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Contemporary Private Education in the Au-tonomous City of Ceuta: A Study on Private Religious Centres  [PDF]
Arturo Fuentes Cabrera, Arturo Manuel Fuentes Vi?as
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.36016
Abstract: Over the last few centuries the Spanish education system has been characterised by the maintenance of a duality of education?centres distinguished by the ownership model: public and private; the numerous studies carried out on these models have focused more on public institutions. This article attempts to analyse, from a historical and descriptive perspective, the origin and development of the private education model in the context of the autonomous city of Ceuta in the contemporary era. The investigation leading to this study has focused, fundamentally, on the educational action of the three private centres of Catholic religious ideology: Inmaculada College, San Agustín College and Sta. Maria Micaela College, which were founded at the end of the 19th century, and today have an important role in education. The study on these centres has been carried out applying the quantitative model, via the development of a series of questionnaires applied to the sectors most representative of the centres, in order to analyse the current situation, its relationships with ownership and thus to draw conclusions. A qualitative analysis has also been carried out via the Case study technique applied to each centre and the individuals responsible for their management.
Econographication  [PDF]
Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.45036

The rationale of Econographication revolves around the efficacy of multidimensional graphs as the most effective visual tool to understand any economic phenomenon from a multidimensional view. The main motivation behind the creation of Econographication is to evaluate multidimensional graphs evolved so far in economics and to develop new type of multidimensional graphs to facilitate the study of economics, as well as finance and business. Thereby, the mission of Econographication is to offer academics, researchers and policy maker’s an alternative multidimensional graphical modeling approach to the research and teaching-learning process of economics, finance and business from a multidimensional perspective. Hence, this alternative multidimensional graphical modeling approach is offering a set of multidimensional coordinate spaces to build different types of multidimensional graphs to study any economic phenomenon. The following new types of multi-dimensional coordinate spaces are presented: the pyramid coordinate space (five axes and infinite axes); the diamond coordinate space(ten axes and infinite axes); the 4-dimensional coordinate space (vertical position and horizontal position); the 5-dimensional coordinate space (vertical position and horizontal position); the infinity-dimensional coordinate space (general approach and specific approach); the inter-linkage coordinate space; the cube-wrap coordinate space; the mega-surface coordinate space. All these multi-dimensional coordinate spaces mentioned previously, they are available to represent graphically 4-dimensions, 5-dimensions, 8-dimensions, 9-dimensions until infinity-dimensions.

The Global Dimension of the Regional Integration Model (GDRI-Model)  [PDF]
Mario Arturo Ruiz Estrada
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.45037

This research paper presents a new model of analysis to study the trend of regional integration from a global perspective. This new model is called the Global Dimension of Regional Integration Model (GDRI-Model). The rationale for the creation of this model is the necessity to study regional integration from political, social, economic, and technological perspectives simultaneously. There are four basic phases in the implementation of the GDRI-Model. The first phase is the design of the multi-input database table. The second phase is the measurement of individual Regional Global Development Indexes (Xi), which include the Regional Global Political Development Index (X1), Regional Global Social Development Index (X2), Regional Global Economic Development Index (X3) and Regional Global Technological Development Index (X4). The third phase is the measurement of the Regional Global Development (RGD) index. The last phase is the measurement of Regional Integration Stage (RIS) index. The general objective of the GDRI-Model is to offer policy-makers and researchers a new analytical tool to study the evolution and stages of any regional integration process from a global perspective—based on a group of indexes and graphs. The GDRI-Model is not intended to be a forecasting model in any case. However, its application is not limited to the study of a special group of countries or regions. It is not constrained by issues about the region or the development stages of any member in a region that is interested in integrating into a single regional trade bloc. The GDRI-Model, in effect, is a simple and flexible scheme, which can be applied to any case of regional integration.

The Biological Pigments in Plants Physiology  [PDF]
Arturo Solís Herrera
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.610121
Abstract: The physiology of the plants has come to be a formidable challenge. Despite best efforts, the mysteries remain, most of the processes identified cannot be played in vitro, and to date it cannot be said that knowledge about the complex biochemical processes of the plant is understood properly. The need to produce food is an emergency in the world, so any knowledge that will allow us to advance in this sense is important. Our discovery about the intrinsic property of melanin transform light energy into chemical energy by means of the dissociation of the molecule of water, such as chlorophyll in plants, represents a turning point in relation to the chemical reaction so far considered the most important in the world: photosynthesis.
Ajab, el burlador burlado: Elementos comunicativos en 1Re 22,1-38
Teología y vida , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0049-34492003000400001
Abstract: the objective of this article is to show the resources used in 1kings 22,1-38 to communicate its content. for it the problems and irregularities of the text are identified, the relations with their textual surroundings are settle down, their diverse layers and the sense of each one of them are presented to end up indicating the communicative elements or resources
Fungi and the Rise of Mammals
Arturo Casadevall
PLOS Pathogens , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002808
La gobernabilidad metropolitana de Santiago: la dispar relación de poder de los municipios
EURE (Santiago) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612009000100005
Abstract: in the absence of metropolitan level government, large cities retain the problems associated with multilevel management whereby the activities of central government, regional government and numerous municipal governments overlap, generating in turn a complex scenario for governance in favour of balanced urban and regional development. from this perspective, the significant disparity in socio-spatial configuration within the santiago metropolitan area reflects the structure of power within this metropolitan space, whereby municipalities in the eastern cone are better able to shape public and private actions in support of the public interests of their resident populations.
Despegues sin madurez: Urbanización, industrialización y desarrollo en la Latinoamérica del siglo XX
EURE (Santiago) , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612008000200004
Abstract: on the basis of some phases of rostow's theory that explore the relationship between industrialization, urbanization anddevelopment, this article aims at illustrating how the imbalance between urbanization and theproductive system helps to explain the issue oflatin america's take-out throughout the twentieth century, lacking the ensuing drive to maturity. for that purpose, other political and social aspects are incorporated into a periodization that has to be initiated at the phase when latin américa started to evince a signijicant urbanization. such a panoramic attempt is made from the historiographic and methodological premise that urbanization and development studies have often lost the historicalperspective. it is therefore necessary to resume a panoramic and, to some extent, comparative review, both in historical and territorial terms, in which a long-term periodization will be a possible contribution of this research.
John Dewey's theory of democracy and its links with the heterodox approach to economics
Eidos , 2011,
Abstract: john dewey is one of the most significant figures in pragmatist philosophy, an approach which he systematically applied to the study of economic, social and cultural structure. in our work, we will focus on the main aspects of dewey's approach to the study of aspects that make up "human nature" and how do they interact with the characteristics of the cultural context. we will illustrate how the concepts elaborated by dewey can contribute to the heterodox analysis of a host of economic and social issues. dewey highlights the crucial role of public policies for facilitating the development of volunteer associations in all areas of the social structure. in the analysis of these aspects, dewey's key contribution lies in removing the concepts of democracy and participation from the limbo of abstraction in which they tended to be confined by previous approaches and connecting them to the evolution of economic and social forms.
Vacunación contra neumococo
Acta Pediátrica Costarricense , 2008,
Abstract: el neumococo es responsable de aproximadamente 1.600.000 muertes al a?o, la mayoría de los cuales ocurren en países menos desarrollados. se ha estimado que en latino américa el streptococcus pneumoniae es responsable de la muerte de 2 ni?os cada minuto en esta región; 11 millones de casos de otitis media aguda; 204,400 casos de neumonía; 102,200 casos de bacteriemia y 15,300 casos de meningitis. los neumococos son habitantes normales de las vías respiratorias altas. se estima que entre 20% a 60% de los ni?os en edad preescolar albergan neumococos en su nasofaringe, 29-35% de los ni?os en edad escolar y 9% a 25% de los adolescentes. mientras que sólo el 6% y entre el 18% a 29% de los adultos sin hijos y con hijos, respectivamente, son colonizados. hoy en día contamos con dos vacunas seguras y efectivas, la vacuna polisacárido 23 valente y la 7 valente conjugada. la vacuna polisacárido 23 valente esta compuesta por los 23 polisacáridos (serotipos) de s. pneumoniae más prevalentes causantes de infección neumocócica invasora. estos 23 serotipos constituyen más del 90% de los neumococos aislados de infecciones invasoras graves. la vacuna 7 valente conjugada contiene 7 serotipos de neumococo conjugados con una proteína que es una variante no tóxica de la toxina diftérica llamada crm. la vacuna 7 valente (pcv-7) demostró en los estudios clínicos ser inmunogénica, además demostró tener un efecto de inmunidad de reba?o, reduciendo la incidencia de la enfermedad neumocócica invasora en poblaciones de personas que no recibieron directamente la vacuna.
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