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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4016 matches for " Arun; Salas Stevanato "
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Violencia y tráfico de mujeres en México: una perspectiva de género
Acharya, Arun Kumar;Stevanato, Adriana Salas;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2005000300003
Abstract: today, gender-based violence has crossed all social barriers, with millions of women considering it a fact of life. among all kinds of gender-based violence, the trafficking of women is perhaps the most important, for women are sold in the sex market for the purpose of sexual exploitation. evidence shows that at present gender-based violence causes more deaths than diseases and accidents. the main objective of this study is to show that the trafficking of women remains as a form of sexual exploitation and violence against women in mexico. the data has been obtained in tapachula, a town in the state of chiapas, mexico.
Algunas consideraciones teóricas acerca del tráfico de mujeres en el contexto de la globalización
Kumar Acharya,Arun; Salas Stevanato,Adriana;
Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2008,
Abstract: the objective of this paper is to describe some theoretical aspects related to the migration, trafficking and smuggling of people, particularly women. the study intends to explain the connections and disconnections among these social phenomena. trafficking as well as smuggling forms a part of migratory processes, which may occur with or without the immigrant?s consent. when it occurs without a person?s consent or through coercion it is called immigrant trafficking; on the other hand, when the movement occurs with the complete consent of an individual in order to enter a country illegally, it is called smuggling. the main purpose behind both of these activities is the same: the commerce of sex workers, the exploitation of people who are forced to perform work under conditions of slavery, among other activities, a situation which, to a certain point is the same in the case of the migration phenomenon when it occurs with or without a person?s consent.
Preferencia por hijos varones y escasez de mujeres en India
Arun Kumar Acharya,Adriana Salas Stevanato
Papeles de población , 2006,
Abstract: El objetivo del presente trabajo es abordar algunos de los principales aspectos que han provocado un desequilibrio en el índice del sexo femenino en la India debido a la preferencia de género, pues según datos del censo de 2001 hay un déficit de 35 millones de mujeres en comparación con el número total de hombres. Para constatar dicha preferencia se han considerado los índices de la tasa de natalidad y mortalidad, así como los aspectos socioculturales que contribuyen y agravan la situación de desventaja que ocupa la mujer históricamente dentro de la sociedad india.
In Vitro Preliminary Evidences on the Antioxidant Properties of Biogenic Amines  [PDF]
Roberto Stevanato, Mariangela Bertelle, Sabrina Fabris
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2013.49097

Antioxidant properties of the principal biogenic amines were determined in vitro by four analytical methodsFolin Ciocalteu, DPPH, enzymatic and inhibition of lipid peroxidation—in order to avoid possible measuring-method linked mistakes. Different results are obtained, depending on the parameters that each of them measures. The combination of the data indicates that all examined amines show antioxidant characteristics: in particular, tyramine, serotonin, L-norepinephrine, (-)-epinephrine and dopamine owing to their (poly)phenolic structure too, while aliphatic polyamines-spermine, spermidine, putrescine and cadaverine-histamine, melatonin and tryptamine appear to act specifically on the oxygen-consuming species involved in the lipid peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Efficacy of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) after Multiple Subpial Transections (MST) for Extra-Temporal Seizure Foci  [PDF]
Arun Angelo Patil, Arun Anthony, Richard Andrews
Surgical Science (SS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2013.45053

Background: The effect of Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy following major resective surgeries has been reported. However, the effect of VNS therapy following multiple-subpial-transections (MST) has not been reported. The objective of this paper is to examine the beneficial effect of VNS therapy following MST. Methods: There are 22 patients aged 10 - 55 years. Male/female distribution is 11/11 and follow-up is 24 - 148 months (median of 120 months). Seizure foci were bilateral in 9 patients, multi-lobar (unilateral) in 12 patients and single-lobar in 1 patient. MST was performed over broad areas in and around the seizure foci. VNS implantation was done when the response to MST procedure was poor (1 patients), or there was recurrence of seizures (21 patients). Interval between MST and VNS implanttation varied from one month to three years (median of 2 years). Results: Thirteen patients (59%) are seizure free (Engel’ Class I), 8 (36.5%) have greater than 90% reduction in seizure frequency (Class II), and 1 (4.5%) has between 50% - 90% reduction in seizure frequency (Class III). Conclusion: The results show that VNS therapy produced meaningful improvement in seizure outcome in all patients with extra-temporal seizures that had inadequate response to MST.

Comparison of the Folstein Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) as a Cognitive Screening Tool in an Inpatient Rehabilitation Setting  [PDF]
Arun Aggarwal, Emma Kean
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2010.12006
Abstract: Identifying the presence of cognitive impairment in patients admitted for inpatient rehabilitation is important as it may impact on their ability to participate in a rehabilitation program. The Folstein Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) has been used by clinicians as a cognitive screening tool for its convenience, even though it is not sensitive, and often fails to detect cognitive impairment. Recently, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has been developed as a brief cognitive screening tool to detect mild-moderate cognitive impairment. We performed a longitudinal study to compare the utility of the MMSE and MoCA in an inpatient rehabilitation setting. A total of 50 consecutive patients were studied with an average age of 71.7 years of age. The mean test score for MMSE was 26.5 and 22.2 for the MoCA. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient between the scores was 0.695 (p < 0.003). The mean performance time for the MMSE was 7.4 minutes and 14.8 minutes for the MoCA. MMSE did not perform well as a screening instrument for mild cognitive impairment as there were 43 patients who scored 24 or more on MMSE, and 25 patients (58%) scored 25 or less on MoCA, indicating the presence of cognitive impairment. Even though the MoCA takes longer to administer, the additional important information provided indicates that the MoCA should be used rather than the MMSE as a cogni-tive screening tool.
A Low Power and High Speed Viterbi Decoder Based on Deep Pipelined, Clock Blocking and Hazards Filtering  [PDF]
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.26064
Abstract: A high speed and low power Viterbi decoder architecture design based on deep pipelined, clock gating and toggle filtering has been presented in this paper. The Add-Compare-Select (ACS) and Trace Back (TB) units and its sub circuits of the decoder have been operated in deep pipelined manner to achieve high transmission rate. The Power dissipation analysis is also investigated and compared with the existing results. The techniques that have been employed in our low-power design are clock-gating and toggle filtering. The synthesized circuits are placed and routed in the standard cell design environment and implemented on a Xilinx XC2VP2fg256-6 FPGA device. Power estimation obtained through gate level simulations indicated that the proposed design reduces the power dissipation of an original Viterbi decoder design by 68.82% and a speed of 145 MHz is achieved.
Urban Violence in Northern Border of Mexico: A Study from Nuevo León State  [PDF]
Arun kumar Acharya
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2011.14023
Abstract: Urban violence has reached record level in many nations, and having devastating impact on people’s health and livelihood as well as economic prospects. Today, for millions of people around the world, violence, or the fear of violence, is a daily reality. In Mexico since the year 2006 the northern border states are become more violent due to fight against the drug trafficking. In this study, we have taken Nuevo León state as area of study, and we have seen from the result; that urban violence in Nuevo León has increased in an unprecedented manner during last few years. Much of this urban violence is a consequence of rural-to-urban migration and exponential urbanization. We have also seen in the study that urban violence is a multi-factorial phenomena and main reason behind this is inequality among city dwellers. This is a potential source of frustration which increasing risk of urban violence, especially if certain groups are underprivileged and suffers from social exclusion.
Evolutionary Relationship of Wheat Protein Disulphide Isomerase (PDI) Gene Promoter Sequence Based on Phylogenetic Analysis  [PDF]
Arun Prabhu Dhanapal
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.33045
Abstract: Protein disulphide isomerase (PDI) is an oxidoreductase enzyme abundant in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In plants, PDIs have been shown to assist the folding and deposition of seed storage proteins during the biogenesis of protein bodies in the endosperm. Cloning and characterization of the complete set of genes encoding PDI and PDI like proteins in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring) and the comparison of their sequence, structure and expression with homologous genes from other plant species were reported in our previous publications. Promoter sequences of three homoeologous genes encoding typical PDI, located on chromosome group 4 of bread wheat, and PDI promoter sequence analysis of Triticum urartu, Aegilops speltoides and Aegilops tauschii had also been reported previously. In this study, we report the isolation and sequencing of a ~700 bp region, comprising ~600 bp of the putative promoter region and 88 bp of the first exon of the typical PDI gene, in five accessions each from Triticum urartu (AA), Aegilops speltoides (BB) and Aegilops tauschii (DD). Sequence analysis indicated large variation among sequences belonging to the different genomes, while close similarity was found within each species and with the corresponding homoeologous PDI sequences of Triticum aestivum cv. CS (AABBDD) resulting in an overall high conservation of the sequence conferring endosperm-specific expression.
Development of Efficient Fermentation Process at Bioreactor Level by Taguchi's Orthogonal Array Methodology for Enhanced Dextransucrase Production from Weissella confusa Cab3  [PDF]
Shraddha Shukla, Arun Goyal
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.23033
Abstract: The influence of medium ingredients on extracellular dextransucrase production by a new bacterial strain Weissella confusa Cab3 (Genbank Accession Number JX649223) was evaluated using fractional factorial design of Taguchi's orthogonal array. Four metabolism influencing factors viz. sucrose, yeast extract, K2HPO4 and Tween80 were selected to optimize dextransucrase production by W. confusa Cab3 using fractional factorial design of Taguchi methodology. Based on the influence of interaction components of fermentation, least significant factors of individual level have higher interaction severity index and vice versa for enzyme production from Weissella confusa Cab3. Sucrose and yeast extract were found to be the most significant factors which positively influenced the dextransucrase production. The optimized medium composition consisted of sucrose—5%; yeast extract—2%; K2HPO4—1.0%; Tween80—0.5%, based on Taguchi orthogonal array method. The optimized composition gave an experimental value of dextransucrase activity of 17.9 U/ml at shake flask level which corresponded well with the predicted value of 17.54 U/ml by the model. The optimized medium by Taguchi method gave significant (3 fold) enhancement of dextransucrase activity as compared to unoptimised enzyme activity of 6.0 U/ml. The dextransucrase production was scaled up in lab scale bioreactor resulting in further enhancement of enzyme activity (22.0 U/ml).
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