relied mainly on data and statistics provided by the last five censuses, the four Demographic Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, reports of international bodies and publications dealing mainly with health and development in the Arab World. During the last decades, fertility declined due to different parameters. Infant mortality decreased and should reach the corresponding Millennium Development Goal whereas maternal mortality has stayed nearly constant. The achievements accomplished in reproductive health remain insufficient. Family planning and contraception policies need to reach more women; and antenatal and postnatal care should be enhanced especially towards poor women living in rural areas and deprived regions.
Evolution of rural–urban health gaps in Morocco: 1992–2011
Boutayeb Abdesslam
BMC Research Notes , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-381
Abstract: The 2011 survey shows that Moroccan population is in the last phase of the demographic transition. The total fertility rate decreased from 5.6 children per woman in 1980 to 2.5 per woman in 2011. The mean age of first marriage increased from 24?years for men and 17.5?years for women in 1960 to 31.5?years and 26.3?years in 2011 for men and women, respectively. The age structure shows a trend of ageing population. A comparison with the 1992 NSPH indicates that adult illiteracy has decreased from 53% in 1992 to 37.6% in 2011.During the same time period, women’s access to maternal care and health services improved significantly. For instance, the proportion of deliveries assisted by skilled health personnel increased from 31% in 1992 to 73.6% in 2011. Between 1992 and 2011, neonatal, postnatal, infant and under-five mortality rates were reduced by 44%, 65%, 54% and 64%, respectively.This paper shows that average health indicators improved noticeably during the last two decades but rural–urban disparities are still a challenge for health decision makers. Socio-economic indicators, like illiteracy rate and unemployment, also demonstrate large gender inequalities. This preliminary analysis is designed to assist Moroccan health authorities to evaluate the current health situation in order to adopt cost-effective strategies that improve “health for all” and reduce the gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged populations.In addition to the general censuses of population (1960, 1972, 1982, 1994, 2004) [1], Moroccan authorities carry out regular surveys of population and family health (NSFFP 1980, NSPH 1992, SPFH 2004, NSPFH 2011) [2,3]. These surveys constitute valuable resources for monitoring socio-economic and health indicators. They allow health decision makers to adjust and optimize health strategies in order to improve health conditions of the whole population (on average) and they also offer updated measures on geographic disparities, socio-economic inequalities and he
Developing countries and neglected diseases: challenges and perspectives
Abdesslam Boutayeb
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-6-20
Abstract: At the dawn of the third millennium, while human rights and health equity are on all international agendas, millions of forgotten people are suffering from a dozen of neglected diseases (NDs). According to The World Health Organization (WHO), NDs are hidden diseases as they affect almost exclusively extremely poor populations living in remote areas beyond the reach of health services [1]. The European Parliament recognised that "to our shame, Neglected Diseases have not received the attention they deserve from EU actions" [2]. Focusing on the "big killers" like HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and other initiatives have generally given very little attention to the most neglected diseases, often mentioned just as "other disease" (Table 1)[3]. Criticizing the "inertia" and the delay taken in the response to the infectious diseases, the humanitarian organization Médecins sans Frontière (MSF) has been continuously attracting the international attention to stimulate more interest in the development and provision of treatments for the most neglected diseases [4]. Meanwhile, beyond mortality figures, NDs continue to cause severe and permanent disabilities and deformities affecting more than a billion people in the world and breeding millions of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) and important economic losses. Indeed, lymphatic filariasis(LF), leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, Buruli ulcer, cholera, cysticercosis, dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease), foodborne trematode infections, hydatidosis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis (ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm diseases), trachoma, trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), onchocerciasis, Chagas disease, dengue and others [Additional file 1] are responsible for impaired childhood growth, mental retardation, blindness, amputation and diverse disability conditions and hence they are impeding human development of many countries of Africa and Latin America (Tables 2 and 3)[1,5-8]. The situ
Social inequalities and health inequity in Morocco
Abdesslam Boutayeb
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-5-1
Abstract: Our study was based mainly on annual reports and regular publications released by the United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Health Organisation (WHO), The Moroccan Health Ministry and related papers published in international journals.As indicated by the last Arab Human Development Reports (AHDR 2002, AHDR 2003, AHDR 2004) and implicitly confirmed by the "National Initiative for Human Development" (NIHD) launched in May 2005 by the King of Morocco, many districts and shanty towns, urban or peri-urban, and a multitude of rural communes live in situations characterized by difficult access to basic social services of which education and health are examples.Recent evidence showed that improved health is more than a consequence of development. It is a central input into economic and social development and poverty reduction. Serious initiatives for human development should consider the reduction of social inequalities and health inequities as a first priority. Otherwise, the eventual development achieved cannot be sustained.According to the last census, Morocco has a population approaching 30 million people, experiencing a transition on different levels. In 2005, 55% of the population is living in urban areas, compared to 43% in 1982 and 29% in 1960. The Moroccan population is young, with 38% under the age of 14 years, and life expectancy at birth has increased from 65 in 1980 to 68.5 in 2004. The country has made good progress in the control of preventable childhood diseases but social inequalities and health inequities remain the major problems for the third millennium.Despite the diverse resources (agriculture, phosphates, fishing, potentialities for tourism, etc...) and the progress achieved during the last decade, the country still ranks 125th according to the Human Development Index (HDI) (UNDP, 2004)[1]. This unpleasant position is mainly explained by low income, high adult illiteracy, lack of generalized education, and health indi
Design and implementation of a platform for location-based services: a case study of GIS of archaeological and handicraft of Fez Medina
Essayad Abdesslam
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: The location-based services (LBS) allow users on the go with access to geographic data from micro-laptops, tablet PCs, personal digital assistants (PDA). These services refer to technologies GPRS2 UMTS3 and can use data on the spatial location of GPS devices in map. This paper presents a platform dedicated to the Medina of Fez, which will be an addition to the Moroccan strategy of development of handicrafts and tourism, called 'Vision 2015 Craft' and 'Vision 2020 tourism' which aims to raise Morocco among the 20 leading tourist destinations. The map used is of the Medina of Fez in SVG, with the language J2ME and J2EE technology.
The impact of HIV/AIDS on human development in African countries
Boutayeb Abdesslam
BMC Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-s1-s3
Abstract: Background In the present paper, we consider the impact of HIV/AIDS on human development in African countries, showing that, beyond health issues, this disease should and must be seen as a global development concern, affecting all components of human development. Consequently, we stress the necessity of multidisciplinary approaches that model, estimate and predict the real impact of HIV/AIDS on human development of African countries in order to optimise the strategies proposed by national countries, international institutions and their partners. Methods In our search strategy, we relied on secondary information, mainly through National Human Development Reports of some African countries and regular publications released by the United Nations (UN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank. We restricted ourselves to reports dealing explicitly with the impact of HIV/AIDS on human development in African countries. Results and discussion HIV/AIDS is affecting the global human development of African countries through its devastating impact on health and demographic indicators such as life expectancy at birth, healthcare assistance, age and sex distribution, economic indicators like income, work force, and economic growth, education and knowledge acquisition and other indicators like governance, gender inequality and human rights. Conclusion On the basis of the national reports reviewed, it appears clearly that HIV/AIDS is no longer a crisis only for the healthcare sector, but presents a challenge to all sectors. Consequently, HIV/AIDS is a development question and should be viewed as such. The disease is impeding development by imposing a steady decline in the key indicators of human development and hence reversing the social and economic gains that African countries are striving to attain. Being at the same time a cause and consequence of poverty and underdevelopment, it constitutes a challenge to human security and human development by diminishing the chances of alleviating poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, reducing child and maternal mortality, and ensuring environmental sustainability.
Unitarity constraints on scalar parameters of the Standard and Two Higgs Doublets Model
Abdesslam Arhrib
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: Unitarity constraints on the scalar parameters both for the Standard Model and the general Two Higgs Doublet Model (THDM) are examined. In the case of the THDM with an exact discrete symmetry transformation, we show that the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson ($M_h$) and $\tan\beta$ are strongly correlated and consequently a strong lower bound can be put on $M_h$ for large $\tan\beta$. It is also shown that the inclusion of the discrete symmetry breaking term relaxes the aforementioned correlation.
Dynamics of a disabled population in Morocco
Abdesslam Boutayeb, Abdelaziz Chetouani
BioMedical Engineering OnLine , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1475-925x-2-2
Abstract: In this paper, using specific parameter settings, partial differential equations are used to model the temporal change of the proportion of the disabled population in Morocco.Combining different forms and values of the parameters, a numerical method is proposed and three scenarios are considered. These forms and values are determined by data fitting and simulation.The experiments show clearly the dynamical evolution of the disabled population with time and age according to each scenario.Although the definition of disability may vary from one country to another, the handicapped population represents a special category which appeals for specific needs and more attention. Around the world, it is estimated that more than 10% of the population can be classified as disabled. However, the numbers given by different countries vary. In 1987, 32 million people of the United States were considered disabled, accounting for 13.5% of the total population [1]. A survey in the United Kingdom indicated in 1988 that 6.5 million people representing 14% of the population, could be disabled [2]. In Morocco, 10% of the population suffer from physical disability [3], whereas in China nearly 52 million, constituting 5% of the whole population were considered disabled according to a sampling survey carried out in 1988 [4]. Zhou and Li [5] considered a matrix model of the disabled population with application to Chinese data. Boutayeb and Derouich [6] stressed the effect of a natural " accumulation" with age in chronical diseases.In this paper we consider the disabled continuous model with age structure. The dynamics are modelled by hyperbolic partial differential equations with initial condition and a nonlocal boundary condition at the zero age. The presence of integral in the boundary condition is well known, accounting for the new born from the population. Numerical methods are proposed and simulation is carried out with different values of the parameters. Throughout this paper the terms d
Health indicators and human development in the Arab region
Abdesslam Boutayeb, Mansour Serghini
International Journal of Health Geographics , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-5-61
Abstract: Data analysis using Principal Components Analysis is used to compare the achievements of the Arab countries in terms of direct and indirect health indicators. The variables (indicators) are seen to be well represented on the circle of correlation, allowing for interesting interpretation and analysis. The 19 countries are projected on the first and second plane respectively.The results given by the present analysis give a good panorama of the Arab countries with their geographic similarities and disparities. The high correlation between health indicators and human development is well illustrated and consequently, countries are classified by groups having similar human development. The analysis shows clearly how health deficits are impeding human development in the majority of Arab countries and allows us to formulate suggestions to improve health conditions and enhance human development in the Arab World.The discussion is based on the link between different direct and indirect health indicators and the relationship between these indicators and human development index. Without including the GDP indicator, our analysis has shown that the 19 Arab countries may be classified, independently of their geographic proximity, in three different groups according to their global human development level (Low, Medium and High). Consequently, while identifying health deficiencies in each group, the focus was made on the countries presenting a high potential of improvement in health indicators. In particular, maternal mortality and infant mortality which are really challenging health authorities of the first and third group were critically discussed.The Arab countries have made substantial economic and social progress during the last decades by improving life expectancy and reducing maternal and infant mortality. However, considering its natural wealth and human resources, the Arab region has accomplished less than expected in terms of human development. Huge social inequalities and
The burden of non communicable diseases in developing countries
Abdesslam Boutayeb, Saber Boutayeb
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-4-2
Abstract: Data from national registries and international organisms are collected, compared and analyzed. The focus is made on the growing burden of non communicable diseases in developing countries.Among non communicable diseases, special attention is devoted to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic pulmonary diseases. Their burden is affecting countries worldwide but with a growing trend in developing countries. Preventive strategies must take into account the growing trend of risk factors correlated to these diseases.Non communicable diseases are more and more prevalent in developing countries where they double the burden of infective diseases. If the present trend is maintained, the health systems in low-and middle-income countries will be unable to support the burden of disease. Prominent causes for heart disease, diabetes, cancer and pulmonary diseases can be prevented but urgent (preventive) actions are needed and efficient strategies should deal seriously with risk factors like smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity and western diet.For centuries, communicable diseases were the main causes of death around the world. Life expectancy was often limited by uncontrolled epidemics. After the second World War, with medical research achievements in terms of vaccination, antibiotics and improvement of life conditions, non communicable diseases(NCDs) started causing major problems in industrialized countries. Heart diseases, cancer, diabetes, chronic pulmonary and mental diseases became a real burden for health systems in developed countries. For a while, these diseases were associated with economic development and so called diseases of the rich. Then, by the dawn of the third millennium, NCDs appeared sweeping the entire globe, with an increasing trend in developing countries (Table 1) where, the transition imposes more constraints to deal with the double burden of infective and non-infective diseases in a poor environment characterized by ill-health systems. In
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