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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18523 matches for " Azher U "
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Peripheral ossifying fibroma
Das U,Azher U
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2009,
Abstract: The peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a reac-tive gingival overgrowth occurring frequently in the anterior maxilla in teenagers and young adults. The pediatric patient with a POF has special manage-ment considerations compared to the adult, as it requires early recognition and treatment by the dentist. It requires proper treatment protocol with close postoperative follow-up. The present report describes a case of POF in a girl, which was surgically excised from the palatal mucosa in the maxillary incisor area. Some features of the differential diagnosis and therapy when it occurs are discussed.
Oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old school going children in Bangalore city: An epidemiological study
Das U,Beena J,Azher U
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. However, millions of individuals suffer from dental caries and periodontal disease, resulting in unnecessary pain, difficulty in chewing, swallowing and speaking, and increased medical costs; hence, the present study was conducted to evaluate the oral health status of school children which would help us in planning and implementing necessary preventive measures. Aims and Objectives: 1. To assess the prevalence of dental caries among school children, using the Dentition Status and Treatment Needs Index. 2. To assess the prevalence of malocclusion among the study population, using the WHO criteria. 3. To assess the prevalence of dental calculus among the study population using the criteria of Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at a school in Bangalore city. The study population comprised of school children of two age groups - 6 and 12 years. A total of 430 subjects of both the sexes were surveyed, out of which 229 were in 6-year age group and 201 in 12-year age group. Results: No significant difference was observed between the age groups - 6 and 12 years - with respect to the proportion of dental caries (P > 0.05). Highly significant difference was noticed between the two age groups with respect to calculus (P < 0.01) and malocclusion (P < 0.05).
Analysis of Tropospheric Ozone by Artificial Neural Network Approach in Beijing  [PDF]
Muhammad Azher Hassan, Zhaomin Dong
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.611002
Abstract:
Higher concentration of tropospheric ozone in atmosphere reveals its adverse effects on human health, plants, and on environment. So, there is a need for atmospheric pollutants analysis and their concentration variation, which is a key factor for air quality management in urban areas. The Beijing Olympic center site was used as area of study and five recorded meteorological parameters temperature, dew point, wind speed, pressure, and relative humidity were employed as inputs imputes. Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and hour of day are also considered as input parameters for modeling of tropospheric ozone concentrations. Several deterministic methods are available for local air quality forecasting and prediction. But, in this study, multilayer perceptron (MLP) and generalized regression neural model (GRNM) were considered for prediction of ozone ground level concentration. The root mean squared errors (RMSE) and mean absolute error (MAE) value for MLP model were lower, which confirms its fitness for forecasting purpose. Regression coefficient for MLP in this study was calculated 0.91 and for GRNM model provides 0.76 value. The dew point and relative humidity were the most dominant input imputes found by model, which results in higher concentration of tropospheric ozone.
GENDERED ASPECTS OF INFORMAL EDUCATION IN CHILDHOOD: RESEARCH REFLECTIONS FROM THE RURAL PUNJAB, PAKISTAN
Azher Hameed Qamar
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Informal education plays an important role in social construction of childhood. As gender is widely accepted classification of human being in male and female, the debates go beyond its natural status and place gender as social construct. This article gives a presentation of research reflection regarding the role of informal education in gender learning in traditional rural society of the Punjab. Research is based in the empirical data collected through fieldwork. Findings uncover the social and cognitive learning system of informal education that start working before birth, finally constructing gendered identity and role description.
Effectiveness of Medical Management in Spontaneous Expulsion of Lower Ureteral Calculi: A Prospective Study  [PDF]
Azher Mushtaq, Sheikh Imran Farooq, Malik Suhail Ahmad, Fahad ul Islam Mir, Yassar Arafat
Surgical Science (SS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2016.77046
Abstract: Purpose: We evaluated the efficacy of combined drug therapy with alpha1-adrenergic antagonist tamsulosin and corticosteroid deflazocort for conservative expulsive therapy in patients with lower ureteric calculi. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 consecutive symptomatic patients with stones located in the Lower ureter were selected for the study who received oral tamsulosin 0.4 mg daily for 4 weeks and deflazocort 30 mg daily for 10 days and diclofenac IM/Oral on demand. Ultrasound follow-up and medical visits and X ray KUB were performed weekly for 4 weeks. Stone passage rate and time, pain episodes and endoscopical intervention were evaluated. Results: The stone expulsion rate was 87.8%. Mean stone size was 6.5 ± 2.14 mm. Mean expulsion time was 8 ± 1.84 days. Mean pain episodes were 1.50 ± 0.87 days. 11 patients needed intervention for stone retrieval. There was no statistically significant difference between the expulsion rates of right and left ureteral stones (P value = 0.31). Conclusions: Medical therapy with a combination of α1 adrenergic blocker and corticosteroid achieve good stone expulsion rates, lower pain episodes and should be considered in all patients with lower ureteral stones of size less than 10 mm who are not having any contraindications for medical therapy.
Assessment of Extent and Severity of Pellet Induced Abdominal Injuries, a Rare Variant of Weapon Violence: A Prospective Study  [PDF]
Azher Mushtaq, Atif Naeem Raja, Hilal Ahmad Wani, Shaukat A. Jeelani, Nazia Hilal, Ishfaq Ahmed Gilkar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2016.710064
Abstract: Background: The use of a Pellet gun, a form of short gun used for mob control in many conflict zones, has posed a serious challenge to the surgeons in assessing the extent of trauma caused by these pellets. Objectives: To study the role of conventional available investigations for trauma like ultrasonography and computed tomography scans in assessing the severity of the injuries caused by the pellets. Methodology: 50 patients having pellet injuries predominantly in abdomen without other associated trauma were included in the study. The decision for surgery was taken on the basis of clinical and CECT (Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography) findings and these findings were then compared with intra-operative findings. Results: 30/50 patients were decided to be operated on the basis of Clinical and CECT findings. On exploration, it was observed that 18/33 patients really needed exploration while as 15/33 patients could have been managed conservatively. This was observed in next 20/50 patients who were put on conservative management with similar CECT findings. Of these 20 patients, 17 did well while as 3 were explored later in view of developing peritonitis and were found to have small bowel perforations. Conclusion: Conventional investigations for trauma like FAST and CECT abdomen are not ideal for assessing the severity of pellet induced abdominal visceral injuries which result in high rate of unnecessary laparotomies. Also the abdominal pellet trauma patients can be well managed conservatively until hemodynamically stable even though CT scan shows pellet penetration into peritoneal cavity or bowel lumen.
2-(3-Oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-4-yl)acetamide
Azher Saeed,Zaid Mahmood,Shiyao Yang,Muhammad Salim
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810036305
Abstract: In the title compound, C10H10N2O2S, the thiazine ring approximates to an envelope form with the S atom in the flap position. The amide group attached to the acetate group is almost perpendicular to the mean plane of the thiazine ring [dihedral angle = 88.83 (8)°]. In the crystal, inversion dimers linked by pairs of N—H...O hydrogen bonds occur. Further N—H...O and C—H...O hydrogen bonds link the dimers into a three-dimensional network.
2-(3-Oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-4-yl)acetohydrazide
Azher Saeed,Zaid Mahmood,Shiyao Yang,Saeed Ahmad
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810031272
Abstract: In the title compound, C10H11N3O2S, the thiazine ring exists in a conformation intermediate between twist-boat and half-chair. The dihedral angle between the mean plane of the thiazine ring and the hydrazide group is 89.45 (13)°. In the crystal, N—H...O hydrogen bonds link the molecules into (100) sheets and weak C—H...O interactions further consolidate the packing.
Pattern of pesticide storage before pesticide self-poisoning in rural Sri Lanka
Fahim Mohamed, Gamini Manuweera, David Gunnell, Shifa Azher, Michael Eddleston, Andrew Dawson, Flemming Konradsen
BMC Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-405
Abstract: The study was conducted in a district hospital serving an agricultural region of Sri Lanka. Patients who had self-poisoned with pesticides and were admitted to the adult medical wards were interviewed by study doctors following initial resuscitation to identify the source of pesticides they have ingested.Of the 669 patients included in the analysis, 425 (63.5%) were male; the median age was 26 (IQR 20-36). In 511 (76%) cases, the pesticides had been stored either inside or immediately outside the house; among this group only eight patients obtained pesticides that were kept in a locked container. Ten percent (n = 67) of the patients used pesticides stored in the field while 14% (n = 91) purchased pesticides from shops within a few hours of the episode. The most common reasons for choosing the particular pesticide for self-harm were its easy accessibility (n = 311, 46%) or its popularity as a suicide agent in their village (n = 290, 43%).Three quarters of people who ingested pesticides in acts of self-harm used products that were available within the home or in close proximity; relatively few patients purchased the pesticide for the act. The study highlights the importance of reducing the accessibility of toxic pesticides in the domestic environment.Deliberate self harm is a major public health problem globally with an estimated 873,000 suicides in 2002 [1] and significant social and psychological impacts on affected families. In Asia, self-poisoning with pesticides, especially in rural areas, is a common means of self-harm and is associated with a high case fatality [2]. In countries such as China, Malaysia and Sri Lanka, 60% to 90% of all suicides are due to pesticide self-poisoning and it is estimated that there are between 250,000 to 370,000 suicides from pesticide poisoning worldwide every year [3].Self-harm is often highly impulsive. Easy access to pesticides in and around the domestic environment in rural areas is believed to have made pesticide self-poisoning
Early management after self-poisoning with an organophosphorus or carbamate pesticide – a treatment protocol for junior doctors
Michael Eddleston, Andrew Dawson, Lakshman Karalliedde, Wasantha Dissanayake, Ariyasena Hittarage, Shifa Azher, Nick A Buckley
Critical Care , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/cc2953
Abstract: Pesticide self-poisoning is a major clinical problem in many parts of the world [1,2], probably killing about 300,000 people every year [3,4]. Although most deaths occur in rural areas of the developing world [2], pesticide poisoning is also a problem in industrialized countries, where it may account for a significant proportion of the deaths from self-poisoning that do occur [5,6].The case fatality for self-poisoning in the developing world is commonly 10–20%, but for particular pesticides it may be as high as 50–70% [2]. This contrasts with the less than 0.3% case fatality ratio normally found for self-poisoning from all causes in Western countries. The causes of the high case fatality are multifactorial but include the high toxicity of locally available poisons, difficulties in transporting patients across long distances to hospital, the paucity of health care workers compared with the large numbers of patients, and the lack of facilities, antidotes, and training for the management of pesticide-poisoned patients [2,4].The problem is compounded by a lack of proven interventions with which to develop treatment protocols. In 2002 we set up a cohort study in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka that sought to follow 10,000 acutely self-poisoned patients prospectively. So far, over 6000 patients have been recruited, of whom more than 3000 have ingested pesticides. All patients are rapidly resuscitated on admission to hospital and stabilised according to a standard protocol.Basic pharmacology and animal work suggests that early antagonism of pesticide toxicity should be associated with better outcomes [7,8]. Although there are few studies on the subject, there is some evidence that patients in the developing world often die soon after admission ([9], and CGS Rao, unpublished data). The rapid and effective stabilisation and treatment of pesticide-poisoned patients on their admission should reduce the number of early deaths, improve the prognosis for surviving patient
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