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COUPLED COINSIDENCE POINT THEOREM FOR NONLINEAR CONTRACTION IN PARTIALLY ORDERED METRIC SPACES
Kiramkumar Laxmanrao Bondar,Arun B Jadhao,Shivaji T Patil
Journal of Global Research in Mathematical Archives , 2013,
Abstract: The existence theorem of coupled coincidence point is proved. The main tool in the proof of result combines the ideas in the contraction principle with those in the monotonic iterative technique. An example is given satisfying.
IMPROVED RP-HPLC METHOD FOR QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATION OF STEVIOSIDE IN STEVIA REBAUDIANA BERTONI BURM
Shankar Katekhaye,D. B. Jadhao,B. N. Thorat
International Journal of Phytopharmacy , 2012, DOI: 10.7439/ijpp.v1i2.162
Abstract: An RP-HPLC method with UV array detection was established for the determination of stevioside, an extract of herbal S. rebaudiana plant. The stevioside was separated using isocratic solvent system consisting of methanol and 0.1% orthophosphoric acid (v/v) in water (70:30) at flow rate of 1.0 ml/min and the detection wavelength of 219 nm. The method was validated for linearity, precision, accuracy, limit of detection (LOD), and limit of quantitation (LOQ). The linearity of the proposed method was obtained in the range of 5.0-75 g/ml with regression coefficient of 0.9999. Intraday and interday precision studies showed the relative standard deviation less than 2.5%. The accuracy of the proposed method was determined by a recovery study conducted at 3 different levels. The average recovery was 97-99%. The LOD and LOQ were 0.02 and 0.05 μg/ml, respectively. The content of stevioside obtained in the dried leaves powder was within the ranges of 6.83 a€“ 7.91% and 1.7 a€“ 2.9 % w/w, respectively. The proposed method is simple, sensitive, yet reproducible. It is therefore suitable for routine analysis of stevioside in S. rebaudiana Bertoni.
Missing girls: low child sex ratio, study from urban slum and elite area of Nagpur
B Nagargoje,A Jadhao,SD Bhardwaj,J Khadse
Health Renaissance , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/hren.v9i3.5589
Abstract: Objectives: To find the child sex ratio in the urban slum and elite area of Nagpur and also to compare child sex ratio according to birth order and sex of previous born child. Methods: The study involved house to house interview of mothers of 0-6 years children from urban slum and elite area of Nagpur city. Information regarding all children born in last 6 years, their date of birth, birth order, sex, interval between two births and information regarding any abortions were noted. Results: Child sex ratio was 934 females per 1000 males combined for both areas. Child sex ratio was significantly low (P<0.05) in elite area (904 females per 1000 males) compared to slum area (964 females per 1000 males). Child sex ratio was highest for Hindus (1051 in slum area and 975 in elite area) and lowest for others (778 in slum area and 375 in elite area). Child sex ratio decreases, as education of mother increases, except when mother was graduate or postgraduate for both areas combined upto birth orders three, child sex ratio was 941 females per 1000 males (981 for slum area and 904 for elite area). In elite area, for the second birth order, number of males was significantly higher than females, when first-born child was female (P<0.05). There was significant difference between number of males and females of second birth order, when the first-born child was male compared to when it was female (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is missing of girl child form the second and subsequent birth order, especially when the previous born child is female, which is more evident in elite area. Keywords: Child sex ratio; urban slum; elite area; birth order; India. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hren.v9i3.5589 ? HR 2011; 9(3): 189-193
Cysticercosis cellulose cutis
Inamadar Arun,Yelikar B
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2001,
Abstract: A woman aged 30 years with solitary lesion of cysticercosis cellulose cutis is reported. Cutaneous cysticerci are often a pointer to the involvement of internal organs. Our patient was a pure vegetarian so, probable mode of infection may be ingestion of contaminated vegetables, where the practice of using pig feces as manure is prevalent.
Stress and suicidal ideas in adolescent students in Chandigarh
Arun Priti,Chavan B
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: School students in India have a high stress level and high rate of deliberate self-harm. The present study was conducted to find out stress, psychological health, and presence of suicidal ideas in school students and to find out any correlation between these variables. Setting and Design: Cross-sectional study conducted on school students in urban area of Chandigarh city. Materials and Methods: Data was collected on 2402 students from classes VII to XII on socio-demographic scale, 12-item general health questionnaire, Mooney problem checklist, and suicide risk eleven -a visual analogue scale. Statistical analysis used was chi square and Spearman′s correlation. Results: Out of 2402 students, 1078 (45.8%) had psychological problems, half (1201 students) perceived problems in their role as students, 930 (45%) reported academic decline, 180 (8.82%) students reported that life was a burden, 122 (6%) reported suicidal ideas and 8 (0.39%) students reported suicidal attempt. There was significant correlation between student′s perception of life as a burden and class they were studying, mother′s working status, psychological problems and problems students experienced in relation to study, peers, future planning and with parents. Conclusions: Students with academic problems and unsupportive environment at home perceived life as a burden and had higher rates of suicidal ideations.
Genotype Influences Body Composition of Developing Chicken Embryo
A. K. Pal,M. A. Quadri,S.B. Jadhao,J. Kumbhakar
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2002,
Abstract: The effect of genotype on postnatal efficiencies of chickens has been well documented. However, little is known about the effect of genotype on body composition and metabolic physiology of chickens during embryonic development. To test the hypothesis that even with equalised egg weight at setting during incubation, there could be some effect of genotype on body composition, an experiment was conducted with embryonic chicks of broiler and layer genotypes at four stages of development during incubation (viz. 12, 16, 18, 20th d). Wet weight (P<0.01) and dry weight (P<0.05) of embryos were higher in broilers compared to layers. Irrespective of genotype, the wet and dry weights increased (P<0.01) progressively and significantly from day 12 to day 20. Water content was not found to be affected by genotype but goes progressively down till 20th d of incubation. Body nitrogen concentration was higher (P<0.05) in the pre-hatch chicks of broiler vs. layer genotype but stage of development did not significantly influence the value of this parameter. Broiler had higher (P<0.05) ether extract than layer prehatch chicks. Ether extract increased progressively and significantly (P<0.01) during the entire period of pre-hatch development. Body ash content was neither affected by genotype nor stage of development during embryonic period. This appears to be the first report that demonstrates differences in the body composition of broiler and layer genotype during embryonic life life itself.
Chitosan-Nanoconjugated Hormone Nanoparticles for Sustained Surge of Gonadotropins and Enhanced Reproductive Output in Female Fish
Mohd Ashraf Rather, Rupam Sharma, Subodh Gupta, S. Ferosekhan, V. L. Ramya, Sanjay B. Jadhao
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057094
Abstract: A controlled release delivery system helps to overcome the problem of short life of the leutinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) in blood and avoids use of multiple injections to enhance reproductive efficacy. Chitosan- and chitosan-gold nanoconjugates of salmon LHRH of desired size, dispersity and zeta potential were synthesized and evaluated at half the dose rate against full dose of bare LHRH for their reproductive efficacy in the female fish, Cyprinus carpio. Whereas injections of both the nanoconjugates induced controlled and sustained surge of the hormones with peak (P<0.01) at 24 hrs, surge due to bare LHRH reached its peak at 7 hrs and either remained at plateau or sharply declined thereafter. While the percentage of relative total eggs produced by fish were 130 and 67 per cent higher, that of fertilised eggs were 171 and 88 per cent higher on chitosan- and chitosan-gold nanoconjugates than bare LHRH. Chitosan nanoconjugates had a 13 per cent higher and chitosan gold preparation had a 9 per cent higher fertilization rate than bare LHRH. Histology of the ovaries also attested the pronounced effect of nanoparticles on reproductive output. This is the first report on use of chitosan-conjugated nanodelivery of gonadotropic hormone in fish.
Atmospheric Emissions, Depositions, and Transformations of Arsenic in Natural Ecosystem in Finland
Arun B. Mukherjee,Prosun Bhattacharya
The Scientific World Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2002.822
Abstract:
Hepatoprotective and antioxidant effect of Carissa spinarum root extract against CCl4 and paracetamol-induced hepatic damage in rats
Karunakar Hegde, Arun B. Joshi
Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology , 2010,
Abstract: Ethanolic extract of the roots of C. spinarum was evaluated for hepato-protective and antioxidant activities in rats. Oral pre-treatment with ethanolic extract (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) showed significant hepatoprotective activity against CCl4 and paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity by decreasing the activities of bilirubin and lipid peroxidation, and significant increase in the levels of uric acid, glutathione, super oxide dismutase, catalase and protein in a dose dependent manner, which was confirmed by the decrease in liver wet weight and histopathological examination. The extract possessed strong antioxidant activity. This suggests that the hepatoprotective activity of C. spinarum is possibly attributed to its free radical scavenging properties.
Intermediary Liability and Child Pornography: A Comparative Analysis
Arun B. Mattamana,Anjali Anchayil
Journal of International Commercial Law and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: With the increasing instances of transmission of child pornography over the internet, the liability of the host of service providers who facilitate the transmission of the content has become a contentious issue. With varying legal regimes, jurisdictional issues and standards of obscenity applied as well as varying degrees of care to be exercised, this area is a legal quagmire. This article addresses the question of whether we need an intermediary liability regime or not. The article posits that intermediary liability does not address the question of preventing transmission of child pornography as the actual culprits remain beyond the reach of law. A scheme of intermediary liability only acts as a disincentive to the intermediary to innovate and hinders growth of internet services. A comparison of three regimes, United States, European Union and India, is undertaken to see the legislative measures, developments in case law and analyze their stand towards the intermediary. The Article finally works towards arriving at alternative options so that the autonomy of the intermediary is not compromised through over-regulation and censorship.
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