Abstract:
The report of an IUPAC Task Group, formed in 2011 on "Intensities and line shapes in high-resolution spectra of water isotopologues from experiment and theory" (Project No. 2011-022-2-100), on line profiles of isolated high-resolution rotational-vibrational transitions perturbed by neutral gas-phase molecules is presented. The well-documented inadequacies of the Voigt profile (VP), used almost universally by databases and radiative-transfer codes, to represent pressure effects and Doppler broadening in isolated vibrational-rotational and pure rotational transitions of the water molecule have resulted in the development of a variety of alternative line-profile models. These models capture more of the physics of the influence of pressure on line shapes but, in general, at the price of greater complexity. The Task Group recommends that the partially Correlated quadratic-Speed-Dependent Hard-Collision profile should be adopted as the appropriate model for high-resolution spectroscopy. For simplicity this should be called the Hartmann--Tran profile (HTP). The HTP is sophisticated enough to capture the various collisional contributions to the isolated line shape, can be computed in a straightforward and rapid manner, and reduces to simpler profiles, including the Voigt profile, under certain simplifying assumptions.

Abstract:
We study the first excited state of He4 in a microscopic {H3+p,He3+n} cluster model, including H3 and He3 distortions. The phenomenological 1S0 H3+p scattering phase shift is well reproduced. We localize a complex pole of the S-matrix between the H3+p and He3+n thresholds. The corresponding resonance parameters are E_r=93 keV position relative to H3+p, and Gamma=390 keV width. A pole search is also performed in an extended R-matrix method, and a resonance is found with parameters E_r=114 keV and Gamma=392 keV. The R-matrix approach gives several additional poles, some of which may be connected with an enhanced threshold effect.

Abstract:
The directed percolation (DP) hypothesis for stochastic, range-4 cellular automata with acceptance rule $y \le\sum_{j=-4}^4 s_{i-j} \le 6$, in cases of $y < 6$ was investigated in one and two dimensions. Simulations, mean-field renormalization group and coherent anomaly calculations show that in one dimension the phase transitions for $y<4$ are continuous and belong to the DP class for $y=4,5$ they are discontinuous. The same rules in two dimensions for $y=1$ show $2+1$ dimensional DP universality; but in cases of $y > 1$ the transitions become first order.

Abstract:
We study the low-energy 3/2- and 1/2- states of He-5 and Li-5 in a microscopic cluster model. The scattering phase shifts of Bond (alpha+n) and of Schwandt (alpha+p), respectively, are reproduced well. We determine the resonance parameters by localizing the poles of the analytically continued S-matrix at complex energies. Our results differ from conventional R-matrix resonance parameters, which were extracted from experimental data using the definition of a resonance based on the positions and widths of reaction cross section peaks. However, they nicely agree with the results of an extended R-matrix method which works at complex energies.

Abstract:
In a recent publication Zheng, Vary, and Barrett reproduced the negative quadrupole moment of Li-6 and the low-lying positive-parity states of He-5 by using a no-core shell model. In this Comment we question the meaning of these results by pointing out that the model used is inadequate for the reproduction of these properties.

Abstract:
In this paper we present an analytic study of sampled networks in the case of some important shortest-path sampling models. We present analytic formulas for the probability of edge discovery in the case of an evolving and a static network model. We also show that the number of discovered edges in a finite network scales much slower than predicted by earlier mean field models. Finally, we calculate the degree distribution of sampled networks, and we demonstrate that they are analogous to a destructed network obtained by randomly removing edges from the original network.

Abstract:
Resonances of certain light nuclei are explored by studying the complex pole structures of the scattering matrices. Among other results we predict the existence of three-neutron and three-proton resonances, a small spin-orbit splitting in the low-lying He-5 and Li-5 states and the nonexistence of the soft dipole resonance in He-6.

Abstract:
The d+N systems are studied in a three-body model, using phenomenological N-N interactions. The scattering matrices are calculated by using the Kohn-Hulthen variational method. Then, they are analytically continued to complex energies and their singularities are localized. We find a virtual state at E=-1.66 MeV in H-3 and a pair of states at E=(-0.42+-i0.52) MeV in He-3 relative to the d+N thresholds, respectively. In addition, we discuss some general aspects and problems of virtual states which may be useful also in the study of other systems, like Li-10.

Abstract:
The objective of this paper is the study of functions which only act on the digits of an expansion. In particular, we are interested in the asymptotic distribution of the values of these functions. The presented result is an extension and generalization of a result of Bassily and K\'atai to number systems defined in a quotient ring of the ring of polynomials over the integers.