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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 191216 matches for " Aurora; Briones Gómez "
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Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada Family caregivers in the University Hospital Traumatología and Rehabiblitación in Granada
Aurora Quero Rufián,Rafael Briones Gómez,Ma ángeles Prieto González,Nuria Pascual Martínez
Index de Enfermería , 2005,
Abstract: Introducción: La hospitalización afecta a la dinámica de las relaciones familiares y obliga a cambios en la representación de los roles habituales. El papel de los cuidadores familiares adquiere toda su relevancia en la medida que satisfacen las necesidades del enfermo. Esta actividad en la mayoría de los casos es realizada por mujeres. Objetivos: Conocer el perfil y tipo de cuidados que prestan los cuidadores familiares en las unidades de Maxilofacial, Neurología, Neurocirugía y Traumatología del Hospital de Traumatología de Granada. Analizar las necesidades y problemas con los que se encuentran en el hospital. Conocer la opinión del personal de enfermería sobre el cuidador familiar. Dise o: Cualitativo, mediante Observación sistemática, grupos focales (uno con enfermeras y otro con auxiliares), encuestas y entrevistas en profundidad. El análisis de contenido ha sido realizado mediante el soporte informático Atlas/ti, 2.4. Resultados: correspondientes a la categoría de hábitat hospitalario, en relación con las actividades, nivel de información, demandas, etc, de los cuidadores familiares. Conclusiones: El ámbito hospitalario es hostil para el cuidador familiar; es necesario establecer un nuevo marco relacional entre los profesionales y los cuidadores y reconocer su presencia y actividad dentro de la institución sanitaria. Introduction: Generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. That is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. Most of the times, this activity is performed by women. Aims: The aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: Maxilofacial, Neurology, Neurosurgery and Traumatology in the University Hospital Traumatología y Rehabilitación in Granada.This article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. Design: A qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. Surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. The results obtained have been analysed by the programme Atlas/ti 2.4. Results: The results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. Conclusion: On the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to f
Profile and social features concerning family caregivers in a traumatology and rehabilitation hospital
Aurora Quero Rufián,Rafael Briones Gómez,María ángeles Prieto Rodríguez,Adela Navarro López
NURE Investigación , 2004,
Abstract: Studies on family care giving within hospitals are not frequent. This situation contributes to make these people underconsidered by the health system. The aim of this study is to analyze the profile of family caregivers, the needs they attend and how they are considered by the health professionals in a traumatology and rehabilitation hospital.Methodology: Descriptive and cross-sectional study, which included one hundred interviews performed between September and October 2002 in traumatology, maxillofacial surgery, neurology, and neurosurgery wards. Results: The family caregiver profile corresponds to a female with a median age of 48 years who spends a mean of 20 hours per day in the hospital. Surveillance and company were the main contributions to the patient care according to caregivers’ answers. Conclusions: Wives or mothers become the main family caregivers. Their contribution implies monetary and time costs as well as physic, psychological and social impact. The care offered by the family caregivers is scarcely supported by professional help. Increasing the professionals’ recognition of the family caregivers is a social requirement.
Los cuidadores familiares en el Hospital Universitario de Traumatología y Rehabilitación de Granada
Quero Rufián,Aurora; Briones Gómez,Rafael; Prieto González,Ma ángeles; Pascual Martínez,Nuria; Navarro López,Adela; Guerrero Ruiz,Carmen;
Index de Enfermería , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962005000100003
Abstract: introduction: generally hospitalization affects familiar relationships and it also obvies to take certain changes in families’ routine. that is why family caregivers have acquired an important role, as they fulfil the needs of the patients. most of the times, this activity is performed by women. aims: the aims of this article are: to explain family care givers profile and the kind of care they provide in the following units: maxilofacial, neurology, neurosurgery and traumatology in the university hospital traumatología y rehabilitación in granada.this article will analyse different needs and problems family caregivers find within the hospital and inform about nurses opinion concerning the role of family caregivers. design: a qualitative design has been used by means of systematic observation and focal group. surveys and in-depth interviews have been carried out within 2 different groups: nurses and auxiliary nurses. the results obtained have been analysed by the programme atlas/ti 2.4. results: the results mentioned above were the appropriate for an hospital in relation with family caregivers as far as activities, level of information, and requests are concerned. conclusion: on the whole atmosphere in hospitals is somehow hostile to family caregivers. for this reason it will be convenient to set up a different kind of professional relations between health staff and family caregivers. moreover, it is necessary to recognize the importance of family caregivers role in the hospital.
La evolución de la participación laboral de las mujeres en la industria: una visión de largo plazo
Gabriela Cordourier,Aurora Gómez
Economía Mexicana , 2004,
Abstract: Este trabajo estudia la evolución de la participación laboral de las mujeres en la industria en México en el siglo XX. Se encuentra una relación en forma de U entre ingreso per cápita y participación laboral en el sector industrial. Se realiza un análisis econométrico para la industria textil durante el periodo 1925-1934 y para la industria manufacturera durante el periodo 1987-1999. Los resultados indican que existían diferencias regionales sustantivas en la participación de la mujer, y las variables que la explican, que sin embargo disminuyeron a lo largo del tiempo y en particular durante el periodo 1994-1999. Los resultados sugieren la existencia de estigmas sociales distintos a nivel regional en torno a la participación laboral de la mujer, que fueron más importantes durante el primer periodo estudiado que durante el segundo. Finalmente, los resultados indican que el tramo decreciente de la U se puede deber en parte a un mayor nivel de sindicalización, y que los cambios estructurales relacionados con la apertura comercial y de la inversión extranjera que vivió la industria a partir de 1985 (y más intensamente a partir de 1994), podrían estar detrás de el aumento en la participación laboral de las mujeres en la industria observada durante el periodo 1987-1999.
El ciclo político - económico en Colombia, 1925-1999
Mauricio López González, , Christian Fresard Briones,Santiago Gallón Gómez,Santiago Gallón Gómez
Lecturas de Economía , 2002,
Abstract: La teoría de los ciclos político-económicos ha mostrado su capacidad de explicar los ciclos económicos originados por las autoridades económicas de acuerdo con intereses políticos, electorales o ideológicos. Este artículo realiza una revisión de la evidencia empírica de esta teoría en Colombia entre 1925 y 1998. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que en el país se han presentado tanto ciclos de tipo oportunista como partidista, ampliando los resultados obtenidos en estudios anteriores. En consecuencia, se concluye que en Colombia las autoridades económicas han manejado las variables económicas con el fin de conseguir resultados políticos favorables en las elecciones.
Stability of the feasible set in balanced transportation problems
Soraya Gómez y Estrada,Lidia Aurora Hernández Rebollar,Guillermo Arturo Lancho Romero
Matemáticas : Ense?anza Universitaria , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper we study the stability of the feasible set of a balanced transportation problem. A transportation problem is balanced when the total supply is equal to the total demand. One can easily see that when we make minor adjustments to the data (supply and demand), the resulting problem may lose the property of balance. Therefore, although the transportation problem is a particular case of linear programming, you cannot apply the familiar results of stability. For a fixed number of origins and destinations we have obtained a vector representation for any feasible solution of the transportation problem. We have used this representation to prove that the feasible set mapping is continuous. We have also proved that the extreme point set mapping is lower semi continuous.
Aproximación facial y paleodieta en un esqueleto de la necrópolis de El Vergel (ávila-Espa a).
Serrulla Rech, Fernando,Grandal D'ANGLADE, Aurora,Vilar Labarta, Santiago,Gómez, María
Munibe Antropologia-Arkeologia , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: El objetivo principal de este trabajo es profundizar en el conocimiento de nuestra historia mediante la aplicación tanto de métodos convencionales como novedosos. MATERIAL y METODOS: Presentamos una síntesis de las investigaciones realizadas en la necrópolis romana de "El Vergel" (San Pedro del Arroyo, ávila-Espa a). Para el estudio antropológico hemos empleado además de métodos convencionales, técnicas de aproximación facial para 2D. Para el estudio de paleodieta, obtenemos colágeno purificado de una muestra ósea que se introduce en un analizador elemental unido a un espectrómetro de masas de relaciones isotópicas. RESULTADOS: Hemos obtenido un rostro basado en las proporciones craneo-faciales así como en los datos que ha suministrado el estudio antropológico. Las se ales isotópicas del colágeno para el esqueleto estudiado indican el consumo de "garum". CONCLUSIONES: El rostro obtenido es una aproximación a la realidad, pero de tratarse de un caso forense pensamos podría contribuir a la identificación.
?Qué pacientes con incontinencia de esfuerzo tras prostatectomía radical se benefician de la indicación de invance??
Collado,Argimiro; Gómez-Ferrer,álvaro; Rubio-Briones,José; Bonillo,Miguel ángel; Iborra,Inmaculada; Solsona,Eduardo;
Archivos Espa?oles de Urología (Ed. impresa) , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0004-06142009001000010
Abstract: objectives: stress urinary incontinence alter radical prostatectomy is one of the most worrisome sequelae for the patient and urologist. the aim of this paper is to evaluate the indications of the suburethral mesh invance?, giving details on our preoperative evaluation and indication, surgical technique, and the correlation between preoperative findings and functional results. methods: between february 2006 and january 2009 27 patients underwent surgery. all of them had more than one year of follow up after prostatectomy, urodynamic study and preoperative cystoscopy. continence was evaluated by the number of pads/day and the iciq-ui sf questionnaire. through a perineal incision three titanium screws with a polipropylene suture were inserted in each ischiopubic rami, and a silicon/polipropylene mesh (invance?) is affixed to them, compressing the bulbar urethra. patients were divided into two groups: good prognosis (1-2 pads/day without urodynamic anomalies in the filling phase) and bad prognosis (3 pads/day, history of radiotherapy or bladder neck incision, and urodynamic anomalies). cure was defined as a patient not needing pads, and improvement was defined as decrease in the number of pads per day. results: median follow up after invance? was 18 months (4-38). nine patients used one pad/day, 10 used two, and eight used three pads /day. six cases had underwent previous bladder neck incision and three radiotherapy. globally, 20 patients (74%) were cured and five (19%) had improved. cure rate was 100% in the good prognosis group and 61% in the bad prognosis group (p=0.03). no intraoperative complications were registered. during the immediate postoperative period, one patient required cystostomy tube for 10 days. seven patients (26%) presented perineal discomfort; neither de novo urgency nor urethral erosion nor sling explants due to infection were registered. conclusions: invance? is a safe technique that guarantees a high continence rate in selected patients. it is a
Características clínicas de la catarata senil en santa rita, Zulia, Venezuela, julio-noviembre de 2007
García Peraza,Clara Aurora; Gómez Olivera,Isabel; Ledesma Boffil,Yileny; Casanova Moreno,María de la Caridad;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2009,
Abstract: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients surgically treated by senile cataracts in santa rita, zulia. venezuela. july to november 2007. the universe was comprised of 203 patients (eyes), and the simple random sample was estimated in 56 patients (eyes). data were obtained from the observation of the patient, ophthalmologic examination and the individual clinical records. a form was printed to collect information. descriptive statistical methods were used to represent variables in absolute and relative frequencies. the age bracket 60-69 and females prevailed; 53, 6 % of patients were diabetic, glaucoma occupied the 2nd place with 39.3%. pre-operatory visual acuity was mainly in the rank of 0, 3-0,6 (58,9 %). cataract affected both eyes in the same proportions. post-operative complications were infrequent (< 20 %), varying on time of presentations, among the immediate ones were: the corneal edema and the secondary ocular hypertension; among the mediate were subluxation of iol and bullosa keratopathy, whereas the late complication, posterior capsule opacity was the most observed. most of the patients evaluated either the satisfaction with the surgical service, or the follow up in the community as good. these results should be generalized to contribute to the increase of the quality of life and a greater satisfaction of the venezuelan population affected by senile cataracts.
Características clínicas de la catarata senil en santa rita, Zulia, Venezuela, julio-noviembre de 2007 Clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients surgically treated by senile cataracts in Santa Rita, Zulia, Venezuela, July to November 2007
Clara Aurora García Peraza,Isabel Gómez Olivera,Yileny Ledesma Boffil,María de la Caridad Casanova Moreno
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2009,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal para conocer las características clínico-epidemiológicas en pacientes operados de catarata senil, en Santa Rita, Zulia, de julio a noviembre de 2007. El universo estuvo conformado por 203 pacientes (ojos), la selección de la muestra se realizó de forma aleatoria simple, y se estimaron 56 pacientes operados (ojos). Los datos se obtuvieron a través de la observación del paciente y examen oftalmológico y de las historias clínicas individuales. Se confeccionó una planilla para la recogida de la información. Se utilizaron los métodos de la estadística descriptiva y resumieron las variables en frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales. Se encontró que había un predominio del grupo de edad entre 60 y 69 a os y el sexo femenino. El 53,6 % de los pacientes son diabéticos, y el glaucoma ocupaba el segundo lugar con 39.3 %. La agudeza visual preoperatoria estaba fundamentalmente en el rango de 0,3-0,6 (58.9 %). La catarata afectó a ambos ojos por igual. Las complicaciones en general fueron infrecuentes (< 20 %), con variaciones en dependencia del tiempo: entre las inmediatas fueron el edema corneal y la hipertensión ocular secundaria; en las mediatas fueron la subluxación del LIO y a la queratopatía bullosa, mientras las tardías estuvieron representadas por la opacidad de la cápsula posterior. La mayoría de los pacientes evaluó de buena tanto la satisfacción con el servicio quirúrgico y con el seguimiento en la comunidad. Se recomienda generalizar estos resultados para contribuir a elevar la calidad de vida y una mayor satisfacción de la población venezolana afectada por la Catarata Senil. An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients surgically treated by senile cataracts in Santa Rita, Zulia. Venezuela. July to November 2007. The universe was comprised of 203 patients (eyes), and the simple random sample was estimated in 56 patients (eyes). Data were obtained from the observation of the patient, ophthalmologic examination and the individual clinical records. A form was printed to collect information. Descriptive statistical methods were used to represent variables in absolute and relative frequencies. The age bracket 60-69 and females prevailed; 53, 6 % of patients were diabetic, glaucoma occupied the 2nd place with 39.3%. Pre-operatory visual acuity was mainly in the rank of 0, 3-0,6 (58,9 %). Cataract affected both eyes in the same proportions. Post-operative complications were infrequent (< 20 %), v
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