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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462481 matches for " Ayman A. Aly "
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PID Parameters Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm Technique for Electrohydraulic Servo Control System  [PDF]
Ayman A. Aly
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2011.22008
Abstract: Electrohydraulic servosystem have been used in industry in a wide number of applications. Its dynamics are highly nonlinear and also have large extent of model uncertainties and external disturbances. In order to increase the reliability, controllability and utilizing the superior speed of response achievable from electrohydraulic systems, further research is required to develop a control software has the ability of overcoming the problems of system nonlinearities. In This paper, a Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controller is designed and attached to electrohydraulic servo actuator system to control its angular position. The PID parameters are optimized by the Genetic Algorithm (GA). The controller is verified on the state space model of servovalve attached to a rotary actuator by SIMULINK program. The appropriate specifications of the GA for the rotary position control of an actuator system are presented. It is found that the optimal values of the feedback gains can be obtained within 10 generations, which corresponds to about 200 experiments. A new fitness function was implemented to optimize the feedback gains and its efficiency was verified for control such nonlinear servosystem.
Optimization of Desiccant Absorption System Using a Genetic Algorithm  [PDF]
Ayman A. Aly
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2011.49061
Abstract: Optimization of the open absorption desiccant cooling system has been carried out in the present work. A finite difference method is used to simulate the combined heat and mass transfer processes that occur in the liquid desiccant regenerator which uses calcium chloride (CaCl2) solution as the working desiccant. The source of input heat is assumed to be the total radiation incident on a tilted surface. The system of equations is solved using the Matlab-Simulink platform. The effect of the important parameters, namely the regenerator length, desiccant solution flow rate and concentration, and air flow rates, on the performance of the system is investigated. In order to optimize the system performance, a genetic algorithm technique has been applied. The system coefficient of performance COP has been maximized for different design parameters. It has been found that the maximum values of COP could be obtained for different combinations of regenerator length solution flow rate and air flow rate. Therefore, it is essential to select the design parameters for each ambient condition to maximize the performance of the system.
Hardware-in-the-loop of Simulation for a Hydraulic Antilock Brake System
Ayman A. Aly
International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) of simulation policy is used as a rapid and economical tool for developing automotive systems effectively and for dangerous situations tests such as extreme road conditions or high travelling speeds. A method for building a HIL of simulation a hydraulic Antilock Braking System (ABS) based on MATLAB/Simulink is presented in this paper. The system is implemented for research purposes as well as for the application in educational process. It can help the user heightening the efficiency when developing the electronic device. Also, the system can be used as teaching demo software. Experiment tests of HIL scheme were carried to ensure the feasibility and effectiveness of the system.
Model Reference PID Control of an Electro-hydraulic Drive
Ayman A. Aly
International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications , 2012,
Abstract: Hydraulic cranes are inherently nonlinear and contain components exhibiting strong friction, saturation, variable inertia mechanical loads, etc. The characteristics of these non-linear components are usually not known exactly as structure or parameters. For these reasons, tuning of the traditional PID controller parameters to control this system for the required performance faces a strong challenge. In this paper a new approach to design an adaptive PID control has the ability to solve the control problem of highly nonlinear systems such as the hydraulic crane was proposed. The core of the design method depends on comparing the performance of the Model Reference (MR) response with the nonlinear model response and feeding an adaptation signal to the PID control system to eliminate the error in between. It is found that the proposed MR-PID control policy provided the most consistent performance in terms of rise time and settling time regardless of the nonlinearities.
Enhancement in Mechanical Properties of Polystyrene Filled with Carbon Nano-Particulates (CNPS)  [PDF]
Ayman A. Aly, Moustafa M. Mahmoud, Adel A. Omar
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.22013
Abstract: The idea of adding reinforcing materials, or fillers, to polymers has been around for many decades. The reason for the creation of polymer composite materials came about due of the need for materials with specific properties for specific applications. For example, composite materials are unique in their ability to allow brittle and ductile materials to become softer and stronger. It is expected that good tribological properties can be obtained for polymers filled with nano-scale fillers. A soft plastic can become harder and stronger by the addition of a light weight high stiffness material. In the present work, the effect of adding different percentages of carbon nano-particulates to polystyrene (PS) on the mechanical properties of nano-composites produced was investigated. Based on the experimental observations, it was found that as the percentage of the carbon nano-particulates (CNPS) increased hardness increased and consequently friction coefficient remarkably decreased.
Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites Filled by Nano-Particles: A Review  [PDF]
Ayman A. Aly, El-Shafei B. Zeidan, AbdAllah A. Alshennawy, Aly A. El-Masry, Wahid A. Wasel
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2012.21006
Abstract: Composites formed by adding nano-scale particles to a polymer matrix results in improving electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties of the composite. Good tribological properties can be obtained for polymers filled with nano-scale fillers compared to that filled with micro-scale particles. The friction and wear resistance of these composites is found to increase with increasing filler concentration. It is also possible to use multi-functional fillers to develop high performance composites which cannot be achieved by using a single filler.
Intelligent Vision Methodology for Detection of the Cutting Tool Breakage
Abdallah A. Alshennawy,Ayman A. Aly
International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5815/ijitcs.2013.06.06
Abstract: In this paper, a new Intelligent system based on neurofuzzy for detecting and diagnostics the wear and damage of the milling cutter is presented. The compatibility between the computer vision and neurofuzzy techniques is introduced. The proposed approaches consists of capturing the milling cutter image, Fuzzy edge detection, Chain code technique for feature extraction and finally, apply the neural network on the feature. The results of the study are three different diagnostics models, The first is diagnostic model for the original profile of the perfect cutter, the second is model for the wearied profile and the third is model for the damage profile. Experimental test results show that the proposed system is reliable, practical and can be used for the easy distinguish between the wear and damage automatically.
A Novel Circuit for Thermocouple Signals Linearization Using AD Converter
Ayman A. Aly,Aly S. Abo El-Lail
International Journal of Information Technology and Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: A novel circuit for linearization of thermocouple signals using Analog – to – Digital converter (ADC) is proposed. The present method utilizes the ratio metric property of ADCs and the converter performs analog to digital conversion as well as linearization. The resulting circuit also has provision for scaling the linearized digital output to obtain a desired full-scale value. Computational studies carried out on the proposed method gives satisfactory results for thermocouples with monotonic concave upward and downward characteristics.
Application of Solar Energy for Recovery of Water from Atmospheric Air in Climatic Zones of Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Ahmed M. Hamed, Ayman A. Aly, El-Shafei B. Zeidan
Natural Resources (NR) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2011.21002
Abstract: In the present work, an investigation on the application of solar energy to heat a sandy bed impregnated with calcium chloride for recovery of water from atmospheric air is presented. The study also aimed at evaluating the effects of different parameters on the productivity of the system during regeneration. These parameters include system design characteristics and the climatic conditions. An experimental unit has been designed and installed for this purpose in climatic conditions of Taif area, Saudi Arabia. The experimental unit which has a surface area of 0.5 m2, comprises a solar/desiccant collector unit containing sandy bed impregnated with calcium chloride. The sandy layer impregnated with desiccant is subjected to ambient atmosphere to absorb water vapor in the night. During the sunshine period, the layer is covered with glass layer where desiccant is regenerated and water vapor is condensed on the glass surface. Ambient temperature, bed temperature and temperature of glass surface are recorded. Also, the productivity of the system has been evaluated. Desiccant concentration at start of regeneration is selected on the basis of the climatic data of Al-Hada region, which is located at Taif area, Saudi Arabia. Experimental measurements show that about 1.0 liter per m2 of pure water can be regenerated from the desiccant bed at the climatic conditions of Taif. Liquid desiccant with initial concentration of 30% can be regenerated to a final concentration of about 44%. Desiccant concentration at start of regeneration is selected on the basis of the climatic data of Al-Hada region. The climate of Taif city is dry compared with that for Al-Hada region. This method for extracting water from atmospheric air is more suitable for Al-Hada region especially in the fall and winter.
An Antilock-Braking Systems (ABS) Control: A Technical Review  [PDF]
Ayman A. Aly, El-Shafei Zeidan, Ahmed Hamed, Farhan Salem
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2011.23023
Abstract: Many different control methods for ABS systems have been developed. These methods differ in their theoretical basis and performance under the changes of road conditions. The present review is a part of research project entitled “Intelligent Antilock Brake System Design for Road-Surfaces of Saudi Arabia” In the present paper we review the methods used in the design of ABS systems. We highlight the main difficulties and summarize the more recent developments in their control techniques. Intelligent control systems like fuzzy control can be used in ABS control to emulate the qualitative aspects of human knowledge with several advantages such as robustness, universal approximation theorem and rule-based algorithms.
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