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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2024 matches for " Azubuike Adams "
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Impacts of Zoological Garden in Schools (A Case Study of Zoological Garden, Kano State Nigeria)  [PDF]
Azubuike Adams, Azubuike Amarachi Salome
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.410051
Abstract:

In the course of this work which is the impact of zoological garden in schools, the questionnaire interviewed was used in the collection of data. Based on the finding it was observed that people visit zoological gardens for different purposes like educational, recreational, research, economic and cultural values. Also the chi-square (X2) is used in this research to show if there is significant difference or not. Result indicated that people from various works of life visited the zoo. Some recommendations were also made for further studies as well as the opposition of establishment of a zoo. Thus, the objectives of the this work are to identify the conservation areas in which zoos make a contribution, to develop understanding and support of the conservation potentials of zoos, to convince local zoos and conservation agencies that they can make important contributions to conservation, to help zoos formulate conservation priorities and policies and finally, to promote action of individual zoos by participation in the global zoo and other conservation network.

Students’ Common Difficulties in Manipulating Microscope Selected Schools in Kano State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Adams Azubuike, Amarachi Salome Azubuike
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.513127
Abstract:

This work was conducted to find out the students’ common difficulties in manipulating microscope. Questionnaires were used for relevant and required data collections. The data collected were processed and analyzed using simple percentage. The findings were discussed and recommendations were provided for the benefit of research students and teachers. The objectives of this work are to reveal some common difficulties on manipulating microscope, their causes and finally suggest solutions to check these difficulties or to overcome them. This work was carried out with 50 students in level 100 from biology department. Tables 4-11 show the summary of the responses of these students on the questions asked about microscope while Tables 1-3 summarize the personal data of these students.

Factors Affecting the Choice of Science Subjects among Female Students in Jigawa Metropolis, Nigeria  [PDF]
Azubuike Adams, Azubuike Amarachi Salome
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.514148
Abstract:

The work is to investigate the factors affecting the choice of science subjects among female students at the senior secondary level in Jigawa metropolis. There are factors that influence the choice of science subject among female students. Some of the factors are the sex of the students, peer group influence, motivation and the choice of a future career. In order to analyze some of these factors and their effect on female students in Jigawa metropolis, questionnaires were administered to female school of SS II and SS III in some randomly selected secondary schools. The hypothesis were tested; the use of data obtained from the questionnaires administered; and results presented in Tables 6-9.

Evaluation of Safety Practices in Biology Laboratories in Selected Secondary Schools within Gumel Emirate, Jigawa State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Azubuike Adams, Azubuike Amarachi Salome
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.514145
Abstract: The work was carried out to find out the extent the teachers and students are aware of safety practices and device while working in the biology laboratories during practical sessions. The research questions were answered and the significant of the work was outlined. The methodology was thoroughly explained; sets of questionnaires were used for teachers and students, followed with interviewed. These methods were used as a means of data collection. Ten (10) secondary schools were selected randomly for the work. A total of twenty-three (23) biology teachers and one hundred (100) students were used. The data collected were analyzed, which revealed that 71%of the students and 73% of the teachers have good knowledge of safety practices in biology laboratories. Majority of the biology teachers in the selected secondary schools are Bsc Ed holders, with the number constitutes 65% with (5 - 10) years working experiences. Majority of the selected biology laboratories have inadequate first aid kits. The only available items were cotton wool, bandage, Delton solution and iodine solution. The finding revealed that teachers and students in the selected schools have good knowledge of safety practices. However, majority of the schools lacked safety gadget and inadequate first aid kits.
Antibacterial and Wound Healing Properties of Methanolic extract of dried fresh Gossypium barbadense Leaves
Chukwuemeka Azubuike
Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the antibacterial and wound healingproperties of methanolic extract of dried fresh leaves of Gossypiumbarbadense. The antibacterial properties of the extract were studied againstfive wound isolates (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, and Shigella sonnei) using the Welldiffusion method. The wound healing properties were carried out using theexcision wound model on healthy albino rats.The results showed that methanolic extract of dried fresh Gossypiumbarbadense leaves had a dose dependent activity against all the testorganisms except Escherichia coli. The extract solvent, propylene glycol, usedas a negative control, had no activity against any of the test organisms.Dettol antiseptic, and Cicatrin powder used for the positive control also hada dose dependent activity against all the test organisms except Escherichiacoli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The concentrated Dettol (i.e. theundiluted solution) however inhibited growth of all test organisms.Comparing all test substances, it was observed that after ten days oftreatment of the rats that when the extract was applied at a concentration of20mg/ml, there were about 91% healing of wound on the rats whereas about80 % healing of wound on the rats was noticed for Cicatrin powder. Thedistilled water used as a negative control however produced only about 36 %healing of wound on the rats. The distilled water treated group percentagehealing of wounds was significantly different (p< 0.05) from those of extractand antibacterial-treated groups.
Democracy, Civil Society and Mass Action in Nigeria: A Case of Imo State General Elections 2011
Luke Azubuike Amadi
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2012.9.22
Abstract: Civil society involvement in governance and decision making processes in Nigeria s nascent democracy has been minimal. However, the voting pattern and behavior of the civil society groups in Imo State South Eastern Nigeria in the 2011 general elections, provides an evaluation of mass action. This was phenomenal in historic and comparative terms as it was triggered by the abuse of political power by the state government in the period 2007-2010. The situation was the nexus of a near anarchy, oppression, poverty and inequality. Its crescendo was replicated in the arbitrary increase in students school fees, fall of ethical standards in governance, physical assault, arrogance, abusive language, violation of human rights, absence of security of lives and property, high cost of living, deprivation, non accountability and zero sum politics which had an obvious implication for mass poverty and elite domination. The state largely operated on one form of informal social relationship or linkage rather than a society of citizens. Only a credible election could avail the civil society the opportunity to exercise their civic rights and effect a change of government. This study seeks to examine the mass action by the civil society (formal and non formal) groups in Imo State in the 2011 general elections and its implication for democracy in Nigeria.
Evaluation of the Antibacterial activity of Herbal ointments formulated with Methanolic extract of Cassia alata
Chukwuemeka. P. Azubuike
Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In this study, the antibacterial potency of herbal ointments formulated with methanolic extract of Cassia alata was evaluated. The preliminary in vitro antibacterial activity of the methanolic extracts of sun-dried leaves of Cassia alata was determined against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using the Agar cup plate method. The antibacterial activity of the extract was predominantly against Gram-positive organisms. Herbal ointments were prepared by incorporating the methanolic extract of Cassia alata (10 % w/w) into aqueous cream, emulsifying ointment and simple ointment bases and evaluated for their in vitro antibacterial efficacy. The formulation containing Cassia alata extract in aqueous cream showed comparatively better antibacterial activity than the other formulations in the following order: aqueous cream > emulsifying ointment > simple ointment > crude extract. The herbal ointment also compared favourably with a commercial brand of Gentamicin ointment. This study shows that Cassia alata has antibacterial activity and also has high potential as antibacterial agent when formulated as ointment for topical use and could therefore explain the successes claimed in the folk use of the plant in the treatment of common skin conditions.
Grandmultiparity: Incidence, consequences and outcome in the Niger delta of Nigeria  [PDF]
Azubuike Ikechukwu Joseph, Ibrahim Isa Ayuba, Israel Jeremiah
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.37092
Abstract:

Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality worldwide. Grandmultiparity has been traditionally considered as a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence, neonatal and maternal outcome of pregnancy in grandmultiparous women. This is a retrospective cross sectional study of grandmultiparous patients that were managed at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria, from 1st April 2007 to 31st March 2009. There were a total of 6760 deliveries during the study period, out of which 130 were grandmultiparous giving an incidence of 1.92%. Their mean age was 35.99 years and mean parity 5.70. Most of the patients 62 (47.5%) were para 5. About 71 (54.5%) had seconddary education, while 30 (22.8%) had tertiary level of education, 93 (71.3%) were Booked, while 37 (28.7%) were unbooked. Hypertension, malaria, antepartum haemorrhage, diabetes mellitus, anaemia and abnormal lie and presentation occurred in 68 (52.6%) during the Antenatal period with some patients having more than one complication. Labour complications occurred in 25 (19.0%) of the patients and 36 (27.4%) had anaemia at delivery. 80 (61.4%) achieved vaginal delivery. The caesarean section rate was 34.7%, and 74.3% were performed as emergency procedure. The blood transfusion rate was 12%. The maternal mortality ratio was 1538.46/100,000 live births and the perinatal mortality rate was 107.69/1000 births. It was concluded that the incidence of Grandmultiparity is low in our center compared to other centres in Nigeria, however, they tend to have unfavorable obstetric outcome. Concrete measures must be put in place to address these through specialized antenatal care and adequate management of Unbooked Emergencies.

Soil Quality, Carbon Sequestration and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.) under Maize/Legume Cropping System in Alfisols of a Savanna Zone, Nigeria  [PDF]
Azubuike Chidowe Odunze, Yusuf Destiny Musa, Aishatu Abdulkadir
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2017.64032
Abstract: The role of maize-legume cropping system on soil quality, carbon sequestration and yield of maize in a Northern Guinea Savanna Alfisol, Nigeria was assessed in 2014 and 2015 rain-fed cropping seasons. The experiment was a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), replicated three times and treatments were Sole (Mono crop) Maize (M), Desmodium (D) and Soybeans (S); Maize/soybeans intercrop (MS), Maize/Desmodium intercrop (MD), Maize Strip cropped with Soybean (MS 2:4) and Maize Strip cropped with Desmodium (M:D 2:4). Data obtained were evaluated for Organic carbon, available phosphorus, total nitrogen, soil pH, and CEC, Bulk density, Soil moisture, mean weight diameter and grain yield of Maize. Results show that mean soil acidity (pH water, 6.37; pH CaCl2, 5.78), mean organic carbon (5.23 to 5.69 g·kg-1) and mean total nitrogen improved (0.66 g·kg-1) in 2015 over values in 2014. Mean weight diameter (MWD) increased from 0.59 in 2014 to 1.05 in 2015; indicating a better aggregation across treatments. Treatment M resulted in significantly higher bulk density (Bd) than other treatments at 8 weeks after planting (WAP) and 16WAP, suggesting that soils under mono-crop maize were impaired for sustainable crop production. Soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestered in macro aggregates under MS (1.38 g·kg-1) was significantly higher than the other treatments. Best maize grain yield (GY) was under sole maize (M) and maize strip cropped with Desmodium (MD2:4) (3.13 t·ha-1 and 2.90 t·ha-1 in 2015, respectively). Maize strip cropped with Desmodium and maize/soybean intercrop enhanced better soil chemical and physical properties than sole maize. Soil quality (SQ) under MD2:4 ranked best (SQ1) for sustainable maize grain production and environmental conservation. Therefore, land use strategies that focus protection of soil organic carbon against further depletion and erosion, contribute nitrogen and/or replenishment of depleted carbon stocks through management techniques that involve legume/cereal cropping systems are advocated for sustainable agricultural production in the Nigerian Savanna zone Alfisols.
Vaginal Vault Prolapse
Azubuike Uzoma,K. A. Farag
Obstetrics and Gynecology International , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/275621
Abstract: Introduction. Vaginal vault prolapse is a common complication following vaginal hysterectomy with negative impact on women's quality of life due to associated urinary, anorectal and sexual dysfunction. A clear understanding of the supporting mechanism for the uterus and vagina is important in making the right choice of corrective procedure. Management should be individualised, taking into consideration the surgeon's experience, patients age, comorbidities, previous surgery and sex life. Result. Preexisting pelvic floor defect prior to hysterectomy is the single most important risk factor for vault prolapse. Various surgical techniques have been advanced at hysterectomy to prevent vault prolapse. Studies have shown the McCall's culdoplasty under direct visualisation to be superior. Vault prolapse repair rely on either the use of patient's tissue or synthetic materials and can be carried out abdominally or vaginally. Sacrospinous fixation and abdominal sacrocolpopexy are the commonly performed procedures, with literature in favour of abdominal sacrocolpopexy over sacrospinous fixation due to its reported higher success rate of about 90%. Other less commonly performed procedures include uterosacral ligament suspension and illiococcygeal fixation, both of which are equally effective, with the former having a high risk of ureteric injury. Colpoclesis will play a greater role in the future as the aging population increases. Mesh procedures are gaining in popularity, and preliminary data from vaginal mesh procedures is encouraging. Laparoscopic techniques require a high level of skill and experience. There are many controversies on the mechanism of prolapse and management techniques, which we have tried to address in this article. Conclusion. As the aging population increases, the incidence of prolapse will also rise, older techniques using native tissue will continue, while new techniques using the mesh needs to be studied further. The later may well be the way forward in future.
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