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Effect of Vitamin A Deficiency on Retinol and Retinyl Esters Contents in Rat Brain
Asma Arfaoui,Issad Nasri,Samira Boulbaroud,Ali Ouichou
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In the present study, the pattern of vitamin A (retinol and retinyl esters) contents in discrete brain areas was investigated in Wistar rats (both sexes of 10-12 weeks old) fed on vitamin A deficient diet. The animals were placed on standard laboratory diet for the control animals and a vitamin A deficient diet for the experimental animals for 20 weeks. At the end of this period, brain retinol and retinyl esters contents from control and vitamin A deficient diet animals were measured by HPLC. Retinol was the predominant form of retinoids in male rat brains (77 to 92% of total retinol) and retinyl esters were the predominant form in female brain rats (4 to 44% of total retinol). The abundant ester in both sexes was the retinyl linoleate. Olfactory bulb and the midbrain contained the highest quantities of retinol and retinyl esters in both sexes. On the other hand, the vitamin A deficient diet significantly decreased the retinoid contents in male brain, in olfactory bulb (-30.7%), hindbrain (-46.2%) and increased it in forebrain (84.3%) and midbrain (2.2%). Total retinol was decreased in olfactory bulb (-38.7%), forebrain (-44.5%) and midbrain (-30.7%) and increased in hindbrain (23.4%) of vitamin A deficient female rats. In conclusion, retinol and retinyl esters were the brain compounds heterogeneously distributed throughout the brain areas in both the sexes and were significantly affected by vitamin A deficiency status as well.
A Data Warehouse Assistant Design System Based on Clover Model
Nouha Arfaoui,Jalel Akaichi
International Journal of Database Management Systems , 2010,
Abstract: Nowadays, Data Warehouse (DW) plays a crucial role in the process of decision making. However, theirdesign remains a very delicate and difficult task either for expert or users. The goal of this paper is topropose a new approach based on the clover model, destined to assist users to design a DW. Theproposed approach is based on two main steps. The first one aims to guide users in their choice of DWschema model. The second one aims to finalize the chosen model by offering to the designer views relatedto former successful DW design experiences.
A Data Warehouse Assistant Design System Based on Clover Model
Nouha Arfaoui,Jalel Akaichi
Computer Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5121/ijdms.2010.2204
Abstract: Nowadays, Data Warehouse (DW) plays a crucial role in the process of decision making. However, their design remains a very delicate and difficult task either for expert or users. The goal of this paper is to propose a new approach based on the clover model, destined to assist users to design a DW. The proposed approach is based on two main steps. The first one aims to guide users in their choice of DW schema model. The second one aims to finalize the chosen model by offering to the designer views related to former successful DW design experiences.
Paleogeographic Reconstitution and Tangential Tectonic in the Backland of Tunisian Dorsal (Fahs Area: J. Rouas and Ruissate)  [PDF]
Aymen Arfaoui, Kais Aridhi, Sabri Aridhi, Mohamed Ghanmi, Fouad Zargouni
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2016.73019
Abstract: The Tunisian Dorsal backland is the Eastern Atlas side of maghrebides. Field data of Fahs area allowed us to develop new interpretations and to characterize the main structural features of the studied devices (Jebel Rouas and Ruissate). Heritage of Zaghouan accident, Triassic salt movements and strike-direction of major synsedimentary faults are the principal causes and results of the skinned and superimposed geometric architecture, generated by the reversed extensional (Jurassic-Cretaceous) tectonics. The actual geometry of Jebel Rouas and Ruissate represents a fault propagation fold, affecting Jurassic and Cretaceous sets. The backland of this thrust fault defines an imbrications structures of Barremian series. Tectonic records activities show the existence of angular unconformities (Oligocene and Eocene series on the Cretaceous sets considered as bedrock), slumps, tectonic breccias and synsedimentary faults are all of them controlled by a deep major accident; N-S to NE-SW and NW-SE. Features of the study area are probably related first; to the blockage of Zaghouan thrust oriented NE-SW in the foreland; then, to the intense halokinetic activity, which facilitates the layers displacement acting as decollment level. The detailed structural and stratigraphic study of Fahs area and its neighbors shows the presence of an intense tangential tectonic during upper Miocene, affecting Meso-Cenozoic sets, because all the structures involved are sealed by Oligocene and Miocene thinned series. This is accentuated by the existence of different sets of decollment at different depths, which are represented by a displacement to the SE through the backland of the Tunisian Dorsal. We define these features as an imbrication and thrusting Out of sequence system.
Development of Large-Scale Land Information System (LIS) by Using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Field Surveying  [PDF]
Asma Th. Ibraheem
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.42014
Abstract: Cadastral maps are an important component of land administration in most countries. In virtually all developed countries, the needs of computerized land and geographic information systems (LIS/GIS) has given urgent impetus to computerizing cadastral maps and creating digital cadastral data bases (DCDB). This process is creating many institutional, legal, technical and administrative problems. This desire to establish DCDBs is being given increased impetus due to a new range of enabling technologies such as satellite position fixing (GPS), improved spatial data collection techniques such as digital theodolites and “soft copy” photogrammetry, as well as a vast range of new information and communications technological tools, thus contributing to the advancement and keeping up with the great countries. This paper presents the problem of cadastral maps. The hitherto existing cadastre, consisting of paper maps and land registers, is now becoming insufficient. Its shortcomings force developments leading to its improvement. One of the ways is the creation of a Land Information System. A digital cadastral map is the main component of this system. The structure and information content of the map is presented, its differences from analogue maps are shown, and the process of map creation is described. A digital cadastral map can be the basis for additional thematic layers, successively converting it into a complex system for management of administrative units.
Groundwater Over-Pumping and Recent Earthquakes in the Northern United Arab Emirates: A Natural Hazard Accentuated by Human Activity  [PDF]
Asma Al-Farraj
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.49092
Abstract: At the present day the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is on the flank of the Arabian plate, but some way away from the major modern earthquake epicentres. It normally experiences only minor earthquakes whose epicentres lie along the suture between the Arabian and Asiatic plates in Iran, the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. In March 2002 a series of earthquakes occurred in several areas in the northern UAE, with foci along fault lines within the UAE. What made these earthquakes different from earlier earthquakes was their strength and frequency. For the first time in the area, earthquakes of a magnitude 5.5 (on the Richter scale) occurred, and continued over a period of three days. The causes appear to involve more than fault zone and plate tectonics, and may be related to human activity. Tracing the earthquakes during the past three decades indicates that the earthquakes followed major groundwater over-pumping, itself a result of population growth, growth in the number of farms and number of bottled water factories.
Estimation of Soil Erosion Risk Using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and Geo-Information Technology in Oued El Makhazine Watershed, Morocco  [PDF]
Asma Belasri, Abdellah Lakhouili
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2016.81010
Abstract: Soil erosion by water is one of the major threats to soils in the north of Morocco; soil erosion not only decreases agricultural productivity, but also reduces the water availability. In the current study, Oued El Makhazine watershed is selected to estimate annual soil loss using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS). GIS data layers including, rainfall erosivity (R), soil erodibility (K), slope length and steepness (LS), cover management (C) and conservation practice (P) factors are computed to determine their effects on average annual soil loss in the area. The resultant map of annual soil erosion shows a maximum soil loss of 735 t·h-1·y-1, about 65.25% (1575 km2), of the watershed ranges between 0 and 95 t·h-1·y-1. Higher soil losses are observed at higher LS factor area. The spatial erosion maps generate with USLE method, remote sensing and GIS can serve as effective inputs in deriving strategies for land planning and management in the environmentally sensitive mountainous areas.
Mining Semi-structured Data
Olfa Arfaoui,Minyar Sassi Hidri
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The need for discovering knowledge from XML documents according to both structure and content features has become challenging, due to the increase in application contexts for which handling both structure and content information in XML data is essential. So, the challenge is to find an hierarchical structure which ensure a combination of data levels and their representative structures. In this work, we will be based on the Formal Concept Analysis-based views to index and query both content and structure. We evaluate given structure in a querying process which allows the searching of user query answers.
An Extensive Cholesteatoma with Bezold’s Abscess  [PDF]
Norhafiza Mat Lazim, Asma Abdullah
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.23049
Abstract: Cholesteatoma has been known to be associated with multiple complications either extracranially or intracranially. Among the extracranial complications, mastoiditis and mastoid abscess are the most common. Bezold’s abscess formation with cholesteatoma is a rare occurrence but when present can lead to sinister sequalae if not properly managed. The treatment of cholesteatoma is mainly by surgical exploration namely mastoidectomy. The aim of treatment is to eradicate the diseased mastoid and to prevent subsequent complications. Beside surgical intervention, the patient will also require intensive systemic and topical antibiotic therapy. With proper treatment patient will be hindered from experiencing unwanted complications.
Bayesian Estimation of Non-Gaussian Stochastic Volatility Models  [PDF]
Asma Graja Elabed, Afif Masmoudi
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2014.42009

In this paper, a general Non-Gaussian Stochastic Volatility model is proposed instead of the usual Gaussian model largely studied. We consider a new specification of SV model where the innovations of the return process have centered non-Gaussian error distribution rather than the standard Gaussian distribution usually employed. The model describes the behaviour of random time fluctuations in stock prices observed in the financial markets. It offers a response to better model the heavy tails and the abrupt changes observed in financial time series. We consider the Laplace density as a special case of non-Gaussian SV models to be applied to our data base. Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique, based on the bayesian analysis, has been employed to estimate the model’s parameters.

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