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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1192 matches for " Arora Anju "
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Role of the Parasight-F test in the diagnosis of complicated Plasmodium falciparum malarial infection
Arora, Sandeep;Gaiha, Manorama;Arora, Anju;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702003000500008
Abstract: an evaluation was made of the diagnostic efficacy and utility of the parasight-f test in diagnosing plasmodium falciparum malaria, compared with conventional microscopy, particularly in severe and complicated cases. this study was designed as a prospective, case control hospital-based study. febrile patients suspected to be suffering from malaria were selected randomly and were subjected to peripheral smear examinations (thick and thin) and parasight-f tests till the required number of at least 30 cases of p. falciparum infection were identified, including at least 15 complicated cases. in addition 20 cases of p. vivax malarial infection as well as 20 healthy age and sex-matched individuals were taken as two control groups. the outcome measure was the number of cases with positive parasight-f test results compared with conventional microscopy. thirty-two patients with p. falciparum malaria were identified, with 15 severe and complicated cases. peripheral smears were positive in 29 (91%) of these, while parasight-f test was positive in 31 out of 32 (97%) cases. parasites were detected only by bone marrow examination in one case. diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of peripheral smears for detecting falciparum infection were 90.6% and 100% respectively while that of the parasight-f test were 96.8% and 100%, respectively (p>.05). the parasight-f test has high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing p. falciparum malarial infection, comparable to or even higher than microscopy exams, particularly in severe and complicated cases, with additional advantages of speed, simplicity and objectivity.
Role of the Parasight-F test in the diagnosis of complicated Plasmodium falciparum malarial infection
Arora Sandeep,Gaiha Manorama,Arora Anju
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003,
Abstract: An evaluation was made of the diagnostic efficacy and utility of the Parasight-F test in diagnosing Plasmodium falciparum malaria, compared with conventional microscopy, particularly in severe and complicated cases. This study was designed as a prospective, case control hospital-based study. Febrile patients suspected to be suffering from malaria were selected randomly and were subjected to peripheral smear examinations (thick and thin) and Parasight-F tests till the required number of at least 30 cases of P. falciparum infection were identified, including at least 15 complicated cases. In addition 20 cases of P. vivax malarial infection as well as 20 healthy age and sex-matched individuals were taken as two control groups. The outcome measure was the number of cases with positive Parasight-F test results compared with conventional microscopy. Thirty-two patients with P. falciparum malaria were identified, with 15 severe and complicated cases. Peripheral smears were positive in 29 (91%) of these, while parasight-F test was positive in 31 out of 32 (97%) cases. Parasites were detected only by bone marrow examination in one case. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of peripheral smears for detecting falciparum infection were 90.6% and 100% respectively while that of the Parasight-F test were 96.8% and 100%, respectively (P>.05). The Parasight-F test has high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing P. falciparum malarial infection, comparable to or even higher than microscopy exams, particularly in severe and complicated cases, with additional advantages of speed, simplicity and objectivity.
Role of lncRNAs in GI Cancer  [PDF]
Murali Krishna, Anju Mullath
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2018.93026
Abstract: lncRNAs forms a part of the non coding part of human genome. This term denotes specific non coding RNAs with nucleotide length more than 200. They have been shown to affect various physiological and pathological processes within the human body. Of interest is their role in malignant transformation in several cancers. In this review, the role of lncRNAs in GI cancers namely pancreatic cancer, gastric cancer, hepatocellular cancer and colorectal cancer have been explained in brief. These lncRNAs have shown to be useful as a marker for detection and prognosis of various malignancies. They also have shown to have therapeutic potential. Various relevant lncRNAs in each section has also been mentioned.
Efficacy of Slow Reversal Hold and Isometrics in Improving Muscle Strength, Increasing Range of Motion, and Reducing Pain in Patients with Osteoarthritis of Knee  [PDF]
Harneet Arora
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.105043
Abstract: Osteoarthritis of knee is a common problem in the elderly population worldwide. Physical therapy has been shown to be useful in decreasing pain and increasing mobility in this population. The aim of this study was to study the effectiveness of slow reversal hold and isometric exercise techniques in reducing pain, increasing muscle strength, and increasing range of motion for knee flexion in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. The other aim of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of these two interventions. 60 subjects participated in this study and were randomly assigned either to the slow reversal hold group (n = 30) or, to the isometrics exercise group (n = 30). All subjects performed their respective exercises for 3 weeks. Pain scores using the visual analog scale, muscle strength using manual muscle testing of quadriceps and hamstrings, and range of motion (ROM) for knee flexion using a goniometer were recorded both pre-treatment and post-treatment for both left and right knees. Both the interventions showed a significant decrease in pain scores, an increase in muscle strength, as well as an increase in the ROM. However, ROM was significantly increased in the slow reversal hold group as compared to the isometrics group in both knees. It was concluded that both exercise techniques could be useful in patients with osteoarthritis of knee for decreasing pain and increasing muscle strength. Slow reversal hold technique might be a better technique than isometrics for increasing ROM for knee flexion.
Integral Φ0-Stability of Impulsive Differential Equations  [PDF]
Anju Sood, Sanjay K. Srivastava
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.510064
Abstract: In this paper, the notions of integral Φ0-stability of ordinary impulsive differential equations are introduced. The definition of integral Φ0-stability depends significantly on the fixed time impulses. Sufficient conditions for integral Φ0-stability are obtained by using comparison principle and piecewise continuous cone valued Lyapunov functions. A new comparison lemma, connecting the solutions of given impulsive differential system to the solution of a vector valued impulsive differential system is also established.
Optimal Execution Cost of Distributed System: Through Clustering
Anju Khandelwal
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: “Distributed Systems” is used to describe when ever there are several computers interconnected in some fashion so that program or procedure running on the system with multiple processors. However, it has different meanings to different systems because processors can beinterconnected in many ways for various reasons. The task allocation in a Distributed Processing System finds extensive applications in the facilities, where large amount of data is to be processed in relatively short period of time, or where real-time computations are required. Also the purpose of task assignment in distributed computing systems it to reduce the job turnaround time and increase the through put. The main objective of this paper is to minimize the total program execution period by allocating the tasks optimally.
Anaemia and pregnancy: Anaesthetic implications
Grewal Anju
Indian Journal of Anaesthesia , 2010,
Abstract: Anaemia in pregnancy defined as haemoglobin (Hb) level of < 10 gm/dL, is a qualitative or quantitative deficiency of Hb or red blood cells in circulation resulting in reduced oxygen (O 2 )-carrying capacity of the blood. Compensatory mechanisms in the form of increase in cardiac output (CO), PaO 2 , 2,3 diphosphoglycerate levels, rightward shift in the oxygen dissociation curve (ODC), decrease in blood viscosity and release of renal erythropoietin, get activated to variable degrees to maintain tissue oxygenation and offset the decreases in arterial O 2 content. Parturients with concomitant medical diseases or those with acute ongoing blood losses may get decompensated, leading to serious consequences like right heart failure, angina or tissue hypoxemia in severe anaemia. Preoperative evaluation is aimed at assessing the severity and cause of anaemia. The concept of an acceptable Hb level varies with the underlying medical condition, extent of physiological compensation, the threat of bleeding and ongoing blood losses. The main anaesthetic considerations are to minimize factors interfering with O 2 delivery, prevent any increase in oxygen consumption and to optimize the partial pressure of O 2 in the arterial blood. Both general anaesthesia and regional anaesthesia can be employed judiciously. Monitoring should focus mainly on the adequacy of perfusion and oxygenation of vital organs. Hypoxia, hyperventilation, hypothermia, acidosis and other conditions that shift the ODC to left should be avoided. Any decrease in CO should be averted and aggressively treated.
A recent update in research on the antihepatotoxic potential of medicinal plants
Anju Dhiman
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2012,
Abstract: ABSTRACT: Hepatic damage is a global metabolic and epidemic disease, affecting essential biochemical activities in almost every age group. Conventional drugs used in the treatment of liver disorders are often inadequate. Also, the spectrum of liver abnormalities caused by allopathic drugs is found to be broad. In view of severely undesirable side effects of synthetic agents, it is necessary to search for alternative drugs for the treatment of liver diseases to replace the currently used drugs, which are of doubtful efficacy and safety. Therefore, there is growing focus to follow systematic research methodology and to evaluate scientific basis for the traditional herbal medicines that are claimed to possess hepatoprotective activities. Use of herbal drugs in the treatment of liver diseases has a long tradition, especially in Eastern medicine and can be traced back as far as 2100 B.C. in ancient China (Xia Dynasty) and India (Vedic period), but evidence for efficacy is sparse. The current study is aimed at providing an overview of clinical and experimental studies carried out on the most effective and commonly used hepatoprotective plants and their beneficial aspects.
SIMULATION STUDY AND IMPLEMENTATION ON ROUTING PROTOCOLS IN MANET
Anju Yadav
International Journal of Computer Science and Management Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Ad-hoc networks are characterized by a lack of infrastructure, and by a random and quickly changing network topology; thus the need for a robust dynamic routing protocol that can accommodate such an environment. Consequently, many routing algorithms have come in toexistence to satisfy the needs of communications in such networks. This article presents a simulation study and comparison the performance between two categories of routing protocols, table-driven (Proactive) and on-demand (Reactive) routing protocols, this two categories were illustrated by using two different examples ofrouting protocols, first example is DSDV (Destination Sequenced Distance-Vector) from the Proactive family and the second example isAODV (Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector) and DSR (Dynamic Source Routing Protocol) from the Reactive family. Both protocols weresimulated by using NS-2 (network simulator-2) package. Both routing protocols were compared in terms of average throughput (packets delivery ratio) while varying data rate, TCP types ,maximumpackets in queue and number of packet drop while varying data rate by using the Trace file. For the same queue length DSDV performsbetter than AODV. AODV is preferred due to its more efficient use of bandwidth.
DEVELOPMENT OF UV AND VISIBLE SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHODS FOR ESTIMATION OF RUPATADINE FUMARATE FROM TABLET FORMULATION
Goyal Anju
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development , 2010,
Abstract: In the present work one spectrophotometric and one visible spectrophotometric method have been developed for determination of rupatadine fumarate in bulk and tablet formulations. The first developed method is based on the preparation of calibration curve between absorbance at maximum wavelength ( 268.44 nm) and concentration of rupatadine fumarate against a reagent blank of 0.1 N HCl. Beer’s law in the concentration range of 10-50 μg/ml of rupatadine fumarate. The second developed method is based on formation of chloroform extractable complex of drug with bromocresol green. The absorbance maximum of chloroform layer was measured at 422.42 nm. Percentage label claim of tablet formulation using both the method was found to be in the range of 99.11 % - 99.56 %. Recovery studies were carried out for the developed methods and the results were found to be satisfactory. The developed methods can be used with any model of spectrophotometer and does not require sophisticated recording spectrophotometer. Results of analysis for both the methods were validated statistically that indicates a high level of precision as evidenced by low standard deviation (SD) values. Therefore the methods were found to be simple, sensitive, accurate economic and reproducible.
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