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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 950 matches for " Arora Gulhima "
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Reiter′s disease in a six-year-old girl
Arora Sandeep,Arora Gulhima
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2005,
Abstract: Reiter′s syndrome has characteristically been described in young males and presents with a triad of urethritis, conjunctivitis and arthritis. Reiter′s syndrome has been known to affect children, although they usually do not manifest with the typical triad. Only a few such cases have been reported and these have described males predominantly. A case of a six-year-old girl who presented with watery diarrhea, redness of eyes and joint pains followed by skin involvement is reported. She was managed with topical salicylic acid and hydrocortisone, and oral aspirin and showed complete resolution of her clinical features in three weeks.
Relapsing linear acantholytic dermatosis in a four-year-old boy
Arora Sandeep,Arora Gulhima,Ranjan P
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2005,
Abstract: Linear acantholytic dermatoses are a spectrum of cutaneous disorders that form a subset of linear dermatoses with distinct clinical features and histopathologically show acantholysis. The lesions may be zosteriform or follow the lines of Blaschko. This report describes a four-year-old boy who, on a follow up of two years, exhibited a relapsing acantholytic dermatosis along the lines of Blaschko. Histopathology of a representative lesion revealed epidermal acantholysis with multiple acantholytic keratinocytes with in the prickle cell layer and an absence of corp ronds and grains, consistent with features of Hailey-Hailey disease. This, to our knowledge, is the third case of relapsing linear acantholytic dermatosis reported.
Hand foot and mouth disease: Emerging epidemics
Arora Sandeep,Arora Gulhima,Tewari Vanmalini
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2008,
Abstract:
Undiagnosed purpura: A case of autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome associated with dermatitis artefacta and pseudo-ainhum
Sawhney MPS,Arora Gulhima,Arora Sandeep,Prakash Jyoti
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2006,
Abstract: A 23-year-old young woman presented with recurrent episodes of painful bruising along with linear erosions on the accessible areas of the body of nine years duration with a pseudo-ainhum of her left nipple for the past three months. Her case history included repeated visits to various physicians at different centers and an extensive investigative profile. A diagnosis of autoerythrocyte sensitization was made on the basis of the clinical history, dermatological examination complemented by a positive autoerythrocyte sensitization test, psychiatric evaluation and absence of any organic cause for her ailment. She was placed on psychiatric management and has remained symptom-free after six months follow-up. The case is reported for its rarity, as well as for the association of autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome with frank dermatitis artefacta and pseudo-ainhum, which to the best of our knowledge has not yet been reported in the literature.
Efficacy of Slow Reversal Hold and Isometrics in Improving Muscle Strength, Increasing Range of Motion, and Reducing Pain in Patients with Osteoarthritis of Knee  [PDF]
Harneet Arora
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.105043
Abstract: Osteoarthritis of knee is a common problem in the elderly population worldwide. Physical therapy has been shown to be useful in decreasing pain and increasing mobility in this population. The aim of this study was to study the effectiveness of slow reversal hold and isometric exercise techniques in reducing pain, increasing muscle strength, and increasing range of motion for knee flexion in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. The other aim of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of these two interventions. 60 subjects participated in this study and were randomly assigned either to the slow reversal hold group (n = 30) or, to the isometrics exercise group (n = 30). All subjects performed their respective exercises for 3 weeks. Pain scores using the visual analog scale, muscle strength using manual muscle testing of quadriceps and hamstrings, and range of motion (ROM) for knee flexion using a goniometer were recorded both pre-treatment and post-treatment for both left and right knees. Both the interventions showed a significant decrease in pain scores, an increase in muscle strength, as well as an increase in the ROM. However, ROM was significantly increased in the slow reversal hold group as compared to the isometrics group in both knees. It was concluded that both exercise techniques could be useful in patients with osteoarthritis of knee for decreasing pain and increasing muscle strength. Slow reversal hold technique might be a better technique than isometrics for increasing ROM for knee flexion.
Risk of high gestational weight gain on adverse pregnancy outcomes  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.31A027
Abstract:

Background/Aims: Excessive gestational weight gain was known to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. It increased the complications during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period. Nevertheless, there are studies reporting the incompliance of pregnant women with recommendations of weight gain. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of high gestational weight gain and to identify the increased adverse pregnancy outcomes in these women. Methods: This was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database of Lampang Regional Hospital (LPH) along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all pregnant women who delivered at labor room of LPH were collected from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012. After preterm and multifetal pregnancies were excluded, 4747 cases were brought to the study. This study used the new weight gain recommendation from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council to classify pregnant women by pre-pregnancy body mass index. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The proportions of pregnant women with different level of weight gain were 28.4%, 38.5% and 33.1% for low, normal and high weight gain. After multivariate analysis was done to control the confounders, women with high weight gain were significantly correlated with having preeclampsia, higher birth weight group, cesarean section and long neonatal length with relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 4.84 (2.31 - 10.16), 3.94 (3.24 - 4.79), 2.12 (1.82 - 2.47) and 2.33 (1.90 - 2.86). Conclusions: There were more than half of pregnant women that were prone to have inappropriate weight gain. Many complications from high weight gain that have been reported from aboard also occurred in Thai pregnant women. This should alert corresponding health institute to establish a new guideline to avoid high gestational weight gain.

Adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with high pre-pregnancy body mass index  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.32053
Abstract:

Background/Aims: Obesity along with high prepregnancy body mass index (PP-BMI) is known to cause many adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Thailand, there is not much study showing both the prevalence and complications of these conditions. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of prepregnancy overweight and obesity and their impacts on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all delivery women from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012 were collected. When excluded cases with incomplete data and those without PP-BMI, 5420 cases were into analysis. Descriptive and inferential data analyses were used with both univariate and multivariate methods. Results: The proportion of pregnant women with overweight and obesity were 11.1% and 3.9%. After multiple logistic regression analysis was done, women in obesity group were correlated with having 1, 2 and 3 complications. They were also correlated with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, cesarean section, higher birth weight group and long neonatal length. Conclusions: This Thai prevalence of obesity in pregnancyshould alarm health care providers to be more prepared, for a future health problem of the country. Many complications that come with obese pregnant women that were reported in western countries also happen in Thai population. Decreasing body weight before conception, giving correct health education, well planned pregnancy; antenatal lifestyle intervention and even gestational weight gain restricttion could help avoiding these uneventful morbidities.

High pre-delivery body mass index also caused adverse pregnancy outcomes  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.34076
Abstract:

Background/Aims: It is known that high pre-preg-nancybody mass index (BMI) and high gestational weight gain both can cause many adverse pregnancy outcomes. High pre-delivery BMI (PD-BMI), though theoretically could do similar effects, is rarely been studied. The objectives of this study were to show the distribution of PD-BMI of the delivery women and to identify its correlation with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database of Lampang Regional Hospital (LPH) along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all pregnant women who delivered at labor room were collected from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012. After preterm and multifetal pregnancies were excluded, 4999 cases were into the analysis. Descriptive and inferential data analyses were used with both univariate and multivariate methods. Results: In this group of women, 93.9% were in the PD-BMI range of 20.0 -34.9 kg/m2. After multivariate analysis was used, higher PD-BMI was shown to be correlated with higher cesarean section, neonates weighing ≥3500 gmand long neonatal length with relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 1.11 (1.09 - 1.13), 1.15 (1.12 - 1.17) and 1.07 (1.05 - 1.09), respectively. Conclusions: High PD-BMI was correlated with multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes. Interestingly, their effect sizes were much smaller comparing to high pre-pregnancy BMI and high gestational weight gain. It confirmed the current recommendations to monitor pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain to avoid unwanted morbidities.

Reflection of Plane Waves from a Free Surface of an Initially Stressed Transversely Isotropic Dissipative Medium  [PDF]
Baljeet Singh, Jyoti Arora
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.29156
Abstract: The governing equations of a transversely isotropic dissipative medium are solved analytically to obtain the speeds of plane waves. The appropriate solutions satisfy the required boundary conditions at the stress-free surface to obtain the expressions of the reflection coefficients of reflected quasi-P (qP) and quasi-SV (qSV) waves in closed form for the incidence of qP and qSV waves. A particular model is chosen for numerical computation of these reflection coefficients for a certain range of the angle of incidence. The numerical values of these reflection coefficients are shown graphically against the angle of incidence for different values of initial stress parameter. The impact of initial stress parameter on the reflection coefficients is observed significantly.
Perioperative Management of Case of Gynecological Malignancy with Bilateral Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limbs Along with Pulmonary Embolism  [PDF]
MK Arora, Rakesh Garg
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2011.11001
Abstract: We describe the anaesthetic management of 45 year female patient with pre-existing deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) who was subsequently scheduled for an laparotomy. Before planning the surgical procedures, adequate anticoagulation must be achieved to prevent further complications of DVT, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism in particular. The risk of stopping the anticoagulation prior to surgery must be considered and adequately discussed with the patient and surgeons. The anaesthetic plan must be selected keeping in mind the coagulation status and the need of anticoagulation in the postoperative period.
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