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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1568 matches for " Ashish Varma "
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Big Data Usage Intention of Management Accountants: Blending the Utility Theory with the Theory of Planned Behavior in an Emerging Market Context  [PDF]
Ashish Varma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.813176
Abstract: This work blends the utility theory with the theory of planned behavior to investigate the management accountant’s (MA) intention in using big data. The study was conducted in early 2017 using a partial least squares-structural equation modeling technique with a sample of 203 MAs in 11 Indian cities. The research identified attitude as the most significant antecedent of intent to use big data followed by the subjective norms. These findings have significant managerial relevance for the firms in sensitizing their accounting teams on the benefits of using big data to achieve more voluntary buy in from the MAs. The investigation also contributes to the methods by illustrating the application of two advanced techniques, multi group analysis (MGA) and importance-performance map analysis (IPMA) in validating the theory of planned behavior in an emerging market context.
Mobile Banking Choices of Entrepreneurs: A Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) Perspective  [PDF]
Ashish Varma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.814183
Abstract: This study applies the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) to investigate the entrepreneurial usage of mobile banking services. The study was conducted during 2017-18 using a partial least squares-structural equation modeling technique. A sample of 206 entrepreneurs, from fourteen sub-urban towns in India, was studied. The study found that mobile banking intentions mediates the relationship between all three; effort expectancy and use behavior, performance expectancy and use behavior and social influence and use behavior. There was no gender-based difference between the banking behavior among the entrepreneurs. The study also validates the UTAUT theory in an emerging market context. These findings are significant as the entrepreneurial choices regarding mobile banking in emerging markets demands more research. Mobile phones have a deep penetration in the emerging markets and so its role in facilitating the banking needs of the entrepreneurs should be ascertained. The study also contributes to the methods by illustrating the use of importance performance map analysis (IPMA) in the UTAUT context.
Qualitative Evidence for a Behavioral Extension of the Expectancy Valence Theory: The Netflix-Twitter-Yakult Case  [PDF]
Ashish Varma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.815212
Abstract: The Netflix movie “To all the boys I’ve loved before” released in the USA on 17th Aug 2018 was linked to a substantial increase in sales of the probiotic drink Yakult. This study probes the phenomenon with an analysis of tweets for the first three weeks after the release of the movie and also assesses reasons for the phenomenon with the theoretical underpinning of the Expectancy Valence (EV) theory. The first section of the study was conducted by undertaking a probe on 1922 tweets made during 17th Aug 2018 (the release date of the movie in the USA) till 6th September 2018. The second part of the study was conducted by taking intensive in-depth interviews of the target segment after 6th September 2018. The study highlights the growing significance of social media in shaping the sentiments by influencing perception and opinion (valence), which eventually influences the sales of products (expectation). The study found out that the sharp increase in sales was due to positive behavioral sentiment created by the social media.
Do Culturally Intelligent Management Accountants Share More Knowledge?—The Mediating Role of Coopetition as Evident from PLS SEM and fsQCA  [PDF]
Ashish Varma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2019.91009
Abstract:
This work investigates whether management accountants (MA) who have experience of working in multicultural environments are more open to share their knowledge, learning and insights with others or not. The study was conducted in early 2018 by using a Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) technique with a sample of 107 MAs working in India in 7 different cities and in different multinational organizations. The research identified that coopetition mediated the relationship between cultural intelligence (CQ) and the intention to share knowledge (ISK) as evidenced by both PLS-SEM and fsQCA methods. This finding is significant for both theory and practice as coopetition involves both collaboration and completion amongst the MAs. The Multi Group Analysis (MGA) revealed no significant gender related differences amongst the practicing management accountants. The study also contributes to the methods by illustrating the modelling of the second order construct “cultural intelligence”, formatively. Thus, this study illustrates the use of second order reflective-formative constructs in management accounting literature, for exploring the theory. This architecture can be of significant use for future researchers.
A Behavioral Economics Study on the Management Accountant’s Professional Networking Practices through Mobile Technologies  [PDF]
Ashish Varma, Subhransu Sahoo
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.814192
Abstract: The objective of this study was to ascertain the management accountant’s (MA) usage of smartphone for professional networking purposes. The study was conducted during mid-2017 to mid-2018 using a partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) technique. The study included a sample of 168 management accountants from India. The study found out that the enjoyment of professional networking activity (EPA) has a direct significant effect on the perceived value of smartphone professional networking service (PVSP) and that the perceived risk (PR) had a significant negative effect on the trust in advice acquired from a smartphone professional networking service (TCASP). As expected, privacy concerns (PC) had a significant direct effect on the perceived risks (PR). The PVSP had a direct positive effect on TCASP. Finally, it was observed that PR mediates the relationship between PC and TCASP. Thus, this study contributes by bringing new empirical insights on the actual usage of mobile technology for professional networking purposes in an emerging market context and has significant ramifications for providers of such services.
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis after treatment of severe falciparum malaria
Sharma Navneet,Varma Subhash,Bhalla Ashish
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2008,
Abstract:
Disseminated cysticercosis: a case report and review of the literature
Ashish Bhalla, Ashwani Sood, Atul Sachdev, Vandna Varma
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-137
Abstract: We report an immunocompetent patient with disseminated cysticercosis, who had involvement of the brain, subcutaneous tissues, skeletal muscles, right orbit and thyroid gland. In addition, this patient developed a serum sickness which responded to therapy.Wide spread dissemination is a rare complication of cysticercosis. A planned approach to therapy is required.Cysticercus cellulosae are the larval forms of the tapeworm Taenia solium. The adult tapeworms are found in the small intestine of humans, the definitive host, and the larval forms are found in the skeletal muscle of the intermediate host, the pig. To develop cysticercosis, a human has to replace the pig in the T. solium life cycle and the eggs must mature within the human small intestine as they would do in the pig's intestine. Entry of the eggs into the human small intestine may occur through autoinfection or by ingestion or inhalation of egg-contaminated food or water. Finally these cysticerci spread through the intestinal wall and are carried by the blood stream to muscles, brain and subcutaneous tissues, leading to clinical manifestations [1].Disseminated cysticercosis (DCC) is an uncommon manifestation of a common disease. Fewer than 50 cases have been reported worldwide, the majority being from India. In a study of 450 cases of cysticercosis only one case of disseminated disease was seen [2]. This case is remarkable because of the involvement of the thyroid gland and the development of a serum sickness-like illness associated with DCC.A 35-year-old woman from Haryana presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizures. She was treated with antiepileptics and became seizure-free. She had also noticed swellings all over her body which had gradually increased in number and size over the previous year, and there was proptosis of her right eyeball. She also had fever and arthralgia. On examination there was symmetrical generalized hypertrophy of the limbs, most prominent in the calf muscles, and also affecting
Acute febrile encephalopathy in adults from Northwest India
Bhalla Ashish,Suri Vika,Varma Subhash,Sharma Navneet
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock , 2010,
Abstract: Background : Acute onset fever with altered mentation is a common problem encountered by the physician practicing in tropical countries. Central nervous system (CNS) infections are the most common cause resulting in fever with altered mentation in children. Aim : In this study, we have tried to analyze the cause of encephalopathy following short febrile illness in adults presenting to a tertiary care center in Northwestern part of India. Setting and Design : A prospective observational study carried out in a tertiary care center in the Northwestern India over a period of 1 year. Material and Methods : A total of 127 patients with fever of less than 2 weeks duration along with alteration in mentation were studied prospectively over a period of 12 months. The demographic variables were recorded in detail. In addition to routine investigations, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, noncontrast- and contrast-enhanced computed tomography, along with magnetic resonance imaging were performed in all the subjects. Statistical Analysis : The results were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The values were expressed as mean with standard deviation for contiguous variable as percentage for the others. Results and Conclusion : Out of these, 70% had primary CNS infection as the etiology. A total of 33% patients had meningitis, 29.9% had evidence of meningoencephalitis, and 12.7% were diagnosed as sepsis-associated encephalopathy. These were followed by cerebral malaria, leptospirosis, and brain abscess as the cause of febrile encephalopathy in adults. Among the noninfectious causes, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, cortical venous thrombosis, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome were documented in 2.36% each. In 11% of the patients, the final diagnosis could not be made in spite of the extensive investigations. Our study demonstrates that acute febrile encephalopathy in adults is a heterogeneous syndrome with primary CNS infections being the commonest etiology.
Automated Quantitative Analysis of p53, Cyclin D1, Ki67 and pERK Expression in Breast Carcinoma Does Not Differ from Expert Pathologist Scoring and Correlates with Clinico-Pathological Characteristics
Jamaica D. Cass,Sonal Varma,Andrew G. Day,Waheed Sangrar,Ashish B. Rajput,Leda H. Raptis,Jeremy Squire,Yolanda Madarnas,Sandip K. SenGupta,Bruce E. Elliott
Cancers , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/cancers4030725
Abstract: There is critical need for improved biomarker assessment platforms which integrate traditional pathological parameters (TNM stage, grade and ER/PR/HER2 status) with molecular profiling, to better define prognostic subgroups or systemic treatment response. One roadblock is the lack of semi-quantitative methods which reliably measure biomarker expression. Our study assesses reliability of automated immunohistochemistry (IHC) scoring compared to manual scoring of five selected biomarkers in a tissue microarray (TMA) of 63 human breast cancer cases, and correlates these markers with clinico-pathological data. TMA slides were scanned into an Ariol Imaging System, and histologic (H) scores (% positive tumor area x staining intensity 0–3) were calculated using trained algorithms. H scores for all five biomarkers concurred with pathologists’ scores, based on Pearson correlation coefficients (0.80–0.90) for continuous data and Kappa statistics (0.55–0.92) for positive vs. negative stain. Using continuous data, significant association of pERK expression with absence of LVI ( p = 0.005) and lymph node negativity ( p = 0.002) was observed. p53 over-expression, characteristic of dysfunctional p53 in cancer, and Ki67 were associated with high grade ( p = 0.032 and 0.0007, respectively). Cyclin D1 correlated inversely with ER/PR/HER2-ve (triple negative) tumors ( p = 0.0002). Thus automated quantitation of immunostaining concurs with pathologists’ scoring, and provides meaningful associations with clinico-pathological data.
The effect of controlling the ABC’s of diabetes on cardiovascular disease in a community-based endocrinology practice  [PDF]
Swarna Varma, Gretchen A. Piatt
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2013.34031
Abstract:

Introduction: Large clinical trials demonstrate that glycemic, blood pressure, and cholesterol control lead to risk reduction in cardiovascular events. We determined whether A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol control were associated with incident cardiovascular disease [CVD] in a community-based endocrinology practice over 10 years. Methods: 385 consecutive patients seen for diabetes management in a CBEP comprised the analysis cohort. To be included, a patient had ≥2 A1c, blood pressure, and LDLc measurements respectively without prevalent CVD. All patients were 18 years or older with a diagnosis of diabetes before or during calendar year 2000. Results: 17.6% of patients developed incident CVD over 10 years. After controlling for age, gender, and time, patients who improved their A1c to <7% during the time they spent in the practice had a 47% reduction in incident CVD [hazard rate = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.26 - 1.1]. Similar trends were observed for LDLc [27% reduction, hazard rate = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.3 - 1.8] and blood pressure control [35% reduction, hazard rate = 0.65, 95% CI: 0.33 - 1.3]. Additionally, patients who achieved all ABCSs at goal level at least once were 2.5x more likely not to develop incident CVD [hazard rate = 2.5, 95% CI: 1.2, 5.1] during their time in the practice. Conclusion: These results highlight the feasibility of achieving A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol goals and demonstrate the significant impact that control has on incident CVD in a community-based endocrinology practice. Models of care that focus on prevention of complications through A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol control may lead to decreased morbidity and mortality.

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