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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 299145 matches for " Azzopardi Barry J. "
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Drop Size Measurements in a Laboratory Scale Venturi Scrubber
Alonso, Diego Fernández;Azzopardi, Barry J.;Gon?alves, José Ant?nio Silveira;Coury, José Renato;
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-73862001000400008
Abstract: venturi scrubbers are high efficiency gas cleaners in which suspended particles are removed from gas streams by droplets formed by liquid atomisation, usually in the venturi throat. the size of the droplets formed is of fundamental importance to the performance of the equipment, both in terms of pressure drop and collection efficiency. in this study, drop sizes in a cylindrical laboratory scale venturi scrubber were measured using a laser diffraction technique. gas velocity and liquid to gas ratios varied from 50 to 90 m/s and 0.5 to 2.0 l/m3, respectively. water was inserted as perpendicular jets at the beginning of the throat. measurements were performed at three positions: two located along the throat, and the last one at the end of the diffuser. the data presented here are a typical example of pneumatic atomisation and can be relevant to other industrial applications such as combustion and engine technology. finally, results are compared to available correlations and the validity of these equations is discussed.
Drop Size Measurements in a Laboratory Scale Venturi Scrubber
Alonso Diego Fernández,Azzopardi Barry J.,Gon?alves José Ant?nio Silveira,Coury José Renato
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences , 2001,
Abstract: Venturi scrubbers are high efficiency gas cleaners in which suspended particles are removed from gas streams by droplets formed by liquid atomisation, usually in the venturi throat. The size of the droplets formed is of fundamental importance to the performance of the equipment, both in terms of pressure drop and collection efficiency. In this study, drop sizes in a cylindrical laboratory scale venturi scrubber were measured using a laser diffraction technique. Gas velocity and liquid to gas ratios varied from 50 to 90 m/s and 0.5 to 2.0 l/m3, respectively. Water was inserted as perpendicular jets at the beginning of the throat. Measurements were performed at three positions: two located along the throat, and the last one at the end of the diffuser. The data presented here are a typical example of pneumatic atomisation and can be relevant to other industrial applications such as combustion and engine technology. Finally, results are compared to available correlations and the validity of these equations is discussed.
Experimental investigation of the effect of liquid viscosity on slug flow in small diameter bubble column
Kajero Olumayowa Timothy,Azzopardi Barry John,Abdulkareem Lokman
EPJ Web of Conferences , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20122501037
Abstract: The effect of liquid viscosity on slug flow in a 50 mm diameter bubble column was investigated experimentally using air-silicone oil as operating fluid with silicone oil of viscosities 5, 100, 1000 and 5000 mPa.s. Data was collected using Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT), a non-intrusive advanced instrumentation measuring technique and the high Speed Video Camera, through which the slug parameters such as length of Taylor bubbles and liquid slug, void fraction in Taylor bubbles and liquid slug, slug frequency, film thickness and pressure gradient in the slug, were measured and analyzed. The analysis was done using the void fraction time series, probability density function and power spectral density plots. Superficial gas velocities of 0.02≤Ugs≤0.361 m/s were used in the experiment. It was also observed that as viscosity increases, slug frequency, structure velocity, length of liquid slug, void fraction in liquid slug and void fraction in Taylor bubbles decreases; while the length of Taylor bubble, film thickness and pressure gradient in the slug increases.
Early 20th Century Climate-Driven Shift in the Dynamics of Forest Tent Caterpillar Outbreaks  [PDF]
Barry J. Cooke, Jens Roland
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2018.72017
Abstract: Using tree-ring analysis, we show that the dynamics of forest tent caterpillar [Malacosoma disstria (Hbn.)] outbreaks in Alberta, Canada shifted at the turn of the 20th century from cyclic, synchronous behaviour 1850-1910 to complex, asynchronous behavior 1910-1993. This shift in dynamics coincided with the emergence in 1910 of a latitudinal gradient in outbreak stability and periodicity reflecting a similar gradient in the periodicity of winter temperatures. We postulate that the synchronizing strength of winter temperatures has diminished as a result of climate warming, and that any synchronizing strength due to inter-population migration has been superseded by regionalized patterns of periodic forcing caused by weak low-frequency variability in winter temperatures. We speculate that a decrease in polar vorticity at the start of the 20th century led to increased meridional jet stream flow and more frequent arctic weather anomalies, resulting in a loss of synchronous decadal periodicity in outbreak occurrence. These changes in insect disturbance probabilities, including rising uncertainty, have profound consequences for forest disturbance risk management.
Review: Umbilical Cord Stem Cells  [PDF]
Joseph Ignatius Azzopardi, Renald Blundell
Stem Cell Discovery (SCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/scd.2018.81001
Abstract: The use of umbilical cord blood as an alternative to bone marrow as a source of haematopoietic stem cells for the treatment of certain diseases has been on an increase since the first transplantation of umbilical cord-derived stem cells in 1988. In this paper, 6 of the latest case studies about the use of such stem cells have been discussed and are used as evidence to confirm the potential use of the umbilical cord as a source of haematopoietic stem cells for transplantation as treatment to various diseases. The debate over whether umbilical cord blood should be stored and why public banking facilities are preferred over those that are private have also been discussed in this paper.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography stents: indications, risks and novel uses
Neville Azzopardi
Gastroenterology Insights , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/gi.2012.e12
Abstract: Stents cannulating the common bile duct and/or the pancreatic duct are frequently used during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in both temporary and definitive management of several conditions. While plastic stents have a high risk of occlusion within a few months, metal stents have larger diameters and may, therefore, last longer. However, they tend to have a higher initial cost and once placed, tend to be more difficult to manipulate or remove. Emerging data are now showing that the removal of covered self-expandable metal stents can be achieved relatively easily without the risks of major complications. This review article investigates the indications and complications for stent insertion, as well as the recommended type of stent for each indication.
Sanitary Hazards and Microbial Quality of Open Dug Wells in the Maldives Islands  [PDF]
Shivasorupy Barthiban, Barry J. Lloyd, Mathias Maier
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.47055
Abstract: Concern for saline and microbial quality post-December 2004 tsunami, led to a field based surveillance study to systematically investigate the sanitary hazards which cause faecal contamination of groundwater. In seven islands, two duplicate sample sets, in two surveys, revealed that only 6.4% of the 173 well water samples (combining both surveys) satisfied the WHO Drinking Water Quality Guideline for 44°C thermo-tolerant (Faecal) Coliform (FC) indicator value (zero cfu/100 ml sample). Based on a combined risk analysis of Sanitary Hazard Score (SHS) and FC counts, more than 57.7% of the study wells were classified as at very high (FC: 100 to >1,000 cfu/100ml; and SHS: ≥ 9) microbial health risk. During this study, fundamental changes were made to the published generic sanitary inspection method (WHO, 1997) for identifying sanitary hazards, for its application in the extremely vulnerable hydro-geological setting of the Maldives. However, the most important hazard controlling the intensity of faecal contamination in the Maldives is the safe separation distance between a latrine seepage point and the well. It was demonstrated that, due to the prevailing hydro-geological conditions and the well and sanitation system densities, safe separation distance cannot be achieved. Consequently, septic tank effluent quality must be greatly improved.
Splenomegaly, hypersplenism, and hereditary disorders with splenomegaly  [PDF]
Neal J. Weinreb, Barry E. Rosenbloom
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2013.31004
Abstract:
Splenomegaly, sometimes of massive extent, occurs in a large number of hereditary diseases, some relatively prevalent and others, rare to ultra-rare. Because physicians are often unfamiliar with the less common disorders, patients may suffer because of diagnostic delay or diagnostic error and may undergo invasive, non-innocuous procedures such as splenectomy that are potentially avoidable were the correct diagnosis suspected. In this review article, we discuss the definition and clinical ramifications of “massive” splenomegaly and describe several rare genetic disorders that are sometimes associated with marked splenic enlargement as well as four additional hereditary “splenomegalic” lysosomal storage diseases (cholesterol esterase storage disease, Niemann-Pick C disease, acid sphingomyelinase deficiency disease, Gaucher disease) in which approved or promising experimental treatments should generally obviate the need for palliative splenectomy. We also summarize current concepts about the appropriate use of splenectomy in patients with β-thalassemia, hereditary spherocytosis and Gaucher disease and discuss surgical alternatives to classical total splenectomy for these disorders.
Cell-Specific Effects of Ethanol on Nitric Oxide Synthase Induced by Inflammatory Mediators  [PDF]
Patience O. Obih, Barry J. Potter
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.513132
Abstract: To examine the pro- and anti-oxidant properties of nitric oxide (NO) production in alcoholic liver disease, we compared the effects of ethanol pretreatment (24 hrs, 100 mM concentration in a dedicated CO2 incubator) on the induction of inducible NO synthase and its activity in a cell culture system. We employed two types of liver cells as models for the intact liver parenchyma: the rat hepatoma cell FTO2B and rat hepatocytes in primary culture. Cells were incubated with a combination of cytokines (IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-β) and LPS in the presence or absence of (85 - 93 mM) ethanol in the culture media. At series of time intervals, production of nitric oxide was measured as the accumulation of nitrite and nitrate, using Griess assay. The results revealed that 1) total NO formation was attenuated by ethanol in hepatocytes (ca. 50%) but augmented in FTO2B cells (ca. 37%) and 2) both pretreatment and co-treatment with ethanol were necessary for maximal ethanol effect. These results indicate that the effects of ethanol on inflammatory processes, such as induction of NO synthesis, are cell-type specific.
On a Question of Glasby, Praeger, and Xia in Characteristic $2$
Michael J. J. Barry
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: Recently, Glasby, Praeger, and Xia asked for necessary and sufficient conditions for the `Jordan partition' $\lambda(m,n,p)$ to be standard. Previously we gave such conditions when $p$ is any odd prime. Here we give such conditions when $p=2$. Our main result is that $\lambda(m,n,2)$ is never standard for $4 \leq m \leq n$.
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