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匹配条件: “Azlizam Aziz” ,找到相关结果约1879条。
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Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Prioritizing and Ranking of Ecological Indicators for Monitoring Sustainability of Ecotourism in Northern Forest, Iran
Godratollah Barzekar,Azlizam Aziz,Manohar Mariapan,Mohd Hasmadi Ismail
Ecologia Balkanica , 2011,
Abstract: Ecotourism has been identified as a form of sustainable tourism which is expected to contribute to both conservation and development. Unfortunately, due to inadequate environmental assessment, many ecotourism destinations tend to be both hazardous and self-destructive. Indicators are an important tool to provide a means toward sustainability. Among all different aspects of indicators, ecological indicators are significant for monitoring and evaluating sustainable management of ecotourism. In this study criteria and indicators were identified by using the Delphi approach through an expert panel from different fields. At the end of the process, a consensus of 9 criteria and 61 indicators was reached. For prioritization and ranking the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Expert choice software was used. The 9 criteria include identified: 1-Conservation of Natural resources & biodiversity; 2-Maintenance of sceneries ,natural &physical features; 3-Conservation of soil & water resources; 4-Maintenance of heritage & cultural diversity; 5-existence of legal, institution, legislation and policy frameworks for empowering Ecotourism; 6-promoting economic benefits & poverty alleviation; 7-Educational affairs and public awareness 8-Maintenance of hygiene& tourist safety; 9-Tourists & local people satisfaction. The results showed that, out of the 9 criteria, the first three, which we labeled as Ecological criteria and comprised 21 indicators, stood as the top highest priority. We also continued the ranking of indicators with related criterion and then all of the indicators were ranked and prioritized by AHP method and using of expert choice software.
Attractiveness of Recreational Forests: An Overview on Selected Researches
NurHafizah Idris,Azlizam Aziz,Manohar Mariapan,Mazlina Jamaludin
International Journal of Independent Research Studies , 2013,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to discuss the challenges and potentials for transforming recreational forests in Peninsular Malaysia as viable ecotourism destination. The selected research and articles of recreational forest were accumulated in determining the lack and weakness of the forest. In fact, recreational forests have the potential to be developed and marketed as ecotourism destinations since our forests are endowed with diverse flora and fauna, as well as other natural destinations. Some of the recreational forests really famous but some are seems to have no visitors. Several challenges are also noted in this paper which needs to be addressed before the potential can be translated into a real tourism product. This include the lack of competence pool of personnel to carryout tasks necessary to receive visitors, lack of maintenance of current facilities, lack of structured programming of ecotourism activities and the non-existence of a concerted efforts in properly developed the recreational forests as a ecotourism destinations. Once such issues are addressed, recreational forests can help to diversify and adding a unique dimension into our ecotourism and outdoor recreation sector.
Osteoma of mastoid process obstructing external auditory canal: A case report  [PDF]
Aziz Mustafa
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.44034
Abstract: Objective: To discuss the surgical treatment of recurrent osteoma of the mastoid process of the temporal bone, that obstructed external auditory canal causing unilateral conductive hearing loss. Setting: The study was carried out in ENT Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Prishtina, Kosovo. Design: Retrospective review of a clinical case. Patient, Intervention and Result: We treated surgically with success a 14-year-old boy with osteoma of mastoid process, obstructing the external auditory canal of the left ear and causing conductive hearing loss. Axial and coronal computed tomography scans revealed an compact bone lesion that obstructed the canal. Complete removal of the lesion was achieved by a retroauricular approach. Conclusion: In order to achieve complete removal of the osteoma, drilling of the lesion must be performed not through the tumor, but around the osteoma, in the surrounding bone tissue.
Nemytskii Operator in the Space of Set-Valued Functions of Bounded φ-Variation  [PDF]
Wadie Aziz
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.36072
Abstract:

In this paper we consider the Nemytskii operator, i.e., the composition operator defined by (Nf)(t)=H(t,f(t)), where H is a given set-valued function. It is shown that if the operator N maps the space of functions bounded φ1-variation in the sense of Riesz with respect to the weight function αinto the space of set-valued functions of bounded φ2-variation in the sense of Riesz with respect to the weight, if it is globally Lipschitzian, then it has to be of the form (Nf)(t)=A(t)f(

The Anti-Plasticization Effects of Dimethyl Carbonate Plasticizer in Poly (Methyl Metacrylate) Electrolyte Containing Rubber  [PDF]
Famiza Latif, Madzlan Aziz
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2013.411082
Abstract:

Various plasticizers have been used in polymer electrolyte systems, mainly to enhance the ionic conductivity of the electrolyte. Therefore, in this study, the effects of dimethyl carbonates, DMC plasticizer on the ionic conductivity of poly (methyl methacrylate), PMMA electrolyte film when blended with 50% epoxidized natural rubber and ENR 50 were investigated. Unfortunately, the addition of DMC plasticizer reduced the ionic conductivity of this blend system at any amounts of plasticizer added. In addition, this DMC-plasticized system also exhibited higher activation energy than the unplasticized system. The effects of DMC plasticizer on the conductivity of this electrolyte system were investigated and explained using Field Emissions Scanning Electron Microscope, FESEM and Fourier Transform Infra Red, FTIR Spectrophotometer analyses. From these analyses, it can be concluded that the dielectric constant of a plasticizer is important when dealing with an electrolyte system containing rubber.

Epidemiological Pattern of Scabies and Its Social Determinant Factors in West of Iran  [PDF]
Mansour Nazari, Aziz Azizi
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.615231
Abstract: Objectives: Scabies has a different epidemiological distribution among different communities worldwide due to different social factors, management approaches and healthcare policies. The present study came to address outbreaks of scabies according to the social factors in west of Iran. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, using the census sampling method, all consecutive patients with the primary diagnosis of scabies based on clinical manifestations referred to healthcare center throughout the two great provinces of Hamadan and Kermanshah at western Iran between March 2006 and February 2010 were enrolled into the study. The baseline characteristics were collected from recorded files at the healthcare centers or by interviewing with the affected patients. Results: Among 3,625,966 subjects covered by the two studied provinces, 177 cases of scabies (170 cases in Kermanshah and 7 cases in Hamadan) were identified by medical staff at the healthcare centers according to clinical manifestations (85.3%) and laboratory microscopic assessments (14.7%). The highest and the lowest prevalence rates were specified to 2009 (58.2%) and 2008 (1.7%). Regarding gender distribution of disease, 53.1% of men and 46.9% of women suffered from scabies with no significant discrepancy. In respect to age distribution of disease, the highest rates of scabies were revealed in the ages ranged 17 to 30 years (31.6%), followed by younger than 17 years (30.5%). The prevalence of scabies was dependently associated with residency in rural areas, family history of scabies, lower educational level, household density, lower monthly income, low personal hygiene, the existence of livestock or rodents at home, seasonal conditions, and movement to contaminated areas. Conclusion: West region of Iran especially Kermanshah province faced with high prevalence and this high disease burden can be determined by some potential factors such as residency in rural areas, family history of scabies, lower educational level, household density, lower monthly income, low personal hygiene, the existence of livestock or rodents at home, seasonal conditions, and movement to contaminated areas.
Uniformly Bounded Set-Valued Composition Operators in the Spaces of Functions of Bounded Variation in the Sense of Riesz  [PDF]
Wadie Aziz, Nelson Merentes
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2015.44017
Abstract: We show that the lateral regularizations of the generator of any uniformly bounded set-valued composition Nemytskij operator acting in the spaces of functions of bounded variation in the sense of Riesz, with nonempty bounded closed and convex values, are an affine function.
Green Economy: Issues, Approach and Challenges in Muslim Countries  [PDF]
Negin Vaghefi, Chamhuri Siwar, Sarah Aziz Abdul Ghani Aziz
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.51006
Abstract: Developing countries like most of Islamic countries need an economy that promotes growth and development, conserves natural capital, creates jobs, improves human well-being, and alleviates poverty and inequality. Such an economy is called green economy. Main problems that create a hard situation to implement green economy in most of Islamic countries are weak management, increasing poverty, many local and border conflicts, high economic dependency on natural re- sources, and increasing food insecurity. Governments as policy makers could introduce policies, regulations and incentives to promote green economy. This paper therefore attempts to discuss on how green economy can improve the livelihood security and poverty eradication in Islamic countries. It also seeks to understand which key intervention is needed to achieve a green economy in Muslim countries.
Lp Inequalities for Polynomials  [PDF]
Abdul Aziz, Nisar A. Rather
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.23038
Abstract: In this paper we consider a problem of investigating the dependence of on for every real or complex number with , , and present certain compact generali- zations which, besides yielding some interesting results as corollaries, include some well-known results, in particular, those of Zygmund, Bernstein, De-Bruijn, Erdös-Lax and Boas and Rahman as special cases.
Maximum Likelihood Detection for Detect-and-Forward Relay Channels  [PDF]
Azlan Abd Aziz, Yasunori Iwanami
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.42011
Abstract: This paper introduces a simple combining technique for cooperative relay scheme which is based on a Detect-and-Forward (DEF) relay protocol. Cooperative relay schemes have been introduced in earlier works but most of them ignore the quality of the source-relay (S-R) channel in the detection at the destination, although this channel can contribute heavily to the performance of cooperation schemes. For optimal detection, the destination has to account all possible error events at the relay as well. Here we present a Maximum Likelihood criterion (ML) at the destination which considers closed-form expressions for each symbol error rate (SER) to facilitate the detection. Computer simulations show that significant diversity gain and Packet Error Rate (PER) performance can be achieved by the proposed scheme with good tolerance to propagation errors from noisy relays. In fact, diversity gain is increased with additional relay nodes. We compare this scheme against the baseline Cooperative-Maximum Ratio Combining (C-MRC).
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