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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 353 matches for " Attahir Abubakar "
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Association between Maternal Socio-economic Status, Polygamy and Risk of Pre-eclampsia in Rural Areas of Northern Nigeria
Abubakar Attahir,A A. U Dikko,M B Sufiyan,Aliyu Salihu
Journal of Family and Reproductive Health , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To examine association between maternal socio-cultural status, as indicated by maternal Income, education and polygamy with severity of pre–eclampsia."nMaterials and Methods: This study was carried out in Primary Health Centers in Katsina, Adamawa and Borno States. A total of two groups of subjects were selected for the study, with 50 Subjects in each group. Group A - pregnant non hypertensive women; Group B women with pre-eclampsia. Blood pressure was measured in a sitting position with sphygmomanometer after at least 10 minutes of rest. A semi structured questionnaire was administered to each respondent. P value≤ 0.05 was accepted as significant difference. "nResults: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure BP was significantly different. (167.60±2.75 and 107.48±8.01 Vs. 116.70±0.98 and 76.80±8.67 in group B Vs. group A respectively, P<0.05)."nIn Socio–cultural background significant correlation exists between pre–eclampsia and age at first marriage (P= 0.01). There also exists a correlation between age and number of marriages (P= 0.05). Age, parity, history of hypertension and number of marriages are negatively and significantly correlated with pre– eclampsia."nConclusion: This study found that seclusion and polygamy are not risk factors for developing pre-eclampsia.
Constraints in the Control of African Trypanosomiasis the Prevailing Factors in Kurmin Kaduna, Northern, Nigeria (Review Article)
Attahir Abubakar,S.M. Samdi; J.N. Abenga; B.M. Wayo; H.M. Sumayin; M.K. Haruna; A.M. Jijitar; R.T. Ogunwale; R.A. Ramatu and R.L. Bizi
International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of this review is to further highlight the prevailing factors in the control of African trypanosomosis in Nigeria. The effectiveness of trypanocides as a means of control is being curtailed by, wide spread drug resistance, lack of alternative drugs, multiple resistance, fake drugs,insufficient veterinary services, proliferation of quacks, high cost of trypanocides and the ability of the parasite to survive in cryptic foci poorly accessible to drugs. Trypanotolerance is a relative rather than absolute trait, severely affected by heavy challenge, malnutrition, stress, breed, age, season, and concurrent disease, Trypanotolerant breeds are poorly utilized and accepted because of their size, productivity and traction power compared with the large zebu breeds. Use of insecticide has been the most effective and reliable method of control but fear of emergence of resistance, cross resistance, environmental damage, accumulation in food chains with damaging effect on fertility etc constitute a major drawback on its use. Poor policies formulation and enforcement, human beliefs and behaviors, tsetse redistribution, mechanical transmitters and reservoire host has hindered effective control. The scanty inform ation on distribution, prevalence and economic impact of trypanosomosis in Nigeria, coupled with corruption, lack of community participation, inability to implement cost effective control strategies, these has resulted in the negative attitude of national governments and international funding organizations towards control of the disease, leading to collapse of many control projects. There is no control method that can be used alone; rather a combination of different control methods has proven effective due to the social, economical and cultural behaviors of Nigerians.
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PENGELOLAAN BERKELANJUTAN PADA KAWASAN KONSERVASI LAUT GILI SULAT : SUATU PENDEKATAN STAKEHOLDERS
Abubakar Abubakar
Bumi Lestari , 2010,
Abstract: The aims of this research are (a) to design scenario of strategy on management development of Gili Sulat ocean conservation zone, which are integrated and sustainable (b) to predict economic, social, and ecology impacts on sustainable management of Gili Sulat ocean conservation zone. The research has been conducted in Gili Sulat ocean conservation zone, East Lombok by using survey, observation, and stakeholdersa€ participatory methods. The collected data have been analyzed by using laboratory and trade-off analysis. The result indicates that : (1) The scenario of management development of sustainable Gili Sulat ocean conservation zone is C scenario (75 % from potential useful zone) (2) The estimation of sustainable economic impacts are on Gross Domestic Regional Product (GDRP), total production, income, and export value as follows Rp. 840,360,768; 81,528 kg; Rp. 416, 471, 684; and US $ 94,125. (3) The estimation of sustainable social impact are on workforce, i.e. 10,620 men days and informal sector development with score 41. (4) The estimation of sustainable ecology impact are on BOD (biological oxygen demand), Nitrogen (NO3), Phosphor (PO4), coral reef quality, and mangrove forest quality as follows: 0.560 ppm; 0.028 ppm; 2.946 ppm; score 29; and score 33.
Petroleum Potentials of the Nigerian Benue Trough and Anambra Basin: A Regional Synthesis  [PDF]
M. B. Abubakar
Natural Resources (NR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2014.51005
Abstract:

A review on the geology and petroleum potentials of the Nigerian Benue Trough and Anambra Basin is done to identify potential petroleum systems in the basins. The tectonic, stratigraphic and organic geochemical evaluations of these basins suggest the similarity with the contiguous basins of Chad and Niger Republics and Sudan, where commercial oil discovery have been made. At least two potential petroleum systems may be presented in the basins: the Lower Cretaceous petroleum system likely capable of both oil and gas generation and the Upper Cretaceous petroleum system that could be mainly gas-generating. These systems are closely correlative in temporal disposition, structures, source and reservoir rocks and perhaps generation mechanism to what obtains in the Muglad Basin of Sudan and Termit Basin of Niger and Chad Republics. They are very effective in planning future exploration campaigns in the basins.

Impact of Trypanosomosis on Food Security in Nigeria: A Review
Attahir Abubakar,S.M. Samdi; J.N. Abenga; M.K. Haruna; B.M. Wayo; A.O. Fajinmi; H.M. Sumayin; A.O. Usman; J.Z. Hussaina; H. Muhammad; J.E. Yarnap; R.P. Ovbagbedia and R.A. Abdullahi
International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2010,
Abstract: The aims of these review is to further highlight the direct and indirect impact of trypanosomiasis on food security in Nigeria. The direct impact on livestock productivity, include reduce meat and milk off take, calving rate, increase in calf mortality, decreases both lamping and kidding rates in sheep, goat and increase in cost of live stock management. Indirect impact of trypanosomosis include decrease crop production, decrease traction power, reduces work efficiency of both man and animals. The economic contribution of crop and animal production in ensuring food security in Nigeria is indispensable. Livestock production constitutes an important component of Nigeria agricultural development; animal protein raw materials for agro allied based industries. In conclusion, the potential for increasing livestock production can only be fully realized if the animals are adequately protected against the adverse effects of periodic stresses and diseases. Profitability of animal product demand efficient husbandry of animals, as disease remains a profit limitation factor in many tropical countries. For sufficient livestock production to be fully realized to meet the growing population of Nigeria, integrated approach to trypanosomiasis control is required to increase the present level of livestock production.
Patterns of Wild Pupae Emergence from 2000-2009 at the Insectary of Departmentvector and Parasitological Studies Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research (NITR) Kaduna Nigeria
Attahir Abubakar,R.A. Abdullahi; H.Z. Jibril; S.M. Samdi; H. Mohammed; E. Sabo; M.K. Haruna; H.M. Sumayin; A.T.F. Shettima; G. Jabiru; I.B. Aisha and L.B. Ramatu
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: To determine the pattern of fly emergence from pupae collected from Suleja out station from 2000- 2009 and to provide data base for pupae collection from 2000-2009, Data of pupae collected from Suleja out station at the fly room of Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research was consulted from 2000-2009, in which number of fly emergence from pupae brought from the station were recorded based on date of emergence and sex of the fly that emerged. Data on wet bulb, dry bulb, temperature and relative humidity of the fly room were not updated as only data of 2006-2007 were recorded which cannot be use to generalize statement. Results from 2000-2009 a total of 4,331 flies emerged from pupae brought from Suleja out station. Fly emergence rose from 292 flies in 2000 to 784 flies in 2003 and declined drastically to 184 flies in 2006 and rose up to 380 flies in 2008 and declined to 185 flies in 2009, The number of emergence decreased between April and September which corresponded with dry season; by October, the number of emergence started to increase. Conclusions from the findings suggested that Pupae from the field could be obtained between late November and February. At that period, the rate of fly emergence will also be high; this means that for any scientist that requires pupae or tsetse flies for research, these are the best period where flies and pupae can be available.
Digital Libraries in Nigeria in the Era of Global Change: A Perspective of the Major Challenges
Bappah Magaji Abubakar Abubakar
Trends in Information Management , 2010,
Abstract: The world is witnessing a rapid and progressive transformation as a result of IT revolution, which has predominated all aspects of societal development. One of such transformations has manifested in the form of digital libraries. The evolution of digital libraries has ensured the emergence of global networked environment that has dramatically changed the face of libraries, their functions, services as well as their storage and delivery systems. In this perspective, the paper examines the status of digital libraries in Nigeria. It also analyzes the Nigerian information environment within the context of an escalating situation in terms of funding, infrastructure, and ICT policy. The paper concludes that if digital libraries in Nigeria are to survive, drastic and progressive action needs to be taken to overcome some the aforementioned issues. Governments and sponsoring bodies of libraries must provide all the necessary funding and support for library development especially the digital libraries.
Assessment of Reservoir Storage in a Semi-Arid Environment Using Gould Probability Matrix
I Abubakar
African Research Review , 2008,
Abstract: This study made an assessment of the existing reservoir capacity of Tiga Dam in Kano State, Nigeria, of 1090 x 106m3 using Gould Probability Matrix method. A generated annual inflow series between (1906 and 2004), rainfall and evaporation loss estimated for the period between 1990 and 2004 coupled with demand data obtained from Bichi (2003) and the Hadejia Jamaare River Basin Authority (HJRBA), are used in this study. The results indicated that the probability of failure approaches zero at a reservoir capacity of 540 x 106m3. Less than 0.25% probability of failure could be achieved with a capacity of 270 x 106m3 and the downstream requirement could be increased to certain substantial amount by reducing the capacity of the dam thereby allowing flow into Hadejia-Jama'are River and Kumodugu-Yobe system which has been completely regulated. Increasing the downstream flow will alleviate social, economic and environmental trauma that had been subjected to the downstream community.
Impact of emergent macrophytes on fish catch in Nguru Lake
MM Abubakar
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The impact of emergent macrophytes on the catch of fish in Nguru Lake was studied from May 2006 to April 2007.Physico-chemical properties of the lake were studied in conjunction with the macrophytes. Experimental fishing was carried out in portions of the lake infested with the macrophytes and portions not infested.data collected were subjected to Student,s t-test. There was significant difference between fish catch in the two portions.. The infestation of macrophytes particularly Typha sp. leads to poor fish yield. The study recommended that farmers should be enlightened on the use of organic fertilizers and other safe farming practices and that further research should be carried out on the proliferation of Typha.
ICT Knowledge and Skills Among Students of Library and Information Science in Umaru Musa Yar’adu University, Nigeria
MK Abubakar
Information Manager (The) , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of the study is to investigate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) knowledge and skills amongst the students of library and information science in Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, whether the courses taught in the department were adequate enough to provide students with ICT knowledge and skills, whether there were adequate ICT infrastructures needed for students training and whether the students had adequate knowledge and skills on ICT. Survey technique was adopted for the study and questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Descriptive statistics using simple percentage was used in analyzing the data collected. The results of the study showed that the department had adequate courses with ICT components and also had adequate ICT infrastructures. The study further revealed that students of the department did not have significant knowledge and skills on search engines, computer applications, using and cataloguing e-resources as well as media resources. Recommendations for improving the students’ ICT knowledge and skills include making the department’s information technology and audio visual laboratories more functional by providing laboratory attendants and practical hours in the departmental lecture time table. The department curriculum should be reviewed to include more ICT related core courses.
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