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Indelével Indelible
Ricardo Azambuja
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1679-39512012000100014
Psicologia e Arquitetura: em busca do locus interdisciplinar
Elali, Gleice Azambuja;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X1997000200009
Abstract: acknowledging interdisciplinarity as an inevitable condition for the study of person-environment relationship, the article discusses environmental psychology as locus of intersection between psychology and architecture, converging upon the interrelationship human behavior - built environment. considering that the choice of research methods is an essential element to such an approach, the text defines the main methods and techniques used in this area, their application and advantages/disadvantages, emphasizing a multi-method strategy.
O ambiente da escola - o ambiente na escola: uma discuss?o sobre a rela??o escola-natureza em educa??o infantil
Elali, Gleice Azambuja;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2003000200013
Abstract: during a social and historic moment at which ecology, sustainability and environmental education have lost the status of emergent themes and slogans to become essential factors to human life, an important aspect to investigate is "what our schools are teaching to their students in terms of person-environment relationships". taking this question as its generating point, this paper dedicates special attention to contact with the nature. avoiding examination of subjects taught in class, we opted to discuss this theme by evaluating the schools' environment, analyzing their space occupation, and users' perception. the investigation used multi-methods involving: technical inspection (architectural survey and documentation), behavioral observation (traces and mapping), questionnaires, interviews and thematic-drawing. since the contact with the environment is fundamental to child development, schools for children up to 7 years old in natal-rn were studied, and a dichotomy between speech and practice was verified in the definition and use of the school environment.
Connections: can the 20th century coronary heart disease epidemic reveal something about the 1918 influenza lethality?
Azambuja, M.I;
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-879X2006005000192
Abstract: this essay proposes that the ecologic association shown between the 20th century coronary heart disease epidemic and the 1918 influenza pandemic could shed light on the mechanism associated with the high lethality of the latter. it suggests that an autoimmune interference at the apob-ldl interface could explain both hypercholesterolemia and inflammation (through interference with the cellular metabolism of arachidonic acid). autoimmune inflammation, then, would explain the 1950s-60s acute coronary events (coronary thrombosis upon influenza re-infection) and the respiratory failure seen among young adults in 1918. this hypothesis also argues that the lethality of the 1918 pandemic may have not depended so much on the 1918 virus as on an immune vulnerability to it, possibly resulting from an earlier priming of cohorts born around 1890 by the 1890 influenza pandemic virus.
From degeneration to infection/inflammation, and from individual-centered to ecologic approaches to investigation of evolving patterns of diseases occurrences in populations
Azambuja,Maria Inês Reinert;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000400007
Abstract: variation in attributes of chd cases over time suggests a temporal change in the source sub-population of cases. it is proposed that an early 20th century expansion of a chd-prone sub-population, characterized by high-serum cholesterol phenotype and high case-fatality - and which contributed with most of the chd cases and deaths during the 1960s - may have followed the 1918 influenza pandemic. the extinction of those birth-cohorts would have resulted in a relative increase in cases coming from a second source sub-population, characterized by insulin resistance and chronic expression of low grade inflammation markers, comparatively less vulnerable to acutely die from chd. this re-interpretation of the chd trend, and the abandonment of the idea of degeneration for inflammation/infection calls for a change in epidemiology. besides exposures (diet, infection...), temporal variations in proportional representations of inherited and acquired phenotypes associated with individual resistance/vulnerability, would be important determinants of evolving patterns of diseases occurrences in populations.
O lugar do inconsciente ou sobre o inconsciente como lugar
Azambuja, Deodato Curvo de;
Psicologia USP , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65641999000100002
Abstract: the basic idea in this paper involves a certain elaboration on the place of the unconscious, which corresponds, to a certain extent, to the bionian theory of binocular vision. in this theory, both the conscious and unconscious emerge in the psychic apparatus and they are much more constituted by their functions than by radically different structures. what is emphasized is much more the need of functions for both than the singularity and autonomy of the locations attributed to conscious and unconscious.
Rise and fall in ischemic heart disease mortality: it may have happened before
Azambuja,Maria Inês R.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101995000600004
Abstract: the rise in ischemic heart disease(ihd) mortality occurring mostly during the first half of the 20th century is usually associated with economic development and its consequences for people's lifestyles. on the basis of historical evidence, it is postulated that a previous ihd epidemic cycle may have occurred in england and wales towards the turn of the nineteenth century. the implications of this on causal theories and current etiological research on atherosclerosis are discussed.
Os Valores da Economia Solidária
Azambuja, Lucas Rodrigues;
Sociologias , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222009000100012
Abstract: according to paul singer's view on self-management, there is an implicit relationship of co-determination between the accomplishment of self-management practices and the assimilation of the ideological values of solidarity economy by the workers. this paper criticizes this relationship of co-determination following an empirical basis of 42 interviews with workers of two cooperatives. thus, it was possible to identify a heterogeneity of ideological values, defined in three profiles: solidarity profile, employees profile, and capitalist instrumentation profile. the article argues that the existence of such profiles can not be explained by singer's model of co-determination, and instead proposes an explanation based on sociological and sociopsychological studies on the values of work.
Ontogenesis of illness. Ontogenia de la enfermedad. Ontogenia da doen §a.
Renato Sampaio Azambuja
International Journal of High Dilution Research , 2004,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to demonstrate the development of the concept of disease according to the current theory of Autopoiesis proposed by Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela from Chile. Structural determination, structural coupling, conduct, speech, mind and emotions will be expanded as a living unit of the individual and its going-to-be. Along with this discussion, we show how the understanding of the disease can be related to this concept. Finally, we concluded that any disease, to in accordance to the theory of Autopoiesis, has to be understood as a process linked to the individual life, as a whole unit. Furthermore, in this context, the disease can only be distinguished by a careful observer as one and indissoluble process, inside an event that happens in the speech of the subject, who has his own experience of the disease.
Autopoiesis and science. Autopoyesis y ciencia. Autopoiese e ci ancia.
Renato Sampaio Azambuja
International Journal of High Dilution Research , 2004,
Abstract: This article will try to find out a synthesis of Humberto Maturana’s thinking and demonstrate the importance and diversity of the applications that come from the Autopoiesis Theory.
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