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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 43762 matches for " Atilano Martínez Torres "
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Educar para prevenir la sepsis urinaria y riesgos en la atención a pacientes
Trincado Agudo,María Teresa; Martínez Torres,Atilano;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2008,
Abstract: "la educación del individuo, familia y colectividad sobre los problemas de salud es condición esencial para toda acción salubrista." entre los principios de nuestro sistema nacional de salud se encuentra que las acciones de salud deben ser de carácter integral "con especial acento preventivo con énfasis en actividades educativas". fueron objetivos en este estudio actualizar los conocimientos acerca de causas de sepsis urinaria bajas y altas, profundizar sobre sus manifestaciones y la labor educativa para elevar su prevención y evitar riesgos de adquisición y complicaciones en el proceso de atención. se realizó revisión documental acerca de sepsis urinaria baja y alta, factores mecánicos que la favorecen, así como aquellos que propician la retención de orina en la vejiga, también manifestaciones de sepsis urinaria baja. la escherichia coli causa 60 % de sepsis baja, frecuente proteus en ni?os, estafilococos áureos, pseudomona aureginosa y salmonella en sepsis alta. se abordó el rigor de enfermería al preparar pacientes para pruebas e intervenciones quirúrgicas. se destaca la necesidad de que el personal de enfermería eleve su competencia profesional en acciones preventivo-curativas, así como modificar hábitos y conductas de la población, ya que la enfermera tiene posibilidades por la continuidad de atención y contacto directo con la población comunitaria y hospitalizada.
Educar para prevenir la sepsis urinaria y riesgos en la atención a pacientes
María Teresa Trincado Agudo,Atilano Martínez Torres
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2008,
Abstract: "La educación del individuo, familia y colectividad sobre los problemas de salud es condición esencial para toda acción salubrista." Entre los principios de nuestro Sistema Nacional de Salud se encuentra que las acciones de salud deben ser de carácter integral "con especial acento preventivo con énfasis en actividades educativas". Fueron objetivos en este estudio actualizar los conocimientos acerca de causas de sepsis urinaria bajas y altas, profundizar sobre sus manifestaciones y la labor educativa para elevar su prevención y evitar riesgos de adquisición y complicaciones en el proceso de atención. Se realizó revisión documental acerca de sepsis urinaria baja y alta, factores mecánicos que la favorecen, así como aquellos que propician la retención de orina en la vejiga, también manifestaciones de sepsis urinaria baja. La Escherichia coli causa 60 % de sepsis baja, frecuente Proteus en ni os, Estafilococos áureos, Pseudomona aureginosa y Salmonella en sepsis alta. Se abordó el rigor de enfermería al preparar pacientes para pruebas e intervenciones quirúrgicas. Se destaca la necesidad de que el personal de enfermería eleve su competencia profesional en acciones preventivo-curativas, así como modificar hábitos y conductas de la población, ya que la enfermera tiene posibilidades por la continuidad de atención y contacto directo con la población comunitaria y hospitalizada.
Leptospirosis, enfermedad de Weil y falla multiorgánica: Informe de 1 caso
Trujillo Salgado,Jorge Enrique; Martínez Torres,Atilano; Mármol Só?ora,Alexander;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 1996,
Abstract: the case of a 29-year old patient 27 week's pregnant, admitted to hospital with the diagnosis of adult respiratory distress syndrome of apparent viral cause, is reported. given the epidemiological history, it was found after performing a proper screening, that the patient was positive to leptospira canícola infection. the patient presented with severe icterus, acute renal failure with progressive worsening and shock refractory to the use of dopamine, and the use of norepinephrine was required in order to maintain hemodynamics. the adult respiratory distress syndrome was controlled, the shock was reversed, then the liver function improved, and finally, the renal function was recovered. the patient was discharged from hospital after 24 days of hospitalization. during the evolution, she had a spontaneous abortion of a macerated fetus. it was concluded that the syndrome may be a form of presentation of the weill's syndrome.
Leptospirosis, enfermedad de Weil y falla multiorgánica: Informe de 1 caso
Jorge Enrique Trujillo Salgado,Atilano Martínez Torres,Alexander Mármol Só?ora
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 1996,
Abstract: Se informa el caso de una paciente de 29 a os de edad, con 27 semanas de gestación, ingresada con el diagnóstico de síndrome de dificultad respiratoria del adulto, de aparente causa vírica. Dados los antecedentes epidemiológicos, se halló, luego de un pesquizaje adecuado, positividad para infección por Leptospira canícola. Evolutivamente presentó íctero intenso, falla renal aguda con empeoramiento progresivo y estado de shock refractario al uso de dopamina, por lo que incluso se debió utilizar norepinefrina, para sostener la hemodinamia. El síndrome de dificultad respiratoria del adulto fue controlado, se revirtió el estado de shock, luego mejoró la actividad hepática y, finalmente, se recuperó la función renal. Se le dio el alta a los 24 días de su ingreso. Durante su evolución presentó aborto espontáneo de feto macerado. Se concluyó que el síndrome podía ser una forma de presentación del síndrome de Weil. The case of a 29-year old patient 27 week's pregnant, admitted to hospital with the diagnosis of adult respiratory distress syndrome of apparent viral cause, is reported. Given the epidemiological history, it was found after performing a proper screening, that the patient was positive to Leptospira canícola infection. The patient presented with severe icterus, acute renal failure with progressive worsening and shock refractory to the use of dopamine, and the use of norepinephrine was required in order to maintain hemodynamics. The adult respiratory distress syndrome was controlled, the shock was reversed, then the liver function improved, and finally, the renal function was recovered. The patient was discharged from hospital after 24 days of hospitalization. During the evolution, she had a spontaneous abortion of a macerated fetus. It was concluded that the syndrome may be a form of presentation of the Weill's syndrome.
Peritonitis en un programa de diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria en el Instituto de Nefrología, 2007-2011 Peritonitis in a program of peritoneal domiciliary dialysis in the Nephrology Institute: 2007-2011
Yanet álvarez González,Raúl Bohorques Rodríguez,Atilano Martínez Torres,Yuliet Ballard álvarez
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: en Cuba se introdujo la diálisis peritoneal a finales de los a os 60, la peritonitis es la complicación más temida. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia y la tasa de peritonitis en un programa de diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo desde diciembre de 2007 hasta mayo de 2011. El universo estuvo constituido por 30 pacientes. Se analizaron las variables demográficas y la presencia de peritonitis. Se utilizó el análisis de distribución de frecuencias, además el Kaplan Meier para el tiempo de supervivencia libre de peritonitis. Resultados: del total de pacientes, 17 presentaron 1 episodio de peritonitis, 6 tuvieron un segundo episodio, mientras solo 1, sufrió un tercer evento para un total de 24 episodios de peritonitis; equivalente a un episodio cada 32 meses/paciente, estos se presentaron en 12 enfermos masculinos y 5 femeninos; la edad promedio fue de 46,2 a os. Conclusiones: aunque la incidencia de peritonitis ha venido descendiendo en los últimos a os, continúa siendo la principal complicación de este proceder terapéutico. Introduction: in Cuba the peritoneal dialysis was introduced at the end of the 60s; the peritonitis the was the more fearsome complication. Objective: to determine the incidence rate of peritonitis in a program of peritoneal dialysis at home. Methods: a prospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted in a universe including 30 patients from December, 2007 to May, 2011. Authors analyzed the demographic variables and the peritonitis presence. The distribution of frequency analysis was used as well as the Kaplan Meier for the time of the peritonitis-free survival. Results: from the total of patients, 17 had one episode of peritonitis, 6 had a second episode whereas only one had a third event for a total of 24 episodes of peritonitis; similar to an episode each 32 months/patient, these events occurred in 12 male patients and in 5 female patients; mean age was of 46,2 years. Conclusions: although the incidence of peritonitis became decreasing in past years, it remains as the leading complication of this therapeutical procedure.
Peritonitis en un programa de diálisis peritoneal domiciliaria en el Instituto de Nefrología, 2007-2011
álvarez González,Yanet; Bohorques Rodríguez,Raúl; Martínez Torres,Atilano; Ballard álvarez,Yuliet; Pérez Canepa,Sucell; Gutiérrez García,Francisco;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2012,
Abstract: introduction: in cuba the peritoneal dialysis was introduced at the end of the 60s; the peritonitis the was the more fearsome complication. objective: to determine the incidence rate of peritonitis in a program of peritoneal dialysis at home. methods: a prospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted in a universe including 30 patients from december, 2007 to may, 2011. authors analyzed the demographic variables and the peritonitis presence. the distribution of frequency analysis was used as well as the kaplan meier for the time of the peritonitis-free survival. results: from the total of patients, 17 had one episode of peritonitis, 6 had a second episode whereas only one had a third event for a total of 24 episodes of peritonitis; similar to an episode each 32 months/patient, these events occurred in 12 male patients and in 5 female patients; mean age was of 46,2 years. conclusions: although the incidence of peritonitis became decreasing in past years, it remains as the leading complication of this therapeutical procedure.
Dengue
Martínez Torres, Eric;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142008000300004
Abstract: dengue is the most important arbovirosis in the world, with a huge burden of disease and social implications. it is transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus aedes, particularly aedes aegypti, that lives in the domestic and peridomestic habitat. the clinical picture includes fever, headache, retroorbital pain, body pains, rash and malaise. sometimes patients has a sudden worsening with hypovolemic shock and hemorrhages, high an elevated lethality. not an antiviral drug is available, but death can be prevented by early intravenous infusion of crystalloid solutions. some vaccine candidates are being now evaluated. prevention depends on vector control by health education and environmental reordering.
Sobre el empleo de las categorías "elemento compositivo" y "prefijo" en los diccionarios de la RAE
Torres Martínez,Marta;
Boletín de filología , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032011000100007
Abstract: in this article we analyse, assess and interpret how prefixes have been treated in some selected grammatical and lexicographic works published by the real academia de la lengua throughout the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. our starting point is the diccionario de la lengua espa?ola (drae 2001), which classifies the prefixes extracted from a previous study (varela and martín garcía 1999) under two major grammatical categories: prefix and compounding element . we aim at determining why units of an apparently similar nature are labelled in two different ways in drae (2001): prefixes and composite / compounding elements (a case in point is that of the prefixes inter- and super- , which come from the latin prepositions inter and super, also described as prefixes). besides, this study briefly reviews the historical categorial treatment given to a selection of prefixes in from several editions of this academic dictionary (diccionario de autoridades, 1726-39, and drae 1803, 1884, 1925 and 1970). finally, it is our belief that a morphological description is essential for an accurate grammatical description, we additionally offer an overview of the treatment of prefixes in the grammars of the real academia de la lengua (grae) published between 1771 and 1931. the present study also examines the ideas underlying the esbozo de una nueva gramática de la lengua espa?ola (1973) and the nueva gramática de la lengua espa?ola (ngrae 2009).
MODELO DE INTERVENCIóN PSICOLóGICA EN PERSONAS ENFRENTADAS A PSICOTRAUMAS
Torres Martínez,Gertrudys;
Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia , 2006,
Abstract: the purpose of this theoretical article is to present a model of psychological intervention in persons who have faced a traumatic event. antecedents depart from the authoress? experience in this field and a critical review of the pertinent literature for these interventions. this model in based on three axes: resilience, logotherapy and narrative. the latest within cognitive therapy. this article explains each of the components and indicates that intervention in the first instance must be an accompaniment, and only if needed, a psychotherapeutic intervention must be done.
La prevención de la mortalidad por dengue: un espacio y un reto para la atención primaria de salud
Torres,Eric Martínez;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892006000700013
Abstract: dengue is an arthropod-borne viral disease whose frequency has increased steadily in the americas over the past 25 years. the type of dengue that carries the highest mortality is the clinical variant known as dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (dhf/dss). even though no vaccine or drug against the disease is available, successful management consists of preventing serious illness through patient follow-up and monitoring danger signals so as to be able to initiate aggressive intravenous rehydration and prevent shock or treat it early and successfully. these measures are also useful in preventing other complications, such as massive hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulation, multiple organ failure, and respiratory failure due to non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema. primary health care (phc) settings and the community are ideal spaces for this type of preventive management based on health education and active case detection. it involves training all medical and nursing staff, students, and community health workers, as well as reorganizing health care in phc units and hospitals and redistributing available resources during a dengue epidemic.
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