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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11855 matches for " Ashraf Hassan MOHAMMED "
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Effect of Pelvic Floor Electrical Stimulation and Biofeedback on the Recovery of Urinary Continence after Radical Prostatectomy
Mohammed Taher AHMED,Ashraf Hassan MOHAMMED,Abozeid AMANSOUR
Türkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: bjective: Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most distressing postoperative problems of radical prostatectomy (RP) and negatively affects the quality of life (QOL). We assessed the effect of pelvic muscle exercises (PME), electrical stimulation (ES) and biofeedback (BFB) on UI after RP. Materials and Methods: 80 patients, who underwent RP, were randomized into three groups. Group I (n=26) received instructions about PME, group II (n=26) received ES and group III (n=28) received ES plus BFB. The treatment was started one week after catheter removal, twice a week for 12 weeks. The evaluation of continence was performed at time 0, 6, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks during follow-up, using the 24-hour pad test and the QOL using the incontinence impact questionnaire -7 (IIQ-7). Results: The mean leakage weight became significantly lower (p<0.05) in group III than in groups II and I starting at 6 weeks until 24 weeks of follow-up. A significant difference (p<0.05) between the groups in terms of percentage of continent patients was achieved from 12 weeks (71.42%, 53.85% and 34.62%) to 24 weeks (96.43%, 76.92% and 65.38%) for groups III, II and I, respectively. Conclusion: Early, noninvasive therapy with ES and BFB has a significant positive effect on the duration and the degree of UI and QOL. Turk J Phys Med Re-hab 2012;58:170-6.
Ameliorative Influence of Dietary Dates on Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiac Toxicity  [PDF]
Ashraf Nabiel Abdalla, Waleed Hassan Almaliki, Mohammed Hasan Mukhtar, Firoz Anwar, Imran Shahid, Salah Ali Menshawi, Tagreed Sadeek Alsulimani
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2016.78042
Abstract:
Doxorubicin is a commonly used anticancer agent, which may cause cardiac toxicity. The present study designed to evaluate Phoenix dactylofera (dates) in doxorubicin (DXR) induced cardiac toxicity and cardiac remodeling in Wistar albino rats. The experimental rats procured, acclimatized and finally divided into five groups (n = 6). Group I served as normal controls, group II served as disease controls and groups 3, 4 & 5 served as therapeutic groups (Phoenix dactylofera 5%, 10%, and 15% respectively). Cardiac remodeling and toxicity in the rats were induced by administration of DXR (1.25 mg/kg i.p. in 16 divided doses/month). At the end of protocol, effect of Phoenix dactylofera on cardiac remodeling was evaluated by measuring parameters like haemodynamics, heart weight, anatomy, Troponin T, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), creatine phosphokinase-MB (CPK-MB), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), calcium ion Ca2+, sodium ion Na+, potassium ion K+, intracellular enzymes like Malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). The disease control groups showed significantly elevated (p < 0.001) levels of troponin T, CPK, CPK-MB, LDH, MDA, and significantly reduced levels (p < 0.001) of GSH, SOD & CAT while the levels of SGPT, SGOT were increased less significantly (p < 0.01) as compared to therapeutic groups. Treatment with Phoenix dactylofera significantly (p < 0.01)
Antiproliferative Properties of Vinyl Dipeptides: Synthesis and MCF-7 Cell Line Testing  [PDF]
Ashraf Hassan Bayoumi
Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (OJMC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.24013
Abstract: Peptide mimics derived with close structure to peptide have vast utility because they are expected to interfere with biological targets while having superior drug-like properties if compared to peptides. In this work, novel vinyl dipeptides which are different in a double bond between the α-carbon of peptide and C1 of its side chain. Added to that, suitable substituents were selected to harness drug-like properties. The compounds were found to have moderate activities when tested against MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. For instance, the adamantyl analogue 2-(benzoylamino)-3-(2-furyl)-N-(1-adamantyl) propenamide (1c) and the heterocyclic analogue 2-(Benzoylamino)-3-(2-furyl)-N-[2-(5-cyanothia-zol-2-yl)] propenamide (1o) exhibited inhibition potency at 27.4 and 37.8 μM, respectively.
Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B and C virus infections in an impoverished urban community in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Hasan Ashraf, Nur H Alam, Christian Rothermundt, Abdullah Brooks, Pradip Bardhan, Lokman Hossain, Mohammed A Salam, Mohammed S Hassan, Christoph Beglinger, Niklaus Gyr
BMC Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2334-10-208
Abstract: Healthy individuals were selected for demographic and behavioural characteristics by stratified cluster sampling and blood tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody to HBV core antigen (anti-HBc), and anti-HCV antibodies (anti-HCV).From June 2005-November 2006, 1997 participants were screened for HBsAg, anti-HBc and anti-HCV, 738 (37%) were males with mean (SD) age of 24 (14) years. HBV-seropositivity was documented in 582 (29%) participants: 14 (0.7%) were positive for HBsAg, 452 (22.6%) for anti-HBc and 116 (5.8%) for both HBsAg and anti-HBc. Four (0.2%) participants were positive for anti-HCV, and another five (0.3%) for both anti-HBc and anti-HCV. Ninety-six/246 (39%) family members residing at same households with HBsAg positive participants were also HBV-seropositive [74 (30.1%) for anti-HBc and 22 (8.9%) for both HBsAg and anti-HBc], which was significantly higher among family members (39%) than that of study participants (29%) (OR 1.56; p < 0.001). In bivariate analysis, HBV-seropositivity was significantly associated with married status (OR 2.27; p < 0.001), history of jaundice (OR 1.35; p = 0.009), surgical operations (OR 1.26; p = 0.04), needle-stick injuries (OR 2.09; p = 0.002), visiting unregistered health-care providers (OR 1.40; p = 0.008), receiving treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STD) (OR 1.79; p = 0.001), animal bites (OR 1.73; p < 0.001); ear-nose-body piercing in females (OR 4.97; p < 0.001); circumcision (OR 3.21; p < 0.001), and visiting community barber for shaving in males (OR 3.77; p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, married status (OR 1.32; p = 0.04), surgical operations (OR 1.39; p = 0.02), animal bites (OR 1.43; p = 0.02), visiting unregistered health-care providers (OR 1.40; p = 0.01); and ear-nose-body piercing in females (OR 4.97; p < 0.001) were significantly associated with HBV-seropositivity.The results indicate intermediate level of endemicity of HBV infection in Dhaka community, with much high
Health Related Quality of Life among Osteoarthritis Patients: A Comparison of Traditional Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Selective COX-2 Inhibitors in the United Arab Emirates Using the SF-36  [PDF]
Mohammed Hassanein, Mohammed Shamssain, Nageeb Hassan
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2015.64025
Abstract: Objectives: Osteoarthritis (OA) has a dramatic impact on patients’ health related quality of life (HRQoL). Chronic use of analgesics and anti-inflammatory medications for pain management may improve symptoms but on long term may affect HRQoL negatively. The objective of the present study was to compare the impact of two different classes of analgesics, traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on HRQoL among osteoarthritis patients using the SF-36 questionnaire. Methods: Clinic based cross-sectional study conducted at Al-Qassimi Hospital, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), over a period of six months. Ethical Approval was obtained from the ethics committee at Al-Qassimi Clinical Research Center. Total of 200 osteoarthritis patients fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in the study. Patients’ demographics were collected from their medical records. The Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire was used to measure patients’ HRQoL. SF-36 data were scored using health outcomes scoring software 4.5. Results: Mean age of the subjects was 62.19 ± 9.81 years with females constituting 151 (75.5%) of the patients. In general, females scored lower in most of the HRQoL domains compared to males and there was significant difference between the two groups in the mental health (p = 0.005) & mental component (p = 0.042) domains. Compared to selective COX-2 inhibitors, patients on NSAIDs scored higher on all domains of SF-36 except physical functioning. There was significant difference in mental health domain for patients treated with NSAIDs (p = 0.02). Celecoxib was only better than NSAIDs in osteoarthritis patients with more than one musculoskeletal disorders in the domain of bodily pain (p = 0.009). Conclusion: NSAIDs-treated patients did not differ significantly from celecoxib-treated patients in all domains of the SF-36 except for the mental health domain.
Toward Implementing HH the Amir Declaration of 2% Electricity Generation by Solar Energy in 2020  [PDF]
Mohamed Darwish, Ashraf Hassan, Rabi Mohtar
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.53024
Abstract:

The utility solar power plants were reviewed and classified by two basic groups: direct thermal concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV). CSP as Parabolic Trough Collector (PTC) of 100 MW solar power plants (SPP) is suggested and suitable to provide solar thermal power for Qatar. Although, LFC had enough experience for small projects, it is still need to work in large scale plant such as 100 MW and couple with multi effect distillation (MED) to confirm costs.

Bicaval obstruction complicating right atrial tuberculoma:the diagnostic value of Cardiovascular MR
Ibrahim Al-Nasser, Ashraf M Anwar, Youssef FM Nosir, Mohammed AR Chamsi-Pasha, Aref Ajam, Aymen Alqiriaqri, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1532-429x-10-60
Abstract: We describe the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance in the diagnosis of a rare case of cardiac tuberculoma involving the right atrium which was complicated by a bicaval obstruction. The patient made a remarkable improvement with the anti-tuberculous treatment. To our knowledge, this complication has never been reported in relation to cardiac tuberculoma.Tuberculosis can involve a multitude of organ tissues but generally affects the respiratory tract. Involvement of the atria with cardiac tuberculoma is exceptionally rare [1]. We report a case of a bicaval obstruction in a young patient with cardiac tuberculoma.The case highlights not only the description of a previously unreported complication of cardiac tuberculoma, but also the use of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in establishing the diagnosis.A 25-years old male, previously well, presented with fatigue, sweating, shortness of breath on exertion and weight loss over a 4-months period. During the last two weeks prior to admission he developed atypical chest pain, cough and hemoptysis. There was no relevant past medical history.Clinical examination was unremarkable apart from right apical bronchial breathing with no signs of superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction. ECG showed incomplete RBBB, sinus tachycardia with left anterior fascicular block. Chest X ray demonstrated right apical infiltration. Both complete blood count & biochemistry profile were normal. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 65 and C – reactive protein 58. Sputum culture was positive for acid fast bacilli. Bronchial biopsy showed granulomatous inflammation of bronchial mucosa in keeping with tuberculosis. Protein C & S were normalTransthoracic echocardiography showed dilated right atrium (RA) with a large "horse-shoe" mass involving most of the RA wall (Figure 1a). CT scan showed confluent ill-defined areas of consolidation with multiple thin-walled cavitations at the upper lobe of the right lung and multiple mediastinal and hilar lymph
Effects of Bacterial Strains and Chicken Manure on Orobanche crenata Infesting Faba Bean
Mohammed Mahgoub Hassan,Awad Galal Osman,Samia Osman Yagoub,Ashraf Mohamed Sherif,Ahmed ME Rugheim,Ibrarhim Saeed Mohamed,Migdam El Sheik Abdel Gani,Abdel Gabar El Tayeb Babiker
Agricultural Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/aj.2012.122.127
Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to assess the effect of bacterial strains and chicken manure on broomrape in faba bean. Results displayed that all treatments reduced Orobanche emergence except the combinations of Rhizobial bacterial strain TAL 1399 and composted chicken manure at 35 g pot-1. Among all treatments faba bean inoculated with TAL 1399 alone or in combinations with Bacillus megatherium var Phosphaticum (BMP) or Azospirillum braziliense (Ab) plus chicken manure at 35 g pot-1 displayed no Orobanche emergence (above the ground) until the end of the experiment. However, Orobanche attachment was observed only when faba bean was inoculated with TAL 1399 plus BMP. Moreover, all treatments increased faba bean plant height and dry matter as compared to the control. Faba bean inoculated with bacterial strain TAL 1399 alone or in combination with chicken manure at 30 g pot-1 sustained the highest plant height as compared to infested or non-infested control. They increased faba bean height by 17-19%. Furthermore, crop treated with TAL 1399 plus chicken manure at 30 g pot-1 was significantly higher in root, shoot and total dry weight as compared to the control and other treatments.
Jordan Software Industry: Investigating the Role of Human Capital
Ashraf Bany Mohammed
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n5p217
Abstract: Software industry is realized as one key opportunity for socio-economic development, especially for developing countries. Human Capital heavily plays a critical role in such knowledge-based sectors as software. This paper describes and analyzes the role of human capital in the development of Jordan software industry between 1980’s and 2005. In doing so, different roles in software industry are identified, described and analyzed. The study suggests that the existence of some levels of professional, technical and ICT graduates, will not guarantee the development of the sector. Quality, proper utilization, collaboration and policy coherency of Human Capital is needed for software sector development. Moreover, we argue that challenges such as Diaspora can have a positive impact through technology transfer and entrepreneurship as the Indian case suggests.
A Mild and Facile One-Pot Synthesis of N-Methyl-3-Acyl-Pyrroles
Hassan Valizadeh,Ashraf Fakhari
Molecules , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/molecules15052972
Abstract: N-Methyl-3-acylpyrroles were synthesized via a multicomponent reaction of dimethylacetylene dicarboxylate (DMAD), N-methylhydroxylamine and acylchlorides in the presence of KHCO3. For comparison both conventional and microwave protocols were examined in this procedure. The reaction is clean and gives the products in good to excellent yields under conventional heating conditions at 40 oC in anhydrous dichloromethane.
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