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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33928 matches for " Artola Menéndez "
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Síndrome metabólico
Artola Menéndez,S.; Duelo Marcos,M.; Escribano Ceruelo,E.;
Pediatría Atención Primaria , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1139-76322009000600009
Abstract: children's obesity is the main risk factor for adult obesity, as well as for the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, which reduce life quality and expectancy. the metabolic syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that identifies a population that has high risk of cardiovascular diseases. insulin resistance appears as the common link and the trigger factor of metabolic impairments, modulated by genetic and environmental circumstances. the metabolic syndrome can be found in children, but at present it isn't clearly defined. the international diabetes federation's (idf) criteria for children and adolescents are used the most because of their easy management; waist measurement is its principal component. an international definition is needed to be able to compare different studies, and until this isn't accomplished, it shouldn't be diagnosed in children less than 10 years.
Newspapers Coverage of Spain and the United States: A Comparative Analysis  [PDF]
Antonio V. Menéndez Alarcón
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.21009
Abstract: This article assesses the content of foreign news coverage in the United States and Spain. It draws on content analysis of two U.S. and two Spanish newspapers over a 28-month period, during 2005-2007 and in 2009. The results show that the content of these newspapers tends to be more negative when covering politics. However, there was a major change in the type of coverage in the Spanish newspapers from the period 2005-2007 to 2009. Coverage of U.S. politics in 2009 was much more positive than in the previous period studied. These findings suggest that newspapers contribute to an overall unfavorable representation of these countries for their respective populations. Also, when covering international news, newspapers are less independent from their government agendas than they claim; supporting critical research findings that mainstream media is vulnerable to “news management” by the government.
Las tecnologías apropiadas de la salud: una aproximación del enfoque Ciencia- Tecnología- Sociedad al tema
Menéndez Laria,Aimeé;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2006,
Abstract: health situation in contemporary world demands to society to place in a firth level of analysis questions like justness, promotion and prevention of health, quality of the attention, the ethical dilemmas, the recognition of the technological necessities of health in the national policy as an important factor for its development, and the use of proper technologies. for this reason of the most up-to-date literature in the last aspect, is made, with the purpose of contributing to the knowledge and broadcasting of a controversial but effective topic
Metodología cualitativa: varios problemas y reiteradas omisiones
Menéndez,Eduardo L.;
Index de Enfermería , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962012000100014
Abstract: from recognize the important contributions of the approaches and qualitative techniques to the study and intervention on health/illness/attention-prevention processes, this article drew and analyzes the domain of certain guidelines which have a negative impact or, at least, generated certain biases in quality production, which tend to exclude substantive aspects of the studied reality. the main analyzed here are as follows: a) the denial or, at least, a reluctance to make hypothesis, including interpretative ones; b) tendency to simplify increasingly qualitative techniques; c) the limited use of one of the main qualitative techniques, as in the case of observation, although participant observation is usually mentioned; d) trend strong to work almost exclusively with the social representations, discourses, narratives and/or experiences, leaving aside practices or assuming that the representations are equivalent to practices.
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442010000200007
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to contribute, from a bioarchaeological perspective, to the discussion about the model of economic intensification and diet broadening of hunter-gatherer populations in northeastern patagonia previously proposed by different authors. the underlying presuposition is that such process would have detectable effects in the intra-and interpopulational distribution of health and oral function indicators. to test this proposition, we analyzed temporal trends in the prevalence of different dental and periodontal relevant indicators (caries, abscesses and loss of antemortem teeth, periodontitis, tilting and lipping) in a collection formed by three diachronic subsamples of skulls from the río negro valley covering the last 3.600 years ab 14c. the results show that the prevalence of caries, periodontal disease and lipping tend to increase over time, while those of antemortem tooth loss, abscesses and tilting decrease. taken together, these temporal trends are consistent with the hypothesis of increased consumption of plant resources, particularly those with cariogenic potential (i.e. high starches content), after 1.000 ab.
Modelos de atención de los padecimientos: de exclusiones teóricas y articulaciones prácticas
Menéndez,Eduardo L.;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232003000100014
Abstract: in many latin american societies - especially in mexico - there is a diversity of care illness models, which are considered in an isolated and even antagonistic way by state health sector. this happens by living out the observation of individual and group practices which shows the narrow and continual relationship between this models. this paper describes particular relations between biomedicine and selfcare to show the constant transaction process between them. in first place some basic biomedical and selfcare characteristics are considered, then we observe the transaction between them with special attention to drugs prescription and selfmedication. transaction process is usually ignored by biomedicine and selfmedication process specially criticised by it. we are in the presence of a paradox because biomedicine and state health sector constantly promotes selfcare process which involves selfmedication. we notice that this takes place without a reflection on articulation and consequences of this transactions on health/illness/care process. we propose to think about this process in view of its intentional use by health services.
Las influenzas por todos tan temidas o de los difíciles usos del conocimiento
Menéndez, Eduardo L.;
Desacatos , 2010,
Abstract: this study describes and analyzes information generated by mexican national newspapers and journals specialized on public health concerning the possibly epidemic "avian influenza" that occurred by the end of 2005 and the beginning of 2006. for this episode, we observe multiple similarities with the april - june 2009 outbreak of influenza a (h1n1). our research seeks to reveal that the scaremongering that characterized how the media managed this situation is not only a media-related outcome, but a correlate of that observed in health institutions as well as the response of their officials and members of scientific and technical disciplines. this scaremongering is the product derived from multiple factors, including economic and political interests of several social sectors; notwithstanding, it results mainly from the wavering between uncertainty and the need of intervention that characterizes actions of the health sector, when it has to deal with possible but imprecise situations of collective risk.
Epidemiología sociocultural: propuestas y posibilidades
Menéndez, Eduardo L.;
Región y sociedad , 2008,
Abstract: this article contains a description and analysis of divergence, convergence and complementation processes between epidemiology and medical anthropology, with the purpose of contributing to the development of sociocultural epidemiology in mexico. particular issues are analyzed concerning problems with linking both disciplines, and which allude to the possibility of establishing generalizations, notions of prevention, validity and reliability of qualitative and statistical data, and criteria for informant selection, points which are discussed in terms of epidemiological and socio-anthropological approaches to poverty, gender, racism or alcohol consumption in the health/disease/care process. divergent and convergent issues are analyzed for all these topics, which does not negate a strong trend toward polarization between both disciplines. even so, we consider that this can be reduced and surmounted through strategies aimed at developing a sociocultural epidemiology conceived not as a discipline but as a link between epidemiological and anthropological approaches. one of the main strategies is a reflection on the health process under study, which includes an in-depth discussion of the researchers' own theoretical, empirical and technical assumptions.
Veinte a?os de la Reforma Psiquiatríca: Panorama del estado de la psiquiatría en Espa?a de los a?os 1970 a los 2000: de un pensamiento único a otro
Menéndez Osorio,Federico;
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-57352005000300005
Abstract: 20 years after the psychiatric reformation, the situation of psychiatry in spain is analysed from the seventies to the two thousands, taking as a frame the report of the ministerial committee for the psychiatric reformation. succintly, it is divided in three periods going from the psychiatry during the latest years of the dictatorship, through the implications of the model and changes introduced by the psychiatric reformation, to the field appearing as dominant in the panorama of the psychiatric practice from the nineties: the neurosciences. it could be very brie?y expressed with a sentence: from an unique thought to another one. the prevailing epistemic basis and paradigms are outlined, as well as the characteristics and forms of expression of this unique thought, and the potential risks of totalitarian temptations, scientific and ideological fundamentalisms, restricting the diversity and freedom of thinking and the scientific progress at all.
La interconsulta en salud mental infantil de ni?os recién nacidos con alto riesgo
Menéndez Osorio,Federico;
Revista de la Asociación Espa?ola de Neuropsiquiatría , 2001, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-57352001000400008
Abstract: the technical and theoretic in the field of neonatology has caused that many newborn children survive to deseases that were imposible to overcome before now. this progress has meant at the same time that clinical processes and problems emerge requiring new forms of management and new interdisciplinary models of approach to the different parts concerned (babies, parents, staff, and so on). the outcome is that interventions in child mental health are prone to play a very important role in primary afects and interchange processes, and in the effects derived from the presence of the seriously ill babies upon the families, as well as their experiences, their anxieties, their reactions, etc., that will need a working out and a therapeutic support from the mental health area. in this paper we point out our experience in consultation-liaison with the neonatology service from our child mental health unit, operating on the newborn as much as on the parents and the team members.
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