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M TOLOJ DEN ARINDIRMA PROBLEM üZER NE ( eviri)
Aye üNAL ??L
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Mitolojiden ar nd rma ile mitolojik ifadeler veya mitolojik metinlerle at f yap lan ger ekli i ara t ran hermeneutik bir metodu anl yorum. Bu metot, mitin asl nda bir ger eklik hakk nda konu tu unu fakat bunu yetersiz bir tarzda yapt n varsaymaktad r. Ayr ca mitolojiden ar nd rma, ger eklikle ilgili belirli bir anlamay da varsaymaktad r.
Re-evaluation of Rural Development Problematic in the Context of Social Capital*
Tuba ?NAL ?EK??,Aye Nur ?KTEN
Megaron , 2009,
Abstract: The matter of “rural development” has been an important issue for approximately 20 years. International organizations like the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union, as well as many developed and developing countries are devoting increasing time and resources to the rural development issue. Studies in economics, politics and geography, on the other hand, lay out the theoretical framework in this matter. Rural poverty, migration to urban areas, pollution of water and agricultural land, problems of agricultural production, and introducing global solutions to these problems have become primary issues on the agendas of many countries. The aim of the paper is to discuss the rural development policies with built-in global solutions in a new perspective, in the context of local social structure and relations. Accordingly, the paper addresses the change in the rural development paradigm and the role of social capital in rural development.
Occupational Accidents and Emergency Medicine
ünal Karakurt,Salim Satar,Ay?egül Bilen,Ay?a A??kal?n
Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: With the industrial revolution, mechanization has affected nearly all aspects of working life, and mass production is associated with a number of problems. One major problem is occupational accidents. Emergency services are the first point of care for occupational accidents, and these cases have special status in terms of the social and legal impact of medical care in the emergency department. In this review, we tried to examine the special status of occupational accidents in the organization of emergency services.
K TAP TANITIMI / BOOK REVIEWS Sekülerli in Bi imleri
Aye ??L
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Talal Asad ev. Ferit Burak Aydar, Metis Yay. st. 2007. 313 sayfa, 13x19,5 cm. ISBN-13: 978-975-342-636-7
Dosimetric verification of prowess panter treatment planning system and the evaluation of the clinical acceptance
Ay?egül üNAL KARABEY,?zgehan ONAY,Songül KARA?AM,Sedat KOCA
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2012,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to perform quality control of the Prowess Panther treatment planning system by comparing with the measurement data. METHODS: For dosimetric measurements, Iba brand cc13 and FC-65P 0.6cc model (Scanditronix, Wellh fer, Germany), the cylindrical ion chambers, and Iba brand dose1 electrometer model, RW3 solid water phantom and RFA-300 water phantom, were used. Measurements were performed with Elekta Synergy linear accelerator. RFA-300 Wellh fer profile measurements were taken using a water phantom in the wedge and open field depth dose, off-axis ratio, and different x, y and diagonal directions. Output measurements were performed with RW3 solid water. RESULTS: Open and wedge field percentage depth dose (PDD) and profiles of the treatment planning system were compared with measurements at Dmax, 5 cm, 10 cm, and 15 cm depths. The results were within the boundaries of acceptable BJR and found less than 3%. CONCLUSION: Based on the quality control results, the Prowess Panther v5.01 Planning System was within the boundaries of acceptable accuracy in dosimetry.
EXAMINATION OF TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
Filiz ARSLAN,Aye Sevim üNAL,Hamide GüLER,Kadriye KARDA?
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2006,
Abstract: Television has powerful effects on children. Howewer TV gives positive messages to children it also can cause children to be inactive and prevent their creative play activities. In this study, it was aimed at to determine the television viewing habits of school age children between 6–12 years old. That Cross-sectional type study has been conducted on 100 students who were selected with stratified randomised sampling method according to sex, age and class among 492 students who were taken education from first step of the Ankara- i iltepe Primary Education School. Mean age of school age children who were involved in study was 9.1±1.5. It was detemined that 43% of children (n=43) were watching TV more than 3 hours a day, 54% of them were watching TV to relieve their boredom and 48% of them were watching TV because they like watching. When the spare time activities of children were examined it was determined that they were spending their time by playing and making sportive activities with the highest rate (n=95, 26.1%), and television viewing was in the third order (n=61, 17.3%). In this study, it was determined that most of the children were watching TV under the offered time, children whose mother were not working were watching TV for longer time, and TV watching time of the children were increasing with increasing age.
Association of Tetanus-Diphtheria Vaccination during Pregnancy with Preeclampsia  [PDF]
Kubilay Canga, Pervin Karl?, Aye Zehra ?zdemir, Mesut ?nal, ?dris Ko?ak
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.812114
Abstract: Introduction: The tetanus-diphtheria vaccine administered during pregnancy is used as a toxoid vaccine with an intact antigen structure. In this study, we investigated the association of tetanus-diphtheria vaccination (TDV) during pregnancy with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes and particularly preeclampsia that may occur during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: From the patients who presented to our clinic between 01.01.2016 and 31.12.2016 and underwent a cesarean section, a total of 435 patients, 327 who received TDV and 108 who did not receive TDV, were included in the study. The groups were compared with respect to their demographic characteristics. The patient data on the gestational week, birth weight, normal newborn, preeclampsia, small for gestational age (SGA), early membrane rupture, preterm labor, diabetic mother’s baby, prematurity, temporary neonatal tachypnea, newborn’s need for intensive care, and neonatal mortality were recorded. Results: While 14.7% of the women who had been administered TDV had preeclampsia diagnosis during their pregnancy, 12% of those who had not been vaccinated were diagnosed with preeclampsia. This showed no significant correlation between having been vaccinated during pregnancy and preeclampsia (p = 0.474). The other outcomes we had specified had also no statistically significant correlations with vaccination during pregnancy. Having been vaccinated during pregnancy was found correlated only with the place of residence and nulliparity (p =
Plasma Selenium Levels in Celiac Disease Patients on a Gluten -Free Diet
Fatih ünal,Cevval Umman,Ay?egül Cebe Tok,Evren Semizel
Güncel Pediatri , 2012,
Abstract: In-tro-duc-ti-on: Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-induced enteropathy that results in malabsorption of nutrients such as selenium. A high incidence of malignancy in CD has been previously reported. Selenium is known to have a protective role against cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether there is an effect on serum selenium levels in children with CD on a gluten-free diet. Materials and Methods: Serum levels of selenium were studied in 17 children (mean age 5.64±3.30 years) with CD and 20 age-and gender-matched healthy children. CD was diagnosed according to ESPGHAN criteria. All the patients were clinically well and had been on gluten-free diets for 11.11±1.98 (mean±SE) months. All patients were fully consistent with the diet. The concentration of selenium was determined by a periodically validated atomic absorption spectrometer (Perkin Elmer AAS 700 system). Wet ashing procedure was used for all samples and controls. Results: In CD group one child’s (5.8%), and in control group three children’s (%15) serum selenium levels were found under normal limits. There was no statistically significant difference between serum selenium levels and the duration of gluten free diet (p>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in serum selenium levels between celiac patients (124.19±12.31 μg/L) and control group (92.47±12.06 μg/L), (p>0.05). Discussion: It can be concluded that, normal levels of serum selenium in children with CD can be achieved with fully compatible gluten-free diet and a balanced diet which supplies daily selenium requirement. (Jo-ur-nal of Cur-rent Pe-di-at-rics 2012; 10: 55-8)
Retrospective Evaluation of Cases Diagnosed with Ulcerative Colitis
Fatih ünal,Gülseren ?ahin,Ay?egül Cebe,Semin Ayhan
Güncel Pediatri , 2012,
Abstract: In-tro-duc-ti-on: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal canal characterised by remissions and exacerbations. This study aimed to make a retrospective evaluation of clinical and laboratory findings of patients being monitored with a diagnosis of IBD.Materials and Methods: Medical records of 18 patients with a diagnosis of IBD and 7 years of follow-up at our pediatric gastroenterology departments were investigated with respect to demographic data, complaints on presentation and accompanying diseases. Unusual findings from physical examination, endoscopic findings, histopathological findings and the applied treatments were examined.Results: The 18 patients (10 female, 8 male) included in this study had a mean age of 13.6±2.9 years and the mean time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 6.9±4.5 months. Seventeen patients were diagnosed with ulcerative colitis and 1 patient with intermediate colitis. There was a positive family history of the disease in 2 patients (11%). At the time of diagnosis, the most common complaints on presentation were found to be abdominal pain (100%), bloody diarrhea (94.5%) and tenesmus (44.4%). The most frequent laboratory findings were CRP positivity (89%), increased sedimentation rate (83.3%) and iron-deficient anaemia (77.7%). On colonoscopy, pancolitis involvement (66.6%) was most frequently encountered. Accompanying diseases to IBD were found to be familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (11%), celiac disease (5.5%) and Heliobacter pylori gastritis (5.5%). One patient (5.5%) who did not respond to medical treatment for pancolitis involvement underwent a colectomy. Discussion: The number of diagnoses of IBD in childhood is gradually increasing. Nonetheless, it can be difficult to define diseases with non-specific symptoms and this may cause a delay in diagnosis. Because of the association of autoimmune diseases with IBD, despite appropriate therapy, diseases with no remission which lead to gastrointestinal inflammation, such as FMF, should be further investigated. (Jo-ur-nal of Cur-rent Pe-di-at-rics 2012; 10: 17-23)
Neurodevelopmental and Behavioral Effects of Assisted Reproductive Techniques
Gonca ?elik,Ay?egül Tahiro?lu,Aye Avc?
N?ropsikiyatri Ar?ivi , 2010,
Abstract: Assisted reproductive techniques are used in the treatment of infertility worldwide. Long-term and multidimensional effects of these techniques on the embryo, especially on genetic programming, are still unknown. Moreover, the difficult period before parenting may affect the attachment and, consequently, the child’s mental health. The aim of this review is to discuss the neurodevelopmental and behavioral effects of assisted reproductive techniques from fetal and early childhood stages to adolescence. Follow-up studies, case reports, and meta-analyses investigating the neurological, psychiatric and genetic effects of in vitro fertilization techniques were reviewed. Animal studies suggest that the serum content, in which the embryo is preserved, may damage its genetic programming. Cerebral palsy, preterm delivery and low birth weight are the most frequent obstetric complications. Executive functions, memory and attention may be affected, especially in school-age children. Cases of autism have been reported as well. Preimplantation genetic screening has not been commonly used because of its high cost, complex technical procedures and ethical responsibilities. This paper suggests that multidisciplinary approach is needed in order to predict neurological and mental disorders. Parenting education and psychosocial support for infertile couples may facilitate the healthy attachment with their baby. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 275-8)
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